Bryant v. U.S. Bank et al, No. 1:2016cv01688 - Document 7 (E.D. Cal. 2017)
Court Description: FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS recommending that this Case Should be Dismissed With Prejudice for Failure to Comply with a Court Order, 6 . Matter referred to Judge Ishii. Objections to F&R due within fourteen (14) days of service of this recommendation; signed by Magistrate Judge Sheila K. Oberto on 8/3/2017. (Timken, A)
1 2 3 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 4 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 5 6 Plaintiff, 7 8 CASE NO. 1:16-cv-1688-AWI-SKO MARY J. BRYANT, FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS THAT THIS CASE SHOULD BE DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE FOR FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH A COURT ORDER v. 9 10 U.S. BANK, et al., (Doc. 6) Defendants. 11 OBJECTIONS DUE: 14 DAYS 12 13 I. INTRODUCTION 14 15 On December 8, 2016, Plaintiff filed an amended complaint against U.S. Bank, “Buckley 16 Madole,” and N.B.S. Default Services (collectively “Defendants”). 17 Plaintiff had also filed an application to proceed in forma pauperis (IFP) with her original 18 complaint. (Doc. 2.) On June 13, 2017, the undersigned dismissed Plaintiff’s amended complaint 19 for failure to state a cognizable federal claim, and granted Plaintiff fourteen (14) days leave to file 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 (Doc. 4 (“Am. Compl.”).) a second amended complaint curing the pleading deficiencies identified in the Order. (Doc. 5.) More than fourteen days have lapsed without Plaintiff having filed a second amended complaint. (See Docket.) On July 5, 2017, the Court entered an Order to Show Cause (“OSC”) ordering Plaintiff to file a statement showing cause why the Court should not recommend to the presiding district court judge that this action be dismissed for Plaintiff’s failure to comply with the Court’s June 13, 2017 Order by not filing a second amended complaint within the specified period of time. (Doc. 6.) In its OSC, the Court cautioned Plaintiff that, if she failed to file this statement within 14 days of service of the OSC, the Court would recommend to the presiding district court judge that this 1 action be dismissed, in its entirety. (Id.) More than 14 days of service of the OSC have elapsed 2 without Plaintiff having filed a response to the OSC. (See Docket.) 3 II. DISCUSSION 4 5 Local Rule 110 provides that “[f]ailure of counsel or of a party to comply with these Rules 6 or with any order of the Court may be grounds for the imposition by the Court of any and all 7 sanctions . . . within the inherent power of the Court.” District courts have the inherent power to 8 control their dockets and “[i]n the exercise of that power they may impose sanctions, including, 9 where appropriate . . . dismissal.” Thompson v. Housing Auth., 782 F.2d 829, 831 (9th Cir. 1986). 10 A court may dismiss an action, with prejudice, based on a party’s failure to prosecute an action, 11 failure to obey a court order, or failure to comply with local rules. See, e.g., Ghazali v. Moran, 46 12 F.3d 52, 53–54 (9th Cir. 1995) (dismissal for noncompliance with local rule); Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 13 963 F.2d 1258, 1260–61 (9th Cir. 1992) (dismissal for failure to comply with an order requiring 14 amendment of complaint); Carey v. King, 856 F.2d 1439, 1440–41 (9th Cir. 1988) (dismissal for 15 failure to comply with local rule requiring pro se plaintiff to keep court apprised of address); 16 Malone v. U.S. Postal Service, 833 F.2d 128, 130-31 (9th Cir. 1987) (dismissal for failure to 17 comply with court order); Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421, 1424 (9th Cir. 1986) (dismissal 18 for failure to prosecute and failure to comply with local rules). 19 In determining whether to dismiss an action for failure to obey a court order or failure to 20 comply with the Local Rules, the court must consider several factors, including: “(1) the public’s 21 interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court’s need to manage its docket; (3) the 22 risk of prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on their 23 merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic sanctions.” Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1423–24; see 24 also Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1260–61; Thompson, 782 F.2d at 831. “The public’s interest in 25 expeditious resolution of litigation always favors dismissal.” Pagtalunan v. Galaza, 291 F.3d 639, 26 642 (9th Cir. 2002) (quoting Yourish v. Cal. Amplifier, 191 F.3d 983, 990 (9th Cir. 1999)). 27 Here, the Court finds that the public’s interest in expeditiously resolving this litigation and 28 the Court’s interest in managing the docket weigh in favor of dismissal. The third factor, risk of 2 1 prejudice to Defendants, also weighs in favor of dismissal, since a presumption of injury arises 2 from the occurrence of unreasonable delay in prosecuting an action. Anderson v. Air West, 542 3 F.2d 522, 524 (9th Cir. 1976). The fourth factor—public policy favoring disposition of cases on 4 their merits—is greatly outweighed by the factors in favor of dismissal discussed herein. Finally, 5 a court’s warning to a party that her failure to obey the court’s order will result in dismissal 6 satisfies the “consideration of alternatives” requirement. Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1262; Malone, 833 7 F.2d at 132–33; Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1424. The OSC expressly ordered Plaintiff to file a 8 statement showing cause why the Court should not recommend to the presiding district court 9 judge that this action be dismissed for failing to comply with the Court’s June 13, 2017 Order by 10 not filing a second amended complaint within the specified period of time. (Doc. 6.) Thus, 11 Plaintiff had adequate warning that sanctions, up to and including dismissal of the case, would 12 result from her noncompliance with the OSC. 13 14 15 Accordingly, pursuant to Local Rule 110 and the Court’s inherent power to sanction, the undersigned RECOMMENDS that this case be DISMISSED with prejudice. III. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION 16 17 18 19 20 Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that this case be DISMISSED with prejudice for failing to comply with the Court’s Orders entered June 13 and July 5, 2017. The Court further DIRECTS the Clerk to send a copy of this order to Plaintiff at her address listed on the docket for this matter. 21 These findings and recommendations are submitted to the district judge assigned to this 22 action, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and this Court’s Local Rule 304. Within fourteen 23 (14) days of service of this recommendation, any party may file written objections to these 24 findings and recommendations with the Court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document 25 should be captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendations.” The 26 district judge will review the magistrate judge’s findings and recommendations pursuant to 28 27 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C). The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified 28 3 1 time may waive the right to appeal the district judge’s order. Wilkerson v. Wheeler, 772 F.3d 834, 2 838-39 (9th Cir. 2014) (citing Baxter v. Sullivan, 923 F.2d 1391, 1394 (9th Cir. 1991)). 3 4 5 6 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: August 3, 2017 /s/ Sheila K. Oberto UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 4 .