(PC)Demara v. Barker et al, No. 1:2015cv01576 - Document 17 (E.D. Cal. 2017)

Court Description: FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS recommending that This Action be DISMISSED, Without Prejudice, Based on Plaintiff's Failure to Prosecute re 1 Prisoner Civil Rights Complaint signed by Magistrate Judge Barbara A. McAuliffe on 4/14/2017. Referred to Judge O'Neill. Objections to F&R due within fourteen (14) days. (Jessen, A)
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 EFRAIN DEMARA, 12 Case No. 1:15-cv-01576-LJO-BAM (PC) Plaintiff, 13 v. 14 FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING DISMISSAL OF ACTION FOR FAILURE TO PROSECUTE BARKER, et al., 15 FOURTEEN (14) DAY DEADLINE Defendants. 16 Findings and Recommendations 17 18 I. Background 19 Plaintiff Efrain Demara (“Plaintiff”) is a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma 20 pauperis in this civil rights action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff initiated this action on 21 October 16, 2015. (ECF No. 1.) 22 On November 15, 2016, the Court issued a screening order dismissing Plaintiff’s 23 complaint with leave to amend within thirty (30) days. (ECF No. 15.) When Plaintiff failed to 24 file an amended complaint, the Court issued an order to show cause within twenty (20) days why 25 the action should not be dismissed for failure to obey a court order, failure to state a claim, and 26 failure to prosecute. (ECF No. 16.) On January 26, 2017, the Court’s order to show cause was 27 returned as undeliverable, refused. 28 /// 1 1 II. 2 Plaintiff is required to keep the Court apprised of his current address at all times. Local 3 Discussion Rule 183(b) provides: 4 7 Address Changes. A party appearing in propria persona shall keep the Court and opposing parties advised as to his or her current address. If mail directed to a plaintiff in propria persona by the Clerk is returned by the U.S. Postal Service, and if such plaintiff fails to notify the Court and opposing parties within sixtythree (63) days thereafter of a current address, the Court may dismiss the action without prejudice for failure to prosecute. 8 Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b) also provides for dismissal of an action for failure to 9 prosecute.1 5 6 According to the Court’s docket, Plaintiff’s address change was due no later than April 6, 10 11 2017. Plaintiff has failed to file a change of address and he has not otherwise been in contact 12 with the Court. “In determining whether to dismiss an action for lack of prosecution, the district 13 court is required to weigh several factors: (1) the public’s interest in expeditious resolution of 14 litigation; (2) the court’s need to manage its docket; (3) the risk of prejudice to the defendants; 15 (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits; and (5) the availability of less 16 drastic sanctions.” Carey v. King, 856 F.2d 1439, 1440 (9th Cir. 1988) (internal quotation marks 17 and citation omitted); accord Omstead v. Dell, Inc., 594 F.3d 1081, 1084 (9th Cir. 2010); In re 18 Phenylpropanolamine (PPA) Products Liability Litigation, 460 F.3d 1217, 1226 (9th Cir. 2006). 19 These factors guide a court in deciding what to do, and are not conditions that must be met in 20 order for a court to take action. In re PPA, 460 F.3d at 1226 (citation omitted). Given Plaintiff’s failure to respond to this Court’s orders, the expeditious resolution of 21 22 litigation and the Court’s need to manage its docket weigh in favor of dismissal. Id. at 1227. 23 More importantly, given the Court’s apparent inability to communicate with Plaintiff, there are no 24 other reasonable alternatives available to address Plaintiff’s failure to prosecute this action and his 25 failure to apprise the Court of his current address. Id. at 1228–29; Carey, 856 F.2d at 1441. The 26 Court will therefore recommend that this action be dismissed based on Plaintiff’s failure to 27 1 28 Courts may dismiss actions sua sponte under Rule 41(b) based on the plaintiff’s failure to prosecute. Hells Canyon Pres. Council v. U. S. Forest Serv., 403 F.3d 683, 689 (9th Cir. 2005) (citation omitted). 2 1 prosecute this action. 2 III. Conclusion and Recommendation 3 For the reasons stated, the Court HEREBY RECOMMENDS that this action be dismissed, 4 without prejudice, based on Plaintiff’s failure to prosecute. Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b); Local Rule 5 183(b). 6 These Findings and Recommendations will be submitted to the United States District 7 Judge assigned to the case, under the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within fourteen (14) 8 days after being served with these Findings and Recommendations, Plaintiff may file written 9 objections with the Court. The document should be captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s 10 Findings and Recommendations.” Plaintiff is advised that failure to file objections within the 11 specified time may result in the waiver of the “right to challenge the magistrate’s factual 12 findings” on appeal. Wilkerson v. Wheeler, 772 F.3d 834, 839 (9th Cir. 2014) (citing Baxter v. 13 Sullivan, 923 F.2d 1391, 1394 (9th Cir. 1991)). 14 15 16 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: /s/ Barbara April 14, 2017 A. McAuliffe _ UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3