(SS) Guerra v. Commissioner of Social Security, No. 1:2015cv01408 - Document 28 (E.D. Cal. 2018)
Court Description: ORDER GRANTING Plaintiff's Counsel's Motion for Attorney's Fees, 24 . Plaintiff's counsel's motion for an award of attorney's fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b) in the amount of $24,000 is granted. Plaintiff's counsel is ordered to refund to Plaintiff $6,000 of the section 406(b) fees awarded as an offset for the EAJA fees previously awarded pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d). Plaintiff's counsel is ordered to refund to the Commissioner $6,000, the amount of administrative fees previously awarded pursuant 42 U.S.C. § 406(a). Order signed by Magistrate Judge Sheila K. Oberto on 3/28/2018. (Timken, A)
1 2 3 4 5 6 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 8 9 Case No. 1:15-cv-01408-SKO JESSE GUERRA, 10 Plaintiff, 11 ORDER GRANTING PLAINTIFF’S COUNSEL’S MOTION FOR ATTORNEY’S FEES PURSUANT TO 42 U.S.C. § 406(b) v. NANCY A. BERRYHILL, Acting Commissioner of Social Security, 1 12 13 Defendants. / (Doc. 24) 14 I. 15 INTRODUCTION On March 5, 2018, counsel for Plaintiff Jesse Guerra (“Plaintiff”), Young Cho, Esq., filed 16 17 a motion for an award of attorney’s fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b). (Doc. 24.) On March 6, 18 2018, the Commissioner filed a response, acknowledging however that she was not a party to the 19 fee agreement between Plaintiff and his counsel, and therefore “not in a position to either assent or 20 object to the § 406(b) fees that Counsel seeks from Plaintiff’s past-due benefits.” (Doc. 25.) On 21 March 7, 2018, the Court issued a minute order requiring Plaintiff to file his objections to 22 Plaintiff’s counsel’s motion, if any, by no later than March 20, 2018. (Doc. 26.) Plaintiff was 23 served with copies of the motion for attorney’s fees and the minute order. (Doc. 27.) Plaintiff did 24 not file any objection to the motion by the March 20, 2018 deadline (See Docket). 25 // 26 27 28 1 On January 23, 2017, Nancy A. Berryhill became the Acting Commissioner of the Social Security Administration. See https://www.ssa.gov/agency/commissioner.html (last visited by the court on February 27, 2017). She is therefore substituted as the defendant in this action. See 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) (referring to the “Commissioner’s Answer”); 20 C.F.R. § 422.210(d) (“the person holding the Office of the Commissioner shall, in his official capacity, be the proper defendant”). 1 For the reasons set forth below, the motion for an award of attorney’s fees is granted in the 2 amount of $24,000, subject to an offset of $6,000 in fees already awarded pursuant to the Equal 3 Access to Justice Act (“EAJA”), 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d), on November 22, 2016 (see Doc. 23) and a 4 refund of administrative fees already awarded pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(a). 5 6 II. BACKGROUND Plaintiff brought the underlying action seeking judicial review of a final administrative 7 decision denying his claim for disability benefits under the Social Security Act. (Doc. 1.) The 8 Court reversed the Commissioner’s denial of benefits and remanded the case to the agency for 9 further proceedings. (Doc. 20.) Judgment was entered in favor of Plaintiff and against the 10 Commissioner on September 28, 2016. (Doc. 21.) On November 21, 2016, the parties stipulated 11 to an award of $6,000 in attorney fees under EAJA (Doc. 22), and on November 22, 2016, the 12 Court entered the stipulated order (Doc. 23). 13 On remand, the Commissioner issued a decision finding Plaintiff disabled. (See Doc. 24, 14 Declaration of Young Cho (“Cho Decl.”) ¶ 3 and Ex. 2.) On February 14, 2018, the 15 Commissioner issued a notice that retroactive disability benefits had been awarded to Plaintiff and 16 that $24,443.95, representing 25% of Plaintiff’s past-due benefits, had been withheld from 17 Plaintiff’s award of disability benefits for payment of any applicable attorney’s fees. (Doc. 24, 18 Cho Decl., Ex. 3.) On March 5, 2018, counsel filed a motion for attorney’s fees in the amount of 19 $24,000, with an offset of $6,000 for EAJA fees already awarded, for a net award of $18,000. 20 (See Doc. 24.) It is counsel’s section 406(b) motion for attorney’s fees that is currently pending 21 before the Court. 22 23 III. DISCUSSION Pursuant to the Social Security Act, attorneys may seek a reasonable fee for cases in which 24 they have successfully represented social security claimants. Section 406(b) provides the 25 following: 26 27 28 Whenever a court renders a judgment favorable to a claimant under this subchapter who was represented before the court by an attorney, the court may determine and allow as part of its judgment a reasonable fee for such representation, not in excess of 25 percent of the total of the past-due benefits to which the claimant is entitled by reason of such judgment, and the Commissioner of Social Security may . . . 2 1 certify the amount of such fee for payment to such attorney out of, and not in addition to, the amount of such past-due benefits . . . . 2 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1)(A) (emphasis added). “In contrast to fees awarded under fee-shifting 3 provisions such as 42 U.S.C. § 1988, the fee is paid by the claimant out of the past-due benefits 4 awarded; the losing party is not responsible for payment.” Crawford v. Astrue, 586 F.3d 1142, 5 1147 (9th Cir. 2009) (en banc) (citing Gisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535 U.S. 789, 802 (2002)). The 6 Commissioner has standing to challenge the award, despite that the section 406(b) attorney’s fee 7 award is not paid by the government. Craig v. Sec’y Dep’t of Health & Human Servs., 864 F.2d 8 324, 328 (4th Cir. 1989), abrogated on other grounds in Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 807. The goal of 9 fee awards under section 406(b) is to provide adequate incentive to represent claimants while 10 ensuring that the usually meager disability benefits received are not greatly depleted. Cotter v. 11 Bowen, 879 F.2d 359, 365 (8th Cir. 1989), abrogated on other grounds in Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 12 807. 13 The 25% maximum fee is not an automatic entitlement, and courts are required to ensure 14 that the requested fee is reasonable. Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 808-09 (Section 406(b) does not 15 displace contingent-fee agreements within the statutory ceiling; instead, section 406(b) instructs 16 courts to review for reasonableness fees yielded by those agreements). “Within the 25 percent 17 boundary . . . the attorney for the successful claimant must show that the fee sought is reasonable 18 for the services rendered.” Id. at 807; see also Crawford, 586 F.3d at 1148 (holding that section 19 406(b) “does not specify how courts should determine whether a requested fee is reasonable” but 20 “provides only that the fee must not exceed 25% of the past-due benefits awarded”). 21 Generally, “a district court charged with determining a reasonable fee award under 22 § 406(b)(1)(A) must respect ‘the primacy of lawful attorney-client fee arrangements,’ . . . ‘looking 23 first to the contingent-fee agreement, then testing it for reasonableness.’” Crawford, 586 F.3d at 24 1148 (quoting Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 793, 808). The United States Supreme Court has identified 25 several factors that may be considered in determining whether a fee award under a contingent-fee 26 agreement is unreasonable and therefore subject to reduction by the court: (1) the character of the 27 representation; (2) the results achieved by the representative; (3) whether the attorney engaged in 28 dilatory conduct in order to increase the accrued amount of past-due benefits; (4) whether the 3 1 benefits are large in comparison to the amount of time counsel spent on the case; and (5) the 2 attorney’s record of hours worked and counsel’s regular hourly billing charge for non-contingent 3 cases. Id. (citing Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 807-08). 4 Here, the fee agreement between Plaintiff and the Law Offices of Lawrence D. Rohlfing, 5 LLP, signed by Plaintiff and counsel2, provides: 6 If this matter requires judicial review of any adverse decision of the Social Security Administration, the fee for successful prosecution of this matter is a separate 25% of the backpay awarded upon reversal of any unfavorable ALJ decision for work before the court. Attorney shall seek compensation under the [EAJA] and such amount shall credit to the client for fees otherwise payable for court work. 7 8 9 10 (Doc. 24, Cho Decl., Ex. 1 (dated August 5, 2015) (emphasis in original).) The Court has considered the character of counsel’s representation of Plaintiff and the 11 12 good results achieved by counsel, which included an award of benefits. As Plaintiff’s counsel, the 13 Law Offices of Lawrence Rohlfing spent 35.1 hours representing Plaintiff, ultimately gaining a 14 favorable decision in that the Commissioner’s decision was reversed and remanded to the agency 15 for reconsideration. (Doc. 24, Cho Decl., Ex. 4 (time sheets accounting for 31.2 attorney hours 16 and 3.9 paralegal hours spent representing Plaintiff before the district court).) There is no 17 indication that a reduction of the award is warranted due to any substandard performance by 18 Plaintiff’s counsel as counsel secured a successful result for Plaintiff. There is also no evidence 19 that counsel engaged in any dilatory conduct resulting in delay. Counsel does not state his or his paralegal’s normal hourly rates. However, the effective 20 3 21 hourly rate requested equals $683.76 per hour. The Ninth Circuit has found similar effective 22 hourly rates reasonable in social security contingency fee arrangements. See Crawford, 586 F.3d 23 1142, 1153 (9th Cir.2009) (explaining that the majority opinion found reasonable effective hourly 24 rates equaling $519, $875, and $902) (J. Clifton, concurring in part and dissenting in part); see 25 also Patterson v. Apfel, 99 F. Supp. 2d 1212, 1214 & n.2 (C.D. Cal. 2000) (noting that “a survey 26 27 28 2 The agreement is signed by Plaintiff’s former counsel, Vijay J. Patel, who at that time was with the Law Offices of Lawrence D. Rohlfing. 3 Counsel of record expended 12.2 hours, Plaintiff’s former attorney expended 19.0 hours, and a paralegal expended 3.9 hours. Thus, the effective hourly rate requested is computed as follows: $24,000 / (12.2 + 19.0 + 3.9) = $683.76 per hour. 4 1 of several dozen cases in which attorney's fees were awarded in social security cases suggests that 2 the 33.75 hours spent by plaintiff's counsel falls within the approved range,” and collecting cases). 3 Further, attorney’s fees in the amount of $24,000 do not exceed 25% of the past-due benefits 4 awarded and are not excessive in relation to the past-due award. (See Doc. 24, Cho Decl., Ex. 3.) 5 See generally Ortega v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., No. 1:12–cv–01030–AWI–SAB, 2015 WL 5021646, 6 at *3 (E.D. Cal. Aug. 21, 2015) (granting petition for an award of attorney’s fees pursuant to 7 section 406(b) in the amount of $24,350.00); Thomas v. Colvin, No. 1:11–cv–01291–SKO, 2015 8 WL 1529331, at *3 (E.D. Cal. Apr. 3, 2015) (granting petition for an award of attorney’s fees 9 pursuant to section 406(b) in the amount of $44,603.50); Boyle v. Colvin, No. 1:12–cv–00954– 10 SMS, 2013 WL 6712552, at *2 (E.D. Cal. Dec. 19, 2013) (granting petition for an award of 11 attorney’s fees pursuant to section 406(b) in the amount of $20,577.57); Jamieson v. Astrue, No. 12 1:09-cv-00490-LJO-DLB, WL 587096, at *2 (E.D. Cal. Feb. 9, 2011) (recommending an award of 13 attorney’s fees pursuant to section 406(b) in the amount of $34,500). 14 In making this determination, the Court recognizes the contingent-fee nature of this case 15 and counsel’s assumption of risk in agreeing to represent Plaintiff under such terms. “District 16 courts generally have been deferential to the terms of contingency fee contracts in § 406(b) cases.” 17 Harris v. Barnhart, 262 F. Supp. 2d 1033, 1037 (N.D. Cal. 2003). Attorneys who agree to 18 represent claimants pursuant to a contingent fee agreement assume the risk of receiving no 19 compensation for their time and effort if the action does not succeed. Id. Here, Plaintiff's attorneys 20 accepted substantial risk of loss in representing Plaintiff, whose application had already been 21 denied at the administrative level. Plaintiff agreed to the contingent fee. Working efficiently and 22 effectively, the attorneys secured a remand, and ultimately, the award of substantial benefits to 23 Plaintiff. 24 An award of attorney’s fees pursuant to section 406(b) in the amount of $24,000 is, 25 therefore, appropriate. An award of section 406(b) fees, however, must be offset by any prior 26 award of attorney’s fees granted under the EAJA. 28 U.S.C. § 2412; Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 796. 27 Plaintiff was previously awarded $6,000 in fees pursuant to the EAJA; as such, the fee award will 28 be offset by $6,000 for a net award of $18,000. Plaintiff’s counsel was also previously awarded 5 1 $6,000 in administrative fees under 42 U.S.C. § 406(a) pursuant to an ALJ-approved fee 2 agreement. (See Doc. 24 at 7.) Although section 406(b) limits only the amount of attorney's fees 3 awarded under section 406(b), and not the combined fees awarded under both sections 406(a) and 4 406(b), see Clark v. Astrue, 529 F.3d 1211, 1213 (9th Cir. 2008), Plaintiff’s counsel indicates in 5 his motion that the ALJ should not have approved the fee agreement because it did not meet all of 6 the conditions for approval and that he intends to refund the $6,000 received under section 406(a). 7 (See Doc. 24 at 7–8; Cho Decl. ¶¶ 6–7.) Thus, Plaintiff’s counsel “will ensure that all fees 8 awarded regarding [Plaintiff’s] Social Security benefits will not exceed the withholding of 25%” 9 and will not seek any further fees under section 406(a). (See id.) 10 IV. 11 CONCLUSION AND ORDER For the reasons stated above, the Court concludes that the fees sought by Plaintiff’s 12 counsel pursuant to section 406(b) are reasonable. Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that: 13 1. Plaintiff's counsel’s motion for an award of attorney’s fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 14 406(b) in the amount of $24,000 is granted; 15 2. Plaintiff's counsel is ordered to refund to Plaintiff $6,000 of the section 406(b) fees 16 awarded as an offset for the EAJA fees previously awarded pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d); 17 3. Plaintiff’s counsel is ordered to refund to the Commissioner $6,000, the amount of 18 administrative fees previously awarded pursuant 42 U.S.C. § 406(a); and 19 4. The Clerk of the Court is directed to serve this order on Plaintiff, Jesse Guerra, at 20 2322 Kentucky St., Bakersfield, CA, 93306. 21 22 IT IS SO ORDERED. 23 Dated: 24 March 28, 2018 /s/ Sheila K. Oberto UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 25 26 27 28 6 .