(PC) Gonzales v. Podsakoff, et al., No. 1:2015cv00924 - Document 67 (E.D. Cal. 2018)
Court Description: FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS recommending that 49 Defendants' Motion for an Order Requiring Plaintiff to Pay a Security be DENIED Without Prejudice, and Plaintiff's Request to be Removed From California's Vexatious Litigant List be DENIED for Lack of Jurisdiction re 26 Amended Prisoner Civil Rights Complaint signed by Magistrate Judge Sheila K. Oberto on 2/13/2018. Referred to Judge Drozd. Objections to F&R due within twenty-one (21) days. (Jessen, A)
1 2 3 4 5 6 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 8 9 10 FINDINGS AND RECOMMNDATIONS ON DEFENDANTS’ MOTION FOR AN ORDER REQUIRING SECURITY, SCREENING OF THE FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT, and ON PLAINTIFF’S MOTION TO BE REMOVED FROM THE STATE’S VEXATIOUS LITIGANT LIST Plaintiff, 11 12 1:15-cv-00924-DAD-SKO (PC) MICHAEL GONZALES, v. PODSAKOFF, et al , 13 Defendants. 14 (Docs. 28, 49, 62) 15 TWENTY-ONE (21) DAY DEADLINE 16 FINDINGS 17 18 I. Procedural History Plaintiff, Michael Gonzales, a state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis, 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 filed this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. ' 1983. On September 12, 2017, Defendants filed a motion for an order requiring security under Eastern District Local Rule 151(b), which, if successful, would require Plaintiff to post security before this matter proceeds. (Doc. 49.) Plaintiff filed an opposition (Docs. 56, 57), and Defendants filed a reply (Docs. 58, 59). 1 The matter is deemed submitted. Local Rule 230(l). For the reasons which follow, the Court recommends that Defendants’ motion be denied. 1 Plaintiff filed two documents in opposition to Defendants’ motion which have been reviewed and considered. (See Docs. 56, 57.) Plaintiff also filed a sur-reply (Doc. 60) to which Defendants’ objected (Doc. 61). Plaintiff does not have a right under either the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure or the Local Rules to file a surreply, and the Court does not find any further briefing is necessary. Accordingly, the Court declines to consider Plaintiff’s surreply, which was filed without leave of court, and in light of this decision, Defendants’ objections are disregarded as moot. 1 1 Plaintiff’s Claims II. 2 A. The First Amended Complaint 3 In the First Amended Complaint (“FAC”), Plaintiff alleges that he was previously subject 4 to a Keyhea order2 and received antipsychotic medications which were discontinued because he 5 experienced a number of negative side effects. Plaintiff alleges that, subsequently, Defendants A. 6 Podsakoff, L. Lawrence, B. Stringer, J. Medina, J. Juarez, and R. Mendoza surreptitiously taint 7 his food with antipsychotic medications. Plaintiff provides specific dates on which these 8 Defendants tainted his food and describes the adverse effects he experienced which were similar 9 to the negative side effects which resulted in the State Court vacating the Keyhea order. Plaintiff 10 further alleges that Defendant Nurse Gonzales provided antipsychotic medication that was used to 11 taint his meals between August 13, 2015, and April 4, 2016. Plaintiff also alleges that J. Medina, 12 J. Juarez, and R. Mendoza denied him meals on various dates so that he would be hungry and eat 13 the next heavily medicated meal he was provided. 14 Plaintiff consented to Magistrate Judge jurisdiction a few months after initiating this 15 action. (Doc. 16.) On February 13, 2017, the undersigned screened the FAC and found 16 Plaintiff’s claim cognizable against A. Podsakoff, L. Lawrence, B. Stringer, J. Medina, J. Juarez, 17 R. Mendoza, and Nurse Gonzales for involuntarily medicating Plaintiff’s meals with 18 antipsychotic medication without a Keyhea order. (Doc. 28.) That same order dismissed 19 Plaintiff’s request for injunctive relief and his retaliation and conditions of confinement claims as 20 not cognizable; dismissed Lassey and E. Garza since they were not linked to Plaintiff’s factual 21 allegation; and dismissed Sgt. D. Hernandez since none of the claims against him were 22 cognizable. (Id.) 23 B. 24 On November 9, 2017, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that 28 U.S.C. § Williams v. King 25 636(c)(1) requires the consent of all parties named in a civil case before a Magistrate Judge’s 26 jurisdiction vests for dispositive purposes. Williams v. King, 875 F.3d 500 (9th Cir. 2017). As 27 28 2 Keyhea v. Rushen, 178 Cal.App.3d 526, 542 (Cal. Ct. App. 1986), set forth the substantive and procedural safeguards which must be adhered to when the state seeks to involuntarily medicate state prisoners with long-term psychotropic medications. Such courts orders are commonly known as “Keyhea orders.” 2 1 such, a Magistrate Judge lacks jurisdiction to dismiss parties, claims, or a case based solely on a 2 plaintiff’s consent. Id. Here, the defendants were not yet served when that the First Amended 3 Complaint was screened, and had neither appeared nor consented to Magistrate Judge 4 jurisdiction. Because the named defendants had not consented, the screening and dismissal of 5 this action is invalid under Williams. The undersigned stands by the analysis in the order that 6 screened the First Amended Complaint (see Doc. 28) and recommends that this action continue to 7 proceed solely on Plaintiff’s claim against A. Podsakoff, L. Lawrence, B. Stringer, J. Medina, J. 8 Juarez, R. Mendoza, and Nurse Gonzales for involuntarily medicating Plaintiff’s meals with 9 antipsychotic medication without a Keyhea order, and that all other claims and defendants be 10 dismissed. 11 III. Defendants’ Motion for Order Requiring Security 12 A. Introduction 13 Defendants seek to have Plaintiff ordered to post security under this Court’s Local Rule 14 151(b), based on Plaintiff’s litigation history and designation of Plaintiff as a vexatious litigant 15 and the pre-filing order entered on May 11, 2012, in Kings County Superior Court case number 16 11C 0144. (Doc. 49.) 17 B. 18 Local Rule 151(b) states: 19 22 On its own motion or on motion of a party, the Court may at any time order a party to give a security, bond, or undertaking in such amount as the Court may determine to be appropriate. The provisions of Title 3A, part 2, of the California Code of Civil Procedure, relating to vexatious litigants, are hereby adopted as a procedural Rule of this Court on the basis of which the Court may order the giving of a security, bond, or undertaking, although the power of the Court shall not be limited thereby. 23 This procedural rule allows courts in this district to impose payment of a security3 upon a finding 24 of vexatiousness. However, Defendants do not cite any authority stating that Local Rule 151(b) 25 allows this Court to rely solely on such a finding by a state court, ignoring federal substantive law 20 21 26 Legal Standard requirements to determine vexatiousness—and the Court finds none. Defendants also fail to cite 27 3 28 California law allows a defendant to “move the court, upon notice and hearing, for an order requiring the plaintiff to furnish security….” Cal. Civ. Proc. Code § 391.1. 3 1 authority to require posting a security under 151(b) without a finding of vexatiousness under 2 federal substantive law—which the Court likewise has not found. See Smith v. Officer Sergent, 3 2016 WL 6875892, at *2 (E.D. Cal., Nov. 21, 2016) (the court looks to federal law, not state law, 4 to define a vexatious litigant”); see also Cranford v. Crawford, 2016 WL 4536199, at *3 (E.D. 5 Cal., Aug. 31, 2016) (“. . . the state statutory definition of vexatiousness is not enough to find a 6 7 8 9 litigant vexatious in federal court.”); Goolsby v. Gonzales, 2014 WL 2330108, at *1-2 (E.D. Cal., May 29, 2014) report and recommendation adopted 2014 WL 3529998 (E.D. Cal., July 15, 2014) (“Under federal law, however, the criteria under which a litigant may be found vexatious is much narrower. While Local Rule 151(b) directs the Court to look to state law for the procedure in which a litigant may be ordered to furnish security, this Court looks to federal law for the 10 definition of vexatiousness, and under federal law, the standard for declaring a litigant vexatious 11 12 is more stringent. . . . [T]he mere fact that a plaintiff has had numerous suits dismissed against him4 is an insufficient ground upon which to make a finding of vexatiousness.”). 13 14 This Court has inherent power under the All Writs Act, 28 U.S.C. § 1651 to enter prefiling orders against vexatious litigants, De Long v. Hennessey, 912 F.2d 1144, 1147 (9th Cir. 15 1990); Molski v. Evergreen Dynasty Corp., 500 F.3d 1047, 1057 (9th Cir. 2007), and to sanction 16 parties or their attorneys for improper conduct. Chambers v. Nasco, Inc., 501 U.S. 32, 43-46 17 (1991); Roadway Express, Inc. v. Piper, 447 U.S. 752, 766 (1980); Fink v. Gomez, 239 F.3d 989, 18 991 (9th Cir. 2001). This sanction authority is discretionary, Air Separation, Inc. v. Underwriters 19 at Lloyd’s of London, 45 F.3d 288, 291 (9th Cir. 1995), and “‘extends to a full range of litigation 20 abuses,’” Fink, 239 F.3d at 992 (quoting Chambers, 501 U.S. at 46-47). Sanctions may be imposed under a court’s inherent authority on “parties appearing before 21 22 it for acting in bad faith, vexatiously, wantonly, or for oppressive reasons,” Sassower v. Field, 23 973 F.2d 75, 81-82 (2d Cir. 1992), cert. denied, 507 U.S. 1043 (1993), as well as for delaying or 24 25 26 27 28 disrupting litigation, or for taking actions in the litigation for an improper purpose -- all of which are abusive of the judicial process, Chambers, 501 U.S. at 43-45. However, because of their very potency, inherent powers must be exercised with restraint and discretion. Id., at 44. The litigant 4 Under California law, a vexatious litigant is merely one who “[i]n the immediately preceding seven-year period has commenced, prosecuted, or maintained in propria persona at least five litigations other than in small claims court that have been . . . finally determined adversely to the person….” Cal. Civ. Proc. Code § 391(b)(1). 4 1 to be sanctioned must be found to have engaged either “in bad faith or willful disobedience of a 2 court’s order,” id., at 46-47, or conduct which constitutes, or is tantamount to, bad faith, Roadway 3 Express, 447 U.S. at 767; Miller v. City of Los Angeles, 661 F.3d 1024, 1036 (9th Cir. 2011); 4 Gomez v. Vernon, 255 F.3d 1118, 1134 (9th Cir. 2001), cert. denied, 534 U.S. 1066 (2001); Fink, 5 at 993-94. 6 7 8 9 “Bad faith” means a party or counsel acted “vexatiously, wantonly or for oppressive reasons.” Chambers, 501 U.S. at 45-46. Bad faith “does not require that the legal and factual basis for the action prove totally frivolous; where a litigant is substantially motivated by vindictiveness, obduracy, or mala fides, the assertion of a colorable claim will not bar assessment of attorneys’ fees.” Mark Ind., Ltd. v. Sea Captain’s Choice, Inc., 50 F.3d 730, 732 (9th Cir. 10 1995) (internal quotation marks and citations omitted). 11 12 13 14 Under federal law, litigiousness alone is insufficient to support a finding of vexatiousness. See Moy v. United States, 906 F.2d 467, 470 (9th Cir. 1990) (the plaintiff’s claims must not only be numerous, but also be patently without merit). The focus is on the number of suits that were frivolous or harassing in nature, rather than merely on the number of suits that were adversely 15 decided. See De Long, 912 F.2d at 1147-48 (before a district court issues a pre-filing injunction 16 against a pro se litigant, the court must find the litigant’s actions frivolous or harassing). The 17 Ninth Circuit has defined vexatious litigation as “without reasonable or probable cause or excuse, 18 harassing, or annoying.” Microsoft Corp. v. Motorola, Inc., 696 F.3d 872, 886 (9th Cir. 2012). 19 Accordingly, the mere fact that a party has had numerous prior suits dismissed is insufficient to 20 find him vexatious under Ninth Circuit precedent. Defendants’ Request for Judicial Notice 21 C. 22 Defendants ask the court to take judicial notice that the Superior Court of Kings County 23 declared Plaintiff a vexatious litigant and a pre-filing order was entered in case number 11 C 0144 24 on May 11, 2012. (Doc. 49-5, RJN, Ex. A.) Defendants further request that judicial notice be 25 taken of the following cases filed by Plaintiff raising allegations of prison staff involuntarily 26 medicating his meals: Gonzales v. Cambra, et al. (N.D. Cal. Case No. 3:97-cv-00761), dismissed 27 with prejudice as duplicative of Plaintiff’s claims in two other actions; Gonzales v. Galaza, et al. 28 (E.D. Cal. Case No. 1:00-cv-06028) dismissed for failure to state a claim; Gonzales v. Leal (E.D. 5 1 Cal. Case No. 1:10-cv-02154), dismissed for failure to state a claim; Gonzales v. Galaza (E.D. 2 Cal. Case No. 1:00-cv-06959), second amended complaint dismissed for failure to exhaust with 3 leave to amend granted to clarify exhaustion efforts and five extensions of time granted to file a 4 third amended complaint; case voluntarily dismissed; Gonzales v. Calderon, et al. (E.D. Cal. Case 5 No. 1:01-cv-05916), Plaintiff filed a voluntary dismissal following dismissal with leave to amend; 6 Gonzales v. Tomlin, et al. (E.D. Cal. Case No. 1:03-cv-05363), issue of food medication 7 abandoned and proceeded on claim of excessive force in an amended complaint; Gonzales v. 8 Fresura, et al. (E.D. Cal. Case No. 1:07-cv-00565), dismissed with prejudice for Plaintiff’s 9 failure to obey a court order by filing an amended complaint; Gonzales v. Price (E.D. Cal. Case 10 No. 1:07-cv-01391), Plaintiff agreed to proceed on other cognizable claims that did not involve 11 involuntary medication of his food; Gonzales v. Villalovos (Kings County Superior Court Case 12 No. 11C0027), Plaintiff’s federal causes of action including mail tampering, theft, and medicated 13 food barred by res judicata and plaintiff’s pattern and practice of asserting the same claims in 14 multiple lawsuits; and Gonzales v. Cortez et al. (E.D. Cal. Case No. 1:10-cv-00393), Plaintiff did 15 not amend claim that his food was being medicated, but obtained a settlement on other claims. 16 Defendants also request that judicial notice be taken of the order and judgment in 17 Gonzales v. Castro, E.D. Cal. Case No. 1:09-cv-01545 (id., Ex. C) and in Gonzales v. Cortez, et 18 al., E.D. Cal. Case No. 1:10-cv-01314 (id., Ex. D), the docket, findings and recommendations, 19 order and judgment in Gonzales v. Buenafe, et al., E.D. Cal. Case No. 1:11-cv-01827 (id., Ex. H), 20 and the Ninth Circuit docket, motion to voluntarily dismiss appeal, and order dismissing appeal in 21 Gonzales v. Buenafe, et al., Ninth Circuit Case No. 14-15127 (id., Ex. I). Judicial notice may be 22 taken of undisputed matters of public record, including documents on file in federal or state 23 courts. Fed.Rules Evid.Rule 201, 28 U.S.C.A.; Harris v. County of Orange, 682 F.3d 1126, 24 1131-32 (2012). Accordingly, Defendants’ request for judicial notice of all of the above (Doc. 25 49-5) is GRANTED. 26 D. 27 Defendants argue that since Plaintiff meets California’s vexatious litigant definition, this 28 Discussion Court is allowed to require Plaintiff to post security. (Doc. 49-1, pp. 2-4.) Defendants rely, 6 1 almost exclusively on California law and do not address federal substantive law requirements to 2 show bad faith or willful disobedience of a court’s order by Plaintiff. (See generally Doc. 49-1.) 3 The only evidence and arguments submitted by Defendants show that, in 2012, Plaintiff was 4 declared a vexatious litigant in California and that he has filed a number of lawsuits which have 5 been dismissed for various reasons over the years. (See generally Doc. 49-1.) 6 Of the cases cited by Defendants, only six were dismissed with prejudice for Plaintiff’s 7 failure to state a cognizable claim, or duplicity of claims. (See Gonzales v. Galaza, et al., E.D. 8 Cal. Case No. 1:00-cv-06028; Gonzales v. Leal, E.D. Cal. Case No. 1:10-cv-02154; Gonzales v. 9 Villalovos, et al., Kings County Superior Court Case No. 11C0027, demurrer sustained without 10 leave to amend; Gonzales v. Cambra, et al., N.D. Cal. Case No. 3:97-cv-00761, dismissed with 11 prejudice as duplicative of Plaintiff’s claims in two other actions; Gonzales v. Price, et al., E.D. 12 Cal. Case No. 1:07-cv-01391, dismissed based on claim duplicity and a Rule 11(b)(3) violation; 13 and Gonzales v. Buenafe, et al., E.D. Cal. Case No. 1:11-cv-01827, dismissed for claim 14 duplicity.) Plaintiff filed voluntary dismissals in three of the cases listed by Defendants. (See 15 Gonzales v. Galaza, E.D. Cal. Case No. 1:00-cv-06959; Gonzales v. Calderon, et al., E.D. Cal. 16 Case No. 1:01-cv-05916; and Gonzales v. Buenafe, et al., Ninth Circuit Case No. 14-15127.) In 17 three of the cases listed by Defendants, Plaintiff abandoned his claims of food tampering and 18 proceeded on other claims and obtained a settlement in one of those actions. (See Gonzales v. 19 Tomlin, et al., E.D. Cal. Case No. 1:03-cv-05363; Gonzales v. Price, E.D. Cal. Case No. 1:07-cv- 20 01391; and Gonzales v. Cortez et al., E.D. Cal. Case No. 1:10-cv-00393 (case settled).) One case 21 was dismissed for Plaintiff’s failure to obey a court order by not filing an amended complaint. 22 (See Gonzales v. Fresura, et al., E.D. Cal. Case No. 1:07-cv-00565.) Three were dismissed 23 because Plaintiff failed to pay the filing fee or to post security. (See Gonzales v. Castro, E.D. 24 Cal. Case No. 1:09-cv-01545; Gonzales v. Cortez, et al., E.D. Cal. Case No. 1:10-cv-01314; and 25 Gonzales v. Cortez, et al., Kings County Superior Court Case No. 11C0144.) 26 To sanction a litigant under the court’s inherent powers, the Court must make a specific 27 finding of “bad faith or conduct tantamount to bad faith.” Fink, 239 F.3d at 994. Voluntary 28 dismissal, either of a claim or an entire action, is not tantamount to bad faith. Failure to file an 7 1 amended complaint in compliance with a court’s order also does not equate to bad faith. 2 Likewise, dismissal because Plaintiff could not afford to pay the filing fee or security is not bad 3 faith—particularly since these dismissals were without prejudice to refiling on payment of the 4 appropriate fee. Finally, the fact that Plaintiff received a settlement in one of the actions listed by 5 Defendants, Gonzales v. Cortez et al., E.D. Cal. Case No. 1:10-cv-00393, although not on claims 6 of food tainting soundly contradicts any argument of bad faith. Defendants have not argued, and 7 the Court has no basis before it to make a specific finding of bad faith, or to declare Plaintiff a 8 vexatious litigant under federal law. 9 Accordingly, defendants have failed to meet their burden to demonstrate that Plaintiff is a 10 vexatious litigant under the applicable federal standards to warrant requiring security under Local 11 Rule 151(b). Since defendants have failed to make a threshold showing that Plaintiff is a 12 vexatious litigant under federal law, the Court declines to address defendants’ argument that 13 Plaintiff is not likely to succeed on the merits in this case. Based on the foregoing, the Court 14 recommends denying Defendants’ motion. The Court also recommends doing so without 15 prejudice as Defendants may choose to file a motion requesting that Plaintiff be declared a 16 vexatious litigant under federal standards. Because Defendants have not argued that Plaintiff is a 17 bad faith litigant under federal law, the Court does not comment on the merits of such a motion. 18 IV. 19 Plaintiff’s Motion to Vacate the Vexatious Litigant Order Subsequent to the briefing of this motion, Plaintiff filed a request for this Court to issue an 20 order vacating the pre-filing order and to be removed from California’s Judicial Council’s 21 vexatious litigant list. (Doc. 62.) Plaintiff contends that he “does not have long left on vexatious 22 litigant or 3 strikes status as he has been on said status for 6 years.” (Id.) Plaintiff states that 23 prison officials are aware of his status and are taking advantage of it by assaulting him and 24 medicating his meals. (Id.) Plaintiff does not cite any legal authority conferring jurisdiction on 25 this Court to either remove him from California’s vexatious litigant list, or to remove strikes from 26 Plaintiff’s past filings under the PLRA, and the Court finds none. 27 28 On the contrary, federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction and are bound by the parameters of the case or controversy before them. City of Los Angeles v. Lyons, 461 U.S. 95, 8 1 102, 103 S.Ct. 1660, 1665 (1983); Valley Forge Christian Coll. v. Ams. United for Separation of 2 Church and State, Inc., 454 U.S. 464, 471 (1982). The pendency of this action does not give the 3 Court jurisdiction over prison officials in general or over Plaintiff’s legal status in this, or any 4 other court. See Summers v. Earth Island Institute, 555 U.S. 488, 492-93 (2009); Mayfield v. 5 United States, 599 F.3d 964, 969 (9th Cir. 2010). The Court’s jurisdiction is limited to the parties 6 in this action and to the cognizable legal claims upon which this action is proceeding. Summers, 7 555 U.S. at 492-93; Mayfield, 599 F.3d at 969. Accordingly, Plaintiff’s request to be removed 8 from California’s vexatious litigant list must be denied for lack of jurisdiction. 9 As Defendants correctly point out (see Doc. 63), in accordance with California Code of 10 Civil Procedure section 391.7, the Judicial Council of California maintains the vexatious litigant 11 list. Plaintiff may apply to vacate the pre-filing order and remove his name from the list. The 12 application must be filed in the court in the case where the pre-filing order was entered, or in 13 conjunction with a request to that court’s presiding judge to file new litigation. Cal. Civ. Proc. 14 Code § 391.8(a). That court may vacate the order and order removal of Plaintiff’s name only 15 upon a showing of a material change in the facts on which the court’s order was based, and where 16 “the ends of justice would be served” by vacating the order. Cal. Civ. Proc. Code § 391.8(c). 17 Thus, since the Kings County Superior Court entered Plaintiff’s pre-filing order, any application 18 to vacate the order must be filed in Kings County Superior Court. (Id.) Plaintiff’s request to be 19 removed from California’s vexatious litigant list should be denied as this Court lacks jurisdiction 20 over the pre-filing order entered by Kings County Superior Court. Plaintiff’s request for a determination regarding strikes for future purposes of filing in 21 22 forma pauperis under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) likewise exceeds this Court’s jurisdiction. Summers, 23 555 U.S. at 492-93; Mayfield, 599 F.3d at 969. Instead, whether any of Plaintiff’s prior actions 24 count as strikes is a determination to be made by each federal court on the filing of a new action.5 25 See Deleon v. Doe, 361 F.3d 93, 95 (2d Cir. 2004) (“The designation of strikes has no practical 26 consequences until a defendant in a prisoner’s lawsuit raises the contention that the prisoner’ suit 27 5 28 It is noteworthy that, regardless of Plaintiff’s prior litigation history, Plaintiff is proceeding in forma pauperis in this action as his allegations were found sufficient to meet the imminent danger exception to the PLRA. (See Doc. 5.) 9 1 or appeal may not be maintained in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 because the 2 prisoner has accumulated three strikes. At that time, because a practical consequence turns on the 3 answer to the question, a court will need to determine whether the prisoner should be charged 4 with three strikes. Litigation over the issue at an earlier juncture would involve the courts in 5 disputes that might never have any practical consequence. The resolution of such disputes is not 6 a proper part of the judicial function.”); see also Andrews v. King, 398 F.3d 1113, 1119 n. 8 (9th 7 Cir. 2005) (noting that district courts are not required to determine whether the prisoner’s case is 8 frivolous, malicious or fails to state a claim and therefore will count as a future strike under § 9 1915(g)); Shabbazz v. Fischer, No. 9:11-CV-0916 (TJM/ATB), 2012 WL3241653, at *1 10 (N.D.N.Y Aug. 7, 2012) (“In other words, a strike may not be assessed at the same time that the 11 action or appeal is dismissed. Instead, it is up to a later judge to determine, when the time is right, 12 whether three previously dismissed actions or appeals might constitute strikes.”); Pough v. 13 Grannis, 08CV1498–JM (RBB), 2010 WL 3702421, at *13 (S.D. Cal. July 16, 2010) (denying 14 defendants’ request that the court designate a dismissal as a strike under § 1915(g) at the time of 15 dismissal). Plaintiff’s request to no longer have three strikes under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) should 16 also be denied for lack of jurisdiction. 17 18 RECOMMENDATIONS For the reasons set forth above, this action should continue to proceed solely on Plaintiff’s 19 claims against A. Podsakoff, L. Lawrence, B. Stringer, J. Medina, J. Juarez, R. Mendoza, and 20 Nurse Gonzales for involuntarily medicating Plaintiff’s meals with antipsychotic medication in 21 the absence of a Keyhea order, with all other claims and defendants dismissed. As Defendants’ 22 have not met their burden under federal law for an order to issue requiring Plaintiff to post 23 security under Local Rule 151(b), their motion should be denied without prejudice. Finally, this 24 Court lacks jurisdiction over Plaintiff’s request to be removed from California’s vexatious litigant 25 list and to not be subject to three strikes for in forma pauperis purposes in future litigation. 26 Accordingly, it is HEREBY RECOMMENDED that: 27 1. 28 this action proceed on Plaintiff’s claim in the First Amended Complaint against A. Podsakoff, L. Lawrence, B. Stringer, J. Medina, J. Juarez, R. Mendoza, and Nurse 10 1 Gonzales for involuntarily medicating Plaintiff’s meals with antipsychotic 2 medication in the absence of a Keyhea order, and all other claims and defendants 3 be dismissed; 4 2. 5 Defendants’ motion for an order requiring Plaintiff to pay a security under Local Rule 151(b) be denied without prejudice; and 6 3. Plaintiff’s request to be removed from California’s vexatious litigant list and to no 7 longer have three strikes for purposes of proceeding in forma pauperis under 28 8 U.S.C. § 1915(g), filed on November 9, 2017, (Doc. 62), be denied for lack of 9 jurisdiction. 10 11 12 13 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: February 13, 2018 /s/ Sheila K. Oberto UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 11 .