(PC) Sokolsky v. State of California et al, No. 1:2013cv02044 - Document 85 (E.D. Cal. 2017)

Court Description: FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS recommending that this action be Dismissed based on Plaintiff's Failure to Obey the Court's Order of August 17, 2017 84 ; referred to Judge O'Neill,signed by Magistrate Judge Gary S. Austin on 09/21/17. Objections to F&R due (14-Day Deadline) (Martin-Gill, S)
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 MARK S. SOKOLSKY, 12 13 14 15 1:13-cv-02044-LJO-GSA-PC Plaintiff, FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS TO DISMISS CASE FOR FAILURE TO OBEY COURT ORDER (ECF No. 84.) vs. STATE OF CALIFORNIA, et al., OBJECTIONS, IF ANY, DUE IN FOURTEEN (14) DAYS Defendants. 16 17 18 Mark S. Sokolsky (“Plaintiff”) is a civil detainee proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. 19 On August 18, 2017, the court issued an order requiring Plaintiff to file an opposition or 20 statement of non-opposition to Defendants’ motion for summary judgment within twenty (20) 21 days. (ECF No. 84.) The twenty-day period has now expired and Plaintiff has not filed an 22 opposition, statement of non-opposition, or otherwise responded to the court’s order. 23 In determining whether to dismiss this action for failure to comply with the directives 24 set forth in its order, “the Court must weigh the following factors: (1) the public’s interest in 25 expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court’s need to manage its docket; (3) the risk of 26 prejudice to defendants/respondents; (4) the availability of less drastic alternatives; and (5) the 27 public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits.” Pagtalunan v. Galaza, 291 F.3d 28 639, 642 (9th Cir. 2002) (citing Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260-61 (9th Cir. 1992)). 1 1 “‘The public’s interest in expeditious resolution of litigation always favors dismissal,’” 2 id. (quoting Yourish v. California Amplifier, 191 F.3d 983, 990 (9th Cir. 1999)), and here, the 3 action has been pending since December 16, 2013. Plaintiff’s failure to respond to the court’s 4 order may reflect Plaintiff’s disinterest in prosecuting this case. In such an instance, the court 5 cannot continue to expend its scarce resources assisting a litigant who will not defend against 6 summary judgment. Thus, both the first and second factors weigh in favor of dismissal. 7 Turning to the risk of prejudice, “pendency of a lawsuit is not sufficiently prejudicial in 8 and of itself to warrant dismissal.” Id. (citing Yourish at 991). However, “delay inherently 9 increases the risk that witnesses’ memories will fade and evidence will become stale,” id., and 10 it is Plaintiff’s failure to file a response to Defendants’ motion for summary judgment that is 11 causing delay. Therefore, the third factor weighs in favor of dismissal. 12 As for the availability of lesser sanctions, at this stage in the proceedings there is little 13 available to the court which would constitute a satisfactory lesser sanction while protecting the 14 court from further unnecessary expenditure of its scarce resources. Given that Plaintiff is a 15 civil detainee who has not paid the filing fee for this action, the court finds monetary sanctions 16 of little use, and given the early stage of these proceedings the preclusion of evidence or 17 witnesses is not available. However, inasmuch as the dismissal being considered in this case is 18 without prejudice, the court is stopping short of issuing the harshest possible sanction of 19 dismissal with prejudice. 20 21 22 Finally, because public policy favors disposition on the merits, this factor will always weigh against dismissal. Id. at 643. Accordingly, the court HEREBY RECOMMENDS that this action be dismissed based 23 on Plaintiff's failure to obey the court’s order of August 17, 2017. 24 recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, 25 pursuant to the provisions of Title 28 U.S.C. ' 636(b)(l). Within fourteen (14) days after the 26 date of service of these findings and recommendations, Plaintiff may file written objections 27 with the court. Such a document should be captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s 28 Findings and Recommendations.” Plaintiff is advised that failure to file objections within the 2 These findings and 1 specified time may result in the waiver of rights on appeal. Wilkerson v. Wheeler, 772 F.3d 2 834, 838-39 (9th Cir. 2014) (citing Baxter v. Sullivan, 923 F.2d 1391, 1394 (9th Cir. 1991)). 3 4 5 6 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: September 21, 2017 /s/ Gary S. Austin UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3