-DLB (PC)Porter v. Jennings et al, No. 1:2010cv01811 - Document 34 (E.D. Cal. 2011)

Court Description: FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS recommending that 18 , 28 , 29 Plaintiff's Motions, Construed As Motions for Preliminary Injunction, Should Be DENIED re 12 Amended Prisoner Civil Rights Complaint, signed by Magistrate Judge Dennis L. Beck on 12/20/2011. Referred to Judge Ishii. Objections to F&R due within twenty-one (21) days. (Jessen, A)
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-DLB (PC)Porter v. Jennings et al Doc. 34 1 2 3 4 5 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 6 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 7 8 SAMUEL KENNETH PORTER, 9 Plaintiff, 10 11 CASE NO. 1:10-CV-01811-AWI-DLB PC FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS RECOMMENDING PLAINTIFF’S MOTIONS BE DENIED v. JENNINGS, et al., 12 (DOCS. 18, 28, 29) Defendants. / OBJECTIONS DUE WITHIN TWENTY-ONE DAYS 13 14 I. 15 Background Plaintiff Samuel Kenneth Porter (“Plaintiff”) is a prisoner in the custody of the California 16 Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (“CDCR”). Plaintiff is proceeding pro se and in 17 forma pauperis in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. This action is proceeding 18 on Plaintiff’s First Amended Complaint against Defendants Jennings, Lowe, and Darling for 19 failure to protect in violation of the Eighth Amendment. Pending before the Court are: 1) 20 Plaintiff’s motion for preliminary injunction, filed June 21, 2011; 2) Plaintiff’s motion for 21 Defendants to admit polygraph results, filed October 7, 2011; and 3) Plaintiff’s motion for an 22 order of examination, filed November 4, 2011. Docs. 18, 27, 28. The Court treats all motions as 23 motions for preliminary injunction. 24 I. 25 Motion For Preliminary Injunction Plaintiff moves for the Court to order a polygraph examination to occur. Plaintiff also 26 requests single cell status. “A plaintiff seeking a preliminary injunction must establish that he is 27 likely to succeed on the merits, that he is likely to suffer irreparable harm in the absence of 28 preliminary relief, that the balance of equities tips in his favor, and that an injunction is in the 1 Dockets.Justia.com 1 public interest.” Winter v. Natural Res. Def. Council, Inc., 555 U.S. 7, 20 (2008) (citations 2 omitted). The purpose of preliminary injunctive relief is to preserve the status quo or to prevent 3 irreparable injury pending the resolution of the underlying claim. Sierra On-line, Inc. v. Phoenix 4 Software, Inc., 739 F.2d 1415, 1422 (9th Cir. 1984). “A preliminary injunction is an 5 extraordinary remedy never awarded as of right.” Winter, 555 U.S. at 24. An injunction may 6 only be awarded upon a clear showing that the movant is entitled to relief. Id. at 22. Here, 7 Plaintiff fails to demonstrate any irreparable harm regarding a polygraph examination for 8 Defendants or Plaintiff. Additionally, Plaintiff is now incarcerated at Calipatria State Prison. 9 The events at issue in this action occurred at Corcoran State Prison. Calipatria prison officials 10 are not parties to this action. “A federal court may issue an injunction [only] if it has personal 11 jurisdiction over the parties and subject matter jurisdiction over the claim; it may not attempt to 12 determine the rights of persons not before the court.” Zepeda v. United States Immigration & 13 Naturalization Serv., 753 F.2d 719, 727 (9th Cir. 1983). The Court lacks jurisdiction to enforce 14 the rights of parties not before it. Accordingly, Plaintiff’s motion for preliminary injunction, 15 filed June 21, 2011, should be denied. 16 II. 17 Motion For Defendants To Admit To Polygraph Results Plaintiff moves for the Defendants to stipulate to the admission of Plaintiff’s polygraph 18 results, and to order a polygraph to be conducted. First, there are no polygraph results. The 19 Court will not order that any polygraph tests be conducted. Even if Plaintiff is proceeding in 20 forma pauperis, the Court will not expend public funds without authorization by Congress. 21 Tedder v. Odel, 890 F.2d 210, 211-12 (9th Cir. 1989) (per curiam) (citing United States v. 22 MacCollom, 426 U.S. 317, 321 (1976)). There is no authorization for the Court here. 23 Accordingly, Plaintiff’s motion, filed October 7, 2011, should be denied. 24 III. 25 Motion For Order For Examination Plaintiff moves for the Court to order the CDCR to permit a state certified polygraph 26 examiner to examine Plaintiff. As state previously, the Court may not attempt to determine the 27 rights of parties not before it. Here, the CDCR is not a party to this action. The Court lacks 28 jurisdiction to require CDCR to act here. Accordingly, Plaintiff’s motion, filed November 4, 2 1 2011, should be denied. 2 IV. 3 Conclusion And Recommendation Based on the foregoing, it is HEREBY RECOMMENDED that Plaintiff’s motions, filed 4 June 21, 2011, October 7, 2011, and November 4, 2011, construed as motions for preliminary 5 injunction, should be denied. 6 These Findings and Recommendations will be submitted to the United States District 7 Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). Within twenty- 8 one (21) days after being served with these Findings and Recommendations, the parties may file 9 written objections with the Court. The document should be captioned “Objections to Magistrate 10 Judge’s Findings and Recommendations.” The parties are advised that failure to file objections 11 within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court’s order. Martinez v. 12 Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153, 1157 (9th Cir. 1991). 13 14 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: 3b142a December 20, 2011 /s/ Dennis L. Beck UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3