(PC) Waters v. Zamora, No. 1:2010cv01643 - Document 22 (E.D. Cal. 2011)

Court Description: FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS signed by Magistrate Judge Dennis L. Beck on 5/11/2011 recommending DISMISSAL of action for failure to state a claim. Referred to Judge Anthony W. Ishii; Objections to F&R due by 6/6/2011. (Lundstrom, T)
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(PC) Waters v. Zamora Doc. 22 1 2 3 4 5 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 6 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 7 8 MICHAEL LYNN WATERS, CASE NO. 1:10-CV-01643-AWI-DLB PC 9 FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS RECOMMENDING DISMISSAL OF ACTION FOR FAILURE TO STATE A CLAIM 10 Plaintiff, v. 11 ZAMORA, (DOC. 16) 12 Defendant. 13 / OBJECTIONS DUE WITHIN TWENTY-ONE DAYS 14 15 Findings And Recommendations 16 I. Background 17 Plaintiff Michael Lynn Waters (“Plaintiff”) is a prisoner in the custody of the California 18 Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (“CDCR”). Plaintiff is proceeding pro se and in 19 forma pauperis in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. On August 30, 2010, 20 Plaintiff filed a motion for preliminary injunction in the Sacramento Division of the Eastern 21 District of California. Doc. 1. On September 10, 2010, Plaintiff’s case was transferred to this 22 Court. Doc. 6. The Court construed Plaintiff’s motion as both a motion for preliminary 23 injunction and a complaint. On January 13, 2011, the Court screened Plaintiff’s complaint and 24 dismissed it for failure to state a claim, with leave to amend. On January 31, 2011, Plaintiff filed 25 a first amended complaint. Doc. 16. 26 The Court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a 27 governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The 28 Court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if the prisoner has raised claims that are 1 Dockets.Justia.com 1 legally “frivolous or malicious,” that fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or 2 that seek monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. 3 § 1915A(b)(1),(2). “Notwithstanding any filing fee, or any portion thereof, that may have been 4 paid, the court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that . . . the action or 5 appeal . . . fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted.” 28 U.S.C. § 6 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii). 7 A complaint must contain “a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the 8 pleader is entitled to relief . . . .” Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). Detailed factual allegations are not 9 required, but “[t]hreadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere 10 conclusory statements, do not suffice.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S. Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009) (citing 11 Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007)). Plaintiff must set forth “sufficient factual 12 matter, accepted as true, to ‘state a claim that is plausible on its face.’” Id. (quoting Twombly, 13 550 U.S. at 555). While factual allegations are accepted as true, legal conclusions are not. Id. 14 II. Summary of Amended Complaint 15 Plaintiff was previously incarcerated at Corcoran State Prison (“CSP”) in Corcoran, 16 California, where the events giving rise to this action occurred. Plaintiff names LCSW (licensed 17 clinical social worker) Zamora as Defendant. 18 Plaintiff alleges the following. Defendant Zamora withheld evidence regarding Plaintiff’s 19 mental health. Defendant Zamora had found that Plaintiff was manipulating prison staff in order 20 to receive single cell status. Plaintiff is diagnosed as having obsessive-compulsive disorder 21 (“OCD”). Plaintiff attaches numerous exhibits in support of his complaint. 22 Plaintiff alleges Defendant Zamora failed to protect Plaintiff in violation of the Eighth 23 Amendment. Plaintiff does not submit a request for relief in his amended complaint. 24 III. Analysis 25 The Eighth Amendment protects prisoners from inhumane methods of punishment and 26 from inhumane conditions of confinement. Morgan v. Morgensen, 465 F.3d 1041, 1045 (9th Cir. 27 2006). Extreme deprivations are required to make out a conditions of confinement claim, and 28 only those deprivations denying the minimal civilized measure of life’s necessities are 2 1 sufficiently grave to form the basis of an Eighth Amendment violation. Hudson v. McMillian, 2 503 U.S. 1, 9 (1992) (citations and quotations omitted). Prison officials have a duty to take 3 reasonable steps to protect inmates from physical abuse. Hoptowit v. Ray, 682 F.2d 1237, 1250 4 (9th Cir. 1982). In order to state a claim for violation of the Eighth Amendment, Plaintiff must 5 allege facts sufficient to support a claim that officials knew of and disregarded a substantial risk 6 of serious harm to him. E.g., Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825, 837 (1994); Frost v. Agnos, 152 7 F.3d 1124, 1128 (9th Cir. 1998). Mere negligence on the part of the official is not sufficient to 8 establish liability, but rather, the official’s conduct must have been wanton. Farmer, 511 U.S. at 9 835; Frost, 152 F.3d at 1128. 10 Here, Plaintiff fails to state a cognizable claim against Defendant Zamora. Plaintiff fails 11 to allege what is the serious harm that Defendant Zamora allegedly knew of and disregarded. 12 Without a serious harm, there is no Eighth Amendment claim. Plaintiff also fails to allege facts 13 which indicate that Defendant Zamora disregarded a risk of serious harm. Based on Plaintiff’s 14 allegations, Defendant Zamora had found Plaintiff did not need single cell status because there 15 was a report in Plaintiff’s central file which indicated that Plaintiff had attempted to manipulate 16 prison staff to receive double cell status. Am. Compl., Ex. C. 17 Plaintiff also submits exhibits which indicate that other mental health assessments had 18 found that Plaintiff’s OCD contributed to behavioral issues with other cell mates. Am. Compl., 19 Ex. I. To the extent that there is a disagreement between medical professionals, Plaintiff fails to 20 state a claim. Differences in treatment between health professionals regarding the appropriate 21 course of treatment generally do not rise to the level of deliberate indifference. Toguchi v. 22 Chung, 391 F.3d 1051, 1059-60 (9th Cir. 2006). 23 IV. Conclusion And Recommendation 24 Plaintiff fails to state any claims against Defendant Zamora. Plaintiff was previously 25 provided the opportunity to amend his complaint curing the deficiencies identified, but failed to 26 do so. The Court does not find that Plaintiff will be able to plead additional facts to cure the 27 deficiencies in his amended complaint. Accordingly, further leave to amend should not be 28 granted. See Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1127 (9th Cir. 2000) (en banc). 3 1 Based on the foregoing, it is HEREBY RECOMMENDED that 2 1. 3 This action is DISMISSED for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted; and 4 2. 5 These Findings and Recommendations will be submitted to the United States District This dismissal counts as a strike pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). 6 Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). Within twenty7 one (21) days after being served with these Findings and Recommendations, the Plaintiff may 8 file written objections with the Court. The document should be captioned “Objections to 9 Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendations.” The Plaintiff is advised that failure to file 10 objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court’s order. 11 Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153, 1156-57 (9th Cir. 1991). 12 13 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: May 11, 2011 /s/ Dennis L. Beck UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 4