(HC) Bell v. Director of CDCR et al, No. 1:2010cv00771 - Document 12 (E.D. Cal. 2010)

Court Description: FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS recommending that the Habeas Corpus Petition be DISMISSED and the Clerk of Court be Directed to Enter Judgment and Close the Case re 5 First Amended Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus, signed by Magistrate Judge Michael J. Seng on 8/26/2010. Referred to Judge Wanger. Objections to F&R due by 9/30/2010. (Jessen, A)
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(HC) Bell v. Director of CDCR et al Doc. 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 11 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 12 HORACE BELL, 13 Petitioner, 14 v. 15 16 DIRECTOR OF CDCR, et al., Respondents. 17 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) 1:10-cv-00771 OWW MJS HC FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION TO DISMISS PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS 18 19 Petitioner is a state prisoner proceeding pro se with a petition for writ of habeas corpus 20 pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Petitioner’s claims arise from alleged violations of the 21 Americans with Disability Act by refusing to provide Petitioner with daily medical showers and 22 refusing to allow Petitioner to work in the inmate dining hall. (Second Am. Pet. at 11, ECF No. 23 11.) On April 22, 2010, Petitioner filed the instant petition for writ of habeas corpus with this 24 Court regarding the alleged violation of the Americans with Disability Act . (Pet., ECF No. 1.) 25 On May 27, 2010 Petitioner filed a second amended petition also alleging violations of the 26 Americans with Disability Act . (Second Am. Pet.) 27 /// 28 /// U .S. D istrict C ourt E. D . C alifornia -1Dockets.Justia.com 1 I. DISCUSSION 2 A. Procedural Grounds for Summary Dismissal 3 Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases provides in pertinent part: If it plainly appears from the petition and any attached exhibits that the petitioner is not entitled to relief in the district court, the judge must dismiss the petition and direct the clerk to notify the petitioner. 4 5 6 The Advisory Committee Notes to Rule 8 indicate that the court may dismiss a petition for writ 7 of habeas corpus, either on its own motion under Rule 4, pursuant to the respondent’s motion 8 to dismiss, or after an answer to the petition has been filed. A petition for habeas corpus 9 should not be dismissed without leave to amend unless it appears that no tenable claim for 10 relief can be pleaded were such leave granted. Jarvis v. Nelson, 440 F.2d 13, 14 (9th Cir. 11 1971). 12 B. Failure to State a Cognizable Federal Claim 13 The basic scope of habeas corpus is prescribed by statute. Subsection (c) of Section 14 2241 of Title 28 of the United States Code provides that habeas corpus shall not extend to a 15 prisoner unless he is “in custody in violation of the Constitution.” 28 U.S.C. § 2254(a) states: 16 17 18 The Supreme Court, a Justice thereof, a circuit judge, or a district court shall entertain an application for a writ of habeas corpus in behalf of a person in custody pursuant to a judgment of a State court only on the ground that he is in custody in violation of the Constitution or laws or treaties of the United States. 19 (emphasis added). See also, Rule 1 to the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United 20 States District Court. The Supreme Court has held that “the essence of habeas corpus is an 21 attack by a person in custody upon the legality of that custody . . .” Preiser v. Rodriguez, 411 22 U.S. 475, 484 (1973). 23 Petitioner alleges that he has not been provided daily medical showers as required by 24 the Americans with Disability Act. (Second Am. Pet. at 11.) A writ of habeas corpus is not a 25 proper vehicle to challenge conditions of confinement unrelated to the very fact or duration of 26 confinement. See Ramirez v. Galaza, 334 F.3d 850, 855 (9th Cir. 2003) (quoting Preiser, 411 27 U.S. at 500). A § 1983 action is a proper remedy for a state prisoner who is making a 28 U .S. D istrict C ourt E. D . C alifornia -2- 1 constitutional challenge to the conditions of his prison life, but not to the fact or length of his 2 custody." Ramirez, 334 F.3d at 855 (quoting Preiser, 411 U.S. at 499). In the present case, Petitioner is not challenging the fact or duration of his confinement; 3 4 the denial of the asserted right to daily medical showers challenges a condition of 5 confinement, not the fact or duration of that confinement. Where a Petitioner seeks to 6 challenge the conditions of his confinement, his claims are cognizable in a civil rights action 7 rather than a habeas corpus action. Badea v. Cox, 931 F.2d 573, 574 (9th Cir. 1991) 8 (challenges to conditions of confinement by state prisoners should be presented in a 42 U.S.C. 9 § 1983 civil rights action rather than a habeas corpus petition). 10 Petitioner is not entitled to habeas corpus relief, and this petition must be dismissed. 11 Should Petitioner wish to pursue his claims, he may undertake to do so by way of a civil rights 12 complaint. 13 II. Accordingly, the Court HEREBY RECOMMENDS that the habeas corpus petition be 14 15 RECOMMENDATION DISMISSED and the Clerk of Court be DIRECTED to enter judgment and close the case. 16 This Findings and Recommendation is submitted to the Honorable Oliver W. Wanger 17 United States District Court Judge, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636 (b)(1)(B) and 18 Rule 304 of the Local Rules of Practice for the United States District Court, Eastern District 19 of California. Within thirty (30) days after the date of service of this Findings and 20 Recommendation, any party may file written objections with the Court and serve a copy on all 21 parties. Such a document should be captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings 22 and Recommendation.” Replies to the Objections shall be served and filed within fourteen 23 (14) days after service of the Objections. The Finding and Recommendation will then be 24 submitted to the District Court for review of the Magistrate Judge’s ruling pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 25 § 636 (b)(1)(c). The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time 26 /// 27 /// 28 /// U .S. D istrict C ourt E. D . C alifornia -3- 1 may waive the right to appeal the Order of the District Court. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 2 (9th Cir. 1991). 3 4 IT IS SO ORDERED. 5 Dated: ci4d6 August 26, 2010 Michael J. Seng /s/ UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 U .S. D istrict C ourt E. D . C alifornia -4-