(PC) White v. Rios et al, No. 1:2010cv00368 - Document 8 (E.D. Cal. 2010)

Court Description: FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS recommending that this action be DISMISSED in its entirety, without prejudice, for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted, re 1 Prisoner Civil Rights Complaint filed by Richard Royce White;referred to Judge Ishii, signed by Magistrate Judge Gerald B. Cohn on 10/13/2010. Objections to F&R due by 11/15/2010 (Martin, S)
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(PC) White v. Rios et al Doc. 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 8 9 RICHARD ROYCE WHITE, 10 Plaintiff, 11 12 CASE NO. 1:10-cv-00368-AWI-GBC PC FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS RECOMMENDING DISMISSAL OF ACTION FOR FAILURE TO STATE A CLAIM v. H. A. RIOS JR., et al., 13 (Doc. 1) Defendants. THIRTY-DAY DEADLINE / 14 15 I. Screening Requirement 16 Plaintiff Richard Royce White is a federal prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis 17 in this civil action pursuant to Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of Federal Bureau of 18 Narcotics, 403 U.S. 388 (1971), which provides a remedy for violation of civil rights by federal 19 actors. Plaintiff filed the complaint on March 2, 2010. (Doc. 1.) 20 The Court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a 21 governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The 22 Court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if the prisoner has raised claims that are legally 23 “frivolous or malicious,” that “fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted,” or that “seeks 24 monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief.” 28 U.S.C § 1915(e)(2)(B). 25 In determining whether a complaint states a claim, the Court looks to the pleading standard 26 under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a). Under Rule 8(a), a complaint must contain “a short and 27 plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). 28 “[T]he pleading standard Rule 8 announces does not require ‘detailed factual allegations,’ but it 1 Dockets.Justia.com 1 demands more than an unadorned, the-defendant-unlawfully-harmed-me accusation.” Ashcroft v. 2 Iqbal, 129 S. Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009) (quoting Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 554, 555 3 (2007)). “[A] complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to ‘state a claim to 4 relief that is plausible on its face.’” Iqbal, 129 S. Ct. at 1949 (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570). 5 II. Summary of Complaint 6 Plaintiff is a federal prisoner presently incarcerated at the United States Penitentiary in 7 Atwater, California. The complaint names Defendants H.S. Rios, Jr. (Warden), J McFadden 8 (Regional Director), Harley Lappin (Director), and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. Plaintiff alleges 9 that he should receive time credits toward his federal sentence from the date that a federal detainer 10 was placed upon him. (Doc. 1 at 3.) Plaintiff is requesting an order stating that, pursuant to 18 11 U.S.C. § 3585(a), “at the time a federal detainer is placed on [an inmate, he] is formally and legally 12 in federal custody for purposes of accruing credit for time incarcerated to be applied toward [his] 13 federal sentence.” (Id. at 4.) 14 III. Habeas Corpus 15 When a prisoner is challenging the legality or duration of his custody and the relief he seeks 16 is immediate or speedier release, his sole federal remedy is habeas corpus. Preiser v. Rodriguez, 411 17 U.S. 475, 500 (1973). Where the action is brought to restore time credits, the effect is to shorten the 18 term of confinement and the action would need to be brought by habeas corpus. Wilkinson v. 19 Dotson, 544 U.S. 74, 79 (2005). A “prisoner’s [civil rights] action is barred (absent prior 20 invalidation)-no matter the relief sought (damages or equitable relief), no matter the target of the 21 prisoner’s suit ([government] conduct leading to conviction or internal prison proceedings)-if success 22 in that action would necessarily demonstrate the invalidity of confinement or its duration.” Id. at 81- 23 2. 24 Plaintiff is clearly challenging the legality or duration of his federal custody. Plaintiff alleges 25 he should be given time credit toward his federal sentence from the date that the federal detainer was 26 placed on him. The relief requested is an order by the Court that, under 18 U.S.C. § 3585(a), time 27 credit toward a prisoner’s federal sentence is to be given from the date a federal detainer is placed 28 on the inmate. Since the success in this action would necessarily demonstrate the invalidity of his 2 1 confinement or its duration, the sole remedy available to Plaintiff is a writ of habeas corpus. The 2 Court should dismiss the complaint without prejudice. 3 IV. Conclusion and Recommendation 4 Based on the foregoing, the Court finds that Plaintiff has failed to state a claim for relief 5 under Bivens. Under Rule 15(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, leave to amend ‘shall be 6 freely given when justice so requires,’” Fed. R. Civ. Proc. 15(a), and “[l]eave to amend should be 7 granted if it appears at all possible that the plaintiff can correct the defect,” Lopez v. Smith, 203 8 F.3d 1122, 1130 (9th Cir. 2000) (internal citations omitted). However, the Court finds that the 9 deficiencies outlined above are not capable of being cured by amendment, and therefore leave to 10 amend should not be granted. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii); Noll v. Carlson, 809 F. 2d 1446, 11 1448-49 (9th Cir. 1987). 12 RECOMMENDS that this action be dismissed in its entirety, without prejudice, for failure to state 13 a claim upon which relief can be granted. Accordingly, based on the foregoing, the Court HEREBY 14 These findings and recommendations will be submitted to the United States District Judge 15 assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of Title 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within thirty (30) 16 days after being served with these findings and recommendations, Plaintiff may file written 17 objections with the Court. The document should be captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s 18 Findings and Recommendations.” Plaintiff is advised that failure to file objections within the 19 specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court’s order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 20 1153 (9th Cir. 1991). 21 IT IS SO ORDERED. 22 23 Dated: 612e7d October 13, 2010 UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 24 25 26 27 28 3