(HC) Hernandez v. Lappin, No. 1:2010cv00313 - Document 22 (E.D. Cal. 2010)

Court Description: ORDER Denying Petition For Writ Of Habeas Corpus, Denying Motion For Discovery, Directing Clerk Of Court To Enter Judgment In Favor Of Respondent (Docs. 1 , 21 ) signed by Magistrate Judge Dennis L. Beck on 11/29/2010. CASE CLOSED.(Fahrney, E)
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(HC) Hernandez v. Lappin Doc. 22 1 2 3 4 5 6 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 8 9 MIGUEL GARCIA HERNANDEZ, 10 1:10-cv-00313-DLB (HC) Petitioner, 11 ORDER DENYING PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS, DENYING MOTION FOR DISCOVERY, DIRECTING CLERK OF COURT TO ENTER JUDGMENT IN FAVOR OF RESPONDENT v. 12 HARLEY G. LAPPIN, 13 [Docs. 1, 21] Respondent. 14 / 15 Petitioner is a federal prisoner proceeding pro se with a petition for writ of habeas corpus 16 pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c)(1), the parties have consented to 17 the jurisdiction of the United States Magistrate Judge. Local Rule 305(b). 18 BACKGROUND 19 Petitioner is a federal inmate serving a 72 month sentence. On July 23, 2007, in the 20 United States District Court of the Western District of Washington, Petitioner was sentenced to a 21 72 months term of imprisonment for violating 21 U.S.C. § 841, 18 U.S.C. § 2 and 18 U.S.C. § 22 1956, Distribution of Methamphetamine, Aiding and Abetting and Conspiracy to Engage in 23 Money Laundering. See Exhibit 2, Public Information Inmate Data. At the time the challenged 24 incident report was issued, Petitioner was housed at the California City Correctional Institution 25 (CCCI) in California City, California. See Exhibit 1, Admission Release History. 26 /// 27 /// 28 1 Dockets.Justia.com 1 Petitioner filed the petition for writ of habeas corpus challenging sanctions he received 2 for a violation of prison rules in incident report 1923770, including the loss of good-time custody 3 credits. 4 Respondent filed an answer to the petition on October 7, 2010, and Petitioner filed 5 a traverse on November 8, 2010, along with a motion for Respondent to disclose all videos and 6 pictures in relation to his violation. 7 8 DISCUSSION I. 9 Subject Matter Jurisdiction and Venue Writ of habeas corpus relief extends to a person in custody under the authority of the 10 United States. See 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Writ of habeas corpus relief is available if a federal 11 prisoner can show he is “in custody in violation of the Constitution or laws or treaties of the 12 United States.” 28 U.S.C. § 2241(c)(3). At the time the instant petition, Petitioner was housed at 13 CCCI but is now house at the Federal Correctional Institution in McKean, Pennsylvania (FCI 14 McKean). “‘[J]urisdiction attaches on the initial filing for habeas corpus relief, and it is not 15 destroyed by a transfer of the petition and the accompanying custodial change.’” Francis v. 16 Rison, 894 F.2d 353, 354 (9th Cir. 1990), quoting Santillanes v. United States Parole Comm’n, 17 754 F.2d 887, 888 (10th Cir. 1985); accord Smith v. Campbell, 450 F.2d 829, 834 (9th Cir. 18 1971). 19 II. 20 Exhaustion of Administrative Remedies Before filing a petition for writ of habeas corpus, a federal prisoner challenging any 21 circumstance of imprisonment must first exhaust all administrative remedies. Martinez v. 22 Roberts, 804 F.2d 570, 571 (9th Cir. 1986); Chua Han Mow v. United States, 730 F.2d 1308, 23 1313 (9th Cir. 1984); Ruviwat v. Smith, 701 F.2d 844, 845 (9th Cir. 1983). The requirement that 24 federal prisoners exhaust administrative remedies before filing a habeas corpus petition was 25 judicially created; it is not a statutory requirement. Brown v. Rison, 895 F.2d 533, 535 (9th Cir. 26 1990). Thus, “because exhaustion is not required by statute, it is not jurisdictional.” Id. If 27 Petitioner has not properly exhausted his claims, the district court, in its discretion, may either 28 “excuse the faulty 2 1 exhaustion and reach the merits or require the petitioner to exhaust his administrative remedies 2 before proceeding in court.” 3 If the petitioner did not properly exhaust his administrative remedies, and such remedies 4 are no longer available, he may have procedurally defaulted on his claims. See Francis v. Rison, 5 894 F.2d 353, 354-55 (9th Cir.1990) (applying procedural default rules to administrative 6 appeals); see generally Murray v. Carrier, 477 U.S. 478, 485 (1986); Wainwright v. Sykes, 433 7 U.S. 72, 86-87 (1977); Tacho v. Martinez, 862 F.2d 1376, 1378 (9th Cir.1988). If a claim is 8 procedurally defaulted, the court may require the petitioner to demonstrate cause for the 9 procedural default and actual prejudice from the alleged constitutional violation. See Francis, 10 894 F.2d at 355 (suggesting that the cause and prejudice test is the appropriate test); Murray, 477 11 U.S. at 492 (cause and prejudice test applied to procedural defaults on appeal); Hughes v. Idaho 12 State Bd. of Corr., 800 F.2d 905, 906-08 (9th Cir.1986) (cause and prejudice test applied to pro 13 se litigants). 14 The Bureau of Prisons has established an administrative remedy procedure governing 15 prisoner complaints. The procedure is set forth at 28 C.F.R. § 542.10 et. seq. First, an inmate 16 must attempt to resolve the issue informally by presenting it to staff before submitting a Request 17 for Administrative Remedy. 28 C.F.R. § 542.13 (1999). If dissatisfied with the response, the 18 prisoner may proceed with the formal filing of an Administrative Remedy Request. 28 C.F.R. 19 § 542.14 (1999). Upon denial by the institution, the prisoner may appeal the decision by filing a 20 complaint with the Regional Director of the BOP. 28 C.F.R. § 542.15 (1999). The Regional 21 Director’s decision may be appealed to the General Counsel in Washington, D.C. Id. Appeal to 22 the General Counsel is the final step in the administrative remedy process. Id. 23 Respondent argues that Petitioner failed to exhaust the available administrative remedies. 24 In support of his argument, Respondent submits a declaration by Administrative Remedy Clerk, 25 Marisa Davidson, who declares that in the ordinary course of business, computerized indexes of 26 all administrative appeals filed by inmates are maintained by the Regional and Central offices so 27 that rapid verification may be made as to whether the inmate has exhausted administrative 28 appeals on a particular issue. The computerized indexes reveal that Petitioner has not exhausted 3 1 the administrative remedies concerning the challenged Disciplinary Hearing Report (DHI). See 2 Declaration of Marisa Davidson and Ex. 4 Administrative Remedy Retrieval Format. 3 Because Petitioner has not exhausted the administrative remedies with respect to the 4 claims raised in the instant petition, the petition must be dismissed. Notwithstanding the lack of 5 exhaustion, for the reasons explained below, the claims fail on the merits. 6 IV. 7 Applicable Law Prisoners cannot be entirely deprived of their constitutional rights, but their rights may be 8 diminished by the needs and objectives of the institutional environment. Wolff v. McDonnell, 9 418 U.S. 539, 555 (1974). Prison disciplinary proceedings are not part of a criminal prosecution, 10 so a prisoner is not afforded the full panoply of rights in such proceedings. Id. at 556. Thus, a 11 prisoner’s due process rights are moderated by the “legitimate institutional needs” of a prison. 12 Bostic v. Carlson, 884 F.2d 1267, 1269 (9th Cir. 1989), citing Superintendent, etc. v. Hill, 472 13 U.S. 445, 454-455 (1984). 14 However, when a prison disciplinary proceeding may result in the loss of good time 15 credits, due process requires that the prisoner receive: (1) advance written notice of at least 24 16 hours of the disciplinary charges; (2) an opportunity, when consistent with institutional safety 17 and correctional goals, to call witnesses and present documentary evidence in his defense; and 18 (3) a written statement by the factfinder of the evidence relied on and the reasons for the 19 disciplinary action. Hill, 472 U.S. at 454; Wolff, 418 U.S. at 563-567. In addition, due process 20 requires that the decision be supported by “some evidence.” Hill, 472 U.S. at 455, citing United 21 States ex rel. Vatauer v. Commissioner of Immigration, 273 U.S. 103, 106 (1927). The “some 22 evidence” standard is “minimally stringent,” and a decision must be upheld if there is any reliable 23 evidence in the record that could support the conclusion reached by the fact finder. Hill, 472 24 U.S. at 455-456; see also Barnsworth v. Gunderson, 179 F.3d 771, 779 (9th Cir. 1990); 25 Zimmerlee v. Keeney, 831 F.2d 183, 186 (9th Cir. 1987). Determining whether this standard is 26 satisfied does not require examination of the entire record, independent assessment of the 27 credibility of witnesses, or the weighing of evidence. Hill, 472 U.S. at 455; Toussaint v. 28 McCarthy, 801 F.2d 1080, 1105 (9th Cir. 1986). 4 1 V. 2 Analysis of Petition On September 28, 2009, Correctional Officer S. Palos, wrote an incident report charging 3 Petitioner with a violation of Code 105, Rioting. See Ex. 3, Discipline Packet. Officer Palos 4 made the following statement in the incident report: 5 After a review of information revealed during an investigation, it was determined on September 28, 2009, at approximately 1108 hours, [Petitioner] was part of a group of inmates, who acted in an aggressive and violent manner toward another group of inmates in the North Corridor. Multiple fights/assaults occurred, during the disturbance. All inmates in the area at the time of the incident were identified by Identification Badge or name and Register Number as they were escorted out of the area after Security Staff gained control of the situation. [Petitioner] was identified in this manner as being in the area at the time the incident took place. 6 7 8 9 10 Id. 11 12 A copy of the incident report was delivered to Petitioner on September 28, 2009 by Lieutenant S. Roberts, who had been assigned to investigate the incident report. Id. 13 On October 10, 2009, the Unit Disciplinary Committee (UDC) convened. Id. Petitioner 14 denied the charges stating, “I had nothing to do with it. I was eating in chow.” Id. The UDC 15 referred the incident report to be heard by the Discipline Hearing Officer (DHO). Id. 16 On November 3, 2009, the DHO held a hearing regarding the incident report. A 17 translator was present at Petitioner’s request. Petitioner did not present any documentary 18 evidence at the hearing, however, he made the following statement: “That he was eating in the 19 kitchen when he heard a loud noise then he stepped out to check what was going on.” Id. The 20 DHO considered the statement by Petitioner’s witness that “he was eating in the kitchen with 21 [Petitioner] when the kitchen door was closed. He saw inmates’ hands on the wall in the 22 hallway. He was instructed to go to the recreation corridor.” The DHO found that the greater 23 weight of the evidence supported the finding that Petitioner violated Code 105 as charged. Id. 24 The DHO sanctioned Petitioner with the loss of telephone and commissary privileges for 25 three months, visitation privileges for six months, and recommended a disciplinary transfer. 26 Petitioner was also placed in disciplinary segregation for 60 days. Petitioner was also disallowed 27 40 days Good Conduct Time (GCT) under 28 C.F.R. § 541.13. Id. 28 /// 5 1 All of the procedural due process set forth in Wolff were afforded to Petitioner in this 2 instance. Petitioner was provided written notice of the hearing on September 28, 2009-well over 3 24 hours before the hearing on November 3, 2009. Ex. 3, Discipline Packet. The hearing was 4 conducted by DHO, A. Degagne, an Impartial Hearing Officer. Petitioner requested and was 5 granted permission to present witness testimony and the DHO considered such testimony. In 6 addition, Petitioner was present at the hearing and provided a statement and was given the 7 opportunity to present documentary evidence. Petitioner waived the right to a staff 8 representative, and was provided a written statement of the evidence used against him and 9 reasons for the sanctions imposed. Therefore, the procedural protections afforded by Wolff were 10 properly met. 11 Moreover, there is some evidence to support the DHO’s finding of guilt. The reporting 12 officer specifically noted that Petitioner was among other inmates who were engaging in 13 numerous physical altercations. The inmates among the group were identified by their 14 identification badges or registration number. Accordingly, there is some evidence to support that 15 Petitioner is guilty of participating in a riot in violation of Code 105. This Court’s review is 16 limited to whether there was “some evidence” to support the DHO’s finding. Accordingly, there 17 is no merit to Petitioner’s claim and it must be denied. 18 Petitioner requests that this Court order the Respondent to disclose an institutional 19 surveillance tape and photographs he claims support his innocence; however, this Court is barred 20 from reviewing such evidence. As previously stated, this Court cannot re-examine the entire 21 record, assess the credibility of the witnesses, or weigh the evidence. This Court’s review is 22 limited to whether there was “some evidence” to support the DHO’s finding. Moreover, there is 23 no evidence the DHO relied on such evidence in reaching his conclusion. Accordingly, there is 24 no merit to Petitioner’s claim and it must be denied. 25 /// 26 /// 27 /// 28 /// 6 1 ORDER 2 Based on the foregoing, it is HEREBY ORDERED that: 3 1. The instant petition for writ of habeas corpus is DENIED; and 4 2. The Clerk of Court be directed to enter judgment in favor of Respondent. 5 6 7 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: 3b142a November 29, 2010 /s/ Dennis L. Beck UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 7