(PC) Barry Lamon v. Tilton, et al, No. 1:2007cv00493 - Document 120 (E.D. Cal. 2010)

Court Description: ORDER ADOPTING 115 Findings and Recommendations;ORDER GRANTING Defendant's 90 Motion to Dismiss; ORDERED to DISMISS Cortez, Elize, Frescura, Hamilton, Hernandez, Luna, Magvass, Price, Vanzant, Vikjord, Alvarez and Aspieda FROM THIS ACTION, signed by Chief Judge Anthony W. Ishii on 09/15/2010. (Martin, S)
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(PC) Barry Lamon v. Tilton, et al Doc. 120 1 2 3 4 5 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 6 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 7 8 BARRY LOUIS LAMON, 9 10 CASE NO. 1:07-CV-00493-AWI-DLB PC Plaintiff, ORDER ADOPTING FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS v. (DOCS. 90, 115, 116) 11 JOHN TILTON, et al., 12 Defendants. 13 / 14 15 Plaintiff Barry Louis Lamon (“plaintiff”) is a California state prisoner proceeding pro se in 16 this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. This action is proceeding on Plaintiff’s third 17 amended complaint against Defendants Magvas, Hernandez, Hamilton, Frescura, Cortez, Price, 18 Alvarez, Aspeitia (spelled “Aspieda”), Vanzandt, Elize, Luna, Wilber, and Vikjord for violation of 19 Plaintiff’s rights under the First Amendment, Eighth Amendment, and California Civil Code section 20 52.1. On December 30, 2009, Defendants1 filed a motion to dismiss pursuant to the unenuemerated 21 portion of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b), for Plaintiff’s failure to exhaust administrative 22 remedies. The matter was referred to a United States Magistrate Judge pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 23 636(b)(1)(B) and Local Rule 302. 24 On July 30, 2010, the Magistrate Judge filed a Findings and Recommendations herein which 25 was served on the parties and which contained notice to the parties that any objection to the Findings 26 27 28 1 Defendant W ilber is not a party to this motion, as he appeared in this action on March 3, 2010. (Def. W ilber’s Answer to Complaint, Doc. 99.) On September 9, 2010, Defendant W ilber filed his own motion to dismiss for failure to exhaust administrative remedies. (Doc. 119.) 1 Dockets.Justia.com 1 and Recommendations was to be filed within thirty days. Plaintiff filed an Objection to the Findings 2 and Recommendations on August 9, 2010, in a motion entitled “Motion to vacate or set aside the 3 7/29/2010 Findings and Recommendations.” 4 In accordance with the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1), this Court has conducted a de 5 novo review of this case. Having carefully reviewed the entire file, the Court finds the Findings and 6 Recommendations to be supported by the record and by proper analysis. 7 Plaintiff contends that he has newly discovered evidence which supports his opposition to 8 Defendants’ motion to dismiss. Plaintiff contends that the June 11, 2010 decision of the “California 9 Fifth Appellate District Court”, which the Court construes to mean the California Court of Appeal 10 for the Fifth Appellate District, supports Plaintiff’s argument that he did not need to plead 11 specifically that Defendants were depriving him of his food in order to state a retaliation claim. See 12 Lamon v. Adams, No. F058017, 2010 Cal. App. Unpub. LEXIS 4379, 2010 WL 2331096 (Cal. Ct. 13 App. June 11, 2010). Plaintiff contends that the appellate court found that California prison officials 14 are not required to address Plaintiff’s allegations of retaliatory mail theft with any particularity. 15 Thus, Plaintiff’s failure to specifically allege deprivation of food in his inmate grievances should be 16 waived. 17 The California Court of Appeal found that Plaintiff’s December 13, 2008 inmate grievance, 18 which concerned retaliation by tainting of his meals, and his December 19, 2008 inmate grievance, 19 which concerned retaliation by deprivation of his mail, could be construed as duplicative grievances 20 regarding retaliation at the discretion of the appeals coordinator. Lamon, 2010 Cal. App. Unpub. 21 LEXIS 4379, at *16. The December 19 grievance was dismissed as duplicative. Id. The state court 22 of appeal concluded that a writ of mandate was not necessary for the second grievance, as there was 23 no evidence that “that the scope of the investigation into the December 13 appeal did not encompass 24 all of the ways [Plaintiff] complained he was being retaliated against.” Id. 25 Plaintiff’s argument here is unavailing. State court decisions are not controlling or 26 persuasive authority in § 1983 claims. Plaintiff also misconstrues the state court decision’s effect 27 on Defendants’ motion to dismiss. The state court decision does not address whether the inmate 28 grievance in this action was pled with sufficient particularity to put prison officials on notice of the 2 1 problem and the redress sought. Griffin v. Arpaio, 557 F.3d 1117, 1120 (9th Cir. 2009). Providing 2 notice is a requirement for a claim to be properly exhausted. Id. Here, there is no evidence that 3 Plaintiff filed a grievance about retaliatory food deprivation, and thus he failed to provide sufficient 4 notice to prison officials for them to respond to his problem. Plaintiff did not exhaust administrative 5 remedies for food deprivation in violation of the First and Eighth Amendment. 6 Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that: 7 1. The Findings and Recommendations, filed July 30, 2010, is adopted in full; 8 2. Defendants’ motion to dismiss, filed December 30, 2009, is GRANTED in full; 9 3. Plaintiff’s claims for food deprivation in violation of the First and Eighth 10 Amendment are DISMISSED without prejudice for failure to exhaust administrative 11 remedies against Defendants Magvas, Hernandez, Hamilton, Frescura, Cortez, Price, 12 Alvarez, Aspeitia (spelled “Aspieda”), Vanzandt, Elize, Luna, and Vikjord; and 13 4. 14 Defendants Magvas, Hernandez, Hamilton, Frescura, Cortez, Price, Alvarez, Aspeitia, Vanzandt, Elize, Luna, and Vikjord are dismissed from the action. 15 16 17 18 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: 0m8i78 September 15, 2010 CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3