(PC) Ultreras v. Songer et al, No. 1:2007cv00035 - Document 32 (E.D. Cal. 2010)

Court Description: FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS Recommending that this 22 Action be Dismissed for Plaintiff's Failure to Prosecute signed by Magistrate Judge Gary S. Austin on 10/14/2010. Referred to Judge Ishii; Objections to F&R due by 11/18/2010.(Flores, E)
Download PDF
(PC) Ultreras v. Songer et al Doc. 32 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE 8 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 9 10 VICTOR M. ULTRERAS, 11 12 13 14 15 16 ) ) Plaintiff, ) ) v. ) ) MICHAEL SONGER, et a., ) ) Defendants. ) ____________________________________) NO. 1:07 cv 00035 AWI GSA PC FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION THAT THIS ACTION BE DISMISSED FOR PLAINTIFF’S FAILURE TO PROSECUTE OBJECTIONS DUE IN THIRTY DAYS 17 18 Plaintiff is a former state prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in a civil 19 rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. This action was referred to this Court pursuant to 28 20 U.S.C. §(b)(1)(B) and Local Rule 302. 21 On September 9, 2010, an order to show cause was entered, directing Plaintiff to show 22 cause why Defendants Lee, Gupta, Shen, Kellawan, Leong and Akanno should not be dismissed 23 for Plaintiff’s failure to effect service. Plaintiff was specifically cautioned that his failure to 24 respond to the order to show cause would result in a recommendation that this action be 25 dismissed. Plaintiff has not filed a response to the order to show cause. 26 Local Rule 110 provides that “failure of counsel or of a party to comply with these Local 27 Rules or with any order of the Court may be grounds for the imposition by the Court of any and 28 Dockets.Justia.com 1 all sanctions . . . within the inherent power of the Court.” District courts have the inherent power 2 to control their dockets and “in the exercise of that power, they may impose sanctions including, 3 where appropriate . . . dismissal of a case.” Thompson v. Housing Auth., 782 F.2d 829, 831 (9th 4 Cir. 1986). A court may dismiss an action, with prejudice, based on a party’s failure to prosecute 5 an action, failure to obey a court order, or failure to comply with local rules. See, e.g. Ghazali v. 6 Moran, 46 F.3d 52, 53-54 (9th Cir. 1995)(dismissal for noncompliance with local rule); Ferdik v. 7 Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260-61 (9th Cir. 1992) (dismissal for failure to comply with an order 8 requiring amendment of complaint); Carey v. King, 856 F.2d 1439, 1440-41 (9th Cir. 9 1988)(dismissal for failure to comply with local rule requiring pro se plaintiffs to keep court 10 apprised of address); Malone v. U.S. Postal Service, 833 F.2d 128, 130 (9th Cir. 1987)(dismissal 11 for failure to comply with court order); Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421, 1424 (9th Cir. 12 1986)(dismissal for failure to lack of prosecution and failure to comply with local rules). 13 In determining whether to dismiss an action for lack of prosecution, failure to obey a 14 court order, or failure to comply with local rules, the court must consider several factors: (1) the 15 public’s interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court’s need to manage its docket; 16 (3) the risk of prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on 17 their merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic alternatives. Thompson, 782 F.2d at 831; 18 Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1423-24; Malone, 833 F.2d at 130; Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1260-61; Ghazali, 19 46 F.3d at 53. 20 Here, the Court finds that the public’s interest in expeditiously resolving this litigation 21 and the court’s interest in managing the docket weigh in favor of dismissal. The third factor, risk 22 of prejudice to defendants, also weighs in favor of dismissal, since a presumption of injury arises 23 from the occurrence of unreasonable delay in prosecuting an action. Anderson v. Air West, 542 24 F.2d 522, 524 (9th Cir. 1976). The fourth factor -- public policy favoring disposition of cases on 25 their merits -- is greatly outweighed by the factors in favor of dismissal discussed herein. Finally, 26 a court’s warning to a party that his failure to obey the court’s order will result in dismissal 27 28 2 1 satisfies the “consideration of alternatives” requirement. Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d at 1262; 2 Malone, 833 at 132-33; Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1424. 3 4 Accordingly, the court HEREBY RECOMMENDS that this action be dismissed for plaintiff's failure to obey a court order and failure to prosecute. 5 These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge 6 assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of Title 28 U.S.C. § 636 (b) (1). Within thirty 7 days after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written 8 objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be captioned 9 “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendations.” Any reply to the objections 10 shall be served and filed within ten days after service of the objections. The parties are advised 11 that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District 12 Court’s order. Martinez v. Y1st, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991). 13 14 15 16 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: 6i0kij October 14, 2010 /s/ Gary S. Austin UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3