TCL Communication Technology Holdings, Ltd v. Telefonaktienbolaget LM Ericsson et al, No. 8:2014cv00341 - Document 1813 (C.D. Cal. 2017)

Court Description: FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION by Judge James V. Selna: IT IS FURTHER ORDERED THAT: This Injunction is binding upon the Parties, their officers, agents, servants, employees, and attorneys, and upon those persons in active concert with them who receive actual notice of the Injunction by personl service of otherwise. See document for further information. (MD JS-6, Case Terminated). (lwag) (Additional attachment(s) added on 12/22/2017: # 1 Under Seal Document) (lwag).
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TCL Communication Technology Holdings, Ltd v. Telefonaktienbolaget LM Ericsson et al Doc. 1813 1 2 3 4 5 JS-6 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 TCL COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY HOLDINGS, LTD., et al., Plaintiffs/Counterclaim-Defendants, v. TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ERICSSON, et al., Defendants/Counterclaim-Plaintiffs. Case No. 8:14-CV-00341 JVS-DFMx Case No. 2:15-CV-02370 JVS-DFMx FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION Hon. James V. Selna v. ERICSSON INC., et al., Plaintiffs/Counterclaim-Defendants, v. TCL COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY HOLDINGS, LTD., et al., Defendants/Counterclaim-Plaintiffs. 24 25 26 27 28 -1- [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx Dockets.Justia.com 1 In this consolidated action, Plaintiffs and Counterclaim Defendants TCL 2 Communication Technology Holdings Ltd., TCT Mobile (US) Inc., and TCT Mobile 3 Limited (collectively, “TCL”) brought claims and counterclaims against Defendants 4 and Counterclaim Plaintiffs Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson and Ericsson Inc. 5 (together, “Ericsson”) for breach of contract; promissory estoppel; declaratory 6 judgment; fraudulent misrepresentation; negligent misrepresentation; and violation of 7 the California Unfair Competition Law (the “UCL”); declaratory judgment of non- 8 infringement of U.S. Patent No. 6,301,556 (the “’556 patent”); declaratory judgment 9 of invalidity of the ’556 patent; declaratory judgment of non-infringement of U.S. 10 Patent No. 6,473,506 (the “’506 patent”); declaratory judgment of invalidity of the 11 ’506 patent; infringement of U.S. Patent No. 7,778,340 (the “’340 patent”); and 12 infringement of U.S. Patent No. 7,359,718 (the “’718 patent”). 13 Ericsson brought claims and counterclaims against TCL for breach of the 14 obligation to negotiate in good faith and promissory estoppel, and claims for 15 infringement of the ’556 patent; infringement of the ’506 patent; declaratory 16 judgment; declaratory judgment for non-infringement of the ’340 patent; declaratory 17 judgment of invalidity of the ’340 patent; declaratory judgment of non-infringement 18 of the ’718 patent; and declaratory judgment of invalidity of the ’718 patent. 19 20 On July 1, 2015, the Court stayed the parties’ claims and counterclaims relating to Ericsson’s ’556 and ’506 patents until further Order of the Court (Dkt. 281). 21 22 On July 24, 2015, the Court dismissed the parties’ claims and counterclaims relating to TCL’s ’340 and ’718 patents without prejudice (Dkt. 289). 23 On June 17, 2016, the Court dismissed TCL’s claims and counterclaims for 24 fraudulent misrepresentation and negligent misrepresentation with prejudice (Dkt. 25 838). 26 On June 17, 2016, the Court dismissed Ericsson’s counterclaims for breach of 27 the obligation to negotiate in good faith and promissory estoppel with prejudice (Dkt. 28 838). -2- [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 On August 9, 2016, the Court granted Ericsson’s motion for partial summary 2 judgment of no damages for breach of contract, promissory estoppel, or violation of 3 the UCL (Dkt. 1061), and Ericsson’s motion for partial summary judgment as to 4 TCL’s claim for violation of the UCL (Dkt. 1058). 5 The Court conducted a 10-day bench trial commencing on February 14, 2017. 6 Three claims/counterclaims were tried before the Court: (1) TCL’s claim/counterclaim 7 for breach of contract seeking specific performance; (2) TCL’s claim/counterclaim for 8 declaratory judgment; and (3) Ericsson’s claim/counterclaim for declaratory judgment 9 (Dkt. 1376-1). The Court received evidence in the form of exhibits, designated 10 portions of deposition transcripts, and witness testimony. 11 In its Memorandum of Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law issued on 12 November 8, 2017 (Dkt. 1778), the Court found that Ericsson’s Option A and B offers 13 were not fair and reasonable, and were discriminatory, and thereafter determined 14 FRAND royalty rates for a license to TCL under Ericsson’s 2G, 3G, and 4G standard 15 essential patent portfolios. 16 Consistent with the Court’s Memorandum of Findings of Fact and Conclusions 17 of Law (Dkt. 1778), and based on the record established in this case, the Court enters 18 this Final Judgment and Injunction pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 58. DEFINITIONS 19 20 21 For the purpose of this Final Judgment and Injunction, the following definitions shall apply: 22 “Affiliate” of a Party means a company or other legal entity which is controlled 23 by the Party. For the purpose of this definition, “control” shall mean direct or 24 indirect ownership of more than fifty percent (50%) of the voting power, 25 capital, or other securities of the controlled or commonly controlled entity. 26 “Brand Company” means a company or other legal entity, other than a Network 27 Operator, which is active in the consumer electronics business and/or wireless 28 communications business and/or IT industry. -3 - [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 “Components” means any item of equipment, including, for example, a sub- 2 system, sub-assembly or component, in software, hardware, and/or firmware 3 form, of any TCL Product, which is sold, licensed, or supplied, or intended to 4 be sold, licensed, or supplied, to a Third Party other than as a complete and 5 ready to use end-use item, for example, because it requires additional industrial, 6 manufacturing, or assembly processes before being used or sold as an end-use 7 item, and is intended for incorporation into any product. Examples of 8 Components include, but are by no means limited to, platforms, ASICs and 9 chipsets, modules, printed circuit boards, integrated circuits, semiconductor 10 devices, processors, multi-core processors, multi-chip modules, and multi-chip 11 packages, embedded modules and core engines. This definition of 12 “Components” shall exclude any product employed for the purpose of repair or 13 upgrade of already sold products which are licensed under this Injunction. 14 “Consumer” means a natural person who buys products as a final user. 15 “Costs of Insurance and Transportation” means TCL’s, as the case may be, 16 actual direct costs of insurance and transportation to ship TCL Products to its 17 customers. For the avoidance of doubt, Costs of Insurance and Transportation 18 shall not include any labor fee or any overhead costs of any kind. 19 “Effective Date” means the date of entry of this Final Judgment and Injunction. 20 “End User Terminal” means a complete and ready to use device or Knocked 21 Down version of such complete device with the largest of the width, length, and 22 depth of such complete device in its most compact form being 250 mm or less, 23 which can be directly used by a Consumer for wireless communications (i.e. to 24 receive and transmit information over the air by means of using one or more of 25 the Standards), without the device having to be integrated or embedded into 26 another device or connected to another device through, for example, a USB, 27 PCMCIA, memory card, WLAN, or Bluetooth interface. For the avoidance of 28 all doubt, the term “End User Terminal” does not mean subassemblies or parts -4 - [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 of products such as, but not limited to, Components, other than as sold as part 2 of the End User Terminal or as spare parts or repair parts of already Sold End 3 User Terminals. For the further avoidance of doubt, TCL is not required to pay 4 any royalty to Ericsson for such spare parts or repair parts of already Sold End 5 User Terminals. 6 “Entity” means any individual, firm, company, corporation, or other corporate 7 or legal entity (wherever and however incorporated or established), 8 government, state, agency or agency of a state, local or municipal authority or 9 government body or any joint venture, association or partnership (whether or 10 not having a separate legal personality). 11 “Ericsson” means Defendants and Counterclaim Plaintiffs Telefonaktiebolaget 12 LM Ericsson, a company established under the laws of Sweden, with 13 organization number 556016-0680, with its registered office at SE-164 83 14 Stockholm, Sweden; Ericsson Inc., a Delaware corporation headquartered at 15 6300 Legacy Drive, Plano, Texas 75024; and all of their Affiliates. 16 “External Modem” means a separate external Consumer device which can be 17 connected to or inserted into an external slot of another device by an individual 18 consumer (i.e. not an entity of any kind) through, for example, a USB, 19 PCMCIA, memory card, WiFi, or Bluetooth interface, in order to allow said 20 another device to communicate by means of any or more of the Standards. The 21 External Modem may not be designed for the purpose of being embedded into 22 such other device or may not in itself include an immediate physical user- 23 interface to an individual Consumer to transmit or receive wireless data and/or 24 voice transmissions by means of any or more of the Standards (such a device 25 shall fall under the definition of End User Terminal). The term “External 26 Modem” does not include Components (other than as sold incorporated into the 27 External Modem or sold as part of a kit of External Modem) or modules. 28 “Future Standards” means the agreed protocols by ETSI, ARIS, T1P1, CCSA, -5 - [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 and/or other relevant telecommunications standards setting bodies that are 2 applicable to UMB, WiMax IEEE802.16m, and/or any other beyond 4G 3 standards, irrespective of the transmission medium or frequency band, as well 4 as any updates in respect of such protocols. 5 “Have Made” means the right to have a Third Party make a product for the use 6 and benefit of the party exercising the have made right provided all of the 7 following conditions are fulfilled: (a) the party exercising the have made right 8 owns and supplies the designs, specifications and working drawings supplied to 9 such Third Party; and (b) such designs, specifications and working drawings 10 are, complete and sufficient so that no substantial additional design, 11 specification and working drawings are needed by any Third Party; and (c) such 12 Third Party is not allowed to sell such product to other third parties. 13 “Injunction” means the Injunction herein and its appendices. 14 “Knocked Down” means a complete End User Terminal product in the form of 15 complete knocked down or semi-knocked down kits of parts, including 16 complete and substantially complete kits of parts, where such kit of part or 17 knocked down product is always a complete and ready to use End User 18 Terminal. 19 “License Period” means the period commencing on the Effective Date and 20 having a period of five (5) years calculated from the Effective Date. 21 “Licensed Patents” means those Patents (in any country of the world) as to 22 which it is, or is claimed by the owner to be, not possible, on technical grounds 23 taking into account normal technical practice and the state of the art generally 24 available at the time of adoption or publication of the relevant Standards, to 25 make, sell, lease, or otherwise dispose of, repair, use, or operate equipment or 26 methods which comply with the relevant Standards, without infringing such 27 Patents. 28 “Network Operator” means an Entity, including such Entity’s Affiliates, that as -6 - [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 its main business (a) owns or licenses frequency spectrum, directly or 2 indirectly, from a government or other relevant authority or Entity, and offers 3 wireless data- or telecommunications services to Consumers over such owned 4 or licensed spectrum; and/or (b) offers wired data- or telecommunications 5 services to Consumers. 6 “Net Selling Price” means the greater of (a) the selling price actually obtained 7 for the TCL Product in the form in which it is Sold, and (b) the selling price 8 which a seller would realize from an un-Affiliated buyer in an arm’s length sale 9 of an equivalent product in the same quantity and at the same time and place as 10 such Sale, whether or not assembled and without excluding therefrom any 11 components or subassemblies thereof. In determining the “Net Selling Price,” 12 only the following shall be excluded to the extent actually included in the 13 selling price obtained for such products: (i) Usual Trade Discounts actually 14 allowed to non-Affiliated persons or entities; (ii) Packing Costs; (iii) Costs of 15 Insurance and Transportation; and (iv) Taxes and Custom Duties. For the 16 avoidance of doubt, allowed deductions for Usual Trade Discounts, Packaging 17 Costs, and Costs of Insurance and Transportation shall in total not exceed eight 18 (8) percent units of the selling price. 19 “Packing Costs” means TCL’s, as the case may be, actual direct costs of 20 packing and/or packaging TCL Products for shipment to its customer. For the 21 avoidance of doubt, Packing Costs shall include extra batteries, charger, ear 22 phones, SO card, user manual (in any form including but not limited to CD- 23 ROM), warranty card, USB cable, welcome kit, packing box, labels, protective 24 screen cover, plastic bags, carrying kit and separate additional phone cover 25 case. For the avoidance of doubt, Packing Costs shall not include any labor fee 26 or any overhead costs of any kind. 27 “Party/Parties” means Ericsson and TCL. 28 “Patents” means patent claims (including claims of licensable patent -7 - [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 applications), and like statutory rights other than design patents, owned, or 2 controlled by Ericsson at any time during the License Period. 3 “Personal Computer” means a complete and ready to use device, designed 4 mainly for data processing by means of a physical or virtual keyboard, with the 5 largest of the width, length, and depth of such complete device in its most 6 compact form being more than 250 mm, which can be directly used by a 7 Consumer for wireless communications (i.e. to receive and transmit information 8 over the air by means of using any or more of the Standards), without the 9 device having to be integrated or embedded into another device or connected to 10 another device through for example a USB, memory card, WLAN, or Bluetooth 11 interface. For the avoidance of all doubts, the term “Personal Computer” does 12 not mean subassemblies or parts or products such as, but not limited to 13 Intermediate Products, other than as sold as part of the Personal Computer or as 14 spare parts or repair parts of already Sold Personal Computers. 15 “Retailer” means an Entity, including such Entity’s Affiliates, other than a 16 Brand Company, a licensee of Ericsson, or a Network Operator, which is 17 having as its main business to sell Third Party branded products to Consumers 18 whether through shops or online. 19 “Sale,” “Sell,” “Sold,” or any similar term, mean the delivery of TCL Products 20 in any country of the world to a Third Party regardless of the basis for 21 compensation, if any, including lease, rent or similar transaction, whether as an 22 individual item or as a component or constituent of other products, or the 23 putting into use of the TCL Products by TCL for any purpose other than routine 24 testing thereof—with a Sale being deemed to have occurred upon shipment or 25 invoicing or such putting into use, whichever shall first occur. TCL Products 26 that are returned for refund (for avoidance of doubt to exclude warranty 27 returns), may be netted against units Sold, so long as a returned unit that is 28 subsequently resold is counted as a new Sale. -8 - [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 “Standards” means the ETSI (or, if applicable, its equivalent internationally 2 recognized body or organization) cellular telecommunication standards 2G, 3G 3 and 4G. For the avoidance of any doubt, Standards does not include WiFi, 4 WiMax, CDMA, or Future Standards. 5 “Taxes and Custom Duties” means import, export, excise, sales and value 6 added taxes and custom duties levied or imposed directly upon the Sale of TCL 7 Products that TCL, as the case may be, remits to the government body levying 8 or imposing such taxes or duties. 9 “TCL” means Plaintiffs and Counterclaim Defendants TCL Communication 10 Technology Holdings Ltd., a company established under the laws of Cayman 11 Islands, with its registered office at Cricket Square, Hutchins Drive, P.O. Box 12 2681, Grand Cayman KY1-1111, Cayman Islands; TCT Mobile (US) Inc., a 13 Delaware corporation headquartered at 25 Edelman, Irvine, CA 92618; TCT 14 Mobile Limited, a company established under the laws of Hong Kong, having 15 its registered office at Room 1502, Tower 6, China Hong Kong City, 33 Canton 16 Road, Tsimshatsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong; and all of their Affiliates. 17 “TCL Products” shall mean the End-User Terminals, External Modems, and 18 Personal Computers all being branded with (a) a brand owned by TCL, 19 Network Operators, or Retailers, provided that such TCL Products are not also 20 branded with a brand owned by a Brand Company; (b) a brand licensed to TCL, 21 Network Operators, or Retailer, provided that such licensed brand is not owned 22 by a Brand Company; or (c) TCL shall have the option to ask for permission 23 from Ericsson to add End User Terminals branded with Third Party brands (not 24 being a Brand Company or a licensee of Ericsson) to the definition of TCL 25 Products on a case by case basis. Such addition of End User Terminals branded 26 with a Third Party brand (not being a Brand Company or a licensee of Ericsson) 27 is always subject to Ericsson prior written approval. Such approval is at 28 Ericsson’s sole discretion. Notwithstanding the above, TCL Products branded -9 - [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 with a brand licensed or transferred to it from Alcatel, Alcatel Lucent, or 2 Blackberry Sold after such license or transfer and are compliant with one or 3 more of the Standards shall be included in this definition of TCL Products and 4 subject to royalty payment in accordance with this Injunction. 5 ‘‘Third Party/Third Parties” shall mean any Entity that is not Ericsson or TCL. 6 “Usual Trade Discounts” shall mean discounts actually allowed by TCL, as the 7 case may be, to un-Affiliated persons or entities for TCL Products Sold by 8 TCL, as the case may be, to such person or entity solely to the extent such 9 discounts are agreed upon in writing by TCL, as the case may be, and such 10 person or entity in a written supply (or related) agreement on, or prior to the 11 time of Sale of such TCL Product, including prompt-pay discounts, volume 12 discounts, price protection discounts, stock balancing discounts, late delivery 13 penalties, payments for promotional rebates provided by such person or entity 14 to its end user customers (the “Trade Discount Deductions”). Notwithstanding 15 anything to the contrary above, the following shall not be included in the Trade 16 Discount Deductions: discounts/payments agreed upon after the time of Sale of 17 a TCL Product and market development and/or business development funds. 18 “2G” shall mean Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) and 19 Generalized Packet Radio System (GPRS), including the Enhanced GPRS (E- 20 GPRS/EDGE) standard specifications released or published by 3GPP and/or 21 relevant local standardization bodies such as ETSI, TIA, T1P1, ARIB, TIC, and 22 CCSA, irrespective of the transmission medium or frequency band, at the time 23 of the Effective Date and thereafter as well as updates in respect of such 24 standard specifications during the License Period. For the avoidance of any 25 doubt, 2G does not include 3G or any Future Standards. 26 “3G” shall mean UTRA FDD mode, i.e. UMTS and WCDMA, including HSPA 27 standard specifications released or published by 3GPP and/or relevant local 28 standardization bodies such as ETSI, TIA, T1P1, ARIS, TTC, and CCSA, -10- [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 irrespective of the transmission medium or frequency band, at the time of the 2 Effective Date and thereafter, as well as any updates in respect of such standard 3 specifications during the License Period. For the avoidance of any doubt, 3G 4 does not include 2G, CDMA, WiMax, WiFi, or any Future Standards. 5 “4G” shall mean E-UTRA (FOO mode and TDD mode (including but not 6 limited to LTE or TD-LTE)) standard specifications released or published by 7 3GPP and/or relevant local standardization bodies such as but not limited to 8 ETSI, TIA, T1P1, ARIB, TTC, and CCSA, irrespective of the transmission 9 medium or frequency band, at the time of the Effective Date and thereafter, as 10 well as any updates in respect of such standard specifications during the 11 License Period. However, such updates may not extend to any Future 12 Standards. For the avoidance of any doubt, 4G does not include 2G, 3G, 13 CDMA, WiMax , WiFi, or Future Standards. 14 “WiFi” shall mean the 802.11 standard specifications released or published by 15 IEEE irrespective of the transmission medium, frequency band, or duplexing 16 scheme, at the lime of the Effective Date, as well as any updates in respect of 17 such standard specifications during the License Period. However, such updates 18 may not extend to any Future Standards. For the avoidance of any doubt, WiFi 19 does not include 2G, 3G, 4G, CDMA, WiMax, or Future Standards. 20 “WiMax” shall mean the 802.16 standard specifications released or published 21 by IEEE, irrespective of the transmission medium, frequency band or duplexing 22 scheme, at the time of the Effective Date, as well as any updates in respect of 23 such standard specifications during the License Period. However, such updates 24 may not extend to any Future Standards. For the avoidance of any doubt, 25 WiMax does not include 2G, 3G, 4G, CDMA, WiFi, or Future Standards. 26 “CDMA” shall mean CDMA2000 standard specifications released or published 27 by 3GPP2 and/or relevant local standardization bodies such as but not limited to 28 ETSI, TIA, T1P1, ARIB, TTC, and CCSA, irrespective of the transmission -11- [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 medium, frequency band or duplexing scheme, at the time of the Effective Date, 2 as well as any updates in respect of such standard specifications during the 3 License Period. However, such updates may not extend to any Future 4 Standards. For the avoidance of any doubt, CDMA does not include 2G, 3G, 5 4G, WiMax , WiFi, or Future Standards. 6 7 8 9 10 11 INJUNCTION IT IS FURTHER ORDERED THAT: This Injunction is binding upon the Parties, their officers, agents, servants, employees, and attorneys, and upon those persons in active concert with them who receive actual notice of the Injunction by personal service or otherwise. 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 License Grant. Subject to the terms and conditions of this Injunction, TCL hereby is granted a world-wide, non-transferable, and non-exclusive license under Ericsson’s Licensed Patents to make, Have Made, use, import, Sell, and offer for Sale TCL Products. The license and rights granted to TCL granted by this Injunction shall expire at the end of the License Period. The license granted to TCL further includes the right to make, use, and import solely by TCL (but not to Sell, lease, or otherwise dispose of to Third Parties) manufacturing and testing equipment compliant with the Standards for the testing, developing, and manufacturing of TCL Products. Sublicense. TCL shall grant sublicenses of the rights set forth in this Clause to all future Affiliates of TCL Selling TCL Products. TCL shall procure that such future Affiliate shall be bound in all respects to all of the obligations contained in this Injunction, including but not limited to, the payment of royalties as set forth in Clause E of this Injunction. TCL shall be liable for the payment of royalties as set forth in Clause E attributed to all sublicensed future Affiliates, which shall be effectuated by TCL Communication Technology Holdings Ltd. directly. Any sublicense granted hereunder shall terminate if the Affiliate ceases to be an Affiliate of TCL. -12- [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 No Implied License. Nothing in this Injunction shall be construed as a right to 2 use or sell TCL Products in a manner which conveys or purports to convey whether 3 explicitly, by principles of implied license, or otherwise, any rights to any Third Party 4 user or purchaser of the TCL Products, under any patent of Ericsson covering or 5 relating to any combination of the TCL Products with any other product (not licensed 6 hereunder) where the right applies specifically to the combination and not to the TCL 7 Product itself. 8 9 No Rights to Provide Foundry Services. For the avoidance of all doubt, nothing in this Injunction shall mean that Ericsson is granting a license under any Licensed 10 Patents to TCL for providing of foundry services to Third Parties, i.e. TCL 11 manufacturing and selling products based upon Third Party made and owned design 12 when the product is thereafter sold to or directly on behalf of such same Third Party. 13 14 Jointly Owned Patents. With respect to Patents licensed herein which are owned 15 jointly by Ericsson with others, the Court recognizes that there are countries which 16 require the express consent of all inventors or their assignees to the grant of licenses 17 or rights under patents issued in such countries for such jointly owned inventions. 18 Ericsson shall give such consent and shall use all reasonable efforts to obtain such 19 consent from its employees, and from other Third Parties and future Affiliates, as 20 required to make full and effective any such licenses and rights granted. 21 If, in spite of such efforts, Ericsson is unable to obtain such consents from any 22 such employees or Third Parties, the resulting inability of Ericsson to make full and 23 effective its purported grant of such licenses and rights shall not be considered to be a 24 breach of this Injunction. For the avoidance of doubt, in such a case, the licenses and 25 rights shall be considered granted by Ericsson to the maximum extent possible, and, 26 consequently, if TCL acquires a corresponding license from the employee or Third 27 Party, TCL shall be deemed licensed under the patent. 28 -13- [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 No Rights Against Infringers. There may be countries in which TCL may have, 2 as a consequence of this Injunction, rights against infringers of Ericsson’s Patents 3 licensed hereunder. TCL shall not assert any such right it may have by reason of any 4 Third Party’s infringement of any such Patents. 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Upon the receipt by Ericsson of the release payments set forth in Clause E by TCL, Ericsson shall release TCL and all customers of TCL who have purchased or used products herein licensed to TCL from claims for past patent infringement, provided such act would be licensed under this Injunction if it had occurred subsequent to the Effective Date. Within thirty (30) days of final judgment (inclusive of all appeals and post-trial proceedings) and provided that Ericsson has received the release payment set forth in this Injunction from TCL, the parties shall cooperate to promptly seek the dismissal (with prejudice where available) of all claims and counterclaims in all litigations covered by the Court’s anti-suit injunction dated July 10, 2015, Dkt. 284. No license or other right is granted herein to TCL, directly or by implication, estoppels or otherwise, with respect to any trade secrets or know-how, and no such license or other right shall arise from the consummation of this Injunction or from any acts, statements or dealings leading to such consummation. Except as specifically provided herein, Ericsson is not required by this Injunction to furnish or disclose to TCL any technical or other information. Royalties. In consideration of the license granted herein, TCL shall pay Ericsson: A release payment of $16,449, 071 for past unlicensed sales of End User -14- [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 Terminals compliant with 2G, 3G, and/or 4G for the period 2007 through 2015, 2 to be paid within thirty (30) days of the Effective Date; 3 A release payment for past unlicensed sales of End User Terminals compliant 4 with 2G, 3G, and/or 4G for the period 2016 through 2017, to be reported and 5 paid in January and February 2018, as set forth in the “Reports” and “Payment” 6 section herein; and 7 A running royalty for End User Terminals Sold beginning January 1, 2018 8 according to the following schedule: 9 a. For each such product Sold that is compliant with GSM, GPRS, or 10 EDGE (but not compliant with WCDMA, HSPA, and/or 4G), 11 0.164% of the Net Selling Price if sold in the United States, 12 0.118% of the Net Selling Price if sold in Europe, and 0.090% of 13 the Net Selling Price if sold anywhere in the world other than the 14 United States or Europe; 15 b. For each such product Sold that is compliant with WCDMA or 16 HSPA (but not compliant with 4G), 0.300% of the Net Selling 17 Price if sold in the United States, 0.264% of the Net Selling Price 18 if sold in Europe, and 0.224% of the Net Selling Price if sold 19 anywhere in the world other than the United States or Europe; 20 c. For each such product Sold that is compliant with 4G, 0.450% of 21 the Net Selling Price if sold in the United States, and 0.314% of 22 the Net Selling Price if sold anywhere in the world other than the 23 United States. 24 Should TCL purchase TCL End User Terminals from a Third Party claiming to 25 be licensed or to have pass-through rights under Ericsson Licensed Patents that confer 26 a license covering the End User Terminal, then TCL will receive credit for that pass 27 through license in the royalty rates applied. In particular, with regard to Ericsson 28 Patents that are essential to the WCDMA Standards (“Ericsson WCDMA Licensed -15- [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 Patents”) for the Selling of ASICs, then TCL may have the option of remaining 2 unlicensed by Ericsson under such Ericsson WCDMA Licensed Patents subject to 3 Selling TCL End User Terminals with ASICs that are compliant with the WCDMA 4 Standard. TCL shall then pay a royalty equal to the rate paid for the 5 GSM/GPRS/EDGE and/or LTE Standards as specified in Clause E(3)(a) or Clause 6 E(3)(c) of this Injunction, as applicable, for each such TCL End User Terminal 7 provided that such TCL End User Terminal is also compliant with any of the 8 GSM/GPRS/EDGE Standards and/or LTE Standards while it is qualified as a 9 WCDMA End User Terminal. For the avoidance of doubt, the Parties acknowledge 10 the doctrine of patent exhaustion. Ericsson confirms that upon the Effective Date it 11 has not provided any licenses with pass-through rights under its 4G patent portfolio to 12 a chipset provider, making, using, importing, selling, or otherwise disposing of 4G 13 compliant chipsets and components. 14 For the avoidance of doubt, TCL shall only be required to pay the highest 15 prevailing royalty rate under this Injunction for each End User Terminal. For example, 16 the 3G royalty rate for 3G multimode End User Terminal includes the royalty rate also 17 for the 2G part in such End User Terminal. 18 This Injunction does not require TCL to pay any royalties for the Sale of any 19 External Modems or Personal Computers that are compliant with 2G, 3G, and/or 4G 20 during the release period (i.e., prior to January 1, 2018) or the License Period. TCL 21 shall have a royalty-free license for all such sales. 22 Reports. TCL Communication Technology Holdings Ltd. shall, on behalf of all 23 TCL Parties, make written reports to Ericsson for each applicable six months (January 24 to June and July to December (each a “Reported Period”)). Such reports shall be 25 provided to Ericsson no later than one (1) calendar month after the first day of each 26 January, and July for each year during the License Period and as of such dates 27 including the last report after the License Period, stating in each such report, the 28 number, Net Selling Price, gross price and other relevant information for each type of -16- [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 TCL Product Sold or otherwise disposed of during the preceding Reported Period, and 2 on which royalty is payable as provided in this Clause E, and shall be at least as 3 detailed as specified in Appendix 1. In addition to the written report, TCL 4 Communication Technology Holdings Ltd. shall, on behalf of all TCL Parties and 5 TCL Affiliates, send such report in Excel-format (.xls format) to Ericsson via email 6 to: ipr.unit@ericsson.com. In the event that no royalty payment is due for a Reported 7 Period, TCL shall so report. 8 Payment. TCL Communication Technology Holdings Ltd. shall, on behalf of all 9 TCL Parties and Affiliates, pay to Ericsson the royalties specified in this Injunction no 10 later than two calendar months after the end of each Reported Period, i.e. no later than 11 on February 28th and August 31st for TCL Products Sold during the preceding 12 Reported Period. The payment to Ericsson shall be made to the Ericsson fully owned 13 Affiliate Ericsson AB by wire transfer to the Ericsson bank account as specified in 14 Appendix 2. Such payment to Ericsson AB shall fulfill TCL’s payment obligations 15 under the Injunction and Ericsson’s claims for infringement of the ’556 and ’506 16 patents for the Reported Period that corresponds to the payment. 17 Ericsson shall have the right to assign any rights of Ericsson in relation to any 18 receivables arising under this Injunction to any financial institution or other Third 19 Party and may disclose confidential information related to this Injunction for such 20 purpose. If required, the TCL shall provide acknowledgment over the assignment to 21 the financial institution or other third party. For the avoidance of doubt, any such 22 assignment shall in no way affect the obligations of TCL to Ericsson under this 23 Injunction. 24 Records and Audits. TCL Communication Technology Holdings Ltd., on behalf 25 of TCL and all Affiliates, shall keep records showing the sales or other disposition of 26 products sold or otherwise disposed of in sufficient detail to enable the royalties 27 payable by TCL to Ericsson to be determined, and further, on behalf of TCL and all 28 Affiliates, shall permit its books and records to be examined to the extent necessary to -17- [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 verify that reports and payments are sufficiently made in accordance with the 2 Injunction, such examination to be made by an independent and professional auditor 3 agreed by the Parties, such appointment not to be unreasonably refused, withheld or 4 delayed by TCL, and without a contingency fee arrangement between the to-be- 5 appointed auditor and Ericsson based on the outcome of the audit amount to be 6 collected. This shall at least include all books, records, and accounts as may under 7 internationally recognized accounting practices contain information bearing upon the 8 amount of royalties payable in accordance with this Injunction. If the auditor 9 confirms, based on e.g. the books, records, information and accounts which are 10 provided by TCL to the auditor in accordance with TCL’s obligations in this 11 Injunction, that TCL has underpaid, TCL shall pay such deficiency amount within 12 thirty days after receipt of invoice from Ericsson. In the event there is an overpayment 13 by TCL, Ericsson shall credit such overpayment, verified by the auditor, against future 14 payments by TCL to Ericsson. For the avoidance of doubt, an audit shall be conducted 15 no more than once every year and only upon ten (10) days prior written notice to TCL. 16 The auditor shall use best efforts to conduct the audit in a manner that limits its 17 interference with TCL’s normal business activities and/or operations. 18 The cost of such audit shall be borne by Ericsson, unless such audit determines 19 that TCL has underpaid the royalties due hereunder by the lesser of (a) more than five 20 percent (5%) or (b) two hundred thousand U.S. Dollars ($200,000), in which case, 21 TCL shall reimburse Ericsson for the reasonable cost of such audit. TCL shall 22 preserve and maintain all such books and records required for audit for a period of 23 five years after the calendar quarter for which the books and records apply. 24 The expiration of this Injunction shall not prejudice the right of Ericsson to 25 conduct a final audit of the records of TCL, provided such audit is initiated no later 26 than one (1) year from the expiration of the Injunction. 27 28 TCL Communication Technology Holdings Ltd., on behalf of TCL and all Affiliates, shall, at the agreed date for the auditor visit to the TCL premises, provide -18- [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 the auditor with the books and records, as requested by the auditor. The auditor shall 2 have the right to analyze and verify such books and records at TCL’s premises. For 3 the avoidance of all doubt, such relevant books, records and accounts shall be treated 4 as TCL confidential information (“TCL Audit Confidential Information”) and any 5 TCL Audit Confidential Information shall not be disclosed to Ericsson under any 6 circumstances. Auditor shall use best efforts to observe the rules of on-site audit field 7 work when in TCL premises. 8 Conversion to U.S. Dollars. To the extent that the Net Selling Price for TCL 9 Products Sold is paid to TCL other than in U.S. Dollars then TCL shall convert the 10 portion of the royalty payable to Ericsson from such Net Selling Price into U.S. 11 Dollars at the official exchange rate of the currency of the country from which the Net 12 Selling Price was paid, as quoted by the Financial Times for the last business day of 13 the calendar quarter in which such TCL Products were Sold. If the transfer of or the 14 conversion into U.S. Dollars is not lawful or possible, the payment of such part of the 15 royalties as is necessary shall be made by the deposit thereof, in the currency of the 16 country where the Sale was made on which the royalty was based to the credit and 17 account of Ericsson or its nominee in any commercial bank or trust company of 18 Ericsson’s choice located in that country prompt notice of which shall be given by 19 TCL to Ericsson. 20 Late Payments. TCL shall pay interest on any overdue payment required to be 21 made pursuant to this Injunction, commencing on the date such payment becomes due, 22 at an annual rate of twelve percent (12%). 23 Taxes. All payments required by this Injunction are exclusive of taxes, customs, 24 or any other duties, and TCL shall be responsible for the payment of all such taxes, 25 customs or other duties including, but not limited to, all sales, use, rental receipt, 26 personal property or other taxes and their equivalents which may be levied or assessed 27 in connection with this Injunction (excluding only taxes based on Ericsson’s net 28 income). -19- [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 Hence, if in accordance with present or future laws, Ericsson shall be obliged to 2 pay, or TCL obliged to deduct from any payment to Ericsson, any amount with respect 3 to any taxes, customs or any other duties levied, for which Ericsson is responsible as 4 stated above, TCL shall increase the payment to Ericsson by an amount to cover such 5 payment by Ericsson or deduction by TCL. 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 In the event that more than 20% of TCL’s ownership changes by merger, acquisition, consolidation, transfer, or otherwise, any party may seek to address with the Court whether such change should impact the rights and obligations set forth in this Injunction, or whether modification, termination, or clarification of the Injunction is required regarding the parties’ obligations given such change. Ericsson shall not transfer or assign any of the Licensed Patents during the License Period unless such assignment, including future assignments of any of the Licensed Patents, is made subject to maintenance of the licenses and rights as granted under this Injunction. Nothing contained in this Injunction shall (i) limit the rights which TCL has outside the scope of the license and rights granted hereunder, or restrict the right of TCL to make, Have Made, use, lease, sell, or otherwise dispose of any particular product or products not licensed herein; (ii) obligate any Party to bring or prosecute actions or suits against Third Parties for infringement; (iii) obligate any Party to furnish any manufacturing or technical information or assistance; (iv) obligate any Party to file any patent application, or to secure any patent or patent rights, or to maintain any patent in force, or to provide copies of patent applications to the other Parties, or to disclose any inventions described or claimed in such patent applications; (v) confer any right to use, in advertising, publicity or otherwise, any name, trade -20- [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 name, trademark, or any contraction, abbreviation , or simulation thereof; (vi) obligate 2 Ericsson to make any determination as to the applicability of any patent to any product 3 of TCL; or (v) require Ericsson to assume any responsibilities whatsoever with respect 4 to the manufacture, sale, lease, use, importation, or disposition of any product or part 5 thereof, by TCL or any direct or indirect supplier or vendee or other transferee of 6 TCL. 7 8 Neither this Injunction nor any provision hereof may be waived without the 9 prior written consent of the Party against whom such waiver is asserted. No delay or 10 omission by either Party to exercise any right or power shall impair any such right or 11 power to be construed to be a waiver thereof. Consent by either Party to, or waiver of, 12 a breach by the other Party shall not constitute consent to, waiver of, or excuse for any 13 other different or subsequent breach. 14 15 Neither this Injunction nor any license or rights hereunder, in whole or in part, 16 shall be assignable or otherwise transferable by either Party without the written 17 consent of the other Party. Any attempt to do so in contravention of this Article shall 18 be void and of no force and effect. 19 20 All notices, requests, demands, consents, agreements, and other 21 communications required or permitted to be given under this Injunction shall be in 22 writing and shall be: (a) delivered personally; (b) mailed to the Party to whom notice 23 is given, by first class mail, postage prepaid; or (c) sent by facsimile or electronically, 24 properly addressed with a confirmation copy to the Party’s legal department (as 25 appropriate) as follows: 26 27 28 ERICSSON Ericsson AB Att: Chief Intellectual Property Officer Torshamnsgatan 23 -21- TCL TCL Telecommunication Technology Holdings Limited Att: Chief Legal Counsel [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 5 5th Floor, Building 22E 22 Science Park East Hong Kong Science Park Shatin, New Territories Hong Kong Facsimile No: +852-3180-2800 Royalty reports in .xls format shall be emailed to: ipr.unit@ericsson.com. 6 Unless otherwise specifically provided for in this Injunction, such 7 communications shall take effect upon receipt by the addressee, provided such 8 communications shall be deemed to have arrived upon the expiration of seven (7) days 9 from the date of sending in the case of registered or certified mail and on the day of 2 3 4 SE-164 80 Stockholm, Sweden Facsimile No: + 46 10 719 11 12 10 receipt of the sender’s facsimile confirmation of the transmission in the case of 11 telefax. 12 13 The above addresses and contacts can be changed by providing notice to the other Party in accordance with this Clause. 14 15 Except as may otherwise be required by law or as reasonably necessary for 16 performance of this Injunction, each Party shall keep any information, whether of a 17 commercial or technical nature including but not limited to any related reports, 18 furnished by the other Party pursuant to this Injunction confidential. The 19 confidentiality obligations hereunder shall, for ten (10) years, survive the expiration of 20 this Injunction for any reason. 21 22 All headings used in this Injunction are inserted for convenience only and are 23 not intended to affect the meaning or interpretation of this Injunction or any clause or 24 provision herein. 25 26 27 RETENTION OF JURISDICTION IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this Court retains jurisdiction of this matter for purposes of construction, modification, and enforcement of this Final Judgment 28 -22- [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 and Injunction. 2 COSTS 3 The TCL Parties (TCL Communication Technology Holdings, Ltd., TCT 4 Mobile Limited, and TCT Mobile (US) Inc.) are the prevailing parties, and shall 5 recover their costs. 6 The parties’ claims and counterclaims regarding Ericsson’s ’556 and ’506 7 patents are hereby dismissed without prejudice. Insofar as they are not addressed in 8 this Final Judgment and Injunction, all other requests for relief set forth in the parties’ 9 pleadings are hereby denied. 10 The Clerk is directed and ordered to enter this judgment. 11 12 13 14 Dated: December 22, 2017 ____________________________ 15 HON. JAMES V. SELNA 16 UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 -23- [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 APPENDIX 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Customer Product type (e.g. mobile phone, tablet etc.) Model name and number Units Gross Sold Selling Price (US$) Net Selling Royalty rate Total Price (%) Royalty (US$) amount (US$) 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Total (US$) 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 -24- [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx 1 APPENDIX 2 2 3 4 UNDER SEAL 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 -25- [PROPOSED] FINAL JUDGMENT AND INJUNCTION; CASE NOS. 8:14-cv-00341-JVS-DFMx/2:15-cv-02370-JVS-DFMx