Aviva USA Corporation et al v. Vazirani et al, No. 2:2011cv00369 - Document 201 (D. Ariz. 2012)

Court Description: ORDER granting 113 Plaintiff's Motion for Attorney Fees and Related Expenses in the amount of $126,169.20. Signed by Judge James A Teilborg on 6/28/12. (DMT)
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Aviva USA Corporation et al v. Vazirani et al 1 Doc. 201 WO 2 3 4 5 6 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Aviva USA Corporation, an Iowa) corporation; Aviva Brands Limited, a) ) United Kingdom limited company, ) ) Plaintiffs, ) ) vs. ) ) Anil Vazirani, an individual; Vazirani &) Associates Financial, LLC, an Arizona) limited liability company; Secured) Financial Solutions, LLC, an Arizona) limited liability company; James Regan, an) individual; Regan & Associates, LLC, an) ) Arizona limited liability company, ) ) Defendants. ) ) Anil Vazirani, an individual; Vazirani &) Associates Financial, LLC, an Arizona) limited liability company; and Secured) Financial Solutions, LLC, an Arizona) ) limited liability company, ) ) Counterclaimants, ) Aviva USA Corporation, an Iowa) Corporation; and Aviva Brands Limited, a) ) United Kingdom limited company, ) ) Counterdefendants. ) No. CV-11-0369-PHX-JAT ORDER 26 Pending before the Court is Plaintiffs’ Motion for Attorneys’ Fees and Related 27 Expenses (Doc. 113). In a previous order, this Court found that Plaintiffs Aviva USA 28 Dockets.Justia.com 1 Corporation and Aviva Brands Limited (“Aviva”) are entitled to sanctions against 2 Defendants Anil Vazarani, Vazirani & Associates Financial LLC, Secured Financial 3 Solutions, LLC (the “Vazirani Defendants”), James Regan, and Regan and Associates, LLC 4 (the “Regan Defendants”) for bad faith spoliation of evidence. The Court found that Aviva 5 is entitled to “reasonable attorneys’ fees incurred in connection with [the motion for 6 sanctions] and seeking spoliated evidence.” (Doc. 101 at 14). The Court ordered the Parties 7 to confer in good faith and, if no agreement as to reasonable attorneys’ fees could be reached, 8 directed Plaintiffs to file a motion for attorneys’ fees in compliance with the Local Rules of 9 Civil Procedure. Plaintiffs now move this Court for an award of those fees and related 10 expenses. (Doc. 113 and Doc. 114). 11 I. 12 Having found that sanctions are appropriate, the Court must determine whether the 13 14 REASONABLENESS OF FEE AWARD amount of fees requested is reasonable. A. Legal Standard 15 In assessing the reasonableness of a sanctions award based upon attorneys’ fees and 16 costs, a court must inquire into the reasonableness of the attorneys’ fees and the costs. 17 Brown v. Baden (In re Yagman), 796 F.2d 1165, 1184–85 (9th Cir. 1986); see also Mirch v. 18 Frank, 266 F. App’x 586, 588, 2008 WL 341429, at *2 (9th Cir. 2008) (“[r]easonableness 19 is the benchmark for sanctions based on attorneys’ fees”). The Court has broad discretion 20 in determining what fees and costs are reasonable. See Leon v. IDX Sys. Corp., 464 F.3d 21 951, 961 (9th Cir. 2006). 22 Local Rule of Civil Procedure 54.2 requires that motions for attorneys’ fees must (1) 23 specify the amount of fees and costs sought; (2) discuss the moving party’s eligibility and 24 entitlement for the requested expenses; (3) discuss the reasonableness of the requested award; 25 (4) provide supporting documentation; and (5) give an itemized account of the time expended 26 and expenses incurred. LRCiv. 54.2. 27 Once a party submits an itemized list of fees with sufficient detail and establishes 28 entitlement to fees, the burden then shifts to the party challenging the fees to show that they -2- 1 are unreasonable. The response must separately identify each and every disputed time entry 2 or expense item. LRCiv 54.2(f). 3 B. Aviva’s Claimed Fees 4 Aviva claims they are entitled to attorneys’ fees and related expenses in the amount 5 of $249,254.42. (Doc. 113 at 1). This is broadly divided into three categories: attorney and 6 paralegal fees for preparing the Spoliation Motion and the fees motion ($151,847.45); 7 expenses for a computer expert to aid in preparing the motions ($41,274.30); and attorney 8 and paralegal fees for discovery related to seeking spoliated evidence ($56,132.67). (Doc. 9 114 at 2). This third category has been determined by dividing Aviva’s overall litigation fees 10 by the fees incurred regarding the spoliation motion, and then applying this ratio to the fees 11 incurred by Aviva in conducting discovery after evidence of spoliation first came to light on 12 May 17, 2011. (Doc. 114 at 2-3). Aviva’s attorneys have provided an itemized list of fees 13 and related expenses for the case, and an explanation of why they are reasonable as required 14 under LRCiv 54.2(d)(2). Thus, the burden shifts to Defendants to demonstrate why the 15 claimed fees and expenses are unreasonable. 16 C. Defendants’ Response 17 Defendants challenge several of the claimed expenses. Specifically, they challenge 18 the inclusion of fees spent working on Aviva’s application for fees, the inclusion of fees 19 incurred by eleven hours spent working on motions to exceed page limitations, and a lack of 20 detail in the entries regarding the expert expenses. (Doc. 144 at 6-7, 9). More generally, 21 Defendants challenge excessive review and revision entries, duplication of attorney effort, 22 a lack of specificity regarding individual tasks, block billing and the lumping of time entries, 23 and the way at which Aviva arrived at their discovery fees. (Doc. 144 at 6, 8-9, 10-12). 24 25 26 27 28 D. Reasonableness The Court will first examine Defendants’ challenges to the presumptive amount of $249,254.42. i. Motions to Exceed Page Limits The Defendants challenge the entries regarding motions to exceed page limitations. -3- 1 Specifically, Defendants argue that such motions are typically written from templates, and 2 should not take as long as the 11 hours claimed. (Doc. 144 at 7). The Court agrees that the 3 time spent was excessive. Additionally, the motions are only tangentially related to the 4 motion for sanctions. As such, the Court reduces Aviva’s award by $1,949.70, the amount 5 listed for work on these motions. 6 ii. Costs For Fee Application 7 Defendants broadly challenge the inclusion of the fees Aviva incurred in preparing 8 their motion for fees. The Court will not approve of Aviva’s request for fees incurred in 9 preparing the motion for fees and expenses. In its January 10, 2012 Order (Doc. 43), the 10 Court did not state that Aviva would be entitled to the recovery of such fees. Local Rule 11 54.2(c)(2) states that “[i]f the moving party claims entitlement to fees for preparing the 12 motion and memorandum for award of attorneys’ fees and related non-taxable expenses, such 13 party also must cite the applicable legal authority supporting such specific request.” LRCiv 14 54.2(c)(2). Although Aviva does cite to authority for awarding such fees under other fee- 15 shifting rules, they have failed to do so for sanctions under the Court’s inherent power. (Doc. 16 114 at 10) (citing Anderson v. Director, Office of Workers Compensation Programs, 91 F.3d 17 1322, 1325 (9th Cir. 1996) (holding that time spent preparing the fee application must be 18 included in reasonable fees under federal fee-shifting statutes)). Defendants submit that the 19 amount claimed for this preparation is $15,921.95. (Doc. 144-3 at 2). Accordingly, the Court 20 reduces Aviva’s claimed entitlement by $15,921.95. 21 iii. The Expert’s Time 22 Defendants also challenge the entries regarding the computer expert retained by 23 Aviva. Defendants argue that nothing in Aviva’s motion reveals what this expert time was 24 spent on, and hence, whether it was reasonable cannot be determined. (Doc. 144 at 9). The 25 Court agrees. It is possible that the Court could have found that the expense of retaining Mr. 26 Reinmuth was reasonable if more detail had been provided. However, the Court will not 27 allow expenses to be claimed without such detail. LRCiv 54.2(e)(3) (“Failure to itemize and 28 verify costs may result in their disallowance by the court”). Consequently, the Court reduces -4- 1 Aviva’s claimed entitlement by $49,080.90, including the attorneys’ fees incurred in 2 corresponding with Mr. Reinmuth. 3 iv. Plaintiffs’ Discovery Costs 4 Defendants broadly challenge the way at which Aviva arrived at the figure of 5 $56,132.67 for its discovery fees related to the spoliated evidence. They argue that using the 6 percentage of total fees expended on the spoliation motion and applying it to the discovery 7 costs is arbitrary and speculative. (Doc. 144 at 11). Aviva acknowledges that arriving at the 8 correct figure is “more complicated,” but then fails to actually attempt to link any discovery 9 fees to the spoliated evidence itself. (Doc. 114 at 2). Although some percentage of the total 10 discovery is certainly related to the spoliated evidence, it is not the Court’s role to guess at 11 an adequate number without further guidance from Aviva. Nor must Defendants challenge 12 each individual discovery item, when the detail for the amount claimed is deficient. The 13 Court thus awards nothing for discovery fees and will reduce Aviva’s claimed entitlement 14 by $56,132.67. 15 v. Billing In General 16 The Defendants broadly challenge all of the claimed fees as wasteful and not specific 17 enough. For example, they argue that Aviva improperly included all time spent preparing 18 for oral argument on the spoliation motion, when the argument included two other motions. 19 (Doc. 144 at 6, 14-15). However, they fail to point to more than a few highlighted entries, 20 and thus do not meet their burden to oppose with specificity each disputed time entry. LRCiv 21 54.2(f). The Defendants also cite to a 1984 case in this district as authority for denying all 22 aggregate fees requested. (Doc. 144. at 8) (citing Metro Data Sys., Inc. v. Durango Sys., Inc., 23 597 F. Supp. 244 (D. Ariz. 1984)). That decision points to specific examples of the kinds of 24 aggregate fees Defendants requested in that case. But the Court is not required to analyze 25 all 98 pages of line entries to determine which are duplicate efforts. Nor is it required to look 26 at every entry to determine which are excessive. It is Defendants’ burden to challenge fees 27 with specificity. 28 Defendants suggest an across-the-board reduction to account for these problems, and -5- 1 cite to Welch v. Metro. Life Ins. Co., 480 F.3d 942 (9th Cir. 2009), to support such a 2 reduction. However, the holding in that case remanded the block billing issue because the 3 reduction applied by the district court failed to identify which hours were actually block 4 billed. Id. at 948. Defendants have failed to identify which hours were actually duplicative, 5 merely labeling the duplicate billing “pervasive.” (Doc. 144 at 9). As such, the Court will 6 not apply a reduction for allegedly duplicative billing. 7 II. AMOUNT OF SANCTIONS 8 As described above, the proper amount of sanctions is the claimed amount 9 ($249,254.42), less the discovery-related fees ($56,132.67), the motion for page limit fees 10 ($1,949.70), the fee application fees ($15,921.95), and the expert’s expenses ($41,274.30) 11 and related fees ($7,806.60). The amount Aviva is entitled to is thus $126,169.20. The Court 12 is satisfied that this amount represents a sufficient sanction in attorneys’ fees for Defendants’ 13 misconduct in spoliating evidence, and shall serve as an adequate deterrent to future 14 misconduct. 15 III. ALLOCATION OF SANCTIONS 16 The Court finds the Vazirani Defendants and Regan Defendants equally culpable for 17 the spoliation of evidence, and further finds that they should bear the sanction jointly and 18 severally. 19 IV. 20 Accordingly, 21 IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiffs’ Motion for Attorneys’ Fees and Related Expenses CONCLUSION 22 (Doc. 113) is granted in the amount of $126,169.20. 23 DATED this 28th day of June, 2012. 24 25 26 27 28 -6-