Matthews, et al v. NPMG Acquisition Sub, LLC, No. 2:2009cv02326 - Document 34 (D. Ariz. 2011)

Court Description: ORDER granting in part and denying in part 24 Motion to Vacate Order and Judgment of Dismissal Pursuant to F.R.Civ.P. 59(e) and F.R.Civ.P. 60(b)(1). (Doc. 24). Plaintiffs' request that the Court's July 30, 2010 Order be vacated is denied. Pursuant to Rule 60(b)(1), however, the Clerk of the Court's August 24, 2010 Judgment is vacated, and the Clerk of the Court is directed to reopen this case. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiffs must file their First Amended Complaint with thi s Court no later than the close of business on March 22, 2011. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that if Plaintiffs fail to file their First Amended Complaint by March 22, 2011, the Clerk of the Court is directed to enter judgment accordingly. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED directing the Clerk of the Court to reassign this case. Signed by Judge Mary H Murguia on 3/15/11.(LAD)
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Matthews, et al v. NPMG Acquisition Sub, LLC 1 Doc. 34 WO 2 3 4 5 6 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Calvin Matthews, Tyrone Hunt, and) ) Michael Buckner, ) ) Plaintiffs, ) ) vs. ) ) ) NPMG Acquisition Sub, LLC, ) ) Defendant. ) No. CV 09-2326-PHX-MHM ORDER 15 16 Currently before this Court is Plaintiffs Motion to Vacate Order and Judgment of 17 Dismissal Pursuant to F.R.Civ.P. 59(e) and F.R.Civ.P. 60(b)(1). (Doc. 24). Having carefully 18 considered the Parties’ briefing and determined that oral argument is unnecessary, the Court 19 issues the following Order: 20 I. BACKGROUND 21 This case was an action for employment discrimination brought pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 22 § 1981. Plaintiffs’ Complaint, filed November 4, 2009, alleged that their employer, 23 Defendant NPMG Acquisition Sub, LLC, discriminated against them based on their race. 24 (Doc. 1). The case, however, was not the first case against Defendant in which Plaintiffs 25 have been involved. Plaintiffs were the beneficiaries of a consent decree entered in Equal 26 Employment Opportunity Commission v. iPayment, Inc. and NPMG Acquisition Sub, LLC 27 (“EEOC v. iPayment”) (CV-08-01790, Doc. 69). EEOC v. iPayment was an action brought 28 Dockets.Justia.com 1 under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e, et seq., by the Equal 2 Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) to “correct unlawful employment practices 3 on the basis of race and to provide appropriate relief to Calvin Matthews, Tyrone Hunt, 4 Michael Buckner, and a class of employees, who were adversely affected by such practices.” 5 (CV-08-01790, Doc. 10, p.1). On September 15, 2009, Judge Bolton entered a consent 6 decree, which ordered payment of $100,000.00 to Calvin Matthews, $90,000.00 to Tyrone 7 Hunt, and $90,000.00 to Michael Buckner as compensatory damages, in addition to a number 8 of other forms of non-monetary relief, such as personalized apology letters. (CV-08-01790, 9 Doc. 67). Additionally, the consent decree stated: 10 11 12 13 14 This Consent Decree resolves all claims of the Commission and of Mssrs. Matthews, Hunt, Buckner, Gawarecki (each a “Charging Party,” and collectively the “Charging Parties”) and a class of former employees identified in Exhibit B hereto (each a “Class Member,” and collectively the “Class Members”) against Defendant (including, but not limited to, Defendant’s officers, members, directors, and employees), including any and all claims for back pay, compensatory and punitive damages, interest, injunctive relief, and attorney’s fees and costs arising out of the issues that were or could have been raised in this lawsuit up until the date of the execution of this Consent Decree by the parties. 15 (emphasis added) (Id., p.2, ¶1). 16 On January 6, 2010, Defendant filed a Motion to Dismiss, arguing that Plaintiffs’ 17 claim was barred by the doctrine of res judicata or, in the alternative, Plaintiffs’ Complaint 18 failed to state a claim for relief. (Doc. 12). On July 30, 2010, this Court granted 19 Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss, finding that the Court was without sufficient evidence to 20 determine whether Plaintiffs’ claims were res judicata barred, but found that Plaintiffs’ 21 Complaint failed to state a claim for relief. (Doc. 21). The Court also granted Plaintiffs’ 22 request for leave to amend, giving Plaintiffs 15 days from the date of the Order to file their 23 First Amended Complaint. (Id.). Plaintiffs did not file an amended complaint. Accordingly, 24 on August 24, 2010, the Court ordered the Clerk of the Court to enter judgment, (Doc. 22), 25 and the Clerk entered judgment that same day. (Doc. 23). 26 On September 21, 2010, a little less than two months after the entry of judgment, 27 Plaintiffs filed the instant Motion to Vacate Order and Judgment of Dismissal Pursuant to 28 -2- 1 F.R.Civ.P. 59(e) and F.R.Civ.P. 60(b)(1). (Doc. 24). In their motion, Plaintiffs asked for 2 relief based largely on their lawyers assertion that he did not receive the notice of electronic 3 filing (“NEF”) sent by the Court’s ECF system that notified the Parties of the Court’s July 4 30, 2010 Order granting Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss and consequently was not aware of 5 the Court’s Order until after the deadline to file an amended complaint had expired. 6 Defendant responded on October 8, 2010. (Doc. 25). In support of its response, Defendant 7 filed the Declaration of Juliet Burgess, in which Burgess stated that District of Arizona court 8 employee Barbara Stevenson informed her that the Court’s ECF delivery log indicated the 9 NEF associated with the July 30, 2010 Order was successfully transmitted to Plaintiffs’ 10 lawyer and that the Court did not receive a delivery failure notice from Plaintiffs’ lawyer’s 11 registered email. (Doc. 25, Exh. 1). A week later, on October 15, 2010, Plaintiff lodged an 12 amended version of the Burgess Declaration with the Court. (Doc. 26-1). In her Amended 13 Declaration, Burgess further explained that although the Court had not received a delivery 14 failure notice concerning the July 30 NEF, the “the delivery log indicated that the NEF was 15 ‘not received’ by the email address registered to Plaintiff’s attorney. (Id.). 16 In light of the filing of the amended declaration, on October 15, 2010, Plaintiffs filed 17 a request for extension of time to file their reply to Defendant’s response brief. (Doc. 27). 18 On October 19, 2010, Defendant responded in opposition to Plaintiffs’ motion. (Doc. 28). 19 On October 27, 2010, Plaintiffs’ filed a supplemental response to Defendant’s response to 20 the extension of time motion. (Doc. 29). Two days later, on October 29, 2010, Plaintiffs 21 filed a motion requesting oral argument, an evidentiary hearing, and instructions regarding 22 when they should file their reply. (Doc. 30). On February 7, 2011, the Court filed an Order 23 denying Plaintiffs’ request for oral argument and directing Plaintiffs to file a reply no later 24 than close of business on February 15, 2011. (Doc. 32). On February 15, 2011, Plaintiffs 25 filed their reply brief. (Doc. 33). 26 /// 27 28 -3- 1 II. DISCUSSION 2 Plaintiffs seek relief from the judgment on two grounds; Rules 59 and 60 of the 3 Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. The Court will address each in turn, discussing Rule 59, 4 then moving onto Rule 60. 5 A. 6 Rule 59(e) provides that “[a]motion to alter or amend a judgment must be filed no 7 later than 28 days after the entry of the judgment.” FED. R. CIV. P. 59(e). The Ninth Circuit 8 recognizes four grounds for relief under this rule: “1) the motion is necessary to correct 9 manifest errors of law or fact upon which the judgment is based; 2) the moving party presents 10 newly discovered or previously unavailable evidence; 3) the motion is necessary to prevent 11 manifest injustice; or 4) there is an intervening change in controlling law.” Turner v. 12 Burlington N. Santa Fe R.R. Co., 338 F.3d 1058, 1063 (9th Cir. 2003) (citations and internal 13 quotation marks omitted). Plaintiff seeks relief pursuant to the first and third grounds. 14 Rule 59 1. Manifest error of law or fact 15 The Court turns first to Plaintiffs’ claim that the Court’s July 30, 2010 Order 16 dismissing their case should be vacated because it commits a manifest error of law. In that 17 Order, the Court found that Plaintiff’s Complaint did not contain enough specific facts to 18 state a claim for relief. Plaintiffs do not contest the Court’s characterization of its Complaint. 19 Instead, they argue that factual allegations sufficient to state a claim for relief were found in 20 the EEOC Complaint attached to Defendant’s motion to dismiss, and that the Court should 21 have considered that document (and the factual allegations therein) as part of its Rule 22 12(b)(6) analysis. The Court rejects this argument. 23 The fact that Plaintiffs were party to a similar case previously litigated against these 24 Defendants does not negate Plaintiffs’ duty to comply with the rules of civil procedure. Even 25 if Plaintiffs are correct that this Court could have completely incorporated by reference the 26 facts from a complaint in another case (which the Court doubts), doing so would not have 27 been proper in this instance. First, Plaintiffs’ Complaint makes no reference to the EEOC 28 litigation or otherwise attempts to incorporate the facts therein. Additionally, even after -4- 1 Defendant challenged the sufficiency of the Complaint, Plaintiffs never once expressly 2 informed the Court that the factual allegations in the EEOC Complaint were identical to the 3 ones in the instant case. To the contrary, Plaintiffs argued that they sought “to recover under 4 42 U.S.C. §1981 in this action, a claim that the EEOC could not and did not bring,” 5 suggesting the possibility of a discrepancy between the allegations in the EEOC complaint 6 and those that underpin the instant Complaint. Indeed, in its July 30 Order, the Court noted 7 the possibility that Plaintiff meant to bring claims based on incidents that occurred either 8 prior to or after the date of the incidents alleged in the EEOC Complaint. At best, Plaintiffs 9 response to the motion to dismiss warranted an assumption that the factual predicate in the 10 instant case is identical to that set forth in the EEOC v. iPayment complaint. The Court, 11 however, is not in the business of guessing which facts a plaintiff did or did not mean to 12 allege. See Associated Gen. Contractors of Cal., Inc. v. Cal. State Council of Carpenters, 13 459 U.S. 519, 526 (1983) (noting that in deciding motions to dismiss, courts must not 14 “assume that the [plaintiff] can prove facts that it has not alleged or that the defendants have 15 violated the ... laws in ways that have not been alleged.”). Accordingly, the Court finds that 16 it did not commit a manifest error of law by dismissing Plaintiffs’ Complaint with leave to 17 amend. 18 B. Manifest injustice 19 Plaintiffs next claim that allowing the judgment to remain in place would cause a 20 manifest injustice. Unlike Plaintiffs’ manifest error of law argument, this is not an attack on 21 the July 30, 2010 order, but instead on the final judgment entered by the Clerk of the Court 22 on August 24, 2010. Whether entry of that judgment was a manifest injustice is intrinsically 23 tied up with the question of whether Plaintiffs’ attorney’s failure to timely learn of the 24 Court’s July 30, 2010 Order is behavior which can be excused by this Court. This question 25 is the same one posed in Plaintiffs’ request for relief under Rule 60, in which Plaintiffs’ seek 26 relief from judgment based on the grounds of their attorney’s excusable neglect. Because 27 relief under both rules is predicated on the same issue, the Court finds that in this case the 28 -5- 1 Rule 60 analysis subsumes the question of whether allowing the judgment to stand will work 2 a manifest injustice. 3 2. 4 Rule 60 provides that “the court may relieve a party or its legal representative from 5 a final judgment, order, or proceeding,” when it was caused by “mistake, inadvertence, 6 surprise, or excusable neglect.” FED. R. CIV. P. 60(b). Plaintiffs assert that their failure to 7 file an amended complaint within the fifteen-day period was the product of excusable 8 neglect, namely that Plaintiffs attorney did not receive the NEF informing it of the Court’s 9 Order dismissing the case. Excusable neglect “‘encompass[es] situations in which the failure 10 to comply with a filing deadline is attributable to negligence,’ and includes ‘omissions 11 caused by carelessness.’” Lemoge v. United States, 587 F.3d 1188, 1196 (9th Cir. 2009) 12 (quoting Pioneer Inv. Servs. Co. v. Brunswick Assocs. Ltd., 507 U.S. 380, 394, 388 13 (1997))(internal citations omitted). Accordingly, courts must avoid applying a “rigid legal 14 rule against late filings attributable to any particular type of negligence.” Pincay v. Andrews 15 389 F.3d 853, 860 (9th Cir. 2004). Instead, a four-factor equitable test is utilized that 16 considers “(1) the danger of prejudice to the opposing party; (2) the length of the delay and 17 its potential impact on the proceedings; (3) the reason for the delay; and (4) whether the 18 movant acted in good faith.” Ahanchian v. Xenon Pictures, Inc., 624 F.3d 1253, 1261 (9th 19 Cir. 2010). Rule 60 20 Three of the four factors quite clearly favor Plaintiffs. Other than losing the benefit 21 of its quick victory and having to continue litigating, Defendant will not be prejudiced. Id. 22 (“Prejudice requires greater harm than simply that relief would delay resolution of the 23 case.”); Bateman v. U.S. Postal Service, 231 F.3d 1220, 1225 (9th Cir. 2000) (“The 24 prejudice to the Postal Service was minimal. It would have lost a quick victory and, should 25 it ultimately have lost the summary judgment motion on the merits, would have had to 26 reschedule the trial date. But such prejudice is insufficient to justify denial of relief under 27 Rule 60(b)(1).”). Additionally, the Court finds that this a case in which the prejudice to the 28 moving party must also be considered, Lemoge, 587 F.3d at 1195 (finding that in certain -6- 1 circumstances it can be error not to also consider the “the prejudice the [moving party] would 2 suffer if they were denied relief”), as denial of Plaintiffs’ motion will cause them to suffer 3 extreme prejudice; the inability to prosecute their instant claim. Id. at 1196 (noting that if the 4 court did not grant Rule 60 relief, “the [plaintiffs] would endure the ultimate prejudice of 5 being forever barred from pursuing their claims.”). As for the length of the delay, it was 6 approximately two months, a period of time that falls well within Rule 60’s one-year statute 7 of limitations. F.R.Civ.P. 60(c)(1)(“A motion under Rule 60(b) must be made within a 8 reasonable time — and [when excusable neglect is alleged,] no more than a year after the 9 entry of the judgment or order or the date of the proceeding.”). Additionally, Plaintiffs’ filed 10 the instant request in a reasonable amount of time, approximately one month after they 11 discovered the missed deadline. See Bateman 231 F.3d at 1225 (finding a reasonable delay 12 where a party “filed his Rule 60(b)(1) motion a little more than one month after the court 13 denied his request to rescind the judgment.”). Finally, there is no indication that Plaintiffs’ 14 attorney acted in bad faith. To the contrary, the amended Burgess Declaration strongly 15 suggests that Plaintiff’s attorney’s story concerning the missed email is true, and nothing else 16 in the record suggests his actions were intentional or deceitful. Id. (finding no bad faith 17 where an attorney’s “errors resulted from negligence and carelessness, not from deviousness 18 or willfulness.”). 19 The reason for the delay, however, very definitely weighs against Plaintiffs. Although 20 Plaintiffs’ attorney did not receive the NEF, he was aware of his email system’s July 30, 21 2010 failure. Instead of investigating the consequence of such a failure, Plaintiff’s attorney 22 merely assumed that missed emails would be received as soon as the email system was back 23 online. This assumption was not only incorrect; it was careless and irresponsible. Plaintiffs’ 24 attorney should have contacted the Clerk of the Court for the District of Arizona and ensured 25 that he had not missed any NEFs. See Robinson v. Wix Filtration Corp., LLC, 599 F.3d 403, 26 413 (4th Cir. 2010) (finding that an attorney who was aware he was having email difficulties 27 should have “notified the court and opposing counsel of his computer problems, or found 28 another way to stay informed regarding any developments in the case”); Fox v. American -7- 1 Airlines, Inc., 389 F.3d 1291, 1295 (D.C. Cir. 2004) (“Regardless whether he received the 2 e-mail notice, [plaintiff’s attorney] remained obligated to monitor the court's docket.”). This 3 negligent conduct has not only placed his client’s interests at peril, but also has caused 4 significant resources of both the Parties and this Court to be unnecessarily expended. 5 Were the third factor—the reason for the delay— the only pertinent consideration, or 6 even if it was given greater weight than the other three factors1, the Court would have no 7 difficulty finding that Plaintiffs’ attorney’s behavior was not excusable neglect. Plaintiff’s 8 attorney’s decision to assume he would receive any missed emails was the height of 9 carelessness, and the Court is certainly tempted to conclude that any negligent behavior 10 which causes a lawyer to miss a NEF or otherwise miss a deadline of which he should have 11 been aware is per se inexcusable. The Ninth Circuit, however, expressly forbids the use of 12 per se rules, and mere carelessness does not make an act of negligence inexcusable. See, e.g, 13 Bateman, 231 F.3d at 1224 (“After Pioneer, however, we recognized that the term [excusable 14 neglect] covers cases of negligence, carelessness and inadvertent mistake.”). Accordingly, 15 “whether neglect is ‘excusable’ is the conclusion one reaches after considering the pertinent 16 factors, not an independent element with moral content,” Pincay, 389 F.3d at 860 (Berzon, 17 J., concurring). “[It] is at bottom an equitable [consideration], taking account of all relevant 18 circumstances surrounding the party's omission.” Lemoge, 587 F.3d at 1192. 19 In this case, four of the five factors considered by the court weigh in favor of granting 20 Plaintiffs’ motion. As the Court has already explained, the collateral consequences of 21 unwinding the judgment is de minimis for Defendant, whereas leaving the judgment in place 22 would be profoundly harmful to Plaintiffs. Additionally, there is no indication of bad faith, 23 24 25 26 27 28 1 Some circuits have held that the third factor is considered to be the most significant. United States v. Torres, 372 F.3d 1159, 1163 (10th Cir. 2004); Graphic Comms. Int'l Union v. Quebecor Printing Providence, Inc., 270 F.3d 1,5 (1st Cir. 2001). The Ninth Circuit, however, does not appear to have adopted such an approach. See Pincay,389 F.3d 853 at 861–62 (Kozinsky, J., dissenting) (criticizing the majority for not finding that the third factor is the most important one); id. at 860 (Berzon, J., concurring) (“Pioneer portends a balancing test, and does not ascribe determinative significance to any single factor.”). -8- 1 merely careless behavior, and they delay has not been unreasonable. Also mitigating 2 somewhat in Plaintiffs’ favor is that fact that their attorney did not in fact receive the NEF 3 in question. Regardless of any obligation to affirmatively monitor the docket, the Court finds 4 a small qualitative difference in blameworthiness between a lawyer who actually received 5 the NEF and one who did not. While the Court is not pleased about condoning, let alone 6 rewarding, Plaintiff’s attorney’s behavior, given the totality of the circumstances it cannot 7 find that the equitable outcome in this case is to let the judgement stand and deprive Plaintiffs 8 of their day in court. 9 Accordingly, 10 IT IS HEREBY ORDERED granting in part and denying in part Plaintiffs’ Motion 11 to Vacate Order and Judgment of Dismissal Pursuant to F.R.Civ.P. 59(e) and F.R.Civ.P. 12 60(b)(1). (Doc. 24). Plaintiffs’ request that the Court’s July 30, 2010 Order be vacated is 13 denied. Pursuant to Rule 60(b)(1), however, the Clerk of the Court’s August 24, 2010 14 Judgment is vacated, and the Clerk of the Court is directed to reopen this case. 15 16 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiffs must file their First Amended Complaint with this Court no later than the close of business on March 22, 2011. 17 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that if Plaintiffs fail to file their First Amended 18 Complaint by March 22, 2011, the Clerk of the Court is directed to enter judgment 19 accordingly. 20 21 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED directing the Clerk of the Court to reassign this case. DATED this 15th day of March, 2011. 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 -9-