Muhiyadin v. Hassell, No. 4:2017cv00315 - Document 7 (N.D. Ala. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Abdul K Kallon on 3/13/17. (SMH)
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Muhiyadin v. Hassell Doc. 7 FILED 2017 Mar-13 PM 04:35 U.S. DISTRICT COURT N.D. OF ALABAMA UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA MIDDLE DIVISION OMER MUHIYADIN, Petitioner, v. SECRETARY JOHN F. KELLY, et al., ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Civil Action Number: 4:17-cv-00315-AKK-JHE Respondents. MEMORANDUM OPINION On February 27, 2017, Petitioner Omer Muhiyadin (“Muhiyadin”) filed a petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Doc. 1. At the time he filed his petition, Muhiyadin, a native of Ethiopia, was incarcerated at the Etowah County Detention Center, in the custody of the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”). In his petition, Muhiyadin alleged that he was being illegally detained by ICE pending his deportation to Ethiopia. On March 7, 2017, Muhiyadin was released from ICE custody pursuant to an Order of Supervision. Doc. 6, 6-1. Respondents have filed a motion to dismiss the action as moot, since Muhiyadin is no longer in ICE custody. Doc. 6. For the reasons stated below, Respondents’ motion will be granted and the action dismissed as moot. Article III of the Constitution limits the jurisdiction of federal courts to the consideration of “cases or controversies.” U.S. CONST. art. III, § 2. The doctrine of Dockets.Justia.com mootness is derived from this limitation because “an action that is moot cannot be characterized as an active case or controversy.” Adler v. Duval Cnty. Sch. Bd., 112 F.3d 1475, 1477 (11th Cir. 1997). A case is moot and must be dismissed if the court can no longer provide “meaningful relief.” Nyaga v. Ashcroft, 323 F.3d 906, 913 (11th Cir. 2003) (citations omitted). Muhiyadin’s release from ICE custody rendered his petition moot. In his petition, Muhiyadin asks the court to release him from ICE custody. Because Muhiyadin is no longer in ICE custody, his petition is moot, unless an exception to the mootness doctrine applies. There are two exceptions to the mootness doctrine: (1) collateral consequences and (2) “capable of repetition yet evading review.” Carafas v. LaVallee, 391 U.S. 234, 237 (1968); Murphy v. Hunt, 455 U.S. 478, 482 (1982). Neither exception applies here. The collateral consequences exception does not apply because there are no “disabilities or burdens which may flow” from the custody that Muhiyadin challenges. See Carafas, 391 U.S. at 237. The exception for events “capable of repetition, yet evading review” does not apply here either. Petitioner is no longer in custody, and the potential circumstances of this case happening again are too speculative to create an actual controversy sufficient to support a claim for relief. See Weinstein v. Bradford, 423 U.S. 147, 149 (1975) (holding that the “capable of repetition, yet evading review” exception applies when (1) the challenged action is too short in 2 duration to be fully litigated prior to its cessation or expiration, and (2) there is a reasonable expectation that the same complaining party would be subjected to the same action again.). In light of the fact that there is no relief that the court can grant Muhiyadin, his petition is moot. Based on the foregoing, the Respondents’ motion to dismiss, doc. 6, is GRANTED. A separate order will be entered. DONE the 13th day of March, 2017. _________________________________ ABDUL K. KALLON UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 3