Bernard v. Delivery Drivers, 587 F. Supp. 524 (D. Colo. 1984)
July 12, 1984
DELIVERY DRIVERS, et al., Defendants.
United States District Court, D. Colorado.
Barry D. Roseman, David J. Mintz, Denver, Colo., for plaintiff.
James C. Fattor, Denver, Colo., for defendants-third party plaintiffs.
Adele Graham, Denver, Colo., for third party defendant.
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
CARRIGAN, District Judge.
Defendants have moved for summary judgment contending that the plaintiff's claims are barred by 29 U.S.C. § 160(b). In making this argument, the defendants rely on the Supreme Court's recent decision to apply § 160(b) to fair representation claims. See Del Costello v. International Brotherhood of Teamsters, 462 U.S. 151, 103 S. Ct. 2281, 76 L. Ed. 2d 476 (1983).
Plaintiff's claims here are not fair representation claims, however, since they allege violations of his rights under 29 U.S.C. § 411. Congress has created a claim for relief in 29 U.S.C. § 412 for violations of § 411 rights. The Supreme Court's reasons for applying § 160(b) to fair representation claims are not directly applicable to *525 § 412 claims. The Del Costello opinion cautioned trial courts not to deem that decision a repudiation, even in labor cases, of the long established rule that analogous state limitations statutes usually govern federal claims for which Congress has not enacted a federal statute of limitations.
Alternatively, the defendants argue that some portions of the plaintiff's claims are barred by Colorado one-year limitations periods for assault and battery, and for defamation. Recently, the Tenth Circuit decided that a uniform application of state statutes of limitation is appropriate for claims under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. See Garcia v. Wilson, 731 F.2d 640 (1984). Such an application appears appropriate for § 412 claims as well, especially in light of the analogy between constitutional rights protected by § 1983 and fundamental workers' rights protected by § 412.
Relying on Garcia, I conclude that Colorado's residuary statute of limitations should govern, and that a three-year limitations period applies to § 412 claims. Since it appears that the plaintiff filed his claims within three years from their accrual, the defendants' summary judgment motion must be denied.
IT IS ORDERED that the defendants' and third-party plaintiffs' motions to dismiss, to stay, or for more definite statement are denied.
It is further ORDERED that the defendants' motion for summary judgment is denied.