Newcomer v. Searle & Co., 378 F. Supp. 1154 (E.D. Pa. 1974)
June 17, 1974
SEARLE & CO., G. D.
United States District Court, E. D. Pennsylvania.
Anstine & Anstine by William B. Anstine, Jr., York, Pa., for plaintiffs.
Pepper, Hamilton & Scheetz by Murray S. Levin, Philadelphia, Pa., for defendant.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
HANNUM, District Judge.
Presently before the Court is defendant's Motion For Partial Summary Judgment as respects the wrongful death cause of action. Plaintiffs brought this action more than one year after the death of the decedent. For this reason, defendant contends that the action is time barred by the Pennsylvania Wrongful Death Statute of Limitations, 12 P. S. § 1603.
The issue involved is whether the statute of limitations runs from the time of the injury (here, the death) as 12 P.S. § 1603 would seem to indicate, or from the time that plaintiffs reasonably should have known that defendant's actions caused the death. The cases cited by the plaintiffs, Prince v. Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania, 282 F. Supp. 832 (E.D.Pa.1968) and Frankel v. Styer, 209 F. Supp. 509 (E.D.Pa.1962) are concerned with a different issue, namely, whether the statute of limitations starts to run at the time of the injurious wrongful conduct or at the subsequent time when the physical injury becomes known.
The statute of limitations in a wrongful death action under 12 P.S. § 1603 should be construed in conformity with the interpretation of the statute of limitations in a personal injury action under 12 P.S. § 34. The rule in personal injury actions is that the statute does not begin to run until discovery of the cause of the harm or the time when the cause of the harm reasonably should have been discovered. *1155 Carney v. Barnett, 278 F. Supp. 572 (E. D.Pa.1967). In Schenebeck v. Sterling Drug, Inc., 291 F. Supp. 368 (E.D.Ark. 1968), aff'd, 423 F.2d 919 (8th Cir. 1970) the Court held that for the statute of limitations to commence in favor of the drug manufacturer, plaintiff not only had to be aware that he has suffered injury but also that there was a probable causal connection between the product's use and the injury, 291 F. Supp. at 376.
Summary judgment may be granted under Fed.R.Civ.P. 56 if there is no genuine issue as to any material fact. Here, there is a question of fact as to when the plaintiffs knew or should have known that the defendant's drug could have been a factor in causing the death of plaintiffs' deceased.