Athey v. United States, No. 17-2277 (Fed. Cir. 2018)Annotate this Case
Plaintiffs, retired or separated from their VA positions in 1993-1999, with accrued but unused leave. The Lump Sum Pay Act (LSPA), 5 U.S.C. 5551-5552, provides that an employee “who is separated from the service . . . is entitled to receive a lump-sum payment for accumulated and current accrued annual or vacation leave” equal to the pay the employee would have received had he remained in federal service until the expiration of the period of annual or vacation leave. Plaintiffs received lump-sum payments for their accrued and unused annual leave and later received supplemental lump-sum payments that reflected statutory pay increases and general system-wide pay increases that became effective before the expiration of their accrued annual leave. Plaintiffs sued, alleging that the VA omitted increases included Cost of Living Adjustments (COLAs) and Locality Pay Adjustments and that payments made to certain plaintiffs improperly omitted non-overtime Sunday premium pay or evening and weekend “additional pay” that they would have received had they remained in federal service. They sought pre-judgment interest under the Back Pay Act, 5 U.S.C. 5596. The claims for additional COLAs, Locality Pay Adjustments, and non-overtime Sunday premium pay were resolved. The Claims Court held, and the Federal Circuit affirmed, that, as members of the class, plaintiffs were not entitled to have evening and weekend “additional pay” included in their payments. They were not entitled to receive pre-judgment interest on amounts improperly withheld from their payments.