St. Jude Medical, Cardiology Div., Inc. v. Volcano Corp., No. 14-1183 (Fed. Cir. 2014)Annotate this Case
In 2010, St. Jude sued Volcano, alleging infringement of five patents. Volcano counterclaimed, asserting infringement of the 994 patent. More than two years later, the district court, based on the stipulations of the parties, dismissed all claims relating to the 994 patent. Six months after the dismissal, St. Jude sought inter partes review of the 994 patent. The Director of the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office, through the Board, denied the petition, stating that a counterclaim alleging infringement constitutes a “complaint alleging infringement of the patent” under 35 U.S.C. 315(b), which bars institution of an inter partes review of a patent if the petitioner was served with a complaint alleging infringement of the patent more than one year before filing the petition. Accordingly, the 2010 counterclaim against St. Jude barred the Director from instituting an inter partes review. The Federal Circuit dismissed, based on the structure of the inter partes review provisions, on the language of section 314(d) within that structure, and on its jurisdictional statute read in light of those provisions.