Chicago Bd. Options Exch., Inc. v. Int'l Secs., LLC, No. 13-1326 (Fed. Cir. 2014)Annotate this Case
ISE asserted infringement of its patent, “Automated Exchange for Trading Derivative Securities,” directed to an automated exchange for trading options contracts that allocates trades among market professionals and assures liquidity. It distinguishes an “automated” exchange from the traditional, floor-based “open outcry” system for trading options contracts. The Chicago Board Options Exchange’s accused product, the “Chicago Board Options Exchange,” uses the Hybrid Trading System, which includes a fully screen-based trading system called “CBOEdirect” integrated with traditional, open outcry trading. On appeal, the Federal Circuit construed the term “automated exchange” as “a system for executing trades of financial instruments that is fully computerized, such that it does not include matching or allocating through the use of open-outcry” and found that the patentee disavowed all manual or partially automated systems of trading. On remand, ISE stipulated to noninfringement because it concluded that the district court’s pretrial rulings, including a statement that “it will be a jury question whether CBOEdirect is a stand alone automated exchange alongside a floor-based system or whether it is a system that includes matching or allocating through open outcry,” prevented it from proving that the accused product met the “automated exchange” limitation. The Federal Circuit affirmed the judgment of noninfringement, but reversed a finding that one claim was indefinite.