RICHARD MAIN V. CIR, No. 17-71070 (9th Cir. 2018)

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FILED NOT FOR PUBLICATION APR 17 2018 UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT RICHARD BREWSTER MAIN, Petitioner-Appellant, U.S. COURT OF APPEALS No. 17-71070 Tax Ct. No. 20609-14 MEMORANDUM* v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent-Appellee. Appeal from a Decision of the United States Tax Court Submitted April 11, 2018** Before: SILVERMAN, PAEZ, and OWENS, Circuit Judges. Attorney Richard Brewster Main appeals pro se from the Tax Court’s decision, following a bench trial, upholding the Commissioner of Internal Revenue’s determination of deficiencies and penalties, after concessions, for tax year 2009. We have jurisdiction under 26 U.S.C. § 7482(a)(1). We review de * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). novo the Tax Court’s legal conclusions and for clear error its factual findings. Hardy v. Comm’r, 181 F.3d 1002, 1004 (9th Cir. 1999). We affirm. The Tax Court did not clearly err in determining that Main failed to produce sufficient evidence to demonstrate his entitlement to further deductions. See Sparkman v. Comm’r, 509 F.3d 1149, 1159 (9th Cir. 2007) (taxpayer bears burden of showing sufficient evidence to substantiate a claimed deduction). Contrary to Main’s contention, the Tax Court did not err in failing to shift the burden of proof to the Commissioner. See 26 U.S.C. § 7491(a) (requirements for shifting burden of proof to Commissioner after taxpayer produces credible evidence). The Tax Court did not abuse its discretion in admitting into evidence Main’s tax return and the notice of deficiency. See Fed. R. Evid. 901(a) (authentication requirement is satisfied by “evidence sufficient to support a finding that the item is what the proponent claims it is”); Fed. R. Evid. 901(b)(1) and (7) (authentication by witness testimony and evidence that document filed in a public office); United States v. Pang, 362 F.3d 1187, 1193 (9th Cir. 2004) (Rule 901 permits a court to admit evidence if sufficient proof has been introduced so that a trier of fact can find in favor of authenticity or identification); Pahl v. Comm’r, 150 F.3d 1124, 1132 (9th Cir. 1998) (no abuse of discretion where Tax Court admitted under Rule 901(b)(1) document authenticated by witness testimony as to the accuracy of the signature on the document); see also Sparkman, 509 F.3d at 1156 (standard of 2 17-71070 review for evidentiary rulings). We reject as without merit Main’s remaining evidentiary objections. The Tax Court did not abuse its discretion in proceeding with the trial on the date set and limiting the trial to one day. See Navellier v. Sletten, 262 F.3d 923, 941 (9th Cir. 2001) (setting forth standard of review for trial management decisions and indicating that trial courts have broad authority to impose reasonable time limits on trials). We reject as without merit Main’s contentions regarding the computation of his tax deficiency pursuant to Tax Court Rule 155 and alleged due process violations. AFFIRMED. 3 17-71070