1997 Fourth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals Case Law

Opinions 1 - 500 of 1067

Christy Brzonkala, Plaintiff-appellant, v. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University;antonio J. Morrison; James Landale Crawford,defendants-appellees,andcornell D. Brown; William E. Landsidle, in His Capacity Ascomptroller of the Commonwealth, Defendants.law Professors; Virginians Aligned Against Sexual Assault;the Anti-defamation League; Center for Women Policystudies; the Dc Rape Crisis Center; Equal Rightsadvocates; the Georgetown University Law Center Sexdiscrimination Clinic; Jewish Women International; Thenational Alliance of Sexual Assault Coalitions; Thenational Coalition Against Domestic Violence; the Nationalcoalition Against Sexual Assault; the National Network Toend Domestic Violence; National Organization for Women;northwest Women's Law Center; the Pennsylvania Coalitionagainst Domestic Violence, Incorporated; Virginia Nationalorganization for Women; Virginia Now Legal Defense Andeducation Fund, Incorporated; Women Employed; Women's Lawproject; Women's Legal Defense Fund; Independent Women'sforum; Women's Freedom Network, Amici Curiae.united States of America, Intervenor-appellant,andchristy Brzonkala, Plaintiff, v. Antonio J. Morrison; James Landale Crawford, Defendants-appellees,andvirginia Polytechnic Institute and State University;cornell D. Brown; William E. Landsidle, in Hiscapacity As Comptroller of Thecommonwealth, Defendants.law Professors; Virginians Aligned Against Sexual Assault;the Anti-defamation League; Center for Women Policystudies; the Dc Rape Crisis Center; Equal Rightsadvocates; the Georgetown University Law Center Sexdiscrimination Clinic; Jewish Women International; Thenational Alliance of Sexual Assault Coalitions; Thenational Coalition Against Domestic Violence; the Nationalcoalition Against Sexual Assault; the National Network Toend Domestic Violence; National Organization for Women;northwest Women's Law Center; the Pennsylvania Coalitionagainst Domestic Violence, Incorporated; Virginia Nationalorganization for Women; Virginia Now Legal Defense Andeducation Fund, Incorporated; Women Employed; Women's Lawproject; Women's Legal Defense Fund; Independent Women'sforum; Women's Freedom Network, Amici Curiae
Date: December 23, 1997
Citation: 132 F.3d 949
Vivian Rice, Guardian and Next Friend of Tamielle Horn;marilyn Farmer, Co-personal Representatives of the Estate Ofmildred Horn; Tiffani M. Horn, Co-personal Representativesof the Estate of Mildred Horn; Michael D. Saunders,individually and Next Friend of Colin D. Saunders, a Minorand Personal Representative of the Estate of Janice Y.saunders; Colin D. Saunders; Janice Y. Saunders,plaintiffs-appellants, v. the Paladin Enterprises, Incorporated, A/k/a the Paladinpress, Defendant-appellee,andpeter C. Lund, Defendant.david Crump, Professor of Constitutional Law and Recipientof "friend of the First Amendment" Award; National Victimcenter; Stephanie Roper Foundation, Incorporated; Victimsrights Political Action Committee; the Horror Writersassociation; the Thomas Jefferson Center for the Protectionof Free Expression; American Civil Liberties Unionfoundation; American Civil Liberties Union of the Nationalcapitol Area; American Civil Liberties Union of Colorado;abc, Incorporated; America Online, Incorporated;association of American Publishers; the Baltimore Suncompany; E.w. Scripps Company; Freedom to Read Foundation;magazine Publishers of America, Incorporated; Mcclatchynewspapers, Incorporated; Media General, Inc.; Mediaprofessional Insurance; National Association Ofbroadcasters; Newspapers Association of America; the Newyork Times; the Reporters Committee for Freedom of Thepress; Society of Professional Journalists; the Washingtonpost, Amici Curiae
Date: November 10, 1997
Citation: 128 F.3d 233
Sharon Hoffman; Trudie Matthews; Diane Hoefling; Ronniewallace, Reverend; John Bradley, Reverend,plaintiffs-appellees, v. James B. Hunt, Jr., Governor; State of North Carolina,defendants-appellants,andd.r. Stone; Charlotte-mecklenburg Police Department;united States of America, Defendants.american Medical Women's Association; Feminist Majorityfoundation; Medical Students for Choice; National Abortionand Reproductive Rights Action League; National Center Forpro Choice Majority; National Organization for Women;national Women's Law Center; Women's Legal Defense Fund;american Civil Liberties Union of North Carolina Legalfoundation, Incorporated; American Civil Liberties Union;planned Parenthood of the Triad, Incorporated; Plannedparenthood of the Southern Piedmont and Carolina Mountains,incorporated; United States Justice Foundation; Northcarolina Family Policy Council; Focus on the Family;family Research Counsel; Planned Parenthood Federation Ofamerica, Incorporated; National Abortion Federation, Amici Curiae.sharon Hoffman; Trudie Matthews; Diane Hoefling; Ronniewallace, Reverend; John Bradley, Reverend,plaintiffs-appellees, v. United States of America, Defendant-appellant,andjames B. Hunt, Jr., Governor; State of North Carolina;d.r. Stone; Charlotte-mecklenburg Policedepartment, Defendants.planned Parenthood Federation of America, Incorporated;american Medical Women's Association; Feminist Majorityfoundation; Medical Students for Choice; National Abortionand Reproductive Rights Action League; National Abortionfederation; National Center for Pro Choice Majority;national Organization for Women; National Women's Lawcenter; South Carolina National Organization for Women;women's Law Project; Women's Legal Defense Fund; Americancivil Liberties Union of North Carolina Legal Foundation,incorporated; American Civil Liberties Union; Plannedparenthood of the Triad, Incorporated; Planned Parenthoodof the Southern Piedmont and Carolina Mountains,incorporated; United States Justice Foundation; Northcarolina Family Policy Council; Focus on the Family;family Research Council, Amici Curiae.sharon Hoffman; Trudie Matthews; Diane Hoefling; Ronniewallace, Reverend; John Bradley, Reverend,plaintiffs-appellees, v. United States of America, Defendant-appellant,andjames B. Hunt, Jr., Governor; State of North Carolina;d.r. Stone; Charlotte-mecklenburg Policedepartment, Defendants.planned Parenthood Federation of America, Incorporated;american Medical Women's Association; Feminist Majorityfoundation; Medical Students for Choice; National Abortionand Reproductive Rights Action League; National Abortionfederation; National Center for Pro Choice Majority;national Organization for Women; National Women's Lawcenter; South Carolina National Organization for Women;national Women's Law Center; South Carolina Nationalorganization for Women; Women's Law Project; Women's Legaldefense Fund; American Civil Liberties Union of Northcarolina Legal Foundation, Incorporated; American Civilliberties Union; Planned Parenthood of the Triad,incorporated; Planned Parenthood of the Southern Piedmontand Carolina Mountains, Incorporated; United States Justicefoundation; North Carolina Family Policy Council; Focus Onthe Family; Family Research Council, Amici Curiae
Date: September 19, 1997
Citation: 126 F.3d 575
No. 96-1996
Date: September 10, 1997
Citation: 123 F.3d 209
Nos. 93-2302, 96-1873
Date: August 26, 1997
Citation: 123 F.3d 787
In Re Avery W. Vial, Movant
Date: June 16, 1997
Citation: 115 F.3d 1192
Alexander S.; Alfred S.; Benny B.; Christopher M.;lafayette M.; Ricky S., by and Through Theirguardian Ad Litem; Lesly A. Bowers,guardian Ad Litem, Plaintiffs-appellees,andinez Moore Tenenbaum, Individually and As a Representativeof a Class of Juveniles, Plaintiff, v. Flora Brooks Boyd, Individually and in Her Official Capacityas Director of the Department of Juvenile Justice,defendant-appellant,andrichard E. Mclawhorn, Individually and in His Officialcapacity As Former Commissioner of the Department Ofjuvenile Justice for the State of South Carolina; John F.henry; Frank Maudlin; Kathleen P. Jennings; Joseph W.hudgens; Karole Jensen; J.p. Neal, Individually and Intheir Official Capacities As Former Board Members for Thesouth Carolina Department of Juvenile Justice; Southcarolina Department of Youth Services, Defendants,michael W. Moore, Director of the South Carolina Departmentof Corrections, Party in Interest, v. Richard A. Harpootlian, in His Official Capacity As Thesolicitor for the Fifth Judicial Circuit, Amicuscuriae-movant.thomas Davis, Special Master,alexander S.; Alfred S.; Benny B.; Christopher M.;lafayette M.; Ricky S., by and Through Theirguardian Ad Litem; Lesly A. Bowers,guardian Ad Litem, Plaintiffs-appellees,andinez Moore Tenenbaum, Individually and As a Representativeof a Class of Juveniles, Plaintiff, v. Flora Brooks Boyd, Defendant-appellant,richard A. Harpootlian, in His Official Capacity As Thesolicitor for the Fifth Judicial Circuit, Movant,andrichard E. Mclawhorn, Individually and in His Officialcapacity As Former Commissioner of the Department Ofjuvenile Justice for the State of South Carolina; John F.henry; Frank Maudlin; Kathleen P. Jennings; Joseph W.hudgens; Karole Jensen; J.p. Neal, Individually and Intheir Official Capacities As Former Board Members for Thesouth Carolina Department of Juvenile Justice; Southcarolina Department of Youth Services, Defendants,michael W. Moore, Director of the South Carolina Departmentof Corrections, Party in Interest
Date: May 28, 1997
Citation: 113 F.3d 1373
Keena White, by Her Personal Representative Cindy White;cindy White, Individually, and Cindy White As Guardian Adlitem for Deidre Jones, Clifford White, Jr., Patric White,daniel White and Darren White, Plaintiffs-appellees, v. Ruby Chambliss, Defendant-appellant,andtina Werts; Tanga Gilchrist; Clarence Graham; Cassiewilson; Marie Dunnam; Ramona Foley; Barry Dowd; Wilbertlewis; James C. Solomon, Jr.; Joanne Schaekel; Anthonybonner; Gladys Bonner; Tony Bonner; Aiken Countydepartment of Social Services (acdss); Desiree Council, Defendants.keena White, by Her Personal Representative Cindy White;cindy White, Individually, and Cindy White As Guardian Adlitem for Deidre Jones, Clifford White, Jr., Patric White,daniel White and Darren White, Plaintiffs-appellees, v. Tina Werts; Tanga Gilchrist; Clarence Graham; Mariedunnam; Ramona Foley; Barry Dowd; Wilbertlewis; James C. Solomon, Jr.; Joanneschaekel; Desiree Council,defendants-appellants,andcassie Wilson; Anthony Bonner; Gladys Bonner; Tonybonner; Aiken County Department of Socialservices (acdss); Ruby Chambliss, Defendants.keena White, by Her Personal Representative Cindy White;cindy White, Individually, and Cindy White As Guardian Adlitem for Deidre Jones, Clifford White, Jr., Patric White,daniel White and Darren White, Plaintiffs-appellees, v. Cassie Wilson, Defendant-appellant,andtina Werts; Tanga Gilchrist; Clarence Graham; Mariedunnam; Ramona Foley; Barry Dowd; Wilbert Lewis; Jamesc. Solomon, Jr.; Joanne Schaekel; Anthony Bonner; Gladysbonner; Tony Bonner; Aiken County Department of Socialservices (acdss); Desiree Council; Ruby Chambliss, Defendants
Date: April 30, 1997
Citation: 112 F.3d 731
Notice: Fourth Circuit Local Rule 36(c) States That Citation of Unpublished Dispositions is Disfavored Except for Establishing Res Judicata, Estoppel, or the Law of the Case and Requires Service of Copies of Cited Unpublished Dispositions of the Fourth Circuit.james E. Ragan, Iii, Plaintiff-appellee,andrepublican Party of North Carolina; Marvin K. Gray; Brucebriggs; Frederic M. Gallagher; Lloyd Fowler; Joe R.wilson; R. Walter White; Ralph A. Walker; Edgar A.readling, Jr.; R. Howard Riddle William R. Sigmon, Plaintiffs, v. James R. Vosburgh, Defendant-appellant,james B. Hunt, Governor of North Carolina; June K.youngblood; Edward J. High; Jean H. Nelson;larry Leake; Dorothy Presser; Northcarolina State Board Ofelections,defendants-appellees,andnorth Carolina Association of Black Lawyers; Durham Countyboard of Elections; Forsyth County Board Ofelections; Guilford County Board Ofelections; Carl L. Tilghman,defendants.james E. Ragan, Iii, Plaintiff-appellee,andrepublican Party of North Carolina; Marvin K. Gray; Brucebriggs; Frederic M. Gallagher; Lloyd Fowler; Joe R.wilson; R. Walter White; Ralph A. Walker; Edgar A.readling, Jr.; R. Howard Riddle; William R. Sigmon, Plaintiffs, v. James B. Hunt, Governor of North Carolina; June K.youngblood; Edward J. High; Jean H. Nelson;larry Leake; Dorothy Presser; Northcarolina State Board Ofelections,defendants-appellants,james R. Vosburgh, Carl L. Tilghman, Defendants-appellees,andnorth Carolina Association of Black Lawyers; Durham Countyboard of Elections; Forsyth County Board Ofelections; Guilford County Board Ofelections, Defendants.james E. Ragan, Iii, Plaintiff-appellee,andrepublican Party of North Carolina; Marvin K. Gray; Brucebriggs; Frederic M. Gallagher; Lloyd Fowler; Joe R.wilson; R. Walter White; Ralph A. Walker; Edgar A.readling, Jr.; R. Howard Riddle; William R. Sigmon, Plaintiffs, v. Carl L. Tilghman, Defendant-appellant,james B. Hunt, Governor of North Carolina; June K.youngblood; Edward J. High; Jean H. Nelson;larry Leake; Dorothy Presser; Northcarolina State Board Ofelections,defendants-appellees,andnorth Carolina Association of Black Lawyers; Durham Countyboard of Elections; Forsyth County Board Ofelections; Guilford County Board Ofelections; James R. Vosburgh,defendants
Date: April 10, 1997
Citation: 110 F.3d 60
Notice: Fourth Circuit Local Rule 36(c) States That Citation of Unpublished Dispositions is Disfavored Except for Establishing Res Judicata, Estoppel, or the Law of the Case and Requires Service of Copies of Cited Unpublished Dispositions of the Fourth Circuit.in Re: Landmark Land Company of Carolina, Incorporated, Adelaware Corporation; Landmark Land Company of Oklahoma,incorporated, an Oklahoma Corporation; Landmark Landcompany of Florida, Incorporated, a Delaware Corporation;landmark Land Company of Louisiana, Incorporated, Alouisiana Corporation; Landmark Land Company of California,incorporated, a Delaware Corporation; Clock Tower Placeinvestments, Limited, a California Corporation, Debtors.gloria Robinson, As Plan Administrator of the Landmarkinsurance Group Plan and Landmark 501(c)(9) Trust Agreementfor the Landmark Group and As a Participant of the Landmarkgroup Insurance Program and the 501(c)(9) Trust Agreementfor the Landmark Group; Michael Welch, Trustee of The501(c)(9) Trust Agreement for the Landmark Group and As Aparticipant of the Landmark Group Insurance Program and The501(c)(9) Trust Agreement for the Landmark Group; V.jackson Carney, As Trustee of the 501(c)(9) Trust Agreementfor the Landmark Group and As a Participant of the Landmarkgroup Insurance Program 501(c)(9) Trust Agreement for Thelandmark Group and As Persons Entitled to Receive Benefitsunder the Landmark 501(c)(9) Trust, Plaintiffs-appellants, v. Resolution Trust Corporation, a Conservator for Oak Treefederal Savings Bank in Receivership and Its Successor Thefederal Deposit Insurance Corporation; Landmark Landcompany of Florida, Incorporated; Landmark Land Company Ofoklahoma, Incorporated; Landmark Land Company of Carolina,incorporated; Landmark Land Company of Louisiana,incorporated; Landmark Land Company of California,incorporated; Northern California Ranch, Incorporated,formerly Known As Carmel Valley Ranch, a Californiacorporation, Defendants-appellees,clock Tower Place Investments, Limited, Defendant & Thirdparty Plaintiff-appellee, v. Trust Agreement for the Landmark Group, v. Jackson Carney,gloria Robinson and Michael Welch Aretrustees/administrators of the "trust,"third Party Defendant
Date: April 7, 1997
Citation: 110 F.3d 60
Guy R. Detrick; Donna Detrick; Fast Forward, Incorporated,plaintiffs-appellants,andnortheast Container Corporation, Plaintiff, v. Panalpina, Incorporated; Panalpina Air Freight,incorporated; Multi-modal Freight Systems,incorporated; Multi-modal Freightsystems of Virginia; Sylvanfriedman, Defendants-appellees,andamerican Motor Lines, Incorporated; Baltimore Freightways,incorporated; Blue Star Freight Lines, Incorporated;general Motor Lines, Incorporated; Hagerstown Motorexpress, Incorporated; Jennifer Motor Express,incorporated; Maryland Transport and Storage Company;mills Trucking, Incorporated; National Motor Lines,incorporated; New Windsor Express, Incorporated; Southcarolina Motor Express, Incorporated; Tidewater Truckingcompany, Incorporated; U.S. Motor Express, Incorporated;u.s. Transport Group; Vista Motor Express, Incorporated;john Does, 1-10, Defendants.guy R. Detrick; Donna Detrick; Fast Forward, Incorporated,plaintiffs-appellees,andnortheast Container Corporation, Plaintiff, v. Panalpina, Incorporated; Panalpina Air Freight,incorporated, Defendants-appellants,andmulti-modal Freight Systems, Incorporated; Multi-modalfreight Systems of Virginia; Sylvan Friedman; Americanmotor Lines, Incorporated; Baltimore Freightways,incorporated; Blue Star Freight Lines, Incorporated;general Motor Lines, Incorporated; Hagerstown Motorexpress, Incorporated; Jennifer Motor Express,incorporated; Maryland Transport and Storage Company;mills Trucking, Incorporated; National Motor Lines,incorporated; New Windsor Express, Incorporated; Southcarolina Motor Express, Incorporated; Tidewater Truckingcompany, Incorporated; U.S. Motor Express, Incorporated;u.s. Transport Group; Vista Motor Express, Incorporated;john Does, 1-10, Defendants
Date: March 18, 1997
Citation: 108 F.3d 529