Zizic v. Q2Adm'rs LLC, No. 12-2215 (3d Cir. 2013)Annotate this Case
Zizic is the former CEO of BioniCare, which sold the BIO-1000, a medical device designed to treat osteoarthritis of the knee. BioniCare attempted to bill Medicare for the BIO-1000, but many claims were denied as not medically necessary. Q2A contracted with the government to review such claim denials across the nation. Q2A’s denials were reached without physician review, which is required by the Medicare Act, 42 U.S.C. 1395, HHS regulations, and its contract. A former Q2A employee testified that it implemented an internal policy to deny all BIO-1000 claims, which were reviewed by a single nurse rather than a panel of physicians; later allowed non-physician subcontractors to prepare BIO-1000 appeals for review by a single physician; and finally developed a mail merge letter that automatically denied BIO-1000 claims without any review. BioniCare’s trustee in bankruptcy became aware of and disclosed these practices. Zizic filed a qui tam suit under the False Claims Act, 31 U.S.C. 3729-33. The district court dismissed, concluding that it lacked jurisdiction because the allegations against Q2A and RTS were based on prior public disclosures and because Zizic was not an original source of that information. The Third Circuit affirmed.