Hart v. FCI Lender Serv., No. 14-191 (2d Cir. 2015)Annotate this Case
Plaintiff filed suit under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA), 15 U.S.C. 1692 et seq., against FCI, his mortgage loan servicer and a debt collector, alleging that FCI violated the FDCPA by sending him two written communications that failed to comply with FDCPA requirements that debt collectors timely provide certain notices to debtors. The district court granted FCI's motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim, ruling principally that the letter, which the district court viewed as primarily a transfer‐of‐servicing informational notice sent pursuant to the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA), 12 U.S.C. 2605, was not also a communication sent “in connection with the collection of any debt” under the FDCPA. The district court also ruled that plaintiff failed to allege that FCI violated the FDCPA by mailing the payment statement and the district court denied plaintiff leave to filed a second amended complaint. The court applied an objective standard to resolve the question and concluded that plaintiff adequately alleged that the Letter was an “initial communication . . . in connection with the collection of [a] debt,” so as to obligate FCI to provide plaintiff a section 1692g notice. Therefore, the district court erred in granting the motion, and the court vacated and remanded.