Lugo v. Holder, No. 13-1484 (2d Cir. 2015)Annotate this Case
Lugo, a citizen of Venezuela, came to the U.S. in 1996 on a nonimmigrant visa, and remained beyond the authorized period. In 2005, she was charged with concealing a felony involving her boyfriend, who sold heroin. On advice of counsel, who told her that she faced up to five years of incarceration, Lugo pled guilty under 18 U.S.C. 4. She was sentenced to time served. Lugo claims that her attorney never explained that a guilty plea could jeopardize her immigration status. In 2007, the Department of Homeland Security charged Lugo as removable. She applied for cancellation of removal based on hardship to her U.S. citizen child, and for relief under the Convention Against Torture. In 2011, an Immigration Judge found that Lugo was barred from cancellation of removal because of her conviction for misprision of felony was a “crime involving moral turpitude” that stops the clock on the 10-year “continuous physical presence” requirement for cancellation of removal under 8 U.S.C. 1229b(d)(1)(B). The BIA affirmed. The Second Circuit vacated and remanded: the rights of fair notice and effective assistance of counsel may provide a reason not to apply, retroactively, new agency rules that establish deportation as a consequence of certain crimes.