Roth v. The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc., et al., No. 12-2509 (2d Cir. 2014)Annotate this Case
Plaintiff, on behalf of Leap, filed suit against Goldman, seeking to hold Goldman liable under Section 16(b) of the Securities Exchange Act, 15 U.S.C. 78p(b), and Rule 16b-6(d), 17 C.F.R. 240.16b-6(d), for Goldman's failure to disgorge "short-swing profits" derived from writing call options on Leap stock. The court concluded that for the purposes of Section 16(b), the expiration of a call option within six months of its writing was to be deemed a "purchase" by the option writer to be matched against the "sale" deemed to occur when that option was written. The court also concluded that Section 16(b) required statutory insider status at the time of both purchase and sale, and so Goldman was not required to disgorge profits where it was a statutory insider only when the options were written, but not when they expired. Accordingly, the court affirmed the district court's dismissal of the action for failure to state a claim.