Feshbach v. Department of Treasury Internal Revenue Service, No. 19-10060 (11th Cir. 2020)Annotate this Case
The Eleventh Circuit affirmed the bankruptcy court's conclusion that debtors' 2001 tax liability was not dischargeable under 11 U.S.C. 523(a)(1)(C) because debtors "willfully attempted . . . to evade or defeat" that liability. The court found substantial evidence of attempted evasion and concluded that the bankruptcy court did not clearly err in finding that debtors acted willfully when they redirected their funds away from paying their debt and toward their personal luxuries. The court has held that excessive discretionary spending constitutes circumstantial evidence of willfulness. Furthermore, the bankruptcy court also inferred willfulness from debtor's exploitation of the offer-in-compromise process.