Sargeant v. Hall, No. 18-15205 (11th Cir. 2020)Annotate this Case
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(d) does not apply when a plaintiff, after dismissing the first federal action, files a subsequent action in state court. In this case, after voluntarily dismissing his federal action, plaintiff filed a second action in state court against defendant based on or including the same claim. The Eleventh Circuit held that the district court correctly determined that defendant was not entitled to costs under Rule 41(d) because plaintiff filed the second action against him in state court.