United States v. Bramley, No. 15-2446 (1st Cir. 2017)Annotate this Case
Appellant entered a guilty plea to conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute marijuana. After a disposition hearing, the district court sentenced Appellant to a fifty-month term of immurement. Appellant appealed, arguing that the district court plainly erred in conversing off the record with the probation officer during sentencing without apprising Appellant of the substance of these conversations. The First Circuit affirmed, holding that Appellant failed to show a reasonable probability that the outcome of his sentencing proceeding would have been different but for the two off-the-record conversations between the sentencing judge and the probation officer.