Clarence Allen Lackey, Petitioner-appellant, v. Gary L. Johnson, Director, Texas Department of Criminaljustice, Institutional Division, Respondent-appellee, 83 F.3d 116 (5th Cir. 1996)Annotate this Case
May 3, 1996
Brent Evan Newton, N. Miami, FL, Rita Jeanne Radostitz, Texas Resource Center, Austin, TX, for petitioner-appellant.
John Dury Jacks, Dan Morales, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Texas, Austin, TX, for respondent-appellee.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas.
Before JOLLY, DUHE and BARKSDALE, Circuit Judges.
Clarence Lackey, a Texas death row inmate, appeals the district court's denial of his petition for writ of habeas corpus. Because, as we have previously held, the nonretroactivity doctrine bars Lackey's claim, and because inordinate delay in carrying out an execution does not violate a prisoner's Eighth Amendment rights, we deny relief.
In his first federal habeas petition, Lackey argued that executing him after his lengthy incarceration would constitute cruel and unusual punishment under the Eighth Amendment. In particular, Lackey argued that "executing him after his lengthy incarceration 'makes no measurable contribution to accepted goals of punishment' [and that] the addition of the death penalty to his lengthy incarceration is 'grossly out of proportion to his isolated act.' " Lackey v. Scott, 28 F.3d 486, 492 (5th Cir. 1994), cert. denied, --- U.S. ----, 115 S. Ct. 743, 130 L. Ed. 2d 644 (1995). We refused to consider his argument for two reasons: "First, Appellant raises these arguments for the first time on appeal. Second, granting Lackey the relief he seeks would require us to create a new rule." Id. (citation omitted).
Lackey's second federal petition also asserted that his execution after his lengthy incarceration on death row would constitute cruel and unusual punishment under the Eighth Amendment. Lackey v. Scott, 52 F.3d 98 (5th Cir. 1995). His present claim specifically targets the alleged procedural default of the State as the cause for violation of his Eighth Amendment rights. The district court stayed Lackey's execution, concluding that reasonable jurists would disagree on the application of the abuse-of-the-writ doctrine and the nonretroactivity doctrine to Lackey's second habeas petition and on the merits of Lackey's claim. Lackey v. Scott, 885 F. Supp. 958, 967-68 (W.D. Tex. 1995).
We then vacated the district court's stay of execution and held that an identical claim was barred by the nonretroactivity doctrine of Teague v. Lane, 489 U.S. 288, 310, 109 S. Ct. 1060, 1075, 103 L. Ed. 2d 334 (1989). In addressing the abuse-of-the-writ argument, we stated:
The district court held that reasonable jurists would debate whether the grounds for relief between the successive petitions are identical for purposes of 28 U.S.C. § 2254 Rule 9(b). We need not address the issue of identical grounds because both claims require the same analysis under Teague.
52 F.3d at 100. Thus, this panel never evaluated the merits of the abuse-of-the-writ argument, and instead held that Teague's nonretroactivity doctrine barred Lackey's Eighth Amendment claim.
Lackey then sought a stay from the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court issued a per curiam order granting a stay of execution "pending the district court's consideration of petitioner's petition for writ of habeas corpus." Lackey v. Scott, --- U.S. ----, 115 S. Ct. 1818, 131 L. Ed. 2d 741 (1995). Before the district court considered the petition, this Court decided Fearance v. Scott, 56 F.3d 633 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, --- U.S. ----, 115 S. Ct. 2603, 132 L. Ed. 2d 847 (1995), which held that the legal theory underlying a "Lackey" claim is not novel and thus does not meet the novelty exception to the abuse-of-the-writ doctrine. Relying on Fearance, the district court dismissed Lackey's claim as an abuse of the writ. Lackey now appeals.
We need not determine whether Lackey's Eighth Amendment claim properly falls under the abuse-of-the-writ doctrine. Even if Lackey's claim is not procedurally barred, as Lackey now concedes,2 a recent decision of the Fifth Circuit, White v. Johnson, 79 F.3d 432 (5th Cir. 1996), now controls the outcome of Lackey's habeas petition. In White, this Court held that "Our decision in Lackey remains the law of this circuit until reversed, vacated or remanded.... Accordingly, we are bound to hold that Teague precludes relief on White's eighth amendment claim." Id. at 437. In addition, if Teague does not apply, Lackey's claim also fails on the merits, because White holds that inordinate delay in carrying out an execution does not violate the prisoner's Eighth Amendment rights. Id. at 439.
For the foregoing reasons, the district court's denial of Lackey's petition for writ of habeas corpus is AFFIRMED.
Motion for Expedited Appeal DISMISSED as moot.
For a discussion of the underlying facts, see our prior opinions in Lackey v. Scott, 28 F.3d 486, 492 (5th Cir. 1994), cert. denied, --- U.S. ----, 115 S. Ct. 743, 130 L. Ed. 2d 644 (1995), and 52 F.3d 98 (5th Cir.), cert. dismissed, --- U.S. ----, 115 S. Ct. 1818, 131 L. Ed. 2d 741 (1995)
See Motion for Expedited Appeal filed March 29, 1996