Ralph Ausba Wynn, Appellant, v. United States of America, Appellee, 73 F.3d 367 (8th Cir. 1995)

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US Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit - 73 F.3d 367 (8th Cir. 1995) Submitted: December 22, 1995. Filed: December 29, 1995



Ralph Ausba Wynn was convicted of bank robbery and sentenced to fifty-one months imprisonment. He filed this 28 U.S.C. § 2255 motion, citing numerous instances of ineffective assistance of counsel, and asserting that the six-month delay between his arrest and indictment violated the Speedy Trial Act, 18 U.S.C Sec. 3161(b). The district court1  denied relief, and we affirm.

As a preliminary matter, we note that since the filing of his section 2255 motion, Wynn has been released from custody. Nevertheless, his appeal is not moot because he was in custody when he filed his motion, and his conviction could have collateral consequences in the future. See Clemmons v. United States, 721 F.2d 235, 237 n. 3 (8th Cir. 1983).

As to Wynn's ineffective-assistance claims, first, we see no merit to his contention that counsel was ineffective for failing to pursue a diminished capacity defense, as a court-ordered psychiatric examination revealed that Wynn was mentally competent at the time of the offense. See Mathenia v. Delo, 975 F.2d 444, 448 (8th Cir. 1992), cert. denied, 113 S. Ct. 1609 (1993). We reject Wynn's attempt to supplement the record with regard to this claim. See Dakota Indus., Inc. v. Dakota Sportswear, Inc., 988 F.2d 61, 63 (8th Cir. 1993). Second, Wynn's assertion that counsel performed deficiently in failing to make certain evidentiary objections is likewise without merit, as there was no basis for making such objections. See Anderson v. Goeke, 44 F.3d 675, 680 (8th Cir. 1995). Third, in light of the strong evidence against Wynn--which included photographs of him from the bank's security cameras and identification by two eyewitnesses--counsel was not ineffective in conceding that Wynn took the money, and arguing that he was guilty of only the lesser included offense of bank larceny. See Dokes v. Lockhart, 992 F.2d 833, 836 (8th Cir. 1993), cert. denied, 115 S. Ct. 437 (1994). Fourth, the mere fact that Wynn's counsel subsequently went to work for the United States Attorney's Office does not demonstrate that " 'an actual conflict of interest adversely affected his ... performance.' " Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668, 692 (1984) (quoted case omitted).

Wynn's claim concerning the delay between his arrest and indictment is not cognizable in a section 2255 motion. See Monteer v. Benson, 574 F.2d 447, 449 (8th Cir. 1978). Finally, we do not address his claim, raised for the first time on appeal, that he was not tried by a jury of his peers. See Fritz v. United States, 995 F.2d 136, 137 (8th Cir. 1993), cert. denied, 114 S. Ct. 887 (1994).

Accordingly, we affirm.


The Honorable Jean C. Hamilton, Chief Judge, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri