Rodolfo S. Manantan, Petitioner, v. Office of Personnel Management, Respondent, 62 F.3d 1432 (Fed. Cir. 1995)

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US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit - 62 F.3d 1432 (Fed. Cir. 1995)

July 7, 1995

Before MAYER, Circuit Judge, COWEN, Senior Circuit Judge, and LOURIE, Circuit Judge.


MAYER, Circuit Judge.


The Office of Personnel Management moves for summary affirmance of the Merit Systems Protection Board's decision holding that Rodolfo S. Manantan was not entitled to retirement benefits under the Civil Service Retirement Act (CSRA), 5 U.S.C. § 8331 et seq. We treat Manantan's submission entitled "Informal Reply" as a motion for leave to supplement his informal brief. Manantan submits an overlong opposition thirty-six days out of time. We, sua sponte, grant Manantan an extension of time to file an overlong opposition.

Manantan was employed from 1966 until 1991 by the Department of the Air Force at Clark Air Base, Philippines. In 1991, Manantan was separated when the base closed, and he applied for retirement benefits under the CSRA. OPM denied Manantan's application, and he appealed OPM's denial to the Board. The Administrative Judge (AJ) determined that Manantan had served under a series of temporary or excepted, indefinite appointments that were specifically excluded from CSRA coverage pursuant to 5 C.F.R. Sec. 831.201(a) (12)-(13). Thus, the AJ determined that while Manantan had completed at least five years of creditable federal civilian employment, he had not been employed in a position covered by the CSRA. See 5 U.S.C. § 8333(b); 5 U.S.C. § 8347(g). Manantan petitioned this court for review.

This court stayed Manantan's petition for review pending our decision in Rosete v. OPM, no. 94-3342. In that case, Juanita Rosete argued that an "indefinite" appointment, such as hers, was not encompassed by the language of the statute that excluded only "temporary or intermittent" appointments. We held that OPM's regulation interpreting "temporary" as including indefinite appointments was "both reasonable and of long standing." Rosete v. Office of Personnel Management, 48 F.3d 514, 519 (Fed. Cir. 1995). Accordingly, we concluded that a federal retiree who had held an indefinite appointment in the excepted service did not have covered service within the meaning of the CSRA. Rosete, 48 F.3d at 520.

OPM argues that the Board's decision that Manantan was not entitled to retirement benefits should be summarily affirmed based on our holding in Rosete. We agree. Summary disposition of a case "is appropriate, inter alia, when the position of one party is so clearly correct as a matter of law that no substantial question regarding the outcome of the appeal exists." Joshua v. United States, 17 F.3d 378, 380 (Fed. Cir. 1994). In the present case, it is clear that Rosete is dispositive and that summary disposition is warranted. Manantan served either under Rosete-like indefinite appointments in the excepted service or under temporary appointments that are specifically excluded from CSRA coverage by statute. See 5 U.S.C. § 8347(g). Further, the Board found that there was no evidence that Manantan made contributions to the civil service retirement fund or that he was otherwise subject to the CSRA.

In his opposition, Manantan argues that Rosete was wrongly decided. However, we are bound by this court's holding in Rosete.



(1) OPM's motion for summary affirmance is granted.

(2) Manantan's motion for leave to supplement his informal brief is granted.

(3) Each side shall bear its own costs.