Phillip Charles Brown, Plaintiff Appellant, v. Jeffrey Janofsky, Dr., Defendant Appellee, 30 F.3d 128 (4th Cir. 1994)

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U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit - 30 F.3d 128 (4th Cir. 1994) Submitted April 12, 1994Decided Aug. 5, 1994

Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of Maryland, at Baltimore. M.J. Garbis, District Judge. (CA-93-4178-MJG)

Phillip Charles Brown, appellant pro se.

D. Md.


Before NIEMEYER, HAMILTON, and WILLIAMS, Circuit Judges.


Appellant appeals from the district court's order dismissing without prejudice this Bivens1  action for damages, due to Appellant's failure to first exhaust habeas corpus remedies.

Our review of the record discloses that Appellant's claim was presented and decided adversely to him in an earlier action. Brown v. Unknown Psychiatrist, No. CA-93-1167 (D. Md. May 12, 1993) (unpublished), aff'd, No. 93-6541 (4th Cir. Aug. 5, 1993) (unpublished). Without addressing the exhaustion issue on which the district court's decision was grounded, we thus conclude that Appellant's present request for relief is barred by res judicata. Meekins v. United Transp. Union, 946 F.2d 1054, 1057 (4th Cir. 1991).

We therefore affirm the district court's dismissal, but modify that dismissal to a dismissal with prejudice. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the Court and argument would not aid the decisional process.



Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of Fed. Bureau of Narcotics, 403 U.S. 388 (1971)