Jeffrey Weekley, Petitioner-appellant, v. Michael W. Moore, Department of Corrections, et al., Respondents-appellees, 244 F.3d 874 (11th Cir. 2001)Annotate this Case
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida. (No. 97-01978-CV-ASG), Alas Stephen Gold, Judge.
ON REMAND FROM THE SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
Before BIRCH and BARKETT, Circuit Judges, and MILLS* , District Judge.
RICHARD MILLS, District Judge:
In our previous Opinion in this case, we noted that " [t]he resolution of this appeal ... turns on whether a successive petition such as Weekley's is nonetheless a 'properly filed application' under 28 U.S.C. 2244(d) (2)." Weekley v. Moore, 204 F.3d 1083, 1085 (11th Cir. 2000). The majority of this Court was persuaded by the reasoning of the United States Courts of Appeals for the Seventh and Ninth Circuits1 and concluded that successive state court filings do not constitute properly filed applications for purposes of tolling 28 U.S.C. 2244(d) (2)'s statute of limitations period.2 Weekley, 204 F.3d at 1086. Accordingly, we affirmed the district court's dismissal of Weekley's habeas corpus petition as being untimely filed. Id.
However, on January 8, 2001, the United State Supreme Court reversed this Court pursuant to that Court's holding in Artuz v. Bennett, 531 U.S. 4, 121 S. Ct. 361, 148 L. Ed. 2d 213 (2000). In Bennett, the Supreme Court decided the circuit split and held that
an application is "properly filed" when its delivery and acceptance are in compliance with the applicable laws and rules governing filings.... [T]he question whether an application has been "properly filed" is quite separate from the question whether the claims contained in the application are meritorious and free of procedural bar.
Id. at 364.
In light of Bennett, we must reverse the district court's decision and remand for further proceedings. As we previously noted, "since Weekley filed his federal petition on June 25, 1997, if either the second or third Rule 3.850 motions w [ere] properly filed, his federal habeas petition would be timely." Weekley, 204 F.3d at 1085. Bennett teaches that Weekley's habeas corpus petition was timely filed because his second and third Rule 3.850 motions were properly filed, thereby tolling 28 U.S.C. 2244(d) (2)'s statute of limitations period.
Accordingly, we REVERSE the district court's Order holding that Weekley's habeas corpus petition was untimely filed and REMAND with directions to the district court that it allow Weekley to file and proceed on his habeas corpus petition.
Honorable Richard Mills, U.S. District Judge for the Central District of Illinois, sitting by designation.
See Tinker v. Hanks, 172 F.3d 990 (7th Cir. 1999) and Dictado v. Ducharme, 189 F.3d 889 (9th Cir. 1999).
Judge Barkett explained in her dissent that she was more persuaded by the reasoning of the opinions from the United States Courts of Appeals for the Second, Fifth, and Third Circuits (see Bennett v. Artuz, 199 F.3d 116 (2d Cir. 1999); Villegas v. Johnson, 184 F.3d 467 (5th Cir. 1999); Lovasz v. Vaughn, 134 F.3d 146 (3d Cir. 1998)), noting that " [t]o import consideration of the merits of the petition into this determination seems to me to be in direct conflict with the plain meaning of the phrase 'properly filed' as it is used in the statute." Weekley, 204 F.3d at 1086.