Robert Burdett Butler, Plaintiff-appellant, v. John Mowbray, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Nevada;supreme Court of the State of Nevada, Defendants-appellees, 24 F.3d 245 (9th Cir. 1994)Annotate this Case
Submitted April 20, 1994. *Decided April 22, 1994
Before: POOLE, BEEZER, and T.G. NELSON, Circuit Judges.
Robert B. Butler appeals pro se the district court's dismissal of his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291, and we affirm.
In 1984, Butler petitioned the Nevada Supreme Court for a writ of mandamus ordering the state trial court to provide him with a sealed affidavit that had been filed during his criminal trial; the Nevada Supreme Court denied the petition. In 1993, Butler filed this action against the Nevada Supreme Court and its former Chief Justice, John Mowbray. Butler's complaint alleged that the denial of his petition for a writ of mandamus violated his right to due process. Butler sought declaratory and injunctive relief. Finding that the defendants were entitled to absolute immunity, the district court dismissed the complaint for failure to state a claim.
On appeal, Butler correctly argues that judicial immunity does not extend to suits seeking only injunctive relief. See Pulliam v. Allen, 466 U.S. 522, 541-42 (1984); Richardson v. Koshiba, 693 F.2d 911, 913 n. 8 (9th Cir. 1982). Nevertheless, we may affirm the judgment "on any basis supported by the record even if the district court did not rely on that basis." United States v. Washington, 969 F.2d 752, 755 (9th Cir. 1992) (quotation omitted), cert. denied, 113 S. Ct. 1945 (1993). A federal district court, as a court of original jurisdiction, does not have jurisdiction to review the final determinations of a state court in judicial proceedings; only the United States Supreme Court can conduct such review. District of Columbia Court of Appeals v. Feldman, 460 U.S. 462, 476 (1983); Worldwide Church of God v. McNair, 805 F.2d 888, 890 (9th Cir. 1986). This rule applies even when the challenge to the state court decision is based on an alleged deprivation of due process. McNair, 805 F.2d at 891 (citations omitted).
Because Butler's complaint sought review of a final decision of the Nevada Supreme Court, the district court lacked subject matter jurisdiction over the case. See McNair, 805 F.2d at 893. Accordingly, we affirm the district court's dismissal of the action. See id.