Brown v. City of St. Louis Public Safety Department, 133 F.3d 921 (8th Cir. 1997)Annotate this Case
Notice: Eighth Circuit Rule 28a(k) Governs Citation of Unpublished Opinions and Provides That They Are Not Precedent and Generally Should Not Be Cited Unless Relevant to Establishing the Doctrines of Res Judicata, Collateral Estoppel, the Law of the Case, or if the Opinion Has Persuasive Value on a Material Issue and No Published Opinion Would Serve As Well.Submitted Nov. 7, 1997. Filed Dec. 30, 1997
Before McMILLIAN, BEAM, and MORRIS SHEPPARD ARNOLD, Circuit Judges.
Stacey Brown appeals from the district court's1 order granting summary judgment to her employer, the City of St. Louis Public Safety Department, in this hostile environment sexual harassment action brought under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. §§ 2000e-2000e-17. We affirm.
In July 1994, Brown, a correctional officer, complained to a supervisor that Brown's co-worker, Lieutenant Steven Readye, had on three occasions made unwelcome sexual comments to her, had once touched her inappropriately, and had blown kisses at her. A meeting was immediately held at which Readye was reprimanded and required to apologize to Brown; Brown was told to report any further incidents. Approximately two weeks later, when Brown reported that Readye had kissed her on the ear, Readye was immediately transferred to another shift and was required to enter the next sexual harassment training program; an investigation was begun that resulted in Readye's eight-day suspension without pay. No further incidents of harassment occurred.
As one element of her hostile environment sexual harassment claim, Brown was required to prove the employer knew or should have known of the harassment, yet failed to take "proper remedial action." See Quick v. Donaldson Co., 90 F.3d 1372, 1377 (8th Cir. 1996); see also Davis v. Tri-State Mack Distribs., Inc., 981 F.2d 340, 343-44 (8th Cir. 1992) (upon notice, the employer must take " 'prompt remedial action reasonably calculated to end the harassment' ") (quoted case omitted). Under the circumstances of this case, we agree with the district court that the employer's response to the harassment was sufficient as a matter of law. See Barrett v. Omaha Nat'l Bank, 726 F.2d 424, 426-27 (8th Cir. 1984) (upholding district court's factual finding of appropriate employer response where shortly after complaint, employer investigated, placed alleged harasser on probation, and threatened termination if there was further misconduct); cf. Davis, 981 F.2d at 341, 343 (finding requiring harasser to apologize insufficient response, where alleged harasser apologized twice, and his conduct worsened after each apology).
Accordingly we affirm.
The Honorable Lawrence O. Davis, United States Magistrate Judge for the Eastern District of Missouri, to whom the case was referred for final disposition by consent of the parties pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c)