Notice: Fourth Circuit Local Rule 36(c) States That Citation of Unpublished Dispositions is Disfavored Except for Establishing Res Judicata, Estoppel, or the Law of the Case and Requires Service of Copies of Cited Unpublished Dispositions of the Fourth Circuit.united States of America, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Daryl Edward Fitzgerald, Defendant-appellant, 106 F.3d 392 (4th Cir. 1997)Annotate this Case
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia, at Charlottesville. James H. Michael, Jr., Senior District Judge. (CR-96-39)
J. Thomas Love, Jr., Charlottesville, Virginia, for Appellant.
Robert P. Crouch, Jr., United States Attorney, Jean B. Hudson, Assistant United States Attorney, Charlottesville, Virginia, for Appellee.
Before RUSSELL, WILKINS, and WILLIAMS, Circuit Judges.
Daryl Fitzgerald appeals from the district court's order affirming the magistrate judge's order convicting him of driving without a license on National Forest property, 36 C.F.R. § 261.13(a) (1995), and sentencing him to six months incarceration.* We affirm.
On December 9, 1995, Fitzgerald was charged by a National Forest Service Ranger with three violations: (1) operating a motor vehicle without a valid driver's license, (2) operating a motor vehicle in a careless/reckless manner, and (3) possession of alcohol on federal land. The magistrate judge granted Fitzgerald's motion for acquittal as to the second and third charges. Fitzgerald was convicted of the first charge and sentenced to six months imprisonment.
Fitzgerald claims first that the magistrate judge erred by amending the violation notice after the government had presented its case. The violation notice issued to Fitzgerald stated that he was charged with driving without a license and cited 36 C.F.R. § 261.54(d) (1995) (which prohibits the operation of a vehicle on national forest property in violation of posted order regarding speed, load, weight, height, length, width, or other limitation). The government moved to amend the notice to cite to 36 C.F.R. § 261.13(a) (which prohibits operation of a vehicle without a valid driver's license). Because Fitzgerald was on notice of the charge against him and the evidence relevant to that charge was presented at his trial, he was not prejudiced by the amendment of the violation notice. See, e.g., United States v. Bledsoe, 898 F.2d 430 (4th Cir. 1990) (allowing amendment of indictment where it does not change essential or material element of charge so as to cause prejudice to the defendant). Moreover, Fed. R. Crim. P. 7(e) provides that " [t]he court may permit an information to be amended at any time before verdict or finding if no additional or different offense is charged and if substantial rights of the defendant are not prejudiced."
Fitzgerald also claims that the magistrate judge abused his discretion by sentencing him to six months imprisonment. This court will not disturb a sentence within the statutory limits except in extraordinary circumstances. United States v. Schocket, 753 F.2d 336, 341 (4th Cir. 1985). Fitzgerald's sentence was within the statutory limit and we find no extraordinary circumstances present here. Accordingly, we affirm. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
Fitzgerald consented to trial before a magistrate judge pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c) (1994)