Notice: Fourth Circuit Local Rule 36(c) States That Citation of Unpublished Dispositions is Disfavored Except for Establishing Res Judicata, Estoppel, or the Law of the Case and Requires Service of Copies of Cited Unpublished Dispositions of the Fourth Re Jimmy Lawrence Nance, Petitioner, 106 F.3d 391 (4th Cir. 1997)

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US Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit - 106 F.3d 391 (4th Cir. 1997) Submitted Jan. 9, 1997. Decided Jan. 21, 1997

On Petition for Writ of Mandamus. (CA-96-334-R)

Petition denied by unpublished per curiam opinion.

Jimmy Lawrence Nance, Petitioner Pro Se.

Before HALL and MICHAEL, Circuit Judges, and PHILLIPS, Senior Circuit Judge.


Appellant has filed a petition for writ of mandamus seeking this court to compel the district court and the United States Bureau of Prisons to cease withholding funds from his prisoner's account for the purpose of paying his court-ordered restitution. Appellant claims that this practice violates this court's directives in United States v. Miller, 77 F.3d 71 (4th Cir. 1996), and United States v. Johnson, 48 F.3d 806 (4th Cir. 1995).

Mandamus is a drastic remedy, only to be granted in extraordinary circumstances. In re Beard, 811 F.2d 818, 826 (4th Cir. 1987) (citing Kerr v. United States Dist. Court, 426 U.S. 394 (1976)). The party seeking mandamus relief has the heavy burden of showing that he has no other adequate avenues of relief and that his right to the relief sought is "clear and indisputable." Mallard v. United States Dist. Court, 490 U.S. 296, 309 (1989) (quoting Bankers Life & Cas. Co. v. Holland, 346 U.S. 379, 384 (1953)); Beard, 811 F.2d at 826. Courts are extremely reluctant to grant a writ of mandamus, and the decision is within the discretion of the court addressing the application for the writ. Beard, 811 F.2d at 827 (citations omitted).

We find that Appellant has not met his burden of proof such that mandamus is the proper remedy in this situation. Mandamus is not a substitute for appeal, In re United Steelworkers of America, 595 F.2d 958, 960 (4th Cir. 1979), and given that the district court's sentencing order requires immediate payment in full of restitution by Appellant, Appellant's right to relief by way of mandamus is not clear. See Mallard, 490 U.S. at 309; In re First Fed. Sav. & Loan Ass'n, 860 F.2d 135, 138 (4th Cir. 1988). Accordingly, we deny Appellant's request for mandamus, and his motion for injunction. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the Court and argument would not aid the decisional process.