Daniel Duwaine Lees, Petitioner-appellant, v. Kenneth W. Ducharme, Respondent-appellee, 944 F.2d 908 (9th Cir. 1991)Annotate this Case
Before EUGENE WRIGHT, FARRIS and TROTT, Circuit Judges.
Lees, a state prisoner who was barred from raising a federal constitutional claims in state court because of procedural default, cannot litigate these same claims in a § 2254 habeas corpus proceeding without showing cause for and actual prejudice from the default. See Engle v. Isaac, 456 U.S. 107, 110 (1982) (citing Wainwright v. Sykes, 433 U.S. 72, 87 (1977)). This same cause and prejudice standard applies to procedural defaults by pro se litigants. Hughes v. Idaho Bd. of Corrections, 800 F.2d 905, 908 (9th Cir. 1986). Lees failed to show cause. We find that the court held correctly that Lees' procedural default barred him from bringing the habeas petition and further that the rule was not prejudicially applied to Lees as a pro se litigant.