Paul Baykowski, Plaintiff-appellant, v. State of North Carolina, Preston E. Oldham, Forsyth County,north Carolina, Defendants-appellees, 931 F.2d 54 (4th Cir. 1991)Annotate this Case
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina, at Winston-Salem. Paul Trevor Sharp, Magistrate Judge. (CA-90-511-6)
Paul Baykowski, appellant pro se.
James Daniel McNatt, Womble, Carlyle, Sandridge & Rice, Winston-Salem, N.C., for appellees.
Before MURNAGHAN, SPROUSE and NIEMEYER, Circuit Judges.
Paul Baykowski appeals the magistrate judge's order denying his motion to remand this action to state court. We dismiss the appeal for lack of jurisdiction.
Under 28 U.S.C. § 1291 this Court has jurisdiction over appeals from final orders. A final order is one which disposes of all issues in dispute as to all parties. It "ends the litigation on the merits and leaves nothing for the court to do but execute the judgment." Catlin v. United States, 324 U.S. 229, 233 (1945).
As the order appealed from is not a final order, it is not appealable under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. The district court has not directed entry of final judgment as to particular claims or parties under Fed. R. Civ. P. 54(b), nor has the district court certified the appeal under the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 1292. Finally, the order is not appealable as a collateral order under Cohen v. Beneficial Industrial Loan Corp., 337 U.S. 541 (1949).
Finding no basis for appellate jurisdiction, we deny leave to proceed in forma pauperis and dismiss the appeal as interlocutory. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the Court and argument would not aid the decisional process.