Khaldoon Nasan Saadi, Petitioner, v. Immigration and Naturalization Service, Respondent, 912 F.2d 428 (10th Cir. 1990)

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U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit - 912 F.2d 428 (10th Cir. 1990) Aug. 27, 1990

Khaldoon Nasan Saadi, pro se.

Lauri S. Filppu, Francesco Isgro, U.S. Dept. of Justice, Office of Immigration Litigation, Washington, D.C., for respondent.

Before ANDERSON, BALDOCK and EBEL, Circuit Judges.


Respondent INS moves to dismiss this cause as jurisdictionally deficient. Fed. R. App. P. 27; 10th Cir. R. 10.2.8 & 27.2.1. Petitioner seeks review of the decision of the Board of Immigration Appeals (Board). The Board dismissed petitioner's appeal from a decision of the immigration judge finding petitioner deportable under Sec. 241(a) (2) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (the Act), 8 U.S.C. § 1251(a) (2), and ineligible for relief from deportation.

Jurisdiction to review a final order of deportation by the Board arises under Sec. 106(a) of the Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1105a(a) and 28 U.S.C. ch. 158 pertaining to review of orders of federal agencies. Michelson v. INS, 897 F.2d 465, 467 (10th Cir. 1990). However, Sec. 106(c) of the Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1105a(c), provides in part:

An order of deportation or of exclusion shall not be reviewed by any court if the alien has not exhausted the administrative remedies available to him as of right under the immigration laws and regulations or if he has departed from the United States after the issuance of the order.

(emphasis added). The INS contends that petitioner's deportation eliminates our jurisdiction to review his deportation order. We agree.

"The statute's command is unequivocal [:]" once petitioner departed the United States via deportation, a deportation order may not be reviewed by "any court." Umanzor v. Lambert, 782 F.2d 1299, 1303 (5th Cir. 1986); see also Quezada v. INS, 898 F.2d 474, 476-77 (5th Cir. 1990); Asai v. Castillo, 593 F.2d 1222, 1223-24 (D.C. Cir. 1979). The right to obtain judicial review of a final deportation order does not require the INS to defer deportation; a stay must be obtained. 8 U.S.C. § 1105a(a) (7); Umanzor, 782 F.2d at 1303.

The record establishes that no stay was obtained and petitioner has been deported. Thus, we are without jurisdiction to review this deportation order. See Quezada, 898 F.2d at 477.