Tommie G. Patterson, Plaintiff-appellant, v. Municipality of Anchorage; Steinmetz, Officer; Reagn,officer; Bill Castro, Officer; Grimes, Officer; Walterstein, Officer; Polar, Officer; Carter, Officer; B.j.,officer; Robert Netty, Officer; Bumdy, District Attorney;common Guititerious; John Selini; Mac Wilberton;zanhyzer, Attorney; R. J. Moody, Judge; Elaine Andrews,judge; J. Seimoor, Defendants-appellees, 892 F.2d 83 (9th Cir. 1989)Annotate this Case
Submitted Sept. 1, 1989. *Decided Dec. 13, 1989
Before JAMES R. BROWNING, KOZINSKI and RYMER, Circuit Judges.
Plaintiff claimed in a previous action filed in the state of Alaska that defendants unlawfully entered his residence. Patterson v. Municipality of Anchorage, No. 3AN-80-7935 (Alaska Dist.Ct. filed Nov. 19, 1980). The Alaska court dismissed his action with prejudice for failure to prosecute. Id. (dismissal order Mar. 7, 1984). Therefore, the district court properly dismissed paragraphs V, VI, VII and X of the Second Amended Complaint on grounds of res judicata. Dismissal with prejudice is permitted under Alaska law. Zeller v. Poor, 577 P.2d 695, 697 (Alaska 1978). " [A] federal court must give to a state court judgment the same preclusive effect as would be given that judgment under the law of the State in which the judgment was rendered." Migra v. Warren City School Dist. Bd. of Educ., 465 U.S. 75, 81 (1984).
The district court properly dismissed paragraph VIII. Plaintiff's allegation that defendant Polar accused plaintiff of being a "dope dealer," thus causing him "psychological and mental abuse," did not amount to a deprivation of liberty or property, and therefore was not a violation of 42 U.S.C. § 1983 (1982). See Paul v. Davis, 424 U.S. 693, 711-12 (1976); Johnson v. Barker, 799 F.2d 1396, 1399 (9th Cir. 1986).
Because plaintiff failed to offer any evidence in support of his allegations against defendant Casto, he failed to raise a material issue of fact. The district court therefore properly granted summary judgment on paragraph IX of the complaint. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c).
Municipalities cannot be held liable under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 under a theory of respondeat superior. Monell v. Department of Social Services, 436 U.S. 658, 691 (1978). Municipal liability under section 1983 attaches only where the official or officials responsible for establishing municipal policies make a deliberate choice to follow the course of action in question. Pembaur v. Cincinnati, 475 U.S. 469, 483-84 (1986). Municipal liability for failure to train exists "only where the failure to train amounts to deliberate indifference to the rights of persons with whom the police come in contact." City of Canton v. Harris, 109 S. Ct. 1197, 1204 (1989). The district court therefore properly granted judgment on the pleadings as to paragraphs XIII, XIV and XV of the complaint.