Unpublished Disposition, 883 F.2d 1025 (9th Cir. 1989)

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US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit - 883 F.2d 1025 (9th Cir. 1989)

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee,v.Willie Joe GRAY, Defendant-Appellant.

No. 88-3163.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Submitted July 25, 1989.* Decided Aug. 22, 1989.

Before JAMES R. BROWNING, KOZINSKI and RYMER, Circuit Judges.


Defendant was given the option of speaking to an investigator and receiving a citation, or remaining silent and being taken into custody. A difficult choice, but not an unconstitutional one. The district court found that defendant had been advised of his constitutional rights, and that he was familiar with the criminal justice system. Moreover, the investigating officer did not threaten any unauthorized action. Under these circumstances, the confession was not coerced. United States v Crespo de Llano, 838 F2d 1006, 1015-16 (9th Cir. 1987).



The panel unanimously finds this case suitable for decision without oral argument. Fed. R. App. P. 34(a); 9th Cir.R. 34-4


This disposition is not appropriate for publication and may not be cited to or by the courts of this circuit except as provided by 9th Cir.R. 36-3