Supreme Court of Alabama Decisions

The Alabama Supreme Court was created by Article VI, Section 139 of the Alabama Constitution. In addition to reviewing appeals from lower courts and the Alabama Public Service Commission, the Alabama Supreme Court has the authority to review disputes that involve an amount in controversy greater than $50,000, if no other Alabama court has jurisdiction over the dispute. Article IV, Section 140 of the Alabama Constitution describes the organization of the Court and the scope of its jurisdiction.

The nine justices on the Court, including the Chief Justice, are elected for six-year terms. To be eligible, a candidate must be no older than 70, licensed to practice in Alabama, and a resident of Alabama for at least one year. If a justice retires, resigns, dies, or is removed from office before the end of their term, the Governor of Alabama will appoint a replacement. To retain their seat, that justice must run in the next general election that is at least one year after they are appointed. Removing a justice requires either an impeachment procedure or an investigation by the Judicial Inquiry Commission that results in a complaint filed with the Alabama Court of the Judiciary.

The Alabama Supreme Court has issued many rules that control procedures and practices in courts throughout the state. These include rules of evidence, civil procedure, appellate procedure, judicial administration, and disciplinary procedure, among other rules. The Court also has issued seven canons of judicial ethics to govern the actions of judges in the state.

Browse Opinions From the Supreme Court of Alabama

Recent Decisions From the Supreme Court of Alabama
Ex parte Dennis Morgan Hicks.  
Date: November 18, 2022
Docket Number: 1210013

Justia Opinion Summary: Dennis Morgan Hicks was convicted of one count of capital murder for the killing of Joshua Duncan. The murder was made capital because Hicks committed it while he was under a sentence of life imprisonment. Hicks was also…

Gaines v. Smith  
Date: November 18, 2022
Docket Number: 1210304

Justia Opinion Summary: Dalen Gaines sought monetary and equitable relief against Walker County law-enforcement officers for their role in what Gaines claimed was a delayed bond hearing. After Gaines failed to appear at the Walker Circuit Court…

Young Americans for Liberty at the University of Alabama in Huntsville, et al. v. St. John IV, et al.  
Date: November 18, 2022
Docket Number: 1210309

Justia Opinion Summary: Joshua Greer, a student at the University of Alabama in Huntsville ("the University"), and Young Americans for Liberty, a student organization at the University ("the plaintiffs"), appealed a judgment dismissing their…

Clay v. Chavis.  
Date: November 18, 2022
Docket Number: 1210362

Justia Opinion Summary: Defendant Merlyn Clay appealed the grant of summary judgment in favor of plaintiff Charles Chavis, Clay's grandfather. The dispute concerned Clay's purchase of real property from Chavis and Clay's alleged failure to…

Progressive Direct Ins. Co. v. Keen, et al.  
Date: November 18, 2022
Docket Number: SC-2022-0466

Justia Opinion Summary: Progressive Direct Insurance Company ("Progressive") appealed a circuit court order granting a motion for a partial summary judgment filed by Madison Keen and joined by Robert Creller and Alfa Mutual Insurance Company…

Burkes v. Franklin  
Date: November 18, 2022
Docket Number: 2022-0649

Justia Opinion Summary: This appeal arose from a quo warranto action initiated by a February 2022 complaint filed Frederick A. Burkes, Sr., on the relation of the State of Alabama, in which he alleged that James Franklin "has unlawfully usurped…

Ex parte Charlie Byrd  
Date: November 10, 2022
Docket Number: 2022-0884

Justia Opinion Summary: After being indicted by a grand jury for unlawful possession of a controlled substance -- delta-9- tetrahydrocannabinol (synthetic marijuana), Charlie Byrd filed a motion to suppress the evidence that was the basis of…

Brown Heating & Cooling v. Williams  
Date: November 10, 2022
Docket Number: 2022-0914

Justia Opinion Summary: T&J White, LLC, d/b/a Brown Heating & Cooling ("Brown Heating & Cooling"), and its employee, Bobby Morse ("the defendants"), appealed a circuit court’s denial of their motions seeking a judgment as a matter of law…

Cochran v. CIS Financial Services, Inc.  
Date: October 28, 2022
Docket Number: 1210060

Justia Opinion Summary: Alicia Cochran appealed a circuit court order that granted her former employer, CIS Financial Services' motion for a preliminary injunction. CIS was engaged in the mortgage-origination business and employed Cochran as a…

Penn Waters, LLC v. The Citizens Bank  
Date: October 28, 2022
Docket Numbers: 2022-0520, 2022-0443

Justia Opinion Summary: Consolidated appeals stemmed from an action filed by The Citizens Bank ("Citizens Bank") against Steve Matherly ("Steve"); Sue E. Matherly a/k/a Sue Ellen Stratten, Steve's former spouse ("Sue"); and Penn Waters, LLC…

Jinks v. Alabama Judicial Inquiry Commission  
Date: October 21, 2022
Docket Number: 1210133

Justia Opinion Summary: The Alabama Judicial Inquiry Commission ("the JIC") filed a complaint against Judge John Randall "Randy" Jinks, the Probate Judge for Talladega County, Alabama, alleging that he had violated the Alabama Canons of…

City of Helena v. Pelham Board of Education, et al.  
Date: October 21, 2022
Docket Number: 1210200

Justia Opinion Summary: The City of Helena ("Helena") appealed the issuance of a preliminary injunction by the Shelby Circuit Court in favor of the Pelham Board of Education ("the Board") and its officers and/or members, in their official…

Ex parte John Bodie, as guardian ad litem for D.P., a minor child
Date: October 14, 2022
Docket Number: 1210250
Ex parte John Bodie, as guardian ad litem for G.A., D.P. and M.P.  
Date: October 14, 2022
Docket Numbers: 1210248, 1210250, 1210251

Justia Opinion Summary: John Bodie, as guardian ad litem for G.A., D.P., and M.P. ("the children"), has filed three separate petitions for the writ of certiorari, one on each child's behalf, regarding a decision of the Court of Civil Appeals…

The opinions published on Justia State Caselaw are sourced from individual state court sites. These court opinions may not be the official published versions, and you should check your local court rules before citing to them. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site, or the information linked to on the state site.