2009 West Virginia Code
CHAPTER 31. CORPORATION
ARTICLE 17. WEST VIRGINIA RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGE LENDER, BROKER AND SERVICER ACT.
§31-17-2 License required for lender, broker or loan originator; exemptions.
(a) No person may engage in this state in the business of lender, broker or loan originator unless and until he or she first obtains a license to do so from the commissioner, which license remains unexpired, unsuspended and unrevoked, and no foreign corporation may engage in business in this state unless it is registered with the Secretary of State to transact business in this state.
(b) An entity applying for or holding both a lender and broker license shall license all of its individual loan originators if that entity brokers a majority of its residential mortgage loans. The determination of whether an entity brokers the majority of its residential mortgage loans is based upon the most recent annual report filed with the division pursuant to section eleven of this article. A new applicant applying for both a lender license and a broker license shall license all of its loan originators unless the applicant can demonstrate, through data compiled for other state regulators, that it acts as a lender for a majority of its residential mortgage loans made.
(c) Brokerage fees, additional charges and finance charges imposed by licensed mortgage brokers, lenders and loan originators are exempt from the tax imposed by article fifteen, chapter eleven of this code beginning on the first day of January, two thousand four.
(d)The provisions of this article do not apply to loans made by the following:
(1) Federally insured depository institutions;
(2) Regulated consumer lender licensees;
(3) Insurance companies;
(4) Any other lender licensed by and under the regular supervision and examination for consumer compliance of any agency of the federal government;
(5) Any agency or instrumentality of this state, federal, county or municipal government or on behalf of the agency or instrumentality;
(6) By a nonprofit community development organization making mortgage loans to promote home ownership or improvements for the disadvantaged which loans are subject to federal, state, county or municipal government supervision and oversight; or
(7) Habitat for Humanity International, Inc., and its affiliates providing low-income housing within this state.
Loans made subject to this exemption may be assigned, transferred, sold or otherwise securitized to any person and shall remain exempt from the provisions of this article, except as to reporting requirements in the discretion of the commissioner where the person is a licensee under this article. Nothing herein shall prohibit a broker licensed under this article from acting as broker of an exempt loan and receiving compensation as permitted under the provisions of this article.
(e) A person or entity designated in subsection (d) of this section may take assignments of a primary or subordinate mortgage loan from a licensed lender and the assignments of said loans that they themselves could have lawfully made as exempt from the provisions of this article under this section do not make that person or entity subject to the licensing, bonding, reporting or other provisions of this article except as the defense or claim would be preserved pursuant to section one hundred two, article two, chapter forty-six-a of this code.
(f) The placement or sale for securitization of a primary or subordinate mortgage loan into a secondary market by a licensee may not subject the warehouser or final securitization holder or trustee to the provisions of this article: Provided, That the warehouser, final securitization holder or trustee under an arrangement is either a licensee, or person or entity entitled to make exempt loans of that type under this section, or the loan is held with right of recourse to a licensee.
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