2005 Texas Probate Code CHAPTER XII. DURABLE POWER OF ATTORNEY ACT


PROBATE CODE
CHAPTER XII. DURABLE POWER OF ATTORNEY ACT
§ 481. SHORT TITLE. This chapter may be cited as the Durable Power of Attorney Act. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 482. DEFINITION. A "durable power of attorney" means a written instrument that: (1) designates another person as attorney in fact or agent; (2) is signed by an adult principal; (3) contains the words "This power of attorney is not affected by subsequent disability or incapacity of the principal," or "This power of attorney becomes effective on the disability or incapacity of the principal," or similar words showing the principal's intent that the authority conferred on the attorney in fact or agent shall be exercised notwithstanding the principal's subsequent disability or incapacity; and (4) is acknowledged by the principal before an officer authorized to take acknowledgments to deeds of conveyance and to administer oaths under the laws of this state or any other state. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 483. DURATION. A durable power of attorney does not lapse because of the passage of time unless the instrument creating the power of attorney specifically states a time limitation. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 484. EFFECT OF ACTS BY ATTORNEY IN FACT OR AGENT DURING INCAPACITY OF PRINCIPAL. All acts done by an attorney in fact or agent pursuant to a durable power of attorney during any period of disability or incapacity of the principal have the same effect and inure to the benefit of and bind the principal and the principal's successors in interest as if the principal were not disabled or incapacitated. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 485. RELATION OF ATTORNEY IN FACT OR AGENT TO COURT-APPOINTED GUARDIAN OF ESTATE. (a) If, after execution of a durable power of attorney, a court of the principal's domicile appoints a permanent guardian of the estate of the principal, the powers of the attorney in fact or agent terminate on the qualification of the guardian of the estate, and the attorney in fact or agent shall deliver to the guardian of the estate all assets of the estate of the ward in the attorney's or agent's possession and shall account to the guardian of the estate as the attorney or agent would to the principal had the principal terminated his powers. (b) If, after execution of a durable power of attorney, a court of the principal's domicile appoints a temporary guardian of the estate of the principal, the court may suspend the powers of the attorney in fact or agent on the qualification of the temporary guardian of the estate until the date on which the term of the temporary guardian expires. (c) Subsection (b) of this section may not be construed to prohibit the application for or issuance of a temporary restraining order under applicable law. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 217, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001. § 485A. EFFECT OF PRINCIPAL'S DIVORCE OR MARRIAGE ANNULMENT IF FORMER SPOUSE IS ATTORNEY IN FACT OR AGENT. If, after execution of a durable power of attorney, the principal is divorced from a person who has been appointed the principal's attorney in fact or agent or the principal's marriage to a person who has been appointed the principal's attorney in fact or agent is annulled, the powers of the attorney in fact or agent granted to the principal's former spouse shall terminate on the date on which the divorce or annulment of marriage is granted by a court, unless otherwise expressly provided by the durable power of attorney. Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 455, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1997. § 486. KNOWLEDGE OF DEATH, GUARDIAN OF ESTATE, REVOCATION, DIVORCE, OR MARRIAGE ANNULMENT; GOOD-FAITH ACTS. (a) The revocation by, the death of, or the qualification of a guardian of the estate of a principal who has executed a durable power of attorney does not revoke or terminate the agency as to the attorney in fact, agent, or other person who, without actual knowledge of the termination of the power by revocation, by the principal's death, or by the qualification of a guardian of the estate of the principal, acts in good faith under or in reliance on the power. (b) The divorce of a principal from a person who has been appointed the principal's attorney in fact or agent before the date on which the divorce is granted or the annulment of the marriage of a principal and a person who has been appointed the principal's attorney in fact or agent before the date the annulment is granted does not revoke or terminate the agency as to a person other than the principal's former spouse if the person acts in good faith under or in reliance on the power. (c) Any action taken under this section, unless otherwise invalid or unenforceable, binds successors in interest of the principal. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. Amended by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 455, § 2, eff. Sept. 1, 1997. § 487. AFFIDAVIT OF LACK OF KNOWLEDGE OR TERMINATION OF POWER; RECORDING; GOOD-FAITH RELIANCE. (a) As to acts undertaken in good-faith reliance on the durable power of attorney, an affidavit executed by the attorney in fact or agent under a durable power of attorney stating that the attorney in fact or agent did not have at the time of exercise of the power actual knowledge of the termination of the power by revocation, by the principal's death, by the principal's divorce or the annulment of the marriage of the principal if the attorney in fact or agent was the principal's spouse, or by the qualification of a guardian of the estate of the principal is conclusive proof as between the attorney in fact or agent and a person other than the principal or the principal's personal representative dealing with the attorney in fact or agent of the nonrevocation or nontermination of the power at that time. (b) As to acts undertaken in good-faith reliance on the durable power of attorney, an affidavit executed by the attorney in fact or agent under a durable power of attorney stating that the principal is disabled or incapacitated, as defined by the power, is conclusive proof as between the attorney in fact or agent and a person other than the principal or the principal's personal representative dealing with the attorney in fact or agent of the disability or incapacity of the principal at that time. (c) If the exercise of the power of attorney requires execution and delivery of any instrument that is to be recorded, an affidavit executed under Subsection (a) or (b) of this section, when authenticated for record, may also be recorded. (d) This section does not affect any provision in a durable power of attorney for its termination by expiration of time or occurrence of an event other than express revocation. (e) When a durable power of attorney is used, a third party who relies in good faith on the acts of an attorney in fact or agent within the scope of the power of attorney is not liable to the principal. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. Amended by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 455, § 3, eff. Sept. 1, 1997. § 487A. EFFECT OF BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDING. After execution of a durable power of attorney, the filing of a voluntary or involuntary petition in bankruptcy in connection with the principal's debts does not revoke or terminate the agency as to the principal's attorney in fact or agent. Any act the attorney in fact or agent may undertake with respect to the principal's property is subject to the limitations and requirements of the United States Bankruptcy Code until a final determination is made in the bankruptcy proceeding. Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 73, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001. § 488. REVOCATION OF DURABLE POWER OF ATTORNEY. Unless otherwise provided by the durable power of attorney, a revocation of a durable power of attorney is not effective as to a third party relying on the power of attorney until the third party receives actual notice of the revocation. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 489. RECORDING DURABLE POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR REAL PROPERTY TRANSACTIONS. A durable power of attorney for a real property transaction requiring the execution and delivery of an instrument that is to be recorded, including a release, assignment, satisfaction, mortgage, security agreement, deed of trust, encumbrance, deed of conveyance, oil, gas, or other mineral lease, memorandum of a lease, lien, or other claim or right to real property, shall be recorded in the office of the county clerk of the county in which the property is located. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 489B. DUTY TO INFORM AND ACCOUNT. (a) The attorney in fact or agent is a fiduciary and has a duty to inform and to account for actions taken pursuant to the power of attorney. (b) The attorney in fact or agent shall timely inform the principal of all actions taken pursuant to the power of attorney. Failure of the attorney in fact or agent to inform timely, as to third parties, shall not invalidate any action of the attorney in fact or agent. (c) The attorney in fact or agent shall maintain records of each action taken or decision made by the attorney in fact or agent. (d) The principal may demand an accounting by the attorney in fact or agent. Unless otherwise directed by the principal, the accounting shall include: (1) the property belonging to the principal that has come to the attorney in fact's or agent's knowledge or into the attorney in fact's or agent's possession; (2) all actions taken or decisions made by the attorney in fact or agent; (3) a complete account of receipts, disbursements, and other actions of the attorney in fact or agent, including their source and nature, with receipts of principal and income shown separately; (4) a listing of all property over which the attorney in fact or agent has exercised control, with an adequate description of each asset and its current value if known to the attorney in fact or agent; (5) the cash balance on hand and the name and location of the depository where the balance is kept; (6) all known liabilities; and (7) such other information and facts known to the attorney in fact or agent as may be necessary to a full and definite understanding of the exact condition of the property belonging to the principal. (e) Unless directed otherwise by the principal, the attorney in fact or agent shall also provide to the principal all documentation regarding the principal's property. (f) The attorney in fact or agent shall maintain all records until delivered to the principal, released by the principal, or discharged by a court. (g) If the attorney in fact or agent fails or refuses to inform the principal, provide documentation, or deliver the accounting within 60 days (or such longer or shorter time that the principal demands or a court may order), the principal may file suit to compel the attorney in fact or agent to deliver the accounting, to deliver the assets, or to terminate the power of attorney. (h) This section shall not limit the right of the principal to terminate the power of attorney or to make additional requirements of or to give additional instructions to the attorney in fact or agent. (i) Wherever in this chapter a principal is given an authority to act, that shall include not only the principal but also any person designated by the principal, a guardian of the estate of the principal, or other personal representative of the principal. (j) The rights set out in this section and chapter are cumulative of any other rights or remedies the principal may have at common law or other applicable statutes and not in derogation of those rights. Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1056, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001. § 490. STATUTORY DURABLE POWER OF ATTORNEY. (a) The following form is known as a "statutory durable power of attorney." A person may use a statutory durable power of attorney to grant an attorney in fact or agent powers with respect to a person's property and financial matters. A power of attorney in substantially the following form has the meaning and effect prescribed by this chapter. The validity of a power of attorney as meeting the requirements of a statutory durable power of attorney is not affected by the fact that one or more of the categories of optional powers listed in the form are struck or the form includes specific limitations on or additions to the attorney in fact's or agent's powers. The following form is not exclusive, and other forms of power of attorney may be used.
STATUTORY DURABLE POWER OF ATTORNEY
NOTICE: THE POWERS GRANTED BY THIS DOCUMENT ARE BROAD AND SWEEPING. THEY ARE EXPLAINED IN THE DURABLE POWER OF ATTORNEY ACT, CHAPTER XII, TEXAS PROBATE CODE. IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS ABOUT THESE POWERS, OBTAIN COMPETENT LEGAL ADVICE. THIS DOCUMENT DOES NOT AUTHORIZE ANYONE TO MAKE MEDICAL AND OTHER HEALTH-CARE DECISIONS FOR YOU. YOU MAY REVOKE THIS POWER OF ATTORNEY IF YOU LATER WISH TO DO SO. I, __________ (insert your name and address), appoint __________ (insert the name and address of the person appointed) as my agent (attorney-in-fact) to act for me in any lawful way with respect to all of the following powers except for a power that I have crossed out below. TO WITHHOLD A POWER, YOU MUST CROSS OUT EACH POWER WITHHELD. Real property transactions; Tangible personal property transactions; Stock and bond transactions; Commodity and option transactions; Banking and other financial institution transactions; Business operating transactions; Insurance and annuity transactions; Estate, trust, and other beneficiary transactions; Claims and litigation; Personal and family maintenance; Benefits from social security, Medicare, Medicaid, or other governmental programs or civil or military service; Retirement plan transactions; Tax matters. IF NO POWER LISTED ABOVE IS CROSSED OUT, THIS DOCUMENT SHALL BE CONSTRUED AND INTERPRETED AS A GENERAL POWER OF ATTORNEY AND MY AGENT (ATTORNEY IN FACT) SHALL HAVE THE POWER AND AUTHORITY TO PERFORM OR UNDERTAKE ANY ACTION I COULD PERFORM OR UNDERTAKE IF I WERE PERSONALLY PRESENT.
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS:
Special instructions applicable to gifts (initial in front of the following sentence to have it apply): I grant my agent (attorney in fact) the power to apply my property to make gifts, except that the amount of a gift to an individual may not exceed the amount of annual exclusions allowed from the federal gift tax for the calendar year of the gift. ON THE FOLLOWING LINES YOU MAY GIVE SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS LIMITING OR EXTENDING THE POWERS GRANTED TO YOUR AGENT. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ UNLESS YOU DIRECT OTHERWISE ABOVE, THIS POWER OF ATTORNEY IS EFFECTIVE IMMEDIATELY AND WILL CONTINUE UNTIL IT IS REVOKED. CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING ALTERNATIVES BY CROSSING OUT THE ALTERNATIVE NOT CHOSEN: (A) This power of attorney is not affected by my subsequent disability or incapacity. (B) This power of attorney becomes effective upon my disability or incapacity. YOU SHOULD CHOOSE ALTERNATIVE (A) IF THIS POWER OF ATTORNEY IS TO BECOME EFFECTIVE ON THE DATE IT IS EXECUTED. IF NEITHER (A) NOR (B) IS CROSSED OUT, IT WILL BE ASSUMED THAT YOU CHOSE ALTERNATIVE (A). If Alternative (B) is chosen and a definition of my disability or incapacity is not contained in this power of attorney, I shall be considered disabled or incapacitated for purposes of this power of attorney if a physician certifies in writing at a date later than the date this power of attorney is executed that, based on the physician's medical examination of me, I am mentally incapable of managing my financial affairs. I authorize the physician who examines me for this purpose to disclose my physical or mental condition to another person for purposes of this power of attorney. A third party who accepts this power of attorney is fully protected from any action taken under this power of attorney that is based on the determination made by a physician of my disability or incapacity. I agree that any third party who receives a copy of this document may act under it. Revocation of the durable power of attorney is not effective as to a third party until the third party receives actual notice of the revocation. I agree to indemnify the third party for any claims that arise against the third party because of reliance on this power of attorney. If any agent named by me dies, becomes legally disabled, resigns, or refuses to act, I name the following (each to act alone and successively, in the order named) as successor(s) to that agent: __________. Signed this ______ day of __________, 19___ ___________________________ (your signature) State of _______________________ County of ______________________ This document was acknowledged before me on ____________(date) by ________________________ (name of principal) ______________________________ (signature of notarial officer) (Seal, if any, of notary) _____________________________________ (printed name) My commission expires: _____________ THE ATTORNEY IN FACT OR AGENT, BY ACCEPTING OR ACTING UNDER THE APPOINTMENT, ASSUMES THE FIDUCIARY AND OTHER LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF AN AGENT. (b) A statutory durable power of attorney is legally sufficient under this chapter if the wording of the form complies substantially with Subsection (a) of this section, the form is properly completed, and the signature of the principal is acknowledged. (c) Repealed by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 455, § 7, eff. Sept. 1, 1997. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. Amended by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 455, § 4, eff. Sept. 1, 1997; Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 455, § 7, eff. Sept. 1, 1997. § 491. CONSTRUCTION OF POWERS GENERALLY. The principal, by executing a statutory durable power of attorney that confers authority with respect to any class of transactions, empowers the attorney in fact or agent for that class of transactions to: (1) demand, receive, and obtain by litigation, action, or otherwise any money or other thing of value to which the principal is, may become, or may claim to be entitled; (2) conserve, invest, disburse, or use any money or other thing of value received on behalf of the principal for the purposes intended; (3) contract in any manner with any person, on terms agreeable to the attorney in fact or agent, to accomplish a purpose of a transaction and perform, rescind, reform, release, or modify the contract or another contract made by or on behalf of the principal; (4) execute, acknowledge, seal, and deliver a deed, revocation, mortgage, lease, notice, check, release, or other instrument the agent considers desirable to accomplish a purpose of a transaction; (5) prosecute, defend, submit to arbitration, settle, and propose or accept a compromise with respect to a claim existing in favor of or against the principal or intervene in an action or litigation relating to the claim; (6) seek on the principal's behalf the assistance of a court to carry out an act authorized by the power of attorney; (7) engage, compensate, and discharge an attorney, accountant, expert witness, or other assistant; (8) keep appropriate records of each transaction, including an accounting of receipts and disbursements; (9) prepare, execute, and file a record, report, or other document the attorney in fact or agent considers necessary or desirable to safeguard or promote the principal's interest under a statute or governmental regulation; (10) reimburse the attorney in fact or agent for expenditures made in exercising the powers granted by the durable power of attorney; and (11) in general, do any other lawful act that the principal may do with respect to a transaction. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 492. CONSTRUCTION OF POWER RELATING TO REAL PROPERTY TRANSACTIONS. In a statutory durable power of attorney, the language conferring authority with respect to real property transactions empowers the attorney in fact or agent without further reference to a specific description of the real property to: (1) accept as a gift or as security for a loan or reject, demand, buy, lease, receive, or otherwise acquire an interest in real property or a right incident to real property; (2) sell, exchange, convey with or without covenants, quitclaim, release, surrender, mortgage, encumber, partition, consent to partitioning, subdivide, apply for zoning, rezoning, or other governmental permits, plat or consent to platting, develop, grant options concerning, lease or sublet, or otherwise dispose of an estate or interest in real property or a right incident to real property; (3) release, assign, satisfy, and enforce by litigation, action, or otherwise a mortgage, deed of trust, encumbrance, lien, or other claim to real property that exists or is claimed to exist; (4) do any act of management or of conservation with respect to an interest in real property, or a right incident to real property, owned or claimed to be owned by the principal, including power to: (A) insure against a casualty, liability, or loss; (B) obtain or regain possession or protect the interest or right by litigation, action, or otherwise; (C) pay, compromise, or contest taxes or assessments or apply for and receive refunds in connection with them; (D) purchase supplies, hire assistance or labor, or make repairs or alterations in the real property; and (E) manage and supervise an interest in real property, including the mineral estate, by, for example, entering into a lease for oil, gas, and mineral purposes, making contracts for development of the mineral estate, or making pooling and unitization agreements; (5) use, develop, alter, replace, remove, erect, or install structures or other improvements on real property in which the principal has or claims to have an estate, interest, or right; (6) participate in a reorganization with respect to real property or a legal entity that owns an interest in or right incident to real property, receive and hold shares of stock or obligations received in a plan or reorganization, and act with respect to the shares or obligations, including: (A) selling or otherwise disposing of the shares or obligations; (B) exercising or selling an option, conversion, or similar right with respect to the shares or obligations; and (C) voting the shares or obligations in person or by proxy; (7) change the form of title of an interest in or right incident to real property; and (8) dedicate easements or other real property in which the principal has or claims to have an interest to public use, with or without consideration. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. Amended by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 455, § 5, eff. Sept. 1, 1997. § 493. CONSTRUCTION OF POWER RELATING TO TANGIBLE PERSONAL PROPERTY TRANSACTIONS. In a statutory durable power of attorney, the language conferring general authority with respect to tangible personal property transactions empowers the attorney in fact or agent to: (1) accept as a gift or as security for a loan, reject, demand, buy, receive, or otherwise acquire ownership or possession of tangible personal property or an interest in tangible personal property; (2) sell, exchange, convey with or without covenants, release, surrender, mortgage, encumber, pledge, hypothecate, create a security interest in, pawn, grant options concerning, lease or sublet to others, or otherwise dispose of tangible personal property or an interest in tangible personal property; (3) release, assign, satisfy, or enforce by litigation, action, or otherwise a mortgage, security interest, encumbrance, lien, or other claim on behalf of the principal, with respect to tangible personal property or an interest in tangible personal property; and (4) do an act of management or conservation with respect to tangible personal property or an interest in tangible personal property on behalf of the principal, including: (A) insuring against casualty, liability, or loss; (B) obtaining or regaining possession or protecting the property or interest by litigation, action, or otherwise; (C) paying, compromising, or contesting taxes or assessments or applying for and receiving refunds in connection with taxes or assessments; (D) moving from place to place; (E) storing for hire or on a gratuitous bailment; and (F) using, altering, and making repairs or alterations. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 494. CONSTRUCTION OF POWER RELATING TO STOCK AND BOND TRANSACTIONS. In a statutory durable power of attorney, the language conferring authority with respect to stock and bond transactions empowers the attorney in fact or agent to buy, sell, and exchange stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and all other types of securities and financial instruments other than commodity futures contracts and call and put options on stocks and stock indexes, receive certificates and other evidences of ownership with respect to securities, exercise voting rights with respect to securities in person or by proxy, enter into voting trusts, and consent to limitations on the right to vote. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 495. CONSTRUCTION OF POWER RELATING TO COMMODITY AND OPTION TRANSACTIONS. In a statutory durable power of attorney, the language conferring authority with respect to commodity and option transactions empowers the attorney in fact or agent to buy, sell, exchange, assign, settle, and exercise commodity futures contracts and call and put options on stocks and stock indexes traded on a regulated options exchange and establish, continue, modify, or terminate option accounts with a broker. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 496. CONSTRUCTION OF POWER RELATING TO BANKING AND OTHER FINANCIAL INSTITUTION TRANSACTIONS. In a statutory durable power of attorney, the language conferring authority with respect to banking and other financial institution transactions empowers the attorney in fact or agent to: (1) continue, modify, or terminate an account or other banking arrangement made by or on behalf of the principal; (2) establish, modify, or terminate an account or other banking arrangement with a bank, trust company, savings and loan association, credit union, thrift company, brokerage firm, or other financial institution selected by the attorney in fact or agent; (3) hire a safe deposit box or space in a vault; (4) contract to procure other services available from a financial institution as the attorney in fact or agent considers desirable; (5) withdraw by check, order, or otherwise money or property of the principal deposited with or left in the custody of a financial institution; (6) receive bank statements, vouchers, notices, or similar documents from a financial institution and act with respect to them; (7) enter a safe deposit box or vault and withdraw or add to the contents; (8) borrow money at an interest rate agreeable to the attorney in fact or agent and pledge as security real or personal property of the principal necessary to borrow, pay, renew, or extend the time of payment of a debt of the principal; (9) make, assign, draw, endorse, discount, guarantee, and negotiate promissory notes, bills of exchange, checks, drafts, or other negotiable or nonnegotiable paper of the principal, or payable to the principal or the principal's order, to receive the cash or other proceeds of those transactions, to accept a draft drawn by a person on the principal, and to pay the principal when due; (10) receive for the principal and act on a sight draft, warehouse receipt, or other negotiable or nonnegotiable instrument; (11) apply for and receive letters of credit, credit cards, and traveler's checks from a financial institution and give an indemnity or other agreement in connection with letters of credit; and (12) consent to an extension of the time of payment with respect to commercial paper or a financial transaction with a financial institution. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 497. CONSTRUCTION OF POWER RELATING TO BUSINESS OPERATION TRANSACTIONS. In a statutory durable power of attorney, the language conferring authority with respect to business operating transactions empowers the attorney in fact or agent to: (1) operate, buy, sell, enlarge, reduce, or terminate a business interest; (2) to the extent that an agent is permitted by law to act for a principal and subject to the terms of the partnership agreement: (A) perform a duty or discharge a liability or exercise a right, power, privilege, or option that the principal has, may have, or claims to have under a partnership agreement, whether or not the principal is a general or limited partner; (B) enforce the terms of a partnership agreement by litigation, action, or otherwise; and (C) defend, submit to arbitration, settle, or compromise litigation or an action to which the principal is a party because of membership in the partnership; (3) exercise in person or by proxy or enforce by litigation, action, or otherwise a right, power, privilege, or option the principal has or claims to have as the holder of a bond, share, or other instrument of similar character and defend, submit to arbitration, settle, or compromise a legal proceeding to which the principal is a party because of a bond, share, or similar instrument; (4) with respect to a business owned solely by the principal: (A) continue, modify, renegotiate, extend, and terminate a contract made with an individual or a legal entity, firm, association, or corporation by or on behalf of the principal with respect to the business before execution of the power of attorney; (B) determine: (i) the location of its operation; (ii) the nature and extent of its business; (iii) the methods of manufacturing, selling, merchandising, financing, accounting, and advertising employed in its operation; (iv) the amount and types of insurance carried; and (v) the mode of engaging, compensating, and dealing with its accountants, attorneys, and other agents and employees; (C) change the name or form of organization under which the business is operated and enter into a partnership agreement with other persons or organize a corporation to take over all or part of the operation of the business; and (D) demand and receive money due or claimed by the principal or on the principal's behalf in the operation of the business and control and disburse the money in the operation of the business; (5) put additional capital into a business in which the principal has an interest; (6) join in a plan of reorganization, consolidation, or merger of the business; (7) sell or liquidate a business or part of it at the time and on the terms that the attorney in fact or agent considers desirable; (8) establish the value of a business under a buy-out agreement to which the principal is a party; (9) prepare, sign, file, and deliver reports, compilations of information, returns, or other papers with respect to a business that are required by a governmental agency, department, or instrumentality or that the attorney in fact or agent considers desirable and make related payments; and (10) pay, compromise, or contest taxes or assessments and do any other act that the attorney in fact or agent considers desirable to protect the principal from illegal or unnecessary taxation, fines, penalties, or assessments with respect to a business, including attempts to recover, in any manner permitted by law, money paid before or after the execution of the power of attorney. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 498. CONSTRUCTION OF POWER RELATING TO INSURANCE TRANSACTIONS. In a statutory durable power of attorney, the language conferring authority with respect to insurance and annuity transactions empowers the attorney in fact or agent to: (1) continue, pay the premium or assessment on, modify, rescind, release, or terminate a contract procured by or on behalf of the principal that insures or provides an annuity to either the principal or another person, whether or not the principal is a beneficiary under the contract; (2) procure new, different, or additional contracts of insurance and annuities for the principal or the principal's spouse, children, and other dependents and select the amount, type of insurance or annuity, and mode of payment; (3) pay the premium or assessment on or modify, rescind, release, or terminate a contract of insurance or annuity procured by the attorney in fact or agent; (4) designate the beneficiary of the contract, except that an attorney in fact or agent may be named a beneficiary of the contract or an extension, renewal, or substitute for the contract only to the extent the attorney in fact or agent was named as a beneficiary under a contract procured by the principal before executing the power of attorney; (5) apply for and receive a loan on the security of the contract of insurance or annuity; (6) surrender and receive the cash surrender value; (7) exercise an election; (8) change the manner of paying premiums; (9) change or convert the type of insurance contract or annuity with respect to which the principal has or claims to have a power described in this section; (10) change the beneficiary of a contract of insurance or annuity, except that the attorney in fact or agent may be designated a beneficiary only to the extent authorized by Subdivision (4) of this section; (11) apply for and procure government aid to guarantee or pay premiums of a contract of insurance on the life of the principal; (12) collect, sell, assign, hypothecate, borrow on, or pledge the interest of the principal in a contract of insurance or annuity; and (13) pay from proceeds or otherwise, compromise or contest, or apply for refunds in connection with a tax or assessment levied by a taxing authority with respect to a contract of insurance or annuity or its proceeds or liability accruing because of the tax or assessment. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 499. CONSTRUCTION OF POWER RELATING TO ESTATE, TRUST, AND OTHER BENEFICIARY TRANSACTIONS. In a statutory durable power of attorney, the language conferring authority with respect to estate, trust, and other beneficiary transactions empowers the attorney in fact or agent to act for the principal in all matters that affect a trust, probate estate, guardianship, conservatorship, escrow, custodianship, or other fund from which the principal is, may become, or claims to be entitled, as a beneficiary, to a share or payment, including to: (1) accept, reject, disclaim, receive, receipt for, sell, assign, release, pledge, exchange, or consent to a reduction in or modification of a share in or payment from the fund; (2) demand or obtain by litigation, action, or otherwise money or any other thing of value to which the principal is, may become, or claims to be entitled because of the fund; (3) initiate, participate in, or oppose a legal or judicial proceeding to ascertain the meaning, validity, or effect of a deed, will, declaration of trust, or other instrument or transaction affecting the interest of the principal; (4) initiate, participate in, or oppose a legal or judicial proceeding to remove, substitute, or surcharge a fiduciary; (5) conserve, invest, disburse, or use anything received for an authorized purpose; and (6) transfer all or part of an interest of the principal in real property, stocks, bonds, accounts with financial institutions, insurance, and other property to the trustee of a revocable trust created by the principal as settlor. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 500. CONSTRUCTION OF POWER RELATING TO CLAIMS AND LITIGATION. In a statutory durable power of attorney, the language conferring general authority with respect to claims and litigation empowers the attorney in fact or agent to: (1) assert and prosecute before a court or administrative agency a claim, a claim for relief, a counterclaim, or an offset or defend against an individual, a legal entity, or a government, including suits to recover property or other thing of value, to recover damages sustained by the principal, to eliminate or modify tax liability, or to seek an injunction, specific performance, or other relief; (2) bring an action to determine adverse claims, intervene in an action or litigation, and act as amicus curiae; (3) in connection with an action or litigation, procure an attachment, garnishment, libel, order of arrest, or other preliminary, provisional, or intermediate relief and use an available procedure to effect or satisfy a judgment, order, or decree; (4) in connection with an action or litigation, perform any lawful act the principal could perform, including acceptance of tender, offer of judgment, admission of facts, submission of a controversy on an agreed statement of facts, consent to examination before trial, and binding of the principal in litigation; (5) submit to arbitration, settle, and propose or accept a compromise with respect to a claim or litigation; (6) waive the issuance and service of process on the principal, accept service of process, appear for the principal, designate persons on whom process directed to the principal may be served, execute and file or deliver stipulations on the principal's behalf, verify pleadings, seek appellate review, procure and give surety and indemnity bonds, contract and pay for the preparation and printing of records and briefs, or receive and execute and file or deliver a consent, waiver, release, confession of judgment, satisfaction of judgment, notice, agreement, or other instrument in connection with the prosecution, settlement, or defense of a claim or litigation; (7) act for the principal with respect to bankruptcy or insolvency proceedings, whether voluntary or involuntary, concerning the principal or some other person, with respect to a reorganization proceeding or a receivership or application for the appointment of a receiver or trustee that affects an interest of the principal in real or personal property or other thing of value; and (8) pay a judgment against the principal or a settlement made in connection with a claim or litigation and receive and conserve money or other thing of value paid in settlement of or as proceeds of a claim or litigation. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 501. CONSTRUCTION OF POWER RELATING TO PERSONAL AND FAMILY MAINTENANCE. In a statutory durable power of attorney, the language conferring authority with respect to personal and family maintenance empowers the attorney in fact or agent to: (1) perform the acts necessary to maintain the customary standard of living of the principal, the principal's spouse and children, and other individuals customarily or legally entitled to be supported by the principal, including providing living quarters by purchase, lease, or other contract, or paying the operating costs, including interest, amortization payments, repairs, and taxes on premises owned by the principal and occupied by those individuals; (2) provide for the individuals described by Subdivision (1) of this section normal domestic help, usual vacations and travel expenses, and funds for shelter, clothing, food, appropriate education, and other current living costs; (3) pay necessary medical, dental, and surgical care, hospitalization, and custodial care for the individuals described by Subdivision (1) of this section; (4) continue any provision made by the principal, for the individuals described by Subdivision (1) of this section, for automobiles or other means of transportation, including registering, licensing, insuring, and replacing the automobiles or other means of transportation; (5) maintain or open charge accounts for the convenience of the individuals described by Subdivision (1) of this section and open new accounts the attorney in fact or agent considers desirable to accomplish a lawful purpose; and (6) continue payments incidental to the membership or affiliation of the principal in a church, club, society, order, or other organization or to continue contributions to those organizations. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 502. CONSTRUCTION OF POWER RELATING TO BENEFITS FROM CERTAIN GOVERNMENTAL PROGRAMS OR CIVIL OR MILITARY SERVICE. In a statutory durable power of attorney, the language conferring authority with respect to benefits from social security, Medicare, Medicaid, or other governmental programs or civil or military service empowers the attorney in fact or agent to: (1) execute vouchers in the name of the principal for allowances and reimbursements payable by the United States, a foreign government, or a state or subdivision of a state to the principal, including allowances and reimbursements for transportation of the individuals described by Section 501(1) of this code, and for shipment of their household effects; (2) take possession and order the removal and shipment of property of the principal from a post, warehouse, depot, dock, or other place of storage or safekeeping, either governmental or private, and execute and deliver a release, voucher, receipt, bill of lading, shipping ticket, certificate, or other instrument for that purpose; (3) prepare, file, and prosecute a claim of the principal to a benefit or assistance, financial or otherwise, to which the principal claims to be entitled under a statute or governmental regulation; (4) prosecute, defend, submit to arbitration, settle, and propose or accept a compromise with respect to any benefits the principal may be entitled to receive; and (5) receive the financial proceeds of a claim of the type described in this section and conserve, invest, disburse, or use anything received for a lawful purpose. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 503. CONSTRUCTION OF POWER RELATING TO RETIREMENT PLAN TRANSACTIONS. (a) In a statutory durable power of attorney, the language conferring authority with respect to retirement plan transactions empowers the attorney in fact or agent to do any lawful act the principal may do with respect to a transaction relating to a retirement plan, including to: (1) apply for service or disability retirement benefits; (2) select payment options under any retirement plan in which the principal participates, including plans for self-employed individuals; (3) designate or change the designation of a beneficiary or benefits payable by a retirement plan, except that an attorney in fact or agent may be named a beneficiary only to the extent the attorney in fact or agent was a named beneficiary under the retirement plan before the durable power of attorney was executed; (4) make voluntary contributions to retirement plans if authorized by the plan; (5) exercise the investment powers available under any self-directed retirement plan; (6) make "rollovers" of plan benefits into other retirement plans; (7) borrow from, sell assets to, and purchase assets from retirement plans if authorized by the plan; (8) waive the right of the principal to be a beneficiary of a joint or survivor annuity if the principal is a spouse who is not employed; (9) receive, endorse, and cash payments from a retirement plan; (10) waive the right of the principal to receive all or a portion of benefits payable by a retirement plan; and (11) request and receive information relating to the principal from retirement plan records. (b) In this section, "retirement plan" means: (1) an employee pension benefit plan as defined by Section 1002, Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) (29 U.S.C. Section 1002), without regard to the provisions of Section (2)(B) of that section; (2) a plan that does not meet the definition of an employee benefit plan under ERISA because the plan does not cover common law employees; (3) a plan that is similar to an employee benefit plan under ERISA, regardless of whether it is covered by Title I of ERISA, including a plan that provides death benefits to the beneficiary of employees; and (4) an individual retirement account or annuity or a self-employed pension plan or similar plan or account. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. Amended by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 455, § 6, eff. Sept. 1, 1997. § 504. CONSTRUCTION OF POWER RELATING TO TAX MATTERS. In a statutory durable power of attorney, the language conferring authority with respect to tax matters empowers the attorney in fact or agent to: (1) prepare, sign, and file federal, state, local, and foreign income, gift, payroll, Federal Insurance Contributions Act, and other tax returns, claims for refunds, requests for extension of time, petitions regarding tax matters, and any other tax-related documents, including receipts, offers, waivers, consents, including consents and agreements under Section 2032A, Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. Section 2032A), closing agreements, and any power of attorney form required by the Internal Revenue Service or other taxing authority with respect to a tax year on which the statute of limitations has not run and 25 tax years following that tax year; (2) pay taxes due, collect refunds, post bonds, receive confidential information, and contest deficiencies determined by the Internal Revenue Service or other taxing authority; (3) exercise any election available to the principal under federal, state, local, or foreign tax law; and (4) act for the principal in all tax matters for all periods before the Internal Revenue Service and any other taxing authority. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 505. EXISTING INTEREST; FOREIGN INTERESTS. The powers described in Sections 492 through 504 of this code may be exercised equally with respect to an interest the principal has at the time the durable power of attorney is executed or acquires later, whether or not the property is located in this state and whether or not the powers are exercised or the durable power of attorney is executed in this state. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. § 506. UNIFORMITY OF APPLICATION AND CONSTRUCTION. This chapter shall be applied and construed to effect its general purpose to make uniform the law with respect to the subject of this chapter among states enacting it. Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 49, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.

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