2010 Oklahoma Code
Title 85. Workers' Compensation

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•851. Title of act.  This act shall be known as the "Workers' Compensation Act."  Added by Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 1, • 1. Amended by Laws 1977, c. 234, • 1, eff. July 1, 1978.    •85-1.1. Inapplicability to certain occupational diseases - Burden of proof - Construction.  A. The Workers’ Compensation Act shall not apply to cases of occupational disease in which the last injurious exposure to the hazards of such disease occurred before June 6, 1953.  B. The burden of proof, by a preponderance of the evidence, shall be on the party requesting benefits or relief pursuant to the provisions of the Workers’ Compensation Act unless otherwise specifically provided for by law.  C. The provisions of the Workers’ Compensation Act shall be strictly construed by the Workers’ Compensation Court and any appellate court reviewing a decision of the Workers’ Compensation Court.  Added by Laws 1953, p. 430, • 10. Amended by Laws 1997, c. 361, • 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 7, eff. July 1, 2005.    •85-1.2. Workers' Compensation Court - Creation - Membership - Terms - Qualifications - Salaries - Presiding judge - Rules - Court of record - Principal office - Hearings - Administrator - Contempt powers.  A. There is hereby created the Workers' Compensation Court which shall consist of ten (10) judges. Each judge of the Court shall be appointed to a designated numbered position on the Court. The positions shall be numbered one through ten. The initial terms of the judges by position number shall expire on the following dates:  Position 1 shall expire 7-1-84.  Position 2 shall expire 7-1-84.  Position 3 shall expire 7-1-84.  Position 4 shall expire 7-1-82.  Position 5 shall expire 7-1-82.  Position 6 shall expire 7-1-80.  Position 7 shall expire 7-1-80.  Position 8 shall expire 7-1-88.  Position 9 shall expire 7-1-88.  Position 10 shall expire 7-1-96 after being appointed under the provisions hereinafter set forth effective September 1, 1993.  Thereafter, each position shall be filled by a judge appointed to serve a six-year term.  Provided the judges serving unexpired terms on the State Industrial Court shall serve on the Workers' Compensation Court until their terms expire only as provided herein. The judges of the State Industrial Court whose terms expire March 14, 1979, shall serve in Positions 6 and 7 until that date, and the judge whose term expires March 14, 1981, shall serve in Position 5 until that date. Upon expiration of these terms, the Governor shall appoint judges to serve the remainder of the initial terms designated in this section. When a vacancy on the Court occurs or is certain to occur or for initial appointments to the Court, the Judicial Nominating Commission shall choose and submit to the Governor and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court the names of three persons, in addition to the name of the incumbent judge, if any, for each appointment, each of whom has previously notified the Commission in writing that he or she will serve as a judge if appointed. The Governor shall appoint one of the nominees to fill the vacancy, but if the Governor fails to do so within sixty (60) days, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court shall appoint one of the nominees, the appointment to be certified to the Secretary of State.  B. A judge of the Court shall have been licensed to practice law in this state for a period of not less than five (5) years prior to appointment. Each judge, before entering upon the duties of office, shall take and subscribe to an oath of office and file the same with the Secretary of State. Each judge shall continue to serve until his or her successor has been appointed and qualified. A judge shall be eligible for reappointment, provided that the judge may be removed for cause by the Court on the Judiciary prior to the expiration of his or her term.  C. Each judge shall receive a salary equal to that paid to a district judge of this state, and shall devote full time to his or her duties and shall not engage in the private practice of law during the term in office.  D. The Governor shall appoint from among the judges of the Workers' Compensation Court a presiding judge of that Court who shall serve for a two-year term commencing with the initial appointment beginning January 1, 1987. Any judge so appointed shall not serve more than two times in succession. The presiding judge shall preside at all hearings held by the Court, preside at such meetings of the judges of the Court as may be necessary and perform such other supervisory duties as the needs of the Court may require. The presiding judge may designate one of the other judges to act as presiding judge in his or her place whenever necessary during the disqualification, disability, or absence of the presiding judge. During the disqualification, disability, or absence of the presiding judge, the acting presiding judge shall exercise all of the powers of the presiding judge.  E. The Court shall have the authority to adopt reasonable rules within its respective areas of responsibility including the rules of procedure for the Court en banc, after notice and public hearing, for effecting the purposes of the Workers' Compensation Act. All of the judges of the Court shall be present at all meetings wherein rules are adopted or amended. All rules, upon adoption, shall be submitted to the Supreme Court, which shall either approve or disapprove them within thirty (30) days. All rules, upon approval by the Supreme Court, shall be published and be made available to the public and, if not inconsistent with the law, shall be binding in the administration of the Workers' Compensation Act.  F. The Court is hereby designated and confirmed as a court of record, with respect to any matter within the limits of its jurisdiction, and within such limits the judges thereof shall possess the powers and prerogatives of the judges of the other courts of record of this state, including the power to punish for contempt those persons who disobey a subpoena, or refuse to be sworn or to answer as a witness, when lawfully ordered to do so.  G. The principal office of the Court shall be situated in the City of Oklahoma City in quarters assigned by the Department of Central Services. The Court may hold hearings in any city of this state.  H. All county commissioners and presiding district judges of this state shall make quarters available for the conducting of hearings by a judge of the Court upon request by the Court.  I. The judges of the Court shall determine the qualifications necessary for the job of Administrator. Said qualifications shall be submitted to the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court for approval, disapproval or modification.  J. Judges of the Workers' Compensation Court may punish for direct contempt pursuant to Sections 565, 565.1 and 566 of Title 21 of the Oklahoma Statutes.  Added by Laws 1977, c. 234, • 2, eff. July 1, 1978. Amended by Laws 1981, c. 256, • 1, emerg. eff. June 25, 1981; Laws 1982, c. 271, • 1, operative July 1, 1982; Laws 1983, c. 304, • 167, eff. July 1, 1983; Laws 1985, c. 321, • 4, emerg. eff. July 29, 1985; Laws 1986, c. 222, • 2, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1987, c. 223, • 1, operative July 1, 1987; Laws 1990, c. 283, • 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Laws 1992, c. 294, • 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1992; Laws 1993, c. 349, • 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 2001, 1st Ex. Sess., c. 3, • 3, emerg. eff. Oct. 23, 2001.    •85-1.2A. Salaries.  Notwithstanding other limits established by law, beginning January 1, 1998, the following judicial officers shall receive compensation for their services, payable monthly as follows:  A judge of the Workers' Compensation Court shall receive a salary as prescribed by Section 1.2 of Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes.  Added by Laws 1997, c. 384, • 8, eff. Jan. 1, 1998.    •85-1.3. Workers' Compensation Court Administrator.  A. The chief administrative officer of the Workers' Compensation Court shall be the Administrator, who shall be subject to the general supervision of the presiding judge of the Court, subject to the general administrative authority of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.  B. The person serving as Administrator on the date of passage and approval of this act shall continue to serve as Administrator of the Court, provided said person is serving as Administrator on the effective date of this act.  C. Except as provided in subsection B of this section, the Administrator shall be appointed by the Governor.  D. The salary of the Administrator shall be ninety percent (90%) of the authorized salary of a judge of the Court.  E. The Administrator shall serve a six-year term. During the term, the Administrator may be removed from office only for cause, as provided by law for the removal of officers not subject to impeachment, pursuant to the provisions of Sections 1181 through 1197 of Title 22 of the Oklahoma Statutes.  F. An Administrator who otherwise qualifies to serve as a judge of the Court shall not be eligible to serve as a judge of the Court for a period of one (1) year from the last date served as Administrator of the Court.  G. In addition to other duties set forth in Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes, the Administrator, subject to approval of the presiding judge, shall organize, direct and develop the administrative work of the Court, including the docketing, clerical, technical and financial work, establish hours of operation, and perform such other duties relating to matters within the purview of the Court as any judge of the Court may request.  H. The Administrator shall employ other employees of the Court, within budgetary limitation, necessary to carry out the work and orders of the Court in an efficient and expedient manner.  Added by Laws 1986, c. 222, • 3, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 8, eff. July 1, 2005.    •852.1. Employees excluded.  Commencing January 1, 1979, compensation provided for in the Workers' Compensation Act shall be payable to an employee for injuries arising out of and in the course of his employment. The Workers' Compensation Act shall not apply to the following employees:  1. Any person who is employed as a domestic servant or as a casual worker in and about a private home or household, which private home or household had a gross annual payroll in the preceding calendar year of less than Ten Thousand Dollars ($10,000.00) for such workers.  2. Any person for whom an employer is liable under any Act of Congress for providing compensation to employees for injuries, disease or death arising out of and in the course of employment including, but not limited to, the Federal Employees' Compensation Act, the Federal Employers' Liability Act, the Longshoremen's and Harbor Workers' Act and the Jones Act, to the extent his employees are subject to such acts.  3. Any person who is employed in agriculture or horticulture by an employer who had a gross annual payroll in the preceding calendar year of less than One Hundred Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) cash wages for agricultural or horticultural workers.  4. Any person who is a licensed real estate sales associate or broker, paid on a commission basis.    Laws 1977, c. 234, • 4, eff. July 1, 1978. Amended by Laws 1980, c. 340, • 2, emerg. eff. June 25, 1980.   •852.2. Agricultural employees not engaged in operation of motorized machines Exemption.  Notwithstanding any other provision of law, agricultural employees who are not engaged in operation of motorized machines shall be exempt from coverage of workers' compensation.    Laws 1979, c. 210, • 5, emerg. eff. May 30, 1979.   •852.3. Persons providing services in medical care or social services programs Exemption.  The Workers' Compensation Act shall not apply to any person who is providing services in a medical care or social services program, or who is a participant in a work or training program, administered by the Department of Institutions, Social and Rehabilitative Services, unless the Department is required by federal law or regulations to provide workers' compensation for such person.    •852.4. Persons providing services in medical care or social services program Exemption.  The Workers' Compensation Act shall not apply to any person who is providing services in a medical care or social services program, or who is a participant in a work or training program, administered by the Department of Human Services, unless the Department is required by federal law or regulations to provide workers' compensation for such person. This section shall not be construed to include nursing homes.    Laws 1980, c. 327, • 8, emerg. eff. June 25, 1980.   •852.5. Persons providing services in medical care or social service program Exemption.  The Workers' Compensation Act shall not apply to any person who is providing services in a medical care or social services program, or who is a participant in a work or training program, administered by the Department of Human Services, unless the Department is required by federal law or regulations to provide workers' compensation for such person. This section shall not be construed to include nursing homes.  Added by Laws 1981, c. 33, • 10, emerg. eff. June 30, 1981.    •85-2.6. Certain employers of persons related by blood or marriage excluded.  An employer, as defined in Section 3 of this title, with five or less total employees, all of whom are related by blood or marriage to:  1. The employer if the employer is a natural person;  2. A general or limited partner if the partnership is the employer;  3. The member of an association or limited liability company responsible for forming the association or limited liability company if the association or limited liability company is the employer; or  4. An incorporator of a corporation if the corporation is the employer,  shall be exempt from the Workers' Compensation Act.  Added by Laws 1997, c. 361, • 2, eff. Nov. 1, 1997. Amended by Laws 2009, c. 213, • 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2009.    •85-2.7. Youth sports league employers excluded.  An employer which is a youth sports league which qualifies for exemption from federal income taxation pursuant to 26 U.S.C., Section 501(a) because it is an organization described in 26 U.S.C., Section 501(c)(3) or (4) shall be exempt from the Workers' Compensation Act.  Added by Laws 1998, c. 353, • 2, eff. Nov. 1, 1998.    •85-2b. Coverage for certain public employees.  A. 1. All public entities of this state, their agencies and instrumentalities, authorities, and public trusts of which they are beneficiaries shall provide workers' compensation to their employees and elected officials engaged in either governmental or proprietary functions in accordance with this section. Compensation or indemnification for compensation shall be paid out of the funds of the public entities.  2. Except as otherwise provided, the state and all its institutions of higher education, departments, instrumentalities, institutions, and public trusts of which it or they are beneficiaries shall insure against liability for workers' compensation with the State Insurance Fund and shall not insure with any other insurance carrier unless:  a.  the State Insurance Fund refuses to accept the risk when the application for insurance is made,  b.  specifically authorized by law, or  c.  the state entity can obtain workers’ compensation insurance coverage at the same cost or at a lower cost from another insurance carrier licensed in this state. Effective November 1, 1999, and for the next two fiscal years thereafter, not to exceed fifteen (15) state entities each fiscal year may obtain workers’ compensation insurance coverage pursuant to this subparagraph from an insurer other than the State Insurance Fund. Beginning with the third fiscal year thereafter, all state entities may obtain workers’ compensation insurance coverage pursuant to this subparagraph.  3. The state, all state institutions of higher education except comprehensive universities, and all state departments, instrumentalities, institutions, and public trusts of which the state is a beneficiary, may self-insure under rules promulgated by the State Insurance Fund. Self-insurance administration may only be obtained through the State Insurance Fund. The state, all state institutions of higher education except comprehensive universities, and all state departments, instrumentalities, institutions, and public trusts so electing to self-insure shall pay premiums set by the State Insurance Fund. The State Insurance Fund shall collect premiums, pay claims and provide for excess insurance. All dividends or profits accumulating from a self-insurance program shall be refunded to the participants on a formula devised by the State Insurance Fund.  B. All counties, cities and towns, their instrumentalities and public trusts of which they are beneficiaries shall insure against their liability for workers' compensation with the State Insurance Fund or, through any combination of the following, may:  1. Self-insure and make any appropriation of funds to cover their risk;  2. Secure reinsurance or excess insurance over and above a self-insurance retention in any manner authorized by subsections B and C of Section 167 of Title 51 of the Oklahoma Statutes;  3. Secure compensation for their employees in the manner provided in the Political Subdivision Tort Claims Act; subsection C of Section 167 of Title 51 of the Oklahoma Statutes; or  4. Insure with other insurance carriers licensed in the State of Oklahoma.  C. Boards of education, their instrumentalities and public trusts of which they are beneficiaries shall insure against their liability for workers' compensation with the State Insurance Fund or, through any combination of the following, may:  1. Self-insure and make any appropriation of funds to cover their risk;  2. Secure reinsurance or excess insurance over and above a self-insured retention in any manner authorized by subsection B of Section 168 of Title 51 of the Oklahoma Statutes; or  3. Insure with other insurance carriers licensed in the State of Oklahoma.  D. Comprehensive universities shall insure against their liability for workers' compensation with the State Insurance Fund; or if it can be demonstrated to the Board of Regents of the comprehensive university prior to the inception date of a workers' compensation policy that the policy will result in a lower cost than one with the State Insurance Fund or, through any combination of the following, may:  1. Self-insure and make any appropriation of funds to cover their risk; or  2. Insure with other insurance carriers licensed in the State of Oklahoma.  E. In addition to any other provision of this section, city, county, city-county, and public trust hospitals may insure with other insurance carriers licensed in this state if it can be demonstrated to the governing body of the hospital prior to the inception date of a workers' compensation policy each year that the policy will result in a lower cost than one with the State Insurance Fund.  F. For purposes of the Workers' Compensation Act, all contracts of employment for state, county, municipal, and state funded educational entities and public trusts will be considered to have been entered into in this state regardless of where the work is performed.  G. Where a person who is employed by the state, a municipality, a county, or by any political subdivisions thereof, and who, while off-duty from the employment, is employed by a private employer, the private employer alone shall be liable for compensation under the Workers' Compensation Act for any injury or death of the person arising out of and in the course of employment which occurs during the hours of actual employment by the private employer. The provisions of Section 11 of this title shall be applicable to private employers specified in this subsection. The provisions of this subsection shall not relieve the state, a municipality or a county, or any political subdivision thereof, from providing disability benefits to which a person may be entitled pursuant to a pension or retirement plan. The provisions of this subsection shall not preclude an employee or group of employees so employed from providing separate compensation coverage for off-duty employment by a private employer.  Added by Laws 1955, p. 486, • 1. Amended by Laws 1977, c. 234, • 5, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1980, c. 340, • 1, emerg. eff. June 25, 1980; Laws 1981, c. 105, • 1, eff. July 1, 1981; Laws 1982, c. 110, • 1; Laws 1982, c. 271, • 2, operative July 1, 1982; Laws 1986, c. 222, • 4, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1995, c. 328, • 14, eff. July 1, 1995; Laws 1996, c. 3, • 24, emerg. eff. March 6, 1996; Laws 1999, c. 420, • 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1999; Laws 2000, c. 248, • 7, eff. Sept. 1, 2000.    NOTE: Laws 1995, c. 326, • 2 repealed by Laws 1996, c. 3, • 25, emerg. eff. March 6, 1996.    •85-2c. Repealed by Laws 1985, c. 312, • 55, emerg. eff. July 25, 1985.  •85-2e. Temporary total disability benefits - State employees.  The state and all its institutions of higher education, departments, instrumentalities, institutions and public trusts of which they are beneficiaries shall first provide temporary total disability benefits to employees injured on the job under their policy of workers' compensation insurance. At the option of the employee, temporary total disability benefits shall then be supplemented by any sick or annual leave available to the injured employee to the extent that the injured employee shall receive full wages during the employee's temporary absence from work; provided, the provisions of this section shall not preclude an employee from receiving any benefits to which the employee is entitled under the State Employees Disability Program Act, Section 1331 et seq. of Title 74 of the Oklahoma Statutes.  Added by Laws 1990, c. 283, • 2, eff. Sept. 1, 1990.    •85-3. Definitions.  As used in the Workers’ Compensation Act:  1. “Administrator” means the Administrator of workers’ compensation as provided for in the Workers’ Compensation Act;  2. “Amount in dispute” means the dollar value of any permanent disability award granted to the employee by the Court for a disability claim which is greater than the dollar amount offered by the employer to the employee for such disability claim if the employer admits compensability within twenty (20) days of the filing of the Employee’s First Notice of Accidental Injury and Claim for Compensation, has not disputed medical treatment, and has made a written settlement offer within fifteen (15) days of the employee reaching maximum medical improvement;  3. “Case management” means the ongoing coordination, by a case manager, of health care services provided to an injured or disabled worker, including, but not limited to:  a.  systematically monitoring the treatment rendered and the medical progress of the injured or disabled worker,  b.  ensuring that any treatment plan follows all appropriate treatment protocols, utilization controls and practice parameters,  c.  assessing whether alternative health care services are appropriate and delivered in a cost-effective manner based upon acceptable medical standards, and  d.  ensuring that the injured or disabled worker is following the prescribed health care plan;  4. “Case manager” means a person who:  a.  is a registered nurse with a current, active unencumbered license from the Oklahoma Board of Nursing, or  b.  possesses one or more of the following certifications which indicate the individual has a minimum number of years of case management experience, has passed a national competency test and regularly obtains continuing education hours to maintain certification:  (1)  Certified Disability Management Specialist (CDMS),  (2)  Certified Case Manager (CCM),  (3)  Certified Rehabilitation Registered Nurse (CRRN),  (4)  Case Manager – Certified (CMC),  (5)  Certified Occupational Health Nurse (COHN), or  (6)  Certified Occupational Health Nurse Specialist (COHN-S);  5. “Claimant” means a person who claims benefits for an injury pursuant to the provisions of the Workers’ Compensation Act;  6. “Court” means the Workers’ Compensation Court;  7. “Cumulative trauma” means a compensable injury, the major cause of which results from employment activities which are repetitive in nature and engaged in over a period of time and which is supported by objective medical evidence as defined in this section;  8. “Employer”, except when otherwise expressly stated, means a person, partnership, association, limited liability company, corporation, and the legal representatives of a deceased employer, or the receiver or trustee of a person, partnership, association, corporation, or limited liability company, departments, instrumentalities and institutions of this state and divisions thereof, counties and divisions thereof, public trusts, boards of education and incorporated cities or towns and divisions thereof, employing a person included within the term “employee” as herein defined;  9. “Employee” means any person engaged in the employment of any person, firm, limited liability company or corporation covered by the terms of the Workers’ Compensation Act, and shall include workers associating themselves together under an agreement for the performance of a particular piece of work, in which event such persons so associating themselves together shall be deemed employees of the person having the work executed; provided, that if such associated workers shall employ a worker in the execution of such contract, then as to such employed worker, both the associated employees and the principal employer shall at once become subject to the provisions of the Workers’ Compensation Act relating to independent contractors. Sole proprietors, members of a partnership, members of a limited liability company who own at least ten percent (10%) of the capital of the limited liability company or any stockholder-employees of a corporation who own ten percent (10%) or more stock in the corporation are specifically excluded from the foregoing definition of “employee”, and shall not be deemed to be employees as respects the benefits of the Workers’ Compensation Act. Provided, a sole proprietor, member of a partnership, member of a limited liability company who owns at least ten percent (10%) of the capital of the limited liability company or any stockholder-employee of a corporation who owns ten percent (10%) or more stock in the corporation who does not so elect to be covered by a policy of insurance covering benefits under the Workers’ Compensation Act, when acting as a subcontractor, shall not be eligible to be covered under the prime contractor’s policy of workers’ compensation insurance; however, nothing herein shall relieve the entities enumerated from providing workers’ compensation insurance coverage for their employees. Sole proprietors, members of a partnership, members of a limited liability company who own at least ten percent (10%) of the capital of the limited liability company or any stockholder-employees of a corporation who own ten percent (10%) or more stock in the corporation may elect to include the sole proprietors, any or all of the partnership members, any or all of the limited liability company members or any or all stockholder-employees as employees, if otherwise qualified, by endorsement to the policy specifically including them under any policy of insurance covering benefits under the Workers’ Compensation Act. When so included, the sole proprietors, members of a partnership, members of a limited liability company or any or all stockholder-employees shall be deemed to be employees as respects the benefits of the Workers’ Compensation Act. “Employee” shall also include any person who is employed by the departments, instrumentalities and institutions of this state and divisions thereof, counties and divisions thereof, public trusts, boards of education and incorporated cities or towns and divisions thereof. “Employee” shall also include a member of the Oklahoma National Guard while in the performance of duties only while in response to state orders and any authorized voluntary or uncompensated worker, rendering services as a firefighter, peace officer or emergency management worker. Provided, “employee” shall not include any other person providing or performing voluntary service who receives no wages for the services other than meals, drug or alcohol rehabilitative therapy, transportation, lodging or reimbursement for incidental expenses. “Employee” shall also include a participant in a sheltered workshop program which is certified by the United States Department of Labor. “Employee” shall not include a person, commonly referred to as an owner-operator, who owns or leases a truck-tractor or truck for hire, if the owner-operator actually operates the truck-tractor or truck and if the person contracting with the owner-operator is not the lessor of the truck-tractor or truck. Provided, however, an owner-operator shall not be precluded from workers’ compensation coverage under the Workers’ Compensation Act if the owner-operator elects to participate as a sole proprietor. “Employee” shall not include a person referred to as a drive-away owner-operator who privately owns and utilizes a tow vehicle in drive-away operations and operates independently for hire, if the drive-away owner-operator actually utilizes the tow vehicle and if the person contracting with the drive-away owner-operator is not the lessor of the tow vehicle. Provided, however, a drive-away owner-operator shall not be precluded from workers’ compensation coverage under the Workers’ Compensation Act if the drive-away owner-operator elects to participate as a sole proprietor;  10. “Drive-away operations” include every person engaged in the business of transporting and delivering new or used vehicles by driving, either singly or by towbar, saddle mount or full mount method, or any combination thereof, with or without towing a privately owned vehicle;  11. “Employment” includes work or labor in a trade, business, occupation or activity carried on by an employer or any authorized voluntary or uncompensated worker rendering services as a firefighter, peace officer or emergency management worker;  12. “Compensation” means the money allowance payable to an employee as provided for in the Workers’ Compensation Act;  13.  a.  “Compensable injury” means any injury or occupational illness, causing internal or external harm to the body, which arises out of and in the course of employment if such employment was the major cause of the specific injury or illness. An injury, other than cumulative trauma, is compensable only if it is caused by a specific incident and is identifiable by time, place and occurrence unless it is otherwise defined as compensable in this title. A compensable injury must be established by objective medical evidence, as defined in this section.  b.  “Compensable injury” includes heart-related or vascular injury, illness or death only if an accident or the claimant’s employment is the major cause of the heart-related or vascular injury. Such injury shall be compensable only if it is demonstrated that the exertion necessary to produce the harm was extraordinary and unusual in comparison to other occupations and that the occupation was the major cause of the harm. The injury must be established by objective medical evidence, as defined in this section.  c.  “Injury” or “personal injury” shall not include mental injury that is unaccompanied by physical injury, except in the case of rape which arises out of and in the course of employment.  d.  “Compensable injury” shall not include the ordinary, gradual deterioration or progressive degeneration caused by the aging process, unless the employment is a major cause of the deterioration or degeneration and is supported by objective medical evidence, as defined in this section; nor shall it include injury incurred while engaging in, performing or as the result of engaging in or performing any recreational or social activities;  14. “Wages” means the money rate at which the service rendered is recompensed under the contract of hiring in force at the time of the injury, including the reasonable value of board, rent, housing, lodging, or similar advantage received from the employer;  15. “Insurance carrier” shall include stock corporations, reciprocal or interinsurance associations, or mutual associations with which employers have insured, and employers permitted to pay compensation, directly under the provisions of paragraph 4 of subsection A of Section 61 of this title;  16. “Major cause” means the predominate cause of the resulting injury or illness;  17. “Objective medical evidence” means evidence which meets the criteria of Federal Rule of Evidence 702 and all U.S. Supreme Court case law applicable thereto;  18. “Occupational disease” means only that disease or illness which is due to causes and conditions characteristic of or peculiar to the particular trade, occupation, process or employment in which the employee is exposed to such disease. An occupational disease arises out of the employment only if the employment was the major cause of the resulting occupational disease and such is supported by objective medical evidence, as defined in this section;  19. “Permanent impairment” means any anatomical abnormality after maximum medical improvement has been achieved, which abnormality or loss the physician considers to be capable of being evaluated at the time the rating is made. Except as otherwise provided herein, any examining physician shall only evaluate impairment in accordance with the latest publication of the American Medical Association’s “Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment” in effect at the time of the injury. The Physician Advisory Committee may, pursuant to Section 201.1 of this title, recommend the adoption of a method or system to evaluate permanent impairment that shall be used in place of or in combination with the American Medical Association’s “Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment”. Such recommendation shall be made to the Administrator of the Workers’ Compensation Court who may adopt the recommendation in part or in whole. The adopted method or system shall be submitted by the Administrator to the Governor, the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President Pro Tempore of the Senate within the first ten (10) legislative days of a regular session of the Legislature. Such method or system to evaluate permanent impairment that shall be used in place of or in combination with the American Medical Association’s “Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment” shall be subject to disapproval in whole or in part by joint or concurrent resolution of the Legislature during the legislative session in which submitted. Such method or system shall be operative one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month in which the Administrator submits the adopted method or system to the Legislature if the Legislature takes no action or one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month in which the Legislature disapproves it in part. If adopted, permanent impairment shall be evaluated only in accordance with the latest version of the alternative method or system in effect at the time of injury. Except as otherwise provided in Section 11 of this title, all evaluations shall include an apportionment of injury causation. However, revisions to the guides made by the American Medical Association which are published after January 1, 1989, and before January 1, 1995, shall be operative one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month of publication. Revisions to the guides made by the American Medical Association which are published after December 31, 1994, may be adopted in whole or in part by the Administrator following recommendation by the Physician Advisory Committee. Revisions adopted by the Administrator shall be submitted by the Administrator to the Governor, the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President Pro Tempore of the Senate within the first ten (10) legislative days of a regular session of the Legislature. Such revisions shall be subject to disapproval in whole or in part by joint or concurrent resolution of the Legislature during the legislative session in which submitted. Revisions shall be operative one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month in which the Administrator submits the revisions to the Governor and the Legislature if the Legislature takes no action or one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month in which the Legislature disapproves them in part. The examining physician shall not follow the guides based on race or ethnic origin. The examining physician shall not deviate from said guides or any alternative thereto except as may be specifically provided for in the guides or modifications to the guides or except as may be specifically provided for in any alternative or modifications thereto, adopted by the Administrator of the Workers’ Compensation Court as provided for in Section 201.1 of this title. These officially adopted guides or modifications thereto or alternative system or method of evaluating permanent impairment or modifications thereto shall be the exclusive basis for testimony and conclusions with regard to permanent impairment with the exception of paragraph 3 of Section 22 of this title, relating to scheduled member injury or loss; and impairment, including pain or loss of strength, may be awarded with respect to those injuries or areas of the body not specifically covered by said guides or alternative to said guides. All evaluations of permanent impairment must be supported by objective medical evidence;  20. “Permanent total disability” means incapacity because of accidental injury or occupational disease to earn any wages in any employment for which the employee may become physically suited and reasonably fitted by education, training or experience, including vocational rehabilitation; loss of both hands, or both feet, or both legs, or both eyes, or any two thereof, shall constitute permanent total disability;  21. “Permanent partial disability” means permanent disability which is less than total and shall be equal to or the same as permanent impairment;  22. “Maximum medical improvement” means that no further material improvement would reasonably be expected from medical treatment or the passage of time;  23. “Independent medical examiner” means a licensed physician authorized to serve as a medical examiner pursuant to Section 17 of this title;  24. “Certified workplace medical plan” means an organization of health care providers or any other entity, certified by the State Commissioner of Health pursuant to Section 14.3 of this title, that is authorized to enter into a contractual agreement with a self-insured employer, group self-insurance association plan, an employer’s workers’ compensation insurance carrier or an insured, which shall include any member of an approved group self-insured association, policyholder or public entity, regardless of whether such entity is insured by CompSource Oklahoma, to provide medical care under the Workers’ Compensation Act. Certified plans shall only include such plans which provide medical services and payment for services on a fee-for-service basis to medical providers and shall not include other plans which contract in some other manner, such as capitated or pre-paid plans; and  25. “Treating physician” means the licensed physician selected as provided in Section 14 of this title.  Added by Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 1, • 3. Amended by Laws 1919, c. 14, p. 15, •• 2, 3; Laws 1923, c. 61, p. 119, • 2; Laws 1941, p. 477, • 2; Laws 1945, pp. 414, 415, •• 1, 2, emerg. eff. May 7, 1945; Laws 1953, p. 427, •• 1, 2, emerg. eff. June 6, 1953; Laws 1957, p. 571, • 1, emerg. eff. May 15, 1957; Laws 1959, p. 397, • 1, emerg. eff. July 15, 1959; Laws 1961, p. 638, • 2, emerg. eff. April 26, 1961; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 6, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1985, c. 266, • 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1985; Laws 1986, c. 222, • 5, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1988, c. 2, • 1, emerg. eff. Feb. 3, 1988; Laws 1990, c. 283, • 3, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Laws 1992, c. 294, • 2, eff. Sept. 1, 1992; Laws 1993, c. 366, • 51, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 1994, c. 2, • 33, emerg. eff. March 2, 1994; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 17, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 1996, c. 105, • 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1996; Laws 1996, c. 363, • 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1996; Laws 1997, c. 188, • 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 1997, c. 361, • 3, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 2001, 1st Ex. Sess., c. 3, • 4, emerg. eff. Oct. 23, 2001; Laws 2003, c. 329, • 60, emerg. eff. May 29, 2003; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 9, eff. July 1, 2005.    NOTE: Laws 1993, c. 349, • 2 repealed by Laws 1994, c. 2, • 34, emerg. eff. March 2, 1994.    •85-3.1. Definitions applicable to death benefits.  A. In respect to death benefits under the Workers' Compensation Act, the following definitions shall apply:  (1) "Actually dependent" means:  a.  a surviving spouse as defined in this section;  b.  a child as defined in this section; or  c.  any other person dependent in fact upon the employee and refers only to a person who receives onehalf (1/2) or more of his support from the employee;  (2) "Surviving spouse" means only the employee's spouse living with or actually dependent upon the employee at the time of his injury or death, or living apart for justifiable cause or by reason of desertion by the employee;  (3) "Child" means a natural or adopted son or daughter of the employee under eighteen (18) years of age; or a natural or adopted son or daughter of an employee eighteen (18) years of age or over and physically or mentally incapable of selfsupport; or any natural or adopted son or daughter of an employee eighteen (18) years of age or over who is actually dependent; or any natural or adopted son or daughter of an employee between eighteen (18) and twentythree (23) years of age who is enrolled as a fulltime student in any accredited educational institution. The term "child" includes a posthumous child, a child legally adopted or one for whom adoption proceedings are pending at the time of death, an actually dependent stepchild or an actually dependent acknowledged child born out of wedlock;  (4) "Grandchild" means a child of a child, as herein defined;  (5) "Brother" and "sister" means a sibling of the employee under eighteen (18) years of age, eighteen (18) years of age or over and physically or mentally incapable of selfsupport, eighteen (18) years of age or over and actually dependent and brothers and sisters by adoption. Married brothers or married sisters shall not be included except as provided in paragraph (1) of this section; and  (6) "Parent" means a mother or father, a stepparent, a parent by adoption and a parentinlaw, if actually dependent in each case except as provided in paragraph (1) of this section.  B. All questions of relationship and dependency shall be determined as of the time of injury for purposes of income benefits for injury, and as of the time of death for purposes of income benefits for death.  Added by Laws 1951, p. 267, • 1, emerg. eff. May 29, 1951. Amended by Laws 1977, c. 234, • 7, eff. July 1, 1978.    •853.4. Commencement of claims Procedure.  A. 1. All claims for any compensation or benefits under the Workers' Compensation Act shall be commenced with the filing of a notice of injury with the Administrator. All claims filed for workers' compensation benefits shall contain a statement that all matters stated therein are true and accurate, and shall be signed by the claimant and the claimant’s agent, if any. Any person who signs this statement or causes another to sign this statement knowing the statement to be false shall be guilty of perjury. An individual who signs on behalf of a claimant may be presumed to have the authorization of the claimant and to be acting at the claimant’s direction. All answers and defenses to claims or other documents filed on behalf of a respondent or the respondent's insurer in a workers' compensation case shall contain a statement that all matters stated therein are true and accurate, and shall be signed by the respondent, the insurer, or their respective agents, if any. Any person who signs such a statement or causes another to sign such a statement, knowing the statement to be false, shall be guilty of perjury. An individual who signs on behalf of a respondent, its insurer, or its agent may be presumed to have the authorization of the respondent, its insurer and agent to be acting at their direction.  2. All matters pertaining to such claims shall be presented to the Administrator until such time as the Administrator is notified in writing by a party that there is a controverted issue that cannot be resolved by the parties or that the parties have received an agreed final order from the Court. The Administrator shall, within seven (7) days of the receipt of such notification, set the matter for hearing at the earliest available time to be heard by the Court in the appropriate judicial district as provided in Section 3.5 of this title. The Administrator shall assign a member of the Court to hear a docket in each judicial district of the state at least once each calendar month when there has been a request for a hearing in the judicial district. The Administrator shall assign judges to the state judicial districts on a rotating basis for the purpose of holding prehearing conferences and settlement conferences and hearing cases. At the request of either party, a prehearing conference shall be held before the member of the Court assigned to the case within fortyfive (45) days of the filing of a claimant's request for a hearing. The purpose of the prehearing conference shall be to mediate and encourage settlement of the case or determine issues in dispute.  3. The Court, upon its own motion or at the request of any of the parties, may set a settlement conference at any practicable time. The conference shall be held before any Workers’ Compensation Court Judge or an Active Retired Judge sitting by special designation for that purpose, other than the judge assigned to the case. The purpose of the settlement conference is to permit an informal discussion among the parties, the attorneys, and the settlement judge on every aspect of the case bearing on its settlement value in an effort to resolve the matter before trial. The settlement judge shall not have any communications regarding the case or the settlement conference with the assigned trial judge other than to advise the trial judge that a settlement was or was not reached. The setting of a settlement conference by the Court, or a request for a settlement conference by any party, shall not preclude any party from filing a Motion to Set for Trial.  4. The Court shall be vested with jurisdiction over all claims filed pursuant to the Workers' Compensation Act. The Court shall determine the lawfulness of any claim for compensation under the Workers' Compensation Act based on the weight of evidence; provided, however, any claim, and subsequent disability, that has as its source a physical condition resulting from incremental damage or injury or a gradual deterioration of physical health, which is caused by a condition arising out of and in the course of employment, must be proven by a preponderance of the evidence presented to the Court.  B. All claims so filed shall be heard by the judge sitting without a jury. All petitions for final orders or awards filed pursuant to the provisions of Section 84 of this title must be approved by the Court having jurisdiction before a final order or award may be entered. All matters relating to a claim for benefits under the Workers' Compensation Act shall be filed with the Administrator.  Added by Laws 1977, c. 234, • 8, eff. July 1, 1978. Amended by Laws 1986, c. 222, • 6, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1993, c. 349, • 3, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 2001, 1st Ex. Sess., c. 3, • 5, emerg. eff. Oct. 23, 2001.    •85-3.5. Venue - Videoconference.  A. Upon the agreement of the parties, the venue shall be the judicial district of the county of the legal residence of the claimant at the time the injury was sustained, the judicial district of the county where the injury occurred or the judicial district of the county of the principal place of business of the employer.  In the event that the claimant is not a legal resident of the State of Oklahoma, the necessary hearings shall be held in the judicial district of the county of the principal place of business of the employer If the parties do not agree to venue as provided for in this section, hearings may be held in any jurisdiction if the Judge determines that good cause has been shown.  B. Upon agreement of the parties, the Court may hold hearings related to a claim by videoconference.  Laws 1977, c. 234, • 9, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 2005, c. 1, • 10, eff. July 1, 2005.    •85-3.6. Appellate procedures.  A. All the evidence pertaining to each case, except upon agreed orders, shall, insofar as may be possible, be heard by the judge initially assigned to the case. Upon the completion of such hearing or hearings, the judge hearing the cause shall make such order, decision or award as is proper, just and equitable in the matter. Either party feeling himself aggrieved by such order, decision or award shall, within ten (10) days, have the right to take an appeal from the order, decision or award of the Judge to the Workers' Compensation Court sitting en banc. Such appeal shall be allowed as a matter of right to either party upon filing with the Administrator a notice of such appeal. Such Court en banc shall consist of three (3) Judges of the Court, none of whom shall have presided over any of the previous hearings on the claim. The Court en banc may reverse or modify the decision only if it determines that such decision was against the clear weight of the evidence or contrary to law. Upon completion of the appeal, the members of the Court sitting en banc shall issue such order, decision or award as is proper, just and equitable. Only those members participating in the hearing on appeal shall participate in the making of the order, decision or award. All orders, decisions or awards shall be approved by a majority of the members of the Court sitting en banc. Provided, there may be more than one Court en banc sitting at the same time for purposes of hearing the appeals provided for herein. Appeals shall be allowed on a question of law or a question of fact, or a mixed question of law and fact, and shall be determined on the record made before the Judge. Provided, when the order of the Judge of the Court making an award to a claimant is appealed by the employer or the insurance carrier, interest shall be allowed on the accrued amounts of the award due from the date the award was filed, if the award is not modified or vacated on appeal.  B. In each case filed in the Court en banc, and at the time of filing same, the appellant shall deposit with the clerk as costs One Hundred Twenty-five Dollars ($125.00) of which no rebate of any part thereof shall be made. The fee collected under this subsection shall be deposited as follows: One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) to the credit of the Administrator of Workers' Compensation Revolving Fund created by Section 95 of this title for the costs of administering the Workers' Compensation Act; and Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00) to the credit of the Administrator of Workers' Compensation Revolving Fund for purposes of implementing the provisions of this act, including strengthening and providing additional funding for the Attorney General's Workers' Compensation Fraud Unit, providing counseling services pursuant to the workers' compensation counselor program and safety in the workplace.  C. The order, decision or award of the Court shall be final and conclusive upon all questions within its jurisdiction between the parties, unless, within twenty (20) days after a copy of such order, decision or award has been sent by the Administrator to the parties affected, an action is commenced in the Supreme Court of the state, to review such order, decision or award. Any order, decision or award made by a judge of the Court shall be considered as final under the provisions of this section unless appealed to the Workers' Compensation Court sitting en banc as provided for in subsection A of this section. The order, decision or award of a judge of the Court shall be final and conclusive upon all questions within his jurisdiction between the parties unless appealed directly to the Supreme Court or to the Workers' Compensation Court sitting en banc as hereinbefore provided. Any party litigant desiring to appeal directly from such order, decision or award to the Supreme Court, shall, within twenty (20) days after a copy of the order, decision or award has been sent by the Administrator to the parties affected, commence an action in the Supreme Court of the state to review such order, decision or award. The Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction of such action, and shall prescribe rules for the commencement and trial of the same. Such action shall be commenced by filing with the Clerk of the Supreme Court a certified copy of the order, decision or award of the Workers' Compensation Court sitting en banc or the judge attached to the petition by the complaint wherein the complainant or petitioner shall make his assignments or specifications as to wherein said order, decision or award is erroneous or illegal. Provided, however, no proceeding to reverse, vacate or modify any order, decision or award of the Workers' Compensation Court sitting en banc or judge of the Court wherein compensation has been awarded an injured employee shall be entertained by the Supreme Court unless the Administrator shall take a written undertaking to the claimant executed on the part of the respondent or insurance carrier, or both, with one or more sureties to be approved by the Administrator, to the effect that the appellant will pay the amount of the award rendered therein, together with interest thereon from the date of the award by the judge of the Court and all costs of the proceeding, or on the further order of the Workers' Compensation Court sitting en banc or judge of the Court after the appeal has been decided by the Supreme Court, except that municipalities and other political subdivisions of the State of Oklahoma are exempt from making such written undertakings. Before the Clerk of the Supreme Court shall accept the action for filing, a certificate from the Administrator shall be required, showing that this provision has been complied with. Said proceedings shall be heard in a summary manner and shall have precedence over all other civil cases in the Supreme Court, except preferred Corporation Commission appeals. The Supreme Court shall require the appealing party to file within forty-five (45) days from the date of the filing of an appeal or an order appealed from, a transcript of the record of the proceedings before the Workers' Compensation Court, or upon application and for good cause shown, the Supreme Court may extend the time for filing said transcript of the record for a period of time not to exceed ninety (90) days from said date, and such action shall be subject to the law and practice applicable to other civil actions cognizable in said Supreme Court. The Court whose action was appealed shall enter any order directed by the Supreme Court under the final determination.  D. When the only controverted issue in a death claim is the determination of proper beneficiaries entitled to receive death benefits, and the parties-beneficiary appeal the decision of the Court, the employer or insurance carrier may pay the proceeds, as they accrue, to the Administrator. The Administrator shall hold the proceeds in trust in an interest-bearing account during the appeal period and shall distribute the proceeds and interest to the proper beneficiaries upon written direction of the Court. The employer or insurance carrier shall not be taxed interest or cost on the order of the death claim if payments have been made to the Administrator as they accrue.  E. An action to reopen any case under the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act shall be assigned in the same manner as original assignments made hereunder.  F. Benefits for an injury shall be determined by the law in effect at the time of injury; benefits for death shall be determined by the law in effect at the time of death.  G. For purposes of this section, interest shall be computed pursuant to Section 727 of Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes.  Added by Laws 1977, c. 234, • 10, eff. July 1, 1978. Amended by Laws 1986, c. 222, • 7, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1986, c. 302, • 3, operative July 1, 1986; Laws 1993, c. 349, • 4, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 18, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 1997, c. 262, • 1, emerg. eff. May 27, 1997.    •85-3.7. Administrator - Powers and duties.  The Administrator shall have the following powers and duties:  1. To hear and approve settlements pursuant to direction by the judges of the Court;  2. To review and approve "own-risk" applications and group Self-insurance associations applications;  3. To monitor "own-risk", self-insurer and group self-insurance programs in accordance with the rules of the Court;  4. To establish a toll free telephone number in order to provide information and answer questions about the Court;  5. To hear and determine claims concerning disputed medical bills;  6. To promulgate necessary rules subject to the approval of the presiding judge;  7. Such other duties and responsibilities authorized by law or as the judges of the Court may prescribe;  8. To adopt rules which require every insurance company, the State Insurance Fund and every self-insurer authorized to transact workers' compensation insurance in this state to report to the Administrator its statistical experience and its experience regarding the utilization of independent medical examiners in permanent disability cases during the period from July 1, 1995, to July 1, 1997. The information regarding utilization of independent medical examiners shall include, but not be limited to, the number of independent medical examiner appointments, the parties requesting the independent medical examiner, the doctors participating and the number of evaluations done by each, a summary of awards and settlements, medical costs, and duration of temporary total disability. The Administrator shall compile the information collected and present a report of his findings to the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the Governor, the Advisory Council on Workers' Compensation and the Physician Advisory Committee; and  9. To adopt rules which impose an administrative penalty of One Hundred Dollars ($100.00) for each day an insurance company or self-insurer fails to provide the information required pursuant to paragraph 8 of this section.  Added by Laws 1977, c. 234, • 11, eff. July 1, 1978. Amended by Laws 1978, c. 249, • 3, emerg. eff. April 29, 1978; Laws 1982, c. 271, • 3, operative July 1, 1982; Laws 1986, c. 222, • 8, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1990, c. 283, • 4, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 19, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994.    •853.8. Employees of Administrator prohibited from testifying in certain court proceedings - Solicitation, recommendation or reference of attorney or physician prohibited - Certain ex parte communications by judge prohibited.  A. No employee of the Administrator shall be competent to testify on any matter before a court concerning any information he has received through the performance of his duties under the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act.  B. The Administrator and his employees shall not solicit employment for any attorney or physician nor shall they recommend or refer any claimant or employer to an attorney or physician. If the Administrator or any of his employees makes such a solicitation, recommendation or reference, that person, upon conviction, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable, for each offense, by a fine of not more than One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00) or by imprisonment not to exceed one (1) year, or by both such fine and imprisonment. The Administrator shall immediately terminate the employment of any such employee who is guilty of such solicitation, recommendation or reference. An Administrator guilty of such solicitation, recommendation or reference shall be subject to removal from office.  C. No judge of the Workers' Compensation Court shall engage in any ex parte communication with any party to an action pending before the Court or with any medical provider regarding the merits of a specific matter pending before the judge for resolution. Any violation of this provision shall subject the judge to disqualification from the action or matter upon presentation of an application for disqualification.  Laws 1977, c. 234, • 12, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1993, c. 349, • 5, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.    •85-3.9. Workers' compensation counselors - Duties.  A. The Administrator shall establish a workers' compensation counselor program to assist injured workers, employers and persons claiming death benefits in obtaining benefits under the Workers' Compensation Act.  B. Workers' compensation counselors shall provide information to injured workers; investigate complaints; communicate with employers, insurance carriers, self-insurers, and health care providers; provide informational seminars and workshops on workers' compensation for medical providers, insurance adjustors, and employee and employer groups; and develop informational materials for employees, employers and medical providers. A workers' compensation counselor shall otherwise assist unrepresented claimants, employers, and other parties to enable them to protect their rights in the workers' compensation system.  C. The Administrator shall mail a notice to a claimant within thirty (30) days of the filing of an Employee’s First Notice of Accidental Injury and Claim for Compensation. The notice shall advise the claimant of the availability of the services of workers’ compensation counselors and mediation to assist the claimant in resolution of the claimant’s claim, how to contact the counselor program and all such additional information as the Administrator may determine necessary.  Added by Laws 1990, c. 283, • 5, eff. Sept. 1, 1990. Amended by Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 20, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 11, eff. July 1, 2005.    •85-3.10. Voluntary mediation - Mediation by court order - Certified mediator.  A. Mediation shall be available to any party to a claim arising pursuant to the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act, subject to the limitation provisions of Section 14.3 of this title and except for claims against the Multiple Injury Trust Fund.  B. Unless ordered by the Workers’ Compensation Court, mediation shall be voluntary, and shall not be conducted without the consent of both parties.  1. Mediation is not a prerequisite to the commencement of a claim for benefits, pursuant to the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act.  2. A request for mediation or consent to mediate does not invoke the jurisdiction of the Court.  C. The Court may order mediation upon request of either party or in any case in which the Court believes that mediation may be beneficial to a prompt and efficient resolution of the claim.  D. 1. A request for mediation shall be made in writing to the Administrator.  2. The party requesting mediation shall inform the Administrator of the issues in dispute, and the name, address, and telephone number of the opposing party or insurance company, if known. If the claim involves a certified workplace medical plan, the requesting party shall provide the name and phone number of the contact person for the plan.  E. Once a request has been made, the Administrator shall contact the opposing party. Upon order of the Court, the parties shall complete mediation within thirty (30) days of the notification.  F. If both parties agree to mediation, they shall enter into a written consent to mediate on a form provided by the Administrator. The form shall contain a statement informing the parties of their rights and obligations and of the confidentiality of the proceedings. This written consent shall be signed by both parties to the claim and shall be submitted to the Administrator before the selection of a mediator is made.  G. Mediation is confidential and no part of the proceeding shall be considered a matter of public record. Recommendations of the mediator are not binding unless the parties enter into a settlement agreement. If an agreement is not reached, the results and statements made during the mediation are not admissible in any following proceeding.  H. Upon receipt of the consent form or upon order of the Court, the Administrator shall provide the parties with a list of certified mediators. Both parties shall agree to a mediator. If the parties are unable to agree, the Administrator shall assign a certified mediator.  I. The Workers’ Compensation Court shall be responsible for certifying those persons who are eligible and qualified to serve as mediators. An individual may be certified as a mediator if; the applicant meets the qualifications as required by the Court.  J. Each certified mediator shall remain on the list for five (5) years, unless removed. Mediators shall be required to complete at least six (6) hours of continuing education per two-year period in the areas of mediation and workers' compensation. Proof of compliance with this requirement shall be submitted to the Administrator. This continuing education requirement shall be in addition to any other such general requirement which may be required by the Oklahoma State Bar Association. Cost of continuing education is to be borne by the applicant.  K. Mediators shall be compensated at the rate or fee as determined by the mediator; provided, however, the rate or fee shall not exceed a maximum rate to be established by the Administrator by rule. The cost of mediation shall be paid by the respondent or its insurance carrier.  L. If the mediated claim is resolved, any final settlement of the action shall include a consent to mediation form or court order to complete mediation, as applicable, and shall be completed upon the filing of a Joint Petition or an Agreement Between Employer and Employee as to Fact with Relation to an Injury and Payment of Compensation.  Added by Laws 1997, c. 361, • 4, eff. Nov. 1, 1997. Amended by Laws 1999, c. 420, • 4, eff. Nov. 1, 1999; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 12, eff. July 1, 2005.    •85-3.11. Computation of time.  The time within which an act is to be done, as provided for in Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes, shall be computed by excluding the first day and including the last day. If the last day is a legal holiday as defined by Section 82.1 of Title 25 of the Oklahoma Statutes, it shall be excluded. The provisions of this section are hereby declared to be a clarification of the law as it existed prior to the effective date of this act and shall not be considered or construed to be a change of the law as it existed prior to the effective date of this act. Any action or proceeding arising under Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes prior to the effective date of this act for which a determination of the period of time prescribed by this section is in question or has been in question due to the enactment of Section 20, Chapter 293, O.S.L. 1999, shall be governed by the method for computation of time as prescribed by this section.  Added by Laws 2000, c. 260, • 6, emerg. eff. June 1, 2000.    •854. Injuries occurring outside State Right of election Lands and property of United States.  From and after the passage and effective date of the Workers' Compensation Act, all the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act of this state, Sections 1 et seq. of this title, shall apply to employers and to employees, irrespective of where accident resulting in injury may occur, whether within or without the territorial limits of the State of Oklahoma, when the contract of employment was entered into within the State of Oklahoma, and the said employee was acting in the course of such employment and performing work outside the territorial limits of this state under direction of such employer. In such case the injured employee may elect to commence and maintain his action for benefits and compensation in the State of Oklahoma as provided in the Workers' Compensation Act and the Court is hereby vested with jurisdiction thereof as fully as if such injury or accident had occurred within this state. Such right of election shall, however, not preclude the injured employee from recovering any benefits or compensation provided under any law of the state where injury occurred, and if such action be so commenced in such other state, or under the law of another state, and is prosecuted to final determination, such employee shall thereupon be precluded from his right of action under the Workers' Compensation Act of this state. Provided, the injured employee may exercise his right of election to file his claim or commence his said action or proceeding in the State of Oklahoma, at any time prior to final adjudication or determination of his rights under the laws of another state, and the fact that he shall have been furnished or provided with medical, surgical, hospital or other treatment care, or paid temporary disability compensation in such other state, or under the laws thereof, shall not preclude such injured employee from recovering further benefits and compensation under the Workers' Compensation Act of this state. Provided, further, no award made by the Court of this state shall include any compensation paid by the employer or insurance carrier before commencement of the action or proceeding in this state and any payments so made shall be treated as compensation voluntarily paid and credit therefor shall be allowed.  The State of Oklahoma accepts the provisions of the Acts of Congress designated as Public Law No. 814, 49 Statutes 1938, and hereby extends the territorial jurisdiction of the Workers' Compensation Act of this state to all lands and premises owned or held by the Government of the United States of America, by deed or act of cession, by purchase or otherwise, which are within the exterior boundaries of this state, and to all purchases, buildings, constructions, improvements or property belonging to the Government of the United States of America, which are within the exterior boundaries of this state, in the same manner and to the same extent as if said premises were under the exclusive jurisdiction of the State of Oklahoma, subject only to the limitations placed thereon by the Act of Congress.    Laws 1941, p. 476, • 1; Laws 1955, p. 485, • 1; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 13, eff. July 1, 1978.   •85-5. Discharge of employee - Termination of health insurance - Prohibited grounds.  A. No person, firm, partnership, corporation, or other entity may discharge, or, except for nonpayment of premium, terminate any group health insurance of any employee because the employee has in good faith:  1. Filed a claim;  2. Retained a lawyer for representation regarding a claim;  3. Instituted or caused to be instituted any proceeding under the provisions of this title;  4. Testified or is about to testify in any proceeding under the provisions of this title; or  5. Elected to participate or not to participate in a certified workplace medical plan as provided in Section 14 of this title.  B. No person, firm, partnership, corporation, or other entity may discharge any employee during a period of temporary total disability solely on the basis of absence from work.  C. After an employee’s period of temporary total disability has ended, no person, firm, partnership, corporation, or other entity shall be required to rehire or retain any employee who is determined to be physically unable to perform assigned duties. The failure of an employer to rehire or retain any such employee shall in no manner be deemed a violation of this section.  D. No person, firm, partnership, corporation or other entity may discharge an employee for the purpose of avoiding payment of temporary total disability benefits to the injured employee.   Added by Laws 1976, c. 217, • 1. Amended by Laws 1992, c. 294, • 3, eff. Sept. 1, 1992; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 21, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 1998, c. 353, • 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1998; Laws 2001, 1st Ex. Sess., c. 3, • 6, emerg. eff. Oct. 23, 2001; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 13, eff. July 1, 2005.    •856. Penalty Damages.  Except as provided in Section 29 of this act, a person, firm, partnership or corporation who violates any provision of Section 5 of this title shall be liable for reasonable damages, actual and punitive if applicable, suffered by an employee as a result of the violation. An employee discharged in violation of the Workers' Compensation Act shall be entitled to be reinstated to his former position. Exemplary or punitive damage awards made pursuant to this section shall not exceed One Hundred Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00). The burden of proof shall be upon the employee.    Amended by Laws 1986, c. 222, • 9, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.   •856.1. Liability of state or political subdivision.  The liability of the state or any political subdivision as defined in Section 152 of Title 51 of the Oklahoma Statutes, that is found in violation of Section 6 of Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes shall be limited to the limits of liability contained in the Governmental Tort Claims Act.    Added by Laws 1986, c. 222, • 10, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.   •857. Jurisdiction.  Except as otherwise provided for by law, the district courts of the state shall have jurisdiction, for cause shown, to restrain violations of this act.  Laws 1976, c. 217, • 3. Amended by Laws 1990, c. 283, • 6, eff. Sept. 1, 1990.    •859. County officers and employees Coverage.  Workers' Compensation insurance coverage on county officials and employees engaged in hazardous employment, except for county sheriffs and deputies, is permissive and not mandatory.    Laws 1977, c. 144, • 2, emerg. eff. June 3, 1977.   •85-11. Employer to pay compensation - Exceptions - Liability for compensation.  A. Every employer subject to the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act shall pay, or provide as required by the Workers' Compensation Act, compensation according to the schedules of the Workers' Compensation Act for the disability or death of an employee resulting from an accidental personal injury sustained by the employee arising out of and in the course of employment, without regard to fault as a cause of such injury, and in the event of disability only, except as follows:  1. An injury occasioned by the willful intention of the injured employee to bring about injury to himself or herself, or another;  2. An injury resulting directly from the willful failure of the injured employee to use a guard or protection against accident furnished for use pursuant to any statute or by order of the Commissioner of Labor;  3. An injury which occurs when an employee is using substances defined and consumed pursuant to Section 465.20 of Title 63 of the Oklahoma Statutes, or is using or abusing alcohol or illegal drugs, or is illegally using chemicals; provided, this paragraph shall only apply when the employee is unable to prove by a preponderance of the evidence that the substances, alcohol, illegal drugs, or illegally used chemicals were not the proximate cause of the injury or accident. For the purposes of this paragraph, post-accident alcohol or drug testing results shall be admissible as evidence; and  4. Except for innocent victims, an injury caused by a prank, horseplay, or similar willful or intentional behavior.  B. Liability of any person, firm, or corporation having an interest in the subject matter, employers and contracting employers, general or intermediate, for compensation under the Workers' Compensation Act, when other than the immediate employer of the injured employee, shall be as follows:  1. The independent contractor shall, at all times, be liable for compensation due to his or her direct employees, or the employees of any subcontractor of such independent contractor, and the principal employer shall also be liable in the manner hereinafter specified for compensation due all direct employees, employees of the independent contractors, subcontractors, or other employees engaged in the general employer's business; provided, however, if an independent contractor relies in good faith on proof of a valid workers' compensation insurance policy issued to a subcontractor of the independent contractor or on proof of an Affidavit of Exempt Status Under the Workers' Compensation Act properly executed by the subcontractor under Section 75 of this act, then the independent contractor shall not be liable for injuries of any employees of the subcontractor. Provided further, such independent contractor shall not be liable for injuries of any subcontractor of the independent contractor unless an employer-employee relationship is found to exist by the Workers' Compensation Court despite the execution of an Affidavit of Exempt Status Under the Workers' Compensation Act.  2. The person entitled to such compensation shall have the right to recover the same directly from the person’s immediate employer, the independent contractor or intermediate contractor, and such claims may be presented against all such persons in one proceeding. If it appears in such proceeding that the principal employer has failed to require a compliance with the Workers' Compensation Act of this state, by the independent contractor, then such employee may proceed against such principal employer without regard to liability of any independent, intermediate or other contractor; provided, however, if a principal employer relies in good faith on proof of a valid workers' compensation insurance policy issued to an independent contractor of the employer or to a subcontractor of the independent contractor or on proof of an Affidavit of Exempt Status Under the Workers' Compensation Act properly executed by the independent contractor or subcontractor under Section 75 of this act, then the principal employer shall not be liable for injuries of any employees of the independent contractor or subcontractor. Provided further, such principal employer shall not be liable for injuries of any independent contractor of the employer or of any subcontractor of the independent contractor unless an employer-employee relationship is found to exist by the Workers' Compensation Court despite the execution of an Affidavit of Exempt Status Under the Workers' Compensation Act. Provided, however, in any proceeding where compensation is awarded against the principal employer under the provisions hereof, such award shall not preclude the principal employer from recovering the same, and all expense in connection with said proceeding from any independent contractor, intermediate contractor or subcontractor whose duty it was to provide security for the payment of such compensation, and such recovery may be had by supplemental proceedings in the cause before the Court or by an independent action in any court of competent jurisdiction to enforce liability of contracts.  3. Where work is performed on a single family residential dwelling or its premises occupied by the owner, or for a farmer whose cash payroll for wages, excluding supplies, materials and equipment, for the preceding calendar year did not exceed One Hundred Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00), such owner or farmer shall not be liable for compensation under the Workers' Compensation Act. Such owner or farmer shall not be liable to the employee of any independent contractor or subcontractor, where applicable, or the farmer's own employee.  4. Where compensation is payable for an occupational disease, the employer in whose employment the employee was last injuriously exposed to the hazards of such disease and the insurance carrier, if any, on the risk when such employee was last so exposed under such employer, shall alone be liable therefor, without right to contribution from any prior employer or insurance carrier; provided, however, that in the case of silicosis or asbestosis, the only employer and insurance carrier liable shall be the last employer in whose employment the employee was last exposed to harmful quantities of silicon dioxide (SiO 2) dust on each of at least sixty (60) days or more, and the insurance carrier, if any, on the risk when the employee was last so exposed under such employer.  5. Where compensation is payable for an injury resulting from cumulative trauma, the last employer in whose employment the employee was last injuriously exposed to the trauma during a period of at least ninety (90) days or more, and the insurance carrier, if any, on the risk when the employee was last so exposed under such employer, shall alone be liable therefor, without right to contribution from any prior employer or insurance carrier. If there is no employer in whose employment the employee was injuriously exposed to the trauma for a period of at least ninety (90) days, then the last employer in whose employment the employee was last injuriously exposed to the trauma and the insurance carrier, if any, on the risk when such employee was last so exposed under such employer, shall be liable therefor, with right to contribution from any prior employer or insurance carrier.  Added by Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 1. Amended by Laws 1919, c. 14, p. 15, • 4; Laws 1923, c. 61, p. 120, • 3; Laws 1951, p. 267, • 2, emerg. eff. May 29, 1951; Laws 1953, p. 429, • 7, emerg. eff. June 6, 1953; Laws 1955, p. 486, • 1, emerg. eff. June 6, 1955; Laws 1955, p. 488, • 1, emerg. eff. June 6, 1955; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 16, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1980, c. 340, • 3, emerg. eff. June 25, 1980; Laws 1985, c. 266, • 2, eff. Nov. 1, 1985; Laws 1993, c. 349, • 6, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 1996, c. 363, • 2, eff. Nov. 1, 1996; Laws 1997, c. 361, • 5, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 2001, 1st Ex. Sess., c. 3, • 7, emerg. eff. Oct. 23, 2001; Laws 2006, c. 264, • 77, emerg. eff. June 7, 2006.    •85-12. Liability under preceding section exclusive - Exceptions - Actions - Defenses excluded - Extent of immunity.  The liability prescribed in Section 11 of this title shall be exclusive and in place of all other liability of the employer and any of his employees, any architect, professional engineer, or land surveyor retained to perform professional services on a construction project, at common law or otherwise, for such injury, loss of services, or death, to the employee, or the spouse, personal representative, parents, or dependents of the employee, or any other person. If an employer has failed to secure the payment of compensation for his injured employee, as provided for in this title, an injured employee, or his legal representatives if death results from the injury, may maintain an action in the courts for damages on account of such injury, and in such action the defendant may not plead or prove as a defense that the injury was caused by the negligence of a fellow servant, or that the employee assumed the risk of his employment, or that the injury was due to the contributory negligence of the employee; provided:  (i) The immunity created by the provisions of this section shall not extend to action by an employee, or the spouse, personal representative, parents, or dependents of the employee, or any other person against another employer, or its employees, on the same job as the injured or deceased worker where such other employer does not stand in the position of an intermediate or principal employer to the immediate employer of the injured or deceased worker;  (ii) The immunity created by the provisions of this section shall not extend to action against another employer, or its employees, on the same job as the injured or deceased worker even though such other employer may be considered as standing in the position of a special master of a loaned servant where such special master neither is the immediate employer of the injured or deceased worker nor stands in the position of an intermediate or principal employer to the immediate employer of the injured or deceased worker; and  (iii) This provision shall not be construed to abrogate the loaned servant doctrine in any respect other than that described in paragraph (ii) of this section. This section shall not be construed to relieve the employer from any other penalty provided for in this title for failure to secure the payment of compensation provided for in this title.  (iv) For the purpose of extending the immunity of this section, any architect, professional engineer, or land surveyor shall be deemed an intermediate or principal employer for services performed at or on the site of a construction project, but this immunity shall not extend to the negligent preparation of design plans and specifications.  (v) Nothing contained herein shall abrogate any rights arising under the Oklahoma Constitution.  Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 2. Laws 1919, c. 14, p. 16, • 5; Laws 1951, p. 267, • 3, emerg. eff. May 29, 1951; Laws 1982, c. 37, • 1, emerg. eff. March 26, 1982; Laws 1984, c. 81, • 1; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 14, eff. July 1, 2005.    •85-13. No compensation for first seven calendar days.  No compensation shall be allowed for the first three (3) calendar days of disability except the benefits as provided for in Section 14 of this title.  Added by Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 3. Amended by Laws 1919, c. 14, p. 17, • 6; Laws 1923, c. 61, p. 122, • 4; Laws 1955, p. 488, • 1, emerg. eff. May 3, 1955; Laws 1970, c. 239, • 1; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 17, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1986, c. 222, • 11, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 22, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994.    •85-14. Medical attention - Refusal of employment with restrictions.  A. 1. The employer shall promptly provide for an injured employee such medical, surgical or other attendance or treatment, nurse and hospital service, medicine, crutches, and apparatus as may be necessary after the injury. The treating physician shall supply the injured employee and the employer with a full examining report of injuries found at the time of examination and proposed treatment, this report to be supplied within seven (7) days after the examination; also, at the conclusion of the treatment the treating physician shall supply a full report of the treatment to the employer of the injured employee.  2. The treating physician who renders treatment to the employee at any time shall promptly notify the employee and employer or the employer’s insurer in writing after the employee has reached maximum medical improvement and is released from active medical care. If the employee is capable of returning to modified light duty work, the treating physician shall promptly notify the employee and the employer or the employer’s insurer thereof in writing and shall also specify what restrictions, if any, must be followed by the employer in order to return the employee to work. In the event the treating physician provides such notification to the employer’s insurer, the insurer shall promptly notify the employer. If an injured employee, only partially disabled, refuses employment consistent with any restrictions ordered by the treating physician, the employee shall not be entitled to temporary benefits during the continuance of such refusal unless in the opinion of the treating physician such refusal was justifiable; provided, before compensation may be denied, the employee shall be served with a notice setting forth the consequences of the refusal of employment and that temporary benefits will be discontinued fifteen (15) days after the date of such notice. The employee, upon receipt of such notice, may seek a hearing before the Workers’ Compensation Court. The Court shall grant an expedited hearing within five (5) days of any such application by the employee. At such hearing, the Court may enter an order allowing the discontinuation of such benefits, denying the discontinuance of such benefits or temporarily denying the discontinuance of such benefits pending further hearing. An order denying or temporarily denying the discontinuation of temporary benefits shall be based on a finding by the Court that probable cause exists to believe the work does not meet the conditions of the treating physician’s restrictions or that the restrictions are unreasonable.  B. The employer’s selected physician shall have the right and responsibility to treat the injured employee. A report of such examination shall be furnished to the employer and the injured employee within seven (7) days after such examination.  C. If the employer fails or neglects to provide medical treatment within three (3) days after actual knowledge of the injury is received by the employer, the injured employee, during the period of such neglect or failure, may select a physician to provide medical treatment at the expense of the employer; provided, however, that the injured employee, or another in the employee’s behalf, may obtain emergency treatment at the expense of the employer where such emergency treatment is not provided by the employer. The attending physician so selected by the employee shall notify the employer and the insurance carrier within seven (7) days after examination or treatment was first rendered. Once the employer has selected a treating physician and has offered the employee treatment, the physician selected by the employer shall become the treating physician.  D. 1. If a self-insured employer, group self-insurance association plan, an employer’s workers’ compensation insurance carrier or an insured, which shall include any member of an approved group self-insured association, policyholder or public entity, regardless of whether such entity is insured by CompSource Oklahoma, has previously contracted with a certified workplace medical plan, the employer shall select for the injured employee a treating physician from the physicians listed within the network of the certified workplace medical plan.  2. The claimant may apply for a change of physician by utilizing the dispute resolution process set out in the certified workplace medical plan on file with the State Department of Health.  E. The term “physician” as used in this section shall mean any person licensed in this state as a medical doctor, chiropractor, podiatrist, dentist, osteopathic physician or optometrist. The Court may accept testimony from a psychologist if the testimony is requested by the Court. If an injured employee should die, whether or not the employee has filed a claim, that fact shall not affect liability for medical attention previously rendered, and any person entitled to such benefits may enforce charges therefor as though the employee had survived.  F. 1. Whoever renders medical, surgical, or other attendance or treatment, nurse and hospital service, medicine, crutches and apparatus, or emergency treatment, may submit such charges and duration of treatment to the Administrator of the Court for review in accordance with the rules of the Administrator.  2. Such charges and duration of treatment shall be limited to the usual, customary and reasonable payments and duration of treatment as prescribed and limited by a schedule of fees and treatment for all medical providers to be adopted, after notice and public hearing, by the Administrator. Beginning January 1, 2006, the fee and treatment schedule for physician services shall be based on the most current Relative Value Units (RVU) produced by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) for the Medicare Physician Fee Schedule as of January 1 of the prior year. These relative values shall be multiplied by appropriate conversion factors to be determined by the Administrator. The conversion factors shall be adjusted by the Consumer Price Index and shall be adequate to reflect the usual and customary rates for treatment of workers’ compensation patients taking into consideration all relevant factors including, but not limited to, the additional time required to provide disability management. The Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes shall be adjusted to reflect any changes or additions to the CPT codes and coding of supplies and materials as published by the American Medical Association (AMA) or CMS. If the AMA adds a new CPT code, the Administrator shall review the procedure contemplated by the new CPT code, and after such review, and notice and public hearing, the Administrator may add the new CPT code and set the base fee for the CPT code to ensure the adequacy of the physician’s fee and treatment schedule. For services not valued by CMS, the Administrator shall establish values based on the usual, customary and reasonable medical payments to health care providers in the same trade area for comparable treatment of a person with similar injuries and the duration of treatment prevailing in this state for persons with similar injuries. The fee and treatment schedule shall be reviewed biennially by the Administrator and, after such review, and notice and public hearing, the Administrator shall be empowered to amend or alter the fee and treatment schedule to ensure its adequacy. The Administrator shall not increase the overall maximum reimbursement levels for health care providers, including hospitals and ambulatory surgical centers, in an amount exceeding the cumulative percentage of change of the Consumer Price Index – Urban (CPI-U) for all costs since the last biennial review. The fee schedule adopted by the Administrator as of January 1, 2006, shall be structured so as to result in at least a four-percent savings in workers’ compensation medical costs. In no event shall the reimbursement rate for any single procedure be equal to an amount which is less than one hundred fifteen percent (115%) of the current Medicare reimbursement rate for the procedure.  3. The Administrator shall adopt a new fee and treatment schedule to be effective not later than January 1, 1998, which establishes maximum allowable reimbursement levels for preparation for or testimony at a deposition or court appearance which shall not exceed Two Hundred Dollars ($200.00) per hour and for work-related or medical disability evaluation services.  4. An invoice for the actual cost to the hospital of an implantable device shall be adjusted by the hospital to reflect all applicable discounts, rebates, considerations and product replacement programs and must be provided to the payor by the hospital as a condition of payment for the implantable device.  5. The Administrator’s review of medical and treatment charges pursuant to this section shall be conducted pursuant to the fee and treatment schedule in existence at the time the medical care or treatment was provided. The order of the approving medical and treatment charges pursuant to this section shall be enforceable by the Court in the same manner as provided in the Workers’ Compensation Act for the enforcement of other compensation payments. Any party feeling aggrieved by the order, decision or award of the Administrator shall, within ten (10) days, have the right to request a hearing on such medical and treatment charges by a judge of the Workers’ Compensation Court. The judge of the Court may affirm the decision of the Administrator, or reverse or modify said decision only if it is found to be contrary to the fee and treatment schedule existing at the time the said medical care or treatment was provided. The order of the judge shall be subject to the same appellate procedure set forth in Section 3.6 of this title for all other orders of the Court. The right to recover charges for every type of medical care for personal injuries arising out of and in the course of covered employment as herein defined, shall lie solely with the Workers’ Compensation Court, and all jurisdiction of the other trial courts of this state over such action is hereby abolished. The foregoing provision, relating to approval and enforcement of such charges and duration of treatment, shall not apply where a written contract exists between the employer or insurance carrier and the person who renders such medical, surgical or other attendance or treatment, nurse and hospital service, or furnishes medicine, crutches or apparatus. When a medical care provider has brought a claim in the Workers’ Compensation Court to obtain payment for services, a party who prevails in full on the claim shall be entitled to a reasonable attorney fee.  6. Charges for prescription drugs shall be limited to ninety percent (90%) of the average wholesale price of the prescription, plus a dispensing fee of Five Dollars ($5.00) per prescription. "Average wholesale price" means the amount determined from the latest publication of the blue book, a universally subscribed pharmacist reference guide annually published by the Hearst Corporation. “Average wholesale price" may also be derived electronically from the drug pricing database synonymous with the latest publication of the blue book and furnished in the National Drug Data File (NDDF) by First Data Bank (FDB), a service of the Hearst Corporation. Physicians shall prescribe and pharmacies shall dispense generic equivalent drugs when available.  G. Where the employee is not covered by a certified workplace medical plan, the employer shall select the treating physician. The Court on application of the employee shall order one change of treating physician. In the event the employee makes application for such a change, the employee shall list on such application three (3) proposed physicians who are qualified to treat the body part affected. The employer may agree to one of the physicians listed by the employee or submit its own list of three (3) physicians. If the employee and employer do not agree on the physician, the Court shall select from the list of independent medical examiners maintained by the Court a treating physician who is qualified to treat the body part affected and who can see the employee within a reasonable time. Additionally, a change of physician shall be allowed for each individual body part injured if the treating physician determines that the employee’s injured body parts cannot be treated by the same physician.  H. 1. For cases not covered by a certified workplace medical plan, and where the insurance company does not provide case management, case management may be granted by the Workers’ Compensation Court on the request of any party, or when the Court determines that case management is appropriate. The Court shall appoint a case manager from a list of qualified case managers developed, maintained and periodically reviewed by the Court.  2. The reasonable and customary charges of a medical case manager appointed by the Court shall be borne by the employer.  3. Except in cases covered by a certified workplace medical plan, upon application of the employee, the Court may order the employer to provide one change of case manager if the employee did not make the initial selection of the case manager.  I. Diagnostic tests shall not be repeated sooner than six (6) months from the date of the test unless agreed to by the parties or ordered by the Court.  Added by Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 4. Amended by Laws 1919, c. 14, p. 17, • 7; Laws 1923, c. 61, p. 122, • 5; Laws 1968, c. 256, • 1, emerg. eff. April 29, 1968; Laws 1973, c. 77, • 1; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 18, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1986, c. 222, • 12, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1990, c. 283, • 7, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Laws 1992, c. 294, • 4, eff. Sept. 1, 1992; Laws 1993, c. 349, • 7, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 23, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 1996, c. 105, • 2, eff. Nov. 1, 1996; Laws 1996, c. 363, • 3, eff. Nov. 1, 1996; Laws 1997, c. 361, • 6, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 1998, c. 353, • 3, eff. Nov. 1, 1998; Laws 2000, c. 248, • 2, eff. Sept. 1, 2000; Laws 2001, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 3, • 8, emerg. eff. Oct. 23, 2001; Laws 2002, c. 215, • 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2002; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 15, eff. July 1, 2005.    •85-14.1. Integrated management of claims pilot program.  The Insurance Commissioner of the State of Oklahoma shall establish a pilot program of integrated management of an employer's workers' compensation and group health insurance claims by an insurer authorized to do business in the state and shall promulgate such rules as may be necessary to implement the provisions of this section. The integrated management of such claims shall in no event affect any benefits, rights or coverage established pursuant to a workers' compensation insurance policy.  Added by Laws 1993, c. 349, • 8, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.    •85-14.2. Certified workplace medical plans - Selection of treating physician.  A. If a self-insured employer, group self-insurance association plan, an employer’s workers’ compensation insurance carrier or an insured, which shall include any member of an approved group self-insured association, policyholder or public entity, regardless of whether such entity is insured by CompSource, has contracted with a workplace medical plan that is certified by the State Commissioner of Health as provided in Section 14.3 of this title, the employer shall select for the injured employee a treating physician from the physicians listed within the network of the certified workplace medical plan. The claimant may apply to the certified workplace medical plan for a one-time change of physician to another appropriate physician within the network of the certified workplace medical plan by utilizing the dispute resolution process set out in the certified workplace medical plan on file with the State Department of Health.  Notwithstanding any other provision of law, those employees who are subject to such certified workplace medical plan shall receive medical treatment in the manner prescribed by the plan.  B. The provisions of this section shall not preclude:  1. An employee, who has exhausted the dispute resolution process of the certified workplace medical plan, from petitioning the Workers’ Compensation Court or the Administrator of the Workers’ Compensation Court for a change of treating physician within the certified workplace medical plan or, if a physician who is qualified to treat the employee’s injuries is not available within the plan, for a change of physician outside the plan, if the physician agrees to comply with all the rules, terms and conditions of the certified workplace medical plan; or  2. An employee from seeking emergency medical treatment as provided in Section 14 of this title.  C. The provisions of this section shall not apply to treatment received by an employee for an accepted accidental injury or occupational disease for which treatment began prior to November 4, 1994.  Added by Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 24, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994. Amended by Laws 1996, c. 105, • 3, eff. Nov. 1, 1996; Laws 1996, c. 363, • 4, eff. Nov. 1, 1996; Laws 1998, c. 353, • 4, eff. Nov. 1, 1998; Laws 2001, 1st Ex. Sess., c. 3, • 9, emerg. eff. Oct. 23, 2001; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 16, eff. July 1, 2005.    •85-14.3. Application for certification of workplace medical plans - Independent insurance contracts - Exhaustion requirement - Inspection of plans.  A. Any person or entity may make written application to the Commissioner of Health of the State of Oklahoma to have a workplace medical plan certified that provides management of quality treatment to injured employees for injuries and diseases compensable under the Workers’ Compensation Act. Each application for certification shall be accompanied by a fee of One Thousand Five Hundred Dollars ($1,500.00). A workplace medical plan may be certified to provide services to a limited geographic area. A certificate is valid for a five-year period, unless revoked or suspended. Application for certification shall be made in the form and manner and shall set forth information regarding the proposed program for providing services as the Commissioner may prescribe. The information shall include, but not be limited to:  1. A list of the names of all medical providers who will provide services under the plan, together with appropriate evidence of compliance with any licensing or certification requirements for those providers to practice in this state; and  2. A description of the places and manner of providing services under the plan.  B. 1. The Commissioner shall not certify a plan unless the Commissioner finds that the plan:  a.  proposes to provide quality services for all medical services which:  (1)  may be required by the Workers’ Compensation Act in a manner that is timely, effective and convenient for the employee, and  (2)  utilizes medical treatment guidelines and protocols substantially similar to those established for use by medical service providers, which have been recommended by the Physician Advisory Committee and adopted by the Administrator pursuant to subsection B of Section 201.1 of this title. If the Administrator has not adopted medical treatment guidelines and protocols, the Commissioner may certify a plan that utilizes medical guidelines and protocols established by the plan if, in the discretion of the Commissioner, the guidelines and protocols are reasonable and will carry out the intent of the Workers’ Compensation Act. Certified plans must utilize medical treatment guidelines and protocols substantially similar to those adopted by the Administrator pursuant to Section 201.1 of this title, as such guidelines and protocols become adopted,  b.  is reasonably geographically convenient to residents of the area for which it seeks certification,  c.  provides appropriate financial incentives to reduce service costs and utilization without sacrificing the quality of service,  d.  provides adequate methods of peer review, utilization review and dispute resolution to prevent inappropriate, excessive or medically unnecessary treatment, and excludes participation in the plan by those providers who violate these treatment standards,  e.  requires the dispute resolution procedure of the plan to include a requirement that disputes on an issue, including a subsequent change of physician as described in the provisions of Section 14 of this title and this section, related to medical care under the plan be attempted to be resolved within ten (10) days of the time the dispute arises and if not resolved within ten (10) days, the employee may pursue remedies in the Workers’ Compensation Court,  f.  provides aggressive case management for injured employees and a program for early return to work,  g.  provides workplace health and safety consultative services,  h.  provides a timely and accurate method of reporting to the Commissioner necessary information regarding medical service costs and utilization to enable the Commissioner to determine the effectiveness of the plan,  i.  authorizes necessary emergency medical treatment for an injury provided by a provider of medical, surgical, and hospital services who is not a part of the plan,  j.  does not discriminate against or exclude from participation in the plan any category of providers of medical, surgical, or hospital services and includes an adequate number of each category of providers of medical, surgical, and hospital services to give participants access to all categories of providers and does not discriminate against ethnic minority providers of medical services, and  k.  complies with any other requirement the Commissioner determines is necessary to provide quality medical services and health care to injured employees.  2. The Commissioner may accept findings, licenses or certifications of other state agencies as satisfactory evidence of compliance with a particular requirement of this section.  C. If any insurer, except CompSource Oklahoma, fails to contract with or provide access to a certified workplace medical plan, an insured, after sixty (60) days’ written notice to its insurance carrier, shall be authorized to contract independently with a plan of his or her choice for a period of one (1) year, to provide medical care under the Workers’ Compensation Act. The insured shall be authorized to contract, after sixty (60) days’ written notice to its insurance carrier, for additional one-year periods if his or her insurer has not contracted with or provided access to a certified workplace medical plan.  D. If CompSource Oklahoma fails to contract with at least three certified workplace medical plans, each covering at least fifty counties, then the insured, after sixty (60) days’ written notice to CompSource Oklahoma, shall be authorized to contract independently with a plan of the insured’s choice for a period of one (1) year to provide medical care under the Workers’ Compensation Act. The insured shall be authorized to contract, after sixty (60) days’ written notice to CompSource Oklahoma, for additional one-year periods if CompSource Oklahoma has not contracted with or fails to continue contracts with at least three certified workplace medical plans covering at least fifty counties.  E. An employee shall exhaust the dispute resolution procedure of the certified workplace medical plan before seeking legal relief on an issue related to medical care under the plan, including a subsequent change of physician as described in the provisions of Section 14 of this title and this section, provided the dispute resolution procedure shall create a process which shall attempt to resolve the dispute within ten (10) days of the time the dispute arises and if not resolved within ten (10) days, the employee may pursue remedies in the Workers’ Compensation Court.  F. The Commissioner shall refuse to certify or shall revoke or suspend the certification of a plan if the Commissioner finds that the program for providing medical or health care services fails to meet the requirements of this section, or service under the plan is not being provided in accordance with the terms of a plan.  G. On or before November 1, 2005, the Commissioner of Health shall implement a site visit protocol for employees of the State Department of Health to perform an inspection of a certified workplace medical plan to ensure that medical services to a claimant and the medical management of the claimant’s needs are adequately met in a timely manner and that the certified workplace medical plan is complying with all other applicable provisions of this act and the rules of the State Department of Health. Such protocol shall include, but not be limited to:  1. A site visit shall be made to each certified workplace medical plan not less often than once every year, but not later than thirty (30) days following the anniversary date of issuance of the initial or latest renewal certificate;  2. A site visit shall conclude with a determination that a certified workplace medical plan is or is not operating in accordance with its latest application to the State Department of Health;  3. Compliant operations shall include, but not be limited to:  a.  timely and effective medical services are available with reasonable geographic convenience,  b.  use of appropriate treatment guidelines and protocols, and  c.  effective programs for utilization review, case management, grievances, and dispute resolution;  4. Performance of a site visit shall include:  a.  inspection of organizational documentation,  b.  inspection of systems documentation and processes,  c.  random or systematic sampling of closed and open case management cases (files),  d.  random or systematic sampling, or a one hundred percent (100%) inspection of all dispute resolution, grievance, and/or Department of Health request for assistance files,  e.  workplace medical plan employee and management interviews, as appropriate;  5. An initial site visit may occur with an interval of less than twelve (12) months to a recently certified plan, or a site visit may occur more often than once in every twelve (12) months if the Commissioner of Health has reason to suspect that a plan is not operating in accordance with its certification;  6. If a deficient practice is identified during a site visit, the State Department of Health shall require a certified workplace medical plan to submit a timely and acceptable written plan of correction, and then may perform a follow-up visit(s) to ensure that the deficient practice has been eliminated;  7. A deficient practice that is not remedied by a certified workplace medical plan on a timely basis shall require the Commissioner of Health to revoke or to suspend the certification of a plan;  8. The fees payable to the State Department of Health shall be:  a.  One Thousand Five Hundred Dollars ($1,500.00) for an initial, annual site visit,  b.  One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00) if a follow-up visit is performed,  c.  separate from the once in five (5) years certification application fee, and  d.  not charged if more than two site visits occur in a twelve-month period; and  9. In addition to the site visit fee, employees of the State Department of Health may charge to the certified workplace medical plan reasonable travel and travel-related expenses for the site visit such as overnight lodging and meals. A certified workplace medical plan shall reimburse travel expenses to the State Department of Health at rates equal to the amounts then currently allowed under the State Travel Reimbursement Act.  H. The State Board of Health shall adopt such rules as may be necessary to implement the provisions of this title and this section. Such rules shall authorize any person to petition the Commissioner of Health for decertification of a certified workplace medical plan for material violation of any rules promulgated pursuant to this section.  Added by Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 25, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994. Amended by Laws 1996, c. 363, • 5, eff. Nov. 1, 1996; Laws 2001, 1st Ex. Sess., c. 3, • 10, emerg. eff. Oct. 23, 2001; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 17, eff. July 1, 2005.    •8515. Prosthetic devices.  Where a compensable injury results in the loss of one or more eyes, teeth, or limbs of the body, the employer shall furnish such prosthetic devices as may be necessary as determined by the Court in the treatment and rehabilitation of the injured workman. Where a workman sustains a compensable injury, arising out of and in the course of his employment, which results in damage to a prosthetic device with which such workman is equipped, the employer shall repair or replace such device.    Laws 1968, c. 92, • 1, emerg. eff. April 1, 1968.   •85-16. Rehabilitation and job placement services.  A. An employee who has suffered an accidental injury or occupational disease covered by the Workers’ Compensation Act shall be entitled to prompt and reasonable physical rehabilitation services. When, as a result of the injury, the employee is unable to perform the same occupational duties he was performing prior to the injury, the employee shall be entitled to such vocational rehabilitation services provided by a technology center school, a public vocational skills center or public secondary school offering vocational-technical education courses, or a member institution of The Oklahoma State System of Higher Education, which shall include retraining and job placement so as to restore the employee to gainful employment. No person shall be adjudicated to be permanently and totally disabled unless first having obtained an evaluation as to the practicability of restoration to gainful employment through vocational rehabilitation services or training. The employee shall pay the cost of the evaluation. If an employee claiming permanent total disability status unreasonably refuses to be evaluated or to accept vocational rehabilitation services or training, permanent total disability benefits shall not be awarded during the period of such refusal, and the employee shall be limited to permanent partial disability benefits only. The Administrator shall promulgate rules governing notice to an injured employee of the right to receive vocational rehabilitation. If rehabilitation services are not voluntarily offered by the employer and accepted by the employee, the judge of the Court may on the Court’s own motion, or if requested by a party may, after affording all parties an opportunity to be heard, refer the employee to a qualified physician or facility for evaluation of the practicability of, need for and kind of rehabilitation services or training necessary and appropriate in order to restore the employee to gainful employment. The cost of the evaluation shall be paid by the employer. Following the evaluation, if the employee refuses the services or training ordered by the Court, or fails to complete in good faith the vocational rehabilitation training ordered by the Court, then the cost of the evaluation and services or training rendered may, in the discretion of the Court, be deducted from any award of benefits to the employee which remains unpaid by the employer. Upon receipt of such report, and after affording all parties an opportunity to be heard, the Court shall order that any rehabilitation services or training, recommended in the report, or such other rehabilitation services or training as the Court may deem necessary, provided the employee elects to receive such services, shall be provided at the expense of the employer. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, refusal to accept rehabilitation services by the employee shall in no way diminish any benefits allowable to an employee.  B. Vocational rehabilitation services or training shall not extend for a period of more than fifty-two (52) weeks. This period may be extended for an additional fifty-two (52) weeks or portion thereof by special order of the Court, after affording the interested parties an opportunity to be heard. A request for vocational rehabilitation services or training may be filed with the Administrator by an interested party at any time after the date of injury but not later than sixty (60) days from the date of the final determination that permanent partial disability benefits are payable to the employee.  C. Where rehabilitation requires residence at or near the facility or institution which is away from the employee’s customary residence, reasonable cost of the employee’s board, lodging, travel, tuition, books and necessary equipment in training shall be paid for by the insurer in addition to weekly compensation benefits to which the employee is otherwise entitled under the Workers’ Compensation Act.  D. During the period when an employee is actively and in good faith being evaluated or participating in a retraining or job placement program for purposes of evaluating permanent total disability status, the employee shall be entitled to receive benefits at the same rate as the employee’s temporary total disability benefits computed pursuant to Section 22 of this title for a period of fifty-two (52) weeks which may be extended by the Court for up to a maximum of an additional fifty-two (52) weeks. No attorney fees shall be awarded or deducted from such benefits received during this period. All tuition related to vocational rehabilitation services shall be paid by the employer or the employer’s insurer on a periodic basis directly to the facility providing the vocational rehabilitation services or training to the employee.  Added by Laws 1977, c. 234, • 19, eff. July 1, 1978. Amended by Laws 1982, c. 271, • 4, operative July 1, 1982; Laws 1990, c. 283, • 8, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Laws 1992, c. 294, • 5, eff. Sept. 1, 1992; Laws 1993, c. 349, • 9, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 26, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 1997, c. 361, • 7, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 2001, c. 33, • 181, eff. July 1, 2001; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 18, eff. July 1, 2005.    •85-17. Determination of disability - Independent medical examiners - Termination of temporary total disability.  A. 1. The determination of disability shall be the responsibility of the Workers’ Compensation Court. Any claim submitted by an employee for compensation for permanent disability must be supported by competent medical testimony which shall be supported by objective medical findings, as defined in Section 3 of this title, and which shall include an evaluation by the treating physician or an independent medical examiner if there is no evaluation by the treating physician, stating his or her opinion of the employee’s percentage of permanent impairment and whether or not the impairment is job-related and caused by the accidental injury or occupational disease. A copy of any written evaluation shall be sent to both parties within seven (7) days of issuance. Medical opinions addressing compensability and permanent impairment must be stated within a reasonable degree of medical certainty. For purposes of this section, a physician shall have the same meaning as defined in Section 14 of this title and shall include a person licensed by another state who would be qualified to be a licensed physician under the laws of this state.  2. Any party may object to the opinion of the treating physician by giving written notice to all other parties and to the Court. Upon receipt of such notice, if the parties fail to agree on the selection of an independent medical examiner, the Court shall randomly select an independent medical examiner who shall be afforded a reasonable opportunity to examine the employee together with all medical records involved and any other medical data or evidence that the independent medical examiner may consider to be relevant. The independent medical examiner shall issue a verified written report on a form provided by the Administrator to the Court stating his or her finding of the percentage of permanent impairment of the employee and whether or not the impairment is job-related and caused by the accidental injury or occupational disease  a.  There shall be a rebuttable presumption in favor of the treating physician’s opinions on the issue of temporary disability, permanent disability, causation, apportionment, rehabilitation or necessity of medical treatment. Any determination of the existence or extent of physical impairment shall be supported by objective medical evidence, as defined in Section 3 of this title.  b.  The Independent Medical Examiner shall be allowed to examine the claimant, receive any medical reports submitted by the parties and review all medical records of the claimant. If the Independent Medical Examiner determines that the opinion of the treating physician is supported by the objective medical evidence, the Independent Medical Examiner shall advise the Court of the same. If the Independent Medical Examiner determines that the opinion of the treating physician is not supported by objective medical evidence, the Independent Medical Examiner shall advise the Court of the same and shall provide the Court with his or her own opinion. In cases in which an independent medical examiner is appointed, the Court shall not consider the opinion of the Independent Medical Examiner unless the Independent Medical Examiner determines that the opinion of the treating physician is not supported by objective medical evidence, in which case the Court shall follow the opinion of the Independent Medical Examiner, the opinion of the treating physician or establish its own opinion within the range of opinions of the treating physician and the Independent Medical Examiner. If the Court does not follow the opinion of the treating physician, the Court shall set out its reasons for deviating from the opinion of the treating physician.  3. Any party may request the deposition testimony of the treating physician or the Independent Medical Examiner providing a written medical report on the issue of temporary disability, permanent disability, causation, apportionment or rehabilitation. The party requesting the deposition testimony of any such physician shall be responsible for the reasonable charges of the physician for such testimony, preparation time, and the expense of the deposition.  B. Upon receipt of an independent medical examiner’s report, any party shall have the right to object to the introduction into evidence of the report. The objection must be made by giving written notification to all parties and to the Court within ten (10) days after receipt of the report. The Independent Medical Examiner shall then testify in person or by deposition.  C. An independent medical examiner who is selected pursuant to the provisions of this section shall be reimbursed for the review of the medical records and any medical examination, reports and fees in a reasonable and customary amount set by the Court, and these costs shall be borne by the party objecting to the opinion of the treating physician unless the opinion of the Independent Medical Examiner favors the objecting party in which case the other party shall bear the costs.  D. 1. The Court shall develop and implement an independent medical examiner system by no later than July 1, 1995. The Court shall create, maintain and review a list of licensed physicians who shall serve as independent medical examiners from a list of licensed physicians who have completed such course study as the Administrator of the Workers’ Compensation Court may require. Such courses shall provide training to establish familiarity with the American Medical Association’s “Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment”, or alternative method or system of evaluating permanent impairment, for the category of injury established by the Administrator for which such physician desires to be an independent medical examiner. The Court shall, to the best of its ability, include the most experienced and competent physicians in the specific fields of expertise utilized most often in the treatment of injured employees. The Court may remove an independent medical examiner from the list for cause.  2. An independent medical examiner in a case involving permanent disability shall not be a treating physician of the employee and shall not have treated the employee with respect to the injury for which the claim is being made or the benefits are being paid. Nothing in this subsection precludes the selection of a health care provider authorized to receive reimbursement under Section 14 of this title to be randomly selected to serve in the capacity of an independent medical examiner.  3. The Court shall randomly select an independent medical examiner from the list of independent medical examiners within fifteen (15) days when the employer or the employee petitions the Court for the selection of an independent medical examiner on the grounds that the petitioner disagrees with the findings of the treating physician. Whenever possible, the Independent Medical Examiner shall be certified by a recognized American medical specialty board in the area or areas appropriate to the condition under review.  4. The Court shall, to the best of its ability, maintain a geographic balance of independent medical examiners.  5. The treating physician is responsible for the expeditious transmittal of the employee’s medical records to the Independent Medical Examiner. The parties are responsible for the expeditious transmittal of prior Court orders involving the employee, and other pertinent information to the Independent Medical Examiner.  6. The Independent Medical Examiner shall submit a verified written report to the Court as provided in subsection A of this section and shall provide a copy of the report to the parties. In the event the Independent Medical Examiner determines that more medical treatment is necessary or in the event the treating physician refuses to treat, the employer shall designate a treating physician to provide the indicated treatment, as provided in Section 14 of this title.  7. If the Independent Medical Examiner determines that the employee is capable of returning to work and the claimant elects not to do so, temporary total disability benefits shall cease. In any case where the claimant contests the cessation of such benefits, the Court shall hear the dispute within thirty (30) days after the filing of the employee’s Motion to Set for Trial. The trial shall not be delayed unless both parties agree.  8. Any independent medical examiner who is selected pursuant to the provisions of this subsection shall be reimbursed for the medical examination, reports and fees in a reasonable and customary amount set by the Court, and these costs shall be borne by the employer.  9. The Court, in consultation with the Advisory Council on Workers’ Compensation, shall create a review process to oversee on a continuing basis the quality of performance and the timeliness of the submission of medical findings by independent medical examiners.  10. When the injured worker is released from treatment by the treating physician for all body parts injured, the employer may terminate temporary total disability by notifying the employee of the termination. The employee is entitled to one objection under this paragraph.  a.  If an objection to the termination is filed by the employee within twenty (20) days of receipt of the notice of termination, then the Court shall appoint an independent medical examiner to determine if further medical treatment is reasonable and necessary. The Independent Medical Examiner shall not provide treatment to the injured worker. The employer shall bear the cost of the independent medical examination.  b.  An aggrieved party shall have ten (10) days from receipt of the medical report of the Independent Medical Examiner to file an objection. If an objection is timely filed, the deposition of the Independent Medical Examiner shall be taken and the matter submitted to the Court for a final determination. The objecting party shall bear the cost of deposition.  11. The Court shall promulgate rules necessary to effectuate the purposes of this subsection.  E. The impairment rating determined by the Independent Medical Examiner shall be based upon objective medical evidence.  F. In no event may an independent medical examiner, whether directly, or indirectly by virtue of a pecuniary interest, economically benefit from the performance of treatment of an employee whose claim the independent medical examiner has reviewed for permanent impairment, return to work, or the necessity of further medical treatment, unless both employee and employer agree through written stipulation and said stipulation occurs prior to appointment, referral and notice to said independent medical examiner.  Added by Laws 1977, c. 234, • 20, eff. July 1, 1978. Amended by Laws 1986, c. 222, • 13, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1990, c. 283, • 9, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 27, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 1997, c. 361, • 8, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 2001, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 3, • 11, emerg. eff. Oct. 23, 2001; Laws 2002, c. 215, • 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2002; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 19, eff. July 1, 2005.    •8521. Basis of compensation Determining weekly wages Time of service.  Except as otherwise provided in this act, the average weekly wages of the injured employee at the time of the injury shall be taken as the basis upon which to compute compensation and shall be determined as follows:  1. If the injured employee shall have worked in the employment in which he was working at the time of the accident whether for the same employer or not, during substantially the whole of the year immediately preceding his injury, his average annual earnings shall consist of two hundred sixty times the average daily wage or salary which he shall have earned in such employment during the days when so employed.  2. If the injured employee shall not have worked in such employment during substantially the whole of such year, his average annual earnings shall consist of two hundred sixty times the average daily wage or salary which an employee of the same class working substantially the whole of such immediately preceding year in the same or in a similar employment in the same or a neighboring place shall have earned in such employment during the days when so employed.  3. If either of the foregoing methods of arriving at the annual average earnings of an injured employee cannot reasonably and fairly be applied, such annual earnings shall be such sum as, having regard to the previous earnings of the injured employee and of other employees of the same or most similar class, working in the same or most similar employment in the same or neighboring locality, shall reasonably represent the annual earning capacity of the injured employee in the employment in which he was working at the time of the accident.  4. The average weekly wages of an employee shall be one fiftysecond (1/52) part of his average annual earnings.  5. If it be established that the injured employee was a minor when injured, and that under normal conditions his wages would be expected to increase, the fact may be considered in arriving at his average weekly wages.  Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 5; Laws 1992, c. 294, • 6, eff. Sept. 1, 1992.    •85-22. Schedule of compensation.  The following schedule of compensation is hereby established:  1. Permanent Total Disability. In case of total disability adjudged to be permanent, seventy percent (70%) of the employee’s average weekly wages shall be paid to the employee during the continuance of such total disability.  2. Temporary Total Disability. (a) With respect to injuries occurring before November 4, 1994, in cases of temporary total disability, seventy percent (70%) of the employee’s average weekly wages shall be paid to the employee during the continuance thereof, but not in excess of one hundred fifty (150) weeks, except as otherwise provided in the Workers’ Compensation Act. Provided, after compensation has been paid for a period of one hundred forty (140) weeks, the employee may request a review of the case by a judge of the Workers’ Compensation Court for continued temporary total disability benefits provided by the Workers’ Compensation Act. Upon a finding that benefits should be extended beyond the initial one-hundred-fifty-week period, compensation may be continued for an additional one hundred fifty (150) weeks.  (b) With respect to injuries occurring on or after November 4, 1994, in cases of temporary total disability, seventy percent (70%) of the employee’s average weekly wages shall be paid to the employee during the continuance thereof, but not in excess of fifty-two (52) weeks, except as otherwise provided in the Workers’ Compensation Act. Provided, after compensation has been paid for a period of forty-two (42) weeks, the employee may request a review of the case by a judge of the Court for continued temporary total disability benefits provided by the Workers’ Compensation Act. Upon a finding that benefits should be extended beyond the initial fifty-two-week period, compensation may be continued for additional successive fifty-two-week periods, provided the employee has requested review of the case at forty-two (42) weeks during each period involved, and upon a finding by the Court that benefits should be extended. Total payments of compensation for temporary total disability may not exceed a maximum of three hundred (300) weeks in the aggregate.  (c) With respect to injuries occurring on or after November 1, 1997, total payments of compensation for temporary total disability may not exceed a maximum of one hundred fifty-six (156) weeks in the aggregate except for good cause shown, as determined by the Court. Total payments of compensation for temporary total disability, inclusive of consequential injuries, may not exceed a maximum of three hundred (300) weeks in the aggregate.  3. Permanent Partial Disability. (a) With respect to injuries occurring prior to November 4, 1994, in case of disability, partial in character but permanent in quality, the compensation shall be seventy percent (70%) of the employee’s average weekly wages, and shall be paid to the employee for the period named in the schedule, as follows:  Thumb: For the loss of thumb, sixty (60) weeks.  First Finger: For the loss of the first finger, commonly called the index finger, thirty-five (35) weeks.  Second Finger: For the loss of a second finger, thirty (30) weeks.  Third Finger: For the loss of a third finger, twenty (20) weeks.  Fourth Finger: For the loss of a fourth finger, commonly called the little finger, fifteen (15) weeks.  Phalange of Thumb or Finger: The loss of the first phalange of the thumb or finger shall be considered equal to the loss of one-half (1/2) of such thumb or finger, and compensation shall be one-half (1/2) of the amount above specified; the loss of more than one phalange shall be considered as the loss of the entire thumb or finger; provided, however, that in no case shall the amount received for more than one finger exceed the amount provided in this schedule for the loss of a hand.  Great Toe: For the loss of a great toe, thirty (30) weeks.  Other Toes: For the loss of one of the toes other than the great toe, ten (10) weeks.  Phalange of Toe: The loss of the first phalange of any toe shall be considered to be equal to the loss of one-half (1/2) of the amount specified. The loss of more than one phalange shall be considered as the loss of the entire toe.  Hand: For the loss of a hand, two hundred (200) weeks.  Arm: For the loss of an arm, two hundred fifty (250) weeks.  Foot: For the loss of a foot, two hundred (200) weeks.  Leg: For the loss of a leg, two hundred fifty (250) weeks.  Eye: For the loss of an eye, two hundred fifty (250) weeks.  Deafness: Deafness from industrial cause, including occupations which are hazardous to hearing, accident or sudden trauma, three hundred (300) weeks, and total deafness of one ear from industrial cause, including occupations which are hazardous to hearing, accident or sudden trauma, one hundred (100) weeks. Except as otherwise provided herein, any examining physician shall only evaluate deafness or hearing impairment in accordance with the latest publication of the American Medical Association’s "Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment" in effect at the time of the injury. The Physician Advisory Committee may, pursuant to Section 201.1 of this title, recommend the adoption of a method or system to evaluate permanent impairment that shall be used in place of or in combination with the American Medical Association’s "Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment". Such recommendation shall be made to the Administrator of the Workers’ Compensation Court who may adopt the recommendation in part or in whole. The adopted method or system shall be submitted by the Administrator to the Governor, the Speaker of the House of Representatives and President Pro Tempore of the Senate within the first ten (10) legislative days of a regular session of the Legislature. Such method or system to evaluate permanent impairment that shall be used in place of or in combination with the American Medical Association’s "Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment" shall be subject to disapproval in whole or in part by joint or concurrent resolution of the Legislature during the legislative session in which submitted. Such method or system shall be operative one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month in which the Administrator submits the adopted method or system to the Legislature if the Legislature takes no action or one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month in which the Legislature disapproves it in part. If adopted, permanent impairment shall be evaluated only in accordance with the latest version of the alternative method or system in effect at the time of injury. Except as otherwise provided in Section 11 of this title, all evaluations shall include an apportionment of injury causation. However, revisions to the guides made by the American Medical Association which are published after January 1, 1989, and before January 1, 1995, shall be operative one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month of publication. Revisions to the guides made by the American Medical Association which are published after December 31, 1994, may be adopted in whole or in part by the Administrator following recommendation by the Physician Advisory Committee. Revisions adopted by the Administrator shall be submitted by the Administrator to the Governor, the Speaker of the House of Representatives and President Pro Tempore of the Senate within the first ten (10) legislative days of a regular session of the Legislature. Such revisions shall be subject to disapproval in whole or in part by joint or concurrent resolution of the Legislature during the legislative session in which submitted. Revisions shall be operative one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month in which the Administrator submits the revisions to the Legislature if the Legislature takes no action or one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month in which the Legislature disapproves them in part. The examining physician shall not follow the guides based on race or ethnic origin. The examining physician shall not deviate from said guides or any alternative thereof except as may be specifically provided for in the guides or modifications to the guides or except as may be specifically provided for in any alternative or modifications thereto adopted by the Administrator of the Workers’ Compensation Court as provided for in Section 201.1 of this title. The guides or modifications thereto or alternative system or method of evaluating permanent impairment or modifications thereto shall be the exclusive basis for testimony and conclusions with regard to deafness or hearing impairment.  Loss of Use: Permanent loss of use of a thumb, finger, toe, arm, hand, foot, leg or eye shall be considered as the equivalent of the loss of such thumb, finger, toe, hand, arm, foot, leg or eye.  For the permanent partial loss of use of a member, loss of hearing or sight of an eye, seventy percent (70%) of the employee’s average weekly wage during that portion of the number of weeks in the foregoing schedule provided for the loss of such member or sight of an eye which the partial loss of use thereof bears to the total loss of use of such member, loss of hearing or sight of an eye.  Amputations: Amputation between the elbow and the wrist shall be considered as the equivalent of the loss of a hand. Amputation between the knee and the ankle shall be considered as the loss of a foot. Amputation at or above the elbow shall be considered as the loss of an arm. Amputation at or above the knee shall be considered as the loss of a leg.  The compensation for the foregoing specific injuries shall be in lieu of all other compensation except the benefits provided in Section 14 of this title and Section 16 of this title.  In case of an injury resulting in serious and permanent disfigurement, compensation shall be payable in an amount to be determined by the Court, but not in excess of Twenty Thousand Dollars ($20,000.00); provided, that compensation for permanent disfigurement shall not be in addition to the other compensation provided for in this section, but shall be taken into consideration in fixing the compensation otherwise provided.  Hernia: In case of an injury resulting in hernia, temporary total compensation for fourteen (14) weeks, and the cost of an operation shall be payable; provided, in any case where the injured employee has been twice previously operated for hernia in the same area and it is established by opinion of a competent surgeon that further surgery in the same area will not result in full relief of the condition, the Court may then award compensation for disability resulting therefrom under paragraph 1 of this section, or, if not totally and permanently disabled, then under the "Other Cases" subdivision following, and, after a second surgical attempt to repair hernia, the injured may not be required to submit to further surgery in an effort to relieve the disability thereafter existing; provided, further, the use of any artificial reinforcement or device, with or without surgery, shall not be the basis of reducing extent of disability to be awarded.  Other Cases: In all other classes of disabilities, excluding only those heretofore referred to in paragraph 3 of this section, which disabilities result in loss of use of any portion of an employee’s body, and which disabilities are permanent in quality but partial in character, disability shall mean the percentage of permanent impairment. The compensation ordered paid shall be seventy percent (70%) of the employee’s average weekly wage for the number of weeks which the partial disability of the employee bears to five hundred (500) weeks.  (b) With respect to injuries occurring after November 4, 1994, through December 31, 2001, in case of disability, partial in character but permanent in quality, the compensation shall be seventy percent (70%) of the employee’s average weekly wages, and shall be paid to the employee for the period prescribed by the following schedule:  (1) For each percent of the first nine percent (9%) of disability, eighty percent (80%) of the number of weeks of compensation provided by law prior to November 4, 1994;  (2) For each percent of the next eleven percent (11%) of disability, the identical number of weeks of compensation provided by law prior to November 4, 1994;  (3) For each percent of the next thirty percent (30%) of disability, one hundred twenty percent (120%) of the number of weeks of compensation provided by law prior to November 4, 1994; and  (4) For each remaining percent of disability, the identical number of weeks of compensation provided by law prior to November 4, 1994.  (c) With respect to injuries occurring on or after January 1, 2002, through December 31, 2002, in case of disability, partial in character but permanent in quality, the compensation shall be seventy percent (70%) of the employee’s average weekly wages, and shall be paid to the employee for the period prescribed by the following schedule:  Thumb: For the loss of thumb, sixty-three (63) weeks.  First Finger: For the loss of the first finger, commonly called the index finger, thirty-seven (37) weeks.  Second Finger: For the loss of a second finger, thirty-two (32) weeks.  Third Finger: For the loss of a third finger, twenty-one (21) weeks.  Fourth Finger: For the loss of a fourth finger, commonly called the little finger, sixteen (16) weeks.  Phalange of Thumb or Finger: The loss of the first phalange of the thumb or finger shall be considered equal to the loss of one-half (1/2) of such thumb or finger, and compensation shall be one-half (1/2) of the amount above specified; the loss of more than one phalange shall be considered as the loss of the entire thumb or finger; provided, however, that in no case shall the amount received for more than one finger exceed the amount provided in this schedule for the loss of a hand.  Great Toe: For the loss of a great toe, thirty-two (32) weeks.  Other Toes: For the loss of one of the toes other than the great toe, eleven (11) weeks.  Phalange of Toe: The loss of the first phalange of any toe shall be considered to be equal to the loss of one-half (1/2) of the amount specified. The loss of more than one phalange shall be considered as the loss of the entire toe.  Hand: For the loss of a hand, two hundred ten (210) weeks.  Arm: For the loss of an arm, two hundred sixty-three (263) weeks.  Foot: For the loss of a foot, two hundred ten (210) weeks.  Leg: For the loss of a leg, two hundred sixty-three (263) weeks.  Eye: For the loss of an eye, two hundred sixty-three (263) weeks.  Deafness: Deafness from industrial cause, including occupations which are hazardous to hearing, accident or sudden trauma, three hundred fifteen (315) weeks, and total deafness of one ear from industrial cause, including occupations which are hazardous to hearing, accident or sudden trauma, one hundred five (105) weeks. Except as otherwise provided herein, any examining physician shall only evaluate deafness or hearing impairment in accordance with the latest publication of the American Medical Association’s "Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment" in effect at the time of the injury. The Physician Advisory Committee may, pursuant to Section 201.1 of this title, recommend the adoption of a method or system to evaluate permanent impairment that shall be used in place of or in combination with the American Medical Association’s "Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment". Such recommendation shall be made to the Administrator of the Workers’ Compensation Court who may adopt the recommendation in part or in whole. The adopted method or system shall be submitted by the Administrator to the Governor, the Speaker of the House of Representatives and President Pro Tempore of the Senate within the first ten (10) legislative days of a regular session of the Legislature. Such method or system to evaluate permanent impairment that shall be used in place of or in combination with the American Medical Association’s "Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment" shall be subject to disapproval in whole or in part by joint or concurrent resolution of the Legislature during the legislative session in which submitted. Such method or system shall be operative one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month in which the Administrator submits the adopted method or system to the Legislature if the Legislature takes no action or one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month in which the Legislature disapproves it in part. If adopted, permanent impairment shall be evaluated only in accordance with the latest version of the alternative method or system in effect at the time of injury. Except as otherwise provided in Section 11 of this title, all evaluations shall include an apportionment of injury causation. However, revisions to the guides made by the American Medical Association which are published after January 1, 1989, and before January 1, 1995, shall be operative one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month of publication. Revisions to the guides made by the American Medical Association which are published after December 31, 1994, may be adopted in whole or in part by the Administrator following recommendation by the Physician Advisory Committee. Revisions adopted by the Administrator shall be submitted by the Administrator to the Governor, the Speaker of the House of Representatives and President Pro Tempore of the Senate within the first ten (10) legislative days of a regular session of the Legislature. Such revisions shall be subject to disapproval in whole or in part by joint or concurrent resolution of the Legislature during the legislative session in which submitted. Revisions shall be operative one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month in which the Administrator submits the revisions to the Legislature if the Legislature takes no action or one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month in which the Legislature disapproves them in part. The examining physician shall not follow the guides based on race or ethnic origin. The examining physician shall not deviate from such guides or any alternative thereof except as may be specifically provided for in the guides or modifications to the guides or except as may be specifically provided for in any alternative or modifications thereto adopted by the Administrator of the Workers’ Compensation Court as provided in Section 201.1 of this title. The guides or modifications thereto or alternative system or method of evaluating permanent impairment or modifications thereto shall be the exclusive basis for testimony and conclusions with regard to deafness or hearing impairment.  Loss of Use: Permanent loss of use of a thumb, finger, toe, arm, hand, foot, leg or eye shall be considered as the equivalent of the loss of such thumb, finger, toe, hand, arm, foot, leg or eye.  For the permanent partial loss of use of a member, loss of hearing or sight of an eye, seventy percent (70%) of the employee’s average weekly wage during that portion of the number of weeks in the foregoing schedule provided for the loss of such member or sight of an eye which the partial loss of use thereof bears to the total loss of use of such member, loss of hearing or sight of an eye.  Amputations: Amputation between the elbow and the wrist shall be considered as the equivalent of the loss of a hand. Amputation between the knee and the ankle shall be considered as the loss of a foot. Amputation at or above the elbow shall be considered as the loss of an arm. Amputation at or above the knee shall be considered as the loss of a leg.  The compensation for the foregoing specific injuries shall be in lieu of all other compensation except the benefits provided in Section 14 of this title and Section 16 of this title.  In case of an injury resulting in serious and permanent disfigurement, compensation shall be payable in an amount to be determined by the Court, but not in excess of Twenty Thousand Dollars ($20,000.00); provided, that compensation for permanent disfigurement shall not be in addition to the other compensation provided for in this section but shall be taken into consideration in fixing the compensation otherwise provided.  Hernia: In case of an injury resulting in hernia, temporary total compensation for six (6) weeks, and the cost of an operation shall be payable, unless the employee has not been released from active medical treatment, temporary total compensation not to exceed nine (9) weeks, and the cost of an operation shall be payable; provided, in any case where the injured employee has been twice previously operated on for hernia in the same area and it is established by opinion of a competent surgeon that further surgery in the same area will not result in full relief of the condition, the Court may then award compensation for disability resulting therefrom under paragraph 1 of this section, or, if not totally and permanently disabled, then under the "Other Cases" subdivision following, and, after a second surgical attempt to repair hernia, the injured may not be required to submit to further surgery in an effort to relieve the disability thereafter existing; provided further, the use of any artificial reinforcement or device, with or without surgery, shall not be the basis of reducing extent of disability to be awarded.  Other Cases: In all other classes of disabilities, excluding only those heretofore referred to in this paragraph, which disabilities result in loss of use of any portion of an employee’s body, and which disabilities are partial in character but permanent in quality, disability shall mean the percentage of permanent impairment. The compensation ordered paid shall be seventy percent (70%) of the employee’s average weekly wage for the number of weeks which the partial disability of the employee bears to five hundred (500) weeks.  (d) With respect to injuries occurring on or after January 1, 2003, in case of disability, partial in character but permanent in quality, the compensation shall be seventy percent (70%) of the employee’s average weekly wages, and shall be paid to the employee for the period prescribed by the following schedule:  Thumb: For the loss of thumb, sixty-six (66) weeks.  First Finger: For the loss of the first finger, commonly called the index finger, thirty-nine (39) weeks.  Second Finger: For the loss of a second finger, thirty-three (33) weeks.  Third Finger: For the loss of a third finger, twenty-two (22) weeks.  Fourth Finger: For the loss of a fourth finger, commonly called the little finger, seventeen (17) weeks.  Phalange of Thumb or Finger: The loss of the first phalange of the thumb or finger shall be considered equal to the loss of one-half (1/2) of such thumb or finger, and compensation shall be one-half (1/2) of the amount above specified; the loss of more than one phalange shall be considered as the loss of the entire thumb or finger; provided, however, that in no case shall the amount received for more than one finger exceed the amount provided in this schedule for the loss of a hand.  Great Toe: For the loss of a great toe, thirty-three (33) weeks.  Other Toes: For the loss of one of the toes other than the great toe, eleven (11) weeks.  Phalange of Toe: The loss of the first phalange of any toe shall be considered to be equal to the loss of one-half (1/2) of the amount specified. The loss of more than one phalange shall be considered as the loss of the entire toe.  Hand: For the loss of a hand, two hundred twenty (220) weeks.  Arm: For the loss of an arm, two hundred seventy-five (275) weeks.  Foot: For the loss of a foot, two hundred twenty (220) weeks.  Leg: For the loss of a leg, two hundred seventy-five (275) weeks.  Eye: For the loss of an eye, two hundred seventy-five (275) weeks.  Deafness: Deafness from industrial cause, including occupations which are hazardous to hearing, accident or sudden trauma, three hundred thirty (330) weeks, and total deafness of one ear from industrial cause, including occupations which are hazardous to hearing, accident or sudden trauma, one hundred ten (110) weeks. Except as otherwise provided herein, any examining physician shall only evaluate deafness or hearing impairment in accordance with the latest publication of the American Medical Association’s "Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment" in effect at the time of the injury. The Physician Advisory Committee may, pursuant to Section 201.1 of this title, recommend the adoption of a method or system to evaluate permanent impairment that shall be used in place of or in combination with the American Medical Association’s "Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment". Such recommendation shall be made to the Administrator of the Workers’ Compensation Court who may adopt the recommendation in part or in whole. The adopted method or system shall be submitted by the Administrator to the Governor, the Speaker of the House of Representatives and President Pro Tempore of the Senate within the first ten (10) legislative days of a regular session of the Legislature. Such method or system to evaluate permanent impairment that shall be used in place of or in combination with the American Medical Association’s "Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment" shall be subject to disapproval in whole or in part by joint or concurrent resolution of the Legislature during the legislative session in which submitted. Such method or system shall be operative one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month in which the Administrator submits the adopted method or system to the Legislature if the Legislature takes no action or one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month in which the Legislature disapproves it in part. If adopted, permanent impairment shall be evaluated only in accordance with the latest version of the alternative method or system in effect at the time of injury. Except as otherwise provided in Section 11 of this title, all evaluations shall include an apportionment of injury causation. However, revisions to the guides made by the American Medical Association which are published after January 1, 1989, and before January 1, 1995, shall be operative one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month of publication. Revisions to the guides made by the American Medical Association which are published after December 31, 1994, may be adopted in whole or in part by the Administrator following recommendation by the Physician Advisory Committee. Revisions adopted by the Administrator shall be submitted by the Administrator to the Governor, the Speaker of the House of Representatives and President Pro Tempore of the Senate within the first ten (10) legislative days of a regular session of the Legislature. Such revisions shall be subject to disapproval in whole or in part by joint or concurrent resolution of the Legislature during the legislative session in which submitted. Revisions shall be operative one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month in which the Administrator submits the revisions to the Legislature if the Legislature takes no action or one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of the month in which the Legislature disapproves them in part. The examining physician shall not follow the guides based on race or ethnic origin. The examining physician shall not deviate from such guides or any alternative thereof except as may be specifically provided for in the guides or modifications to the guides or except as may be specifically provided for in any alternative or modifications thereto adopted by the Administrator of the Workers’ Compensation Court as provided in Section 201.1 of this title. The guides or modifications thereto or alternative system or method of evaluating permanent impairment or modifications thereto shall be the exclusive basis for testimony and conclusions with regard to deafness or hearing impairment.  Loss of Use: Permanent loss of use of a thumb, finger, toe, arm, hand, foot, leg or eye shall be considered as the equivalent of the loss of such thumb, finger, toe, hand, arm, foot, leg or eye.  For the permanent partial loss of use of a member, loss of hearing or sight of an eye, seventy percent (70%) of the employee’s average weekly wage during that portion of the number of weeks in the foregoing schedule provided for the loss of such member or sight of an eye which the partial loss of use thereof bears to the total loss of use of such member, loss of hearing or sight of an eye.  Amputations: Amputation between the elbow and the wrist shall be considered as the equivalent of the loss of a hand. Amputation between the knee and the ankle shall be considered as the loss of a foot. Amputation at or above the elbow shall be considered as the loss of an arm. Amputation at or above the knee shall be considered as the loss of a leg.  The compensation for the foregoing specific injuries shall be in lieu of all other compensation except the benefits provided in Section 14 of this title and Section 16 of this title.  In case of an injury resulting in serious and permanent disfigurement, compensation shall be payable in an amount to be determined by the Court, but not in excess of Twenty Thousand Dollars ($20,000.00) for an injury occurring before November 1, 2005, and not in excess of Fifty Thousand Dollars ($50,000.00) for an injury occurring on or after November 1, 2005; provided, that compensation for permanent disfigurement shall not be in addition to the other compensation provided for in this section but shall be taken into consideration in fixing the compensation otherwise provided.  Hernia: In case of an injury resulting in hernia, temporary total compensation for six (6) weeks, and all necessary medical costs including, but not limited to, the cost of an operation shall be payable. A claimant who has had surgery for a hernia may petition the court for one extension of temporary total compensation and the court may order such an extension, not to exceed six (6) additional weeks, if the treating physician indicates such an extension is appropriate, or as agreed to by all parties.  Soft Tissue Injury: In case of a nonsurgical soft tissue injury, temporary total compensation shall not exceed eight (8) weeks. A claimant who has been recommended by a treating physician for surgery for a soft tissue injury may petition the Court for one extension of temporary total compensation and the court may order such an extension, not to exceed sixteen (16) additional weeks, if the treating physician indicates that such an extension is appropriate or as agreed to by all parties. In the event the surgery is not performed, the benefits for the extension period shall be terminated. For purposes of this section, "soft tissue injury" means damage to one or more of the tissues that surround bones and joints. "Soft tissue injury" includes, but is not limited to: sprains, strains, contusions, tendonitis, and muscle tears. Cumulative trauma is to be considered a soft tissue injury. "Soft tissue injury" does not include any of the following:  (1) Injury to or disease of the spine, spinal disks, spinal nerves or spinal cord, where corrective surgery is performed;  (2) Brain or closed-head injury as evidenced by:  a.  sensory or motor disturbances,  b.  communication disturbances,  c.  complex integrated disturbances of cerebral function,  d.  episodic neurological disorders, or  e.  other brain and closed-head injury conditions at least as severe in nature as any condition provided in subdivisions a through d of this division; or  (3) Total knee replacement.  In all cases of soft tissue injury, the employee shall only be entitled to appropriate and necessary medical care and temporary total disability as set out in paragraph 2 of this section, unless there is objective medical evidence of a permanent anatomical abnormality. In determining the existence of such an abnormality, the Court may consider if there is credible medical evidence that the ability of the employee to earn wages at the same level as before the injury has been permanently impaired.  Other Cases: In all other classes of disabilities, excluding only those heretofore referred to in this paragraph, which disabilities result in loss of use of any portion of an employee’s body, and which disabilities are partial in character but permanent in quality, disability shall mean the percentage of permanent impairment. The compensation ordered paid shall be seventy percent (70%) of the employee’s average weekly wage for the number of weeks which the partial disability of the employee bears to five hundred (500) weeks. No permanent disability shall be awarded unless there is objective medical evidence, as defined in Section 3 of this title, of a permanent anatomical abnormality. In determining the existence of such an abnormality, the Court may consider if there is credible medical evidence that the ability of the employee to earn wages at the same level as before the injury has been permanently impaired.  4. Temporary Partial Disability. (a) With respect to injuries occurring before November 4, 1994, in case of temporary partial disability, except the particular cases mentioned in paragraph 3 of this section, an injured employee shall receive seventy percent (70%) of the difference between the employee’s average weekly wages and the employee’s wage-earning capacity thereafter in the same employment or otherwise, if less than before the injury, during continuance of such partial disability, but not to exceed one hundred fifty (150) weeks. Provided, after compensation has been paid for a period of one hundred forty (140) weeks, the employee may request a review of the case by a judge of the Court for continued temporary partial disability benefits provided by the Workers’ Compensation Act. Upon a finding that benefits should be extended beyond the initial one-hundred-fifty-week period, compensation may be continued for an additional one hundred fifty (150) weeks.  (b) With respect to injuries occurring on or after November 4, 1994, in case of temporary partial disability, except the particular cases mentioned in paragraph 3 of this section, an injured employee shall receive seventy percent (70%) of the difference between the employee’s average weekly wages and the employee’s wage-earning capacity thereafter in the same employment or otherwise, if less than before the injury, during continuance of such partial disability, but not to exceed fifty-two (52) weeks. Provided, after compensation has been paid for a period of forty-two (42) weeks, the employee may request a review of the case by a judge of the Court for continued temporary partial disability benefits provided by the Workers’ Compensation Act. Upon a finding that benefits should be extended beyond the initial fifty-two-week period, compensation may be continued for additional successive fifty-two-week periods provided the employee has requested review of the case at forty-two (42) weeks during each period involved, and upon a finding by the Court that benefits should be extended. Total payments of compensation for temporary partial disability may not exceed a maximum of three hundred (300) weeks in the aggregate.  (c) With respect to injuries occurring on or after November 1, 1997, total payments of compensation for temporary partial disability may not exceed a maximum of one hundred fifty-six (156) weeks in the aggregate except for good cause shown, as determined by the Court. Total payments of compensation for temporary partial disability, inclusive of consequential injuries, may not exceed a maximum of three hundred (300) weeks in the aggregate.  5. Notwithstanding any other section of the Workers’ Compensation Act, temporary disability shall be payable without an award by the Court. The first payment of temporary disability compensation shall become due on the tenth day after the employer has received notice of injury as specified in Section 24.2 of this title. All compensation owed on that date shall be paid and thereafter payments shall be made weekly except when otherwise ordered by the Court.  If any compensation payments owed without an award are not paid within ten (10) days after becoming due, there shall be added to such owed payments an amount equal to ten percent (10%) of the amount due which shall be paid at the same time in addition to the owed payments unless such nonpayment is excused by the Court after a showing by the employer that conditions exist over which the employer had no control in that either payments were not made within the prescribed time or the employer denies coverage within the time specified for the employer to respond.  6. Limitation. The compensation payments under the provisions of the Workers’ Compensation Act shall not exceed the sum of seventy-five percent (75%) of the state’s average weekly wage as determined by the Oklahoma Employment Security Commission, the sum of ninety percent (90%) of the state’s average weekly wage beginning January 1, 1995, for injuries occurring after December 31, 1994, and the sum of one hundred percent (100%) of the state’s average weekly wage beginning January 1, 1996, for injuries occurring after December 31, 1995, for temporary disability; Sixty Dollars ($60.00) per week beginning as of the effective date of the Workers’ Compensation Act, and Seventy Dollars ($70.00) per week beginning January 1, 1979, and Eighty Dollars ($80.00) per week beginning January 1, 1980, and Ninety Dollars ($90.00) per week beginning January 1, 1981, and to fifty percent (50%) of the state’s average weekly wage beginning January 1, 1982, for permanent partial disability; Seventy-five Dollars ($75.00) per week beginning as of the effective date of the Workers’ Compensation Act, and Ninety Dollars ($90.00) per week beginning January 1, 1979, and One Hundred Ten Dollars ($110.00) per week beginning January 1, 1980, to sixty-six and two-thirds percent (66 2/3%) of the state’s average weekly wage beginning January 1, 1981, to seventy-five percent (75%) of the state’s average weekly wage beginning September 1, 1992, to ninety percent (90%) of the state’s average weekly wage beginning January 1, 1995, for injuries occurring after December 31, 1994, and to one hundred percent (100%) of the state’s average weekly wage beginning January 1, 1996, for injuries occurring after December 31, 1995, for permanent total disability, or at any time be less than Thirty Dollars ($30.00) per week; provided, however, that if the employee’s wages at the time of the injury are less than Thirty Dollars ($30.00) per week, the employee shall receive the employee’s full weekly wages; provided further, that the compensation received, as provided for temporary partial disability, shall not, when added to the wages received by such employee after such injury, amount to a greater sum than eighty percent (80%) of the average weekly wages of the employee received prior to said injury.  The average weekly wage in this state shall be determined by the Oklahoma Employment Security Commission every year beginning July 1, 1984, and shall be used to establish maximum benefits under the Workers’ Compensation Act for injuries occurring during a one-year period, which period shall begin on the first day of November after publication by the Oklahoma Employment Security Commission. For the purpose of computing benefits payable under the Workers’ Compensation Act, the state’s average weekly wage shall be rounded to the nearest dollar amount.  The benefit level for members of the National Guard and any authorized voluntary or uncompensated worker rendering services as a fire fighter, peace officer or civil defense worker shall be determined by using the earnings of the individual in the individual’s regular occupation.  7. Previous Disability. The fact that an employee has suffered previous disability or impairment or received compensation therefore shall not preclude the employee from compensation for a later accidental personal injury or occupational disease; but in determining compensation for the later accidental personal injury or occupational disease the employee’s average weekly wages shall be such sum as will reasonably represent the employee’s earning capacity at the time of the later accidental personal injury or occupational disease. In the event there exists a previous impairment, including a previous non-work-related injury or condition which produced permanent disability and the same is aggravated or accelerated by an accidental personal injury or occupational disease, compensation for permanent disability shall be only for such amount as was caused by such accidental personal injury or occupational disease and no additional compensation shall be allowed for the pre-existing disability or impairment. The sum of all permanent partial disability awards, excluding awards against the Multiple Injury Trust Fund and awards for amputations, and surgeries, shall not exceed one hundred percent (100%) permanent partial disability for any individual. An individual may not receive more than five hundred twenty (520) weeks’ compensation for permanent partial disability, but may receive other benefits under the Workers’ Compensation Act if otherwise eligible as provided in the Workers’ Compensation Act.  8. Income benefits for death. If the injury or occupational disease causes death, income benefits shall be payable in the amount and for the benefit of the persons following, subject to the maximum limits specified hereafter:  (a) Benefit amounts for particular classes of dependents.  (1) If there is a surviving spouse, to such surviving spouse seventy percent (70%) of the average weekly wages the deceased was earning. In no event shall this spousal income benefit be diminished.  (2) If there is a child or children, to such child or children fifteen percent (15%) of the average weekly wages the deceased was earning for each child. Where there are more than two such children, the income benefits payable for the benefit of all children shall be divided among all children, to share and share alike, subject to the provisions of subparagraphs (c) and (d) of this paragraph.  (3) In addition to the benefits theretofore paid or due, two (2) years’ indemnity benefit in one lump sum shall be payable to a surviving spouse upon remarriage.  (4) To the children, if there is no surviving spouse, fifty percent (50%) of the average weekly wages the deceased was earning for one child, and twenty percent (20%) of such wage for each additional child, divided among all children, to share and share alike, subject to the provisions of subparagraphs (c) and (d) of this paragraph.  (5) The income benefits payable for the benefit of any child under this section shall cease:  a.  when the child dies, marries, or reaches the age of eighteen (18),  b.  when the child over eighteen (18) years of age ceases to be physically or mentally incapable of self-support,  c.  when the actually dependent child ceases to be actually dependent, or  d.  when the child has been enrolled as a full-time student in any accredited educational institution or has been receiving education by other means, including education at home pursuant to Section 4 of Article XIII of the Oklahoma Constitution, and the child ceases to be so enrolled or educated or reaches twenty-three (23) years of age. A child who originally qualified as a dependent by virtue of being less than eighteen (18) years of age may, upon reaching eighteen (18) years of age, continue to qualify if the child satisfies the tests of being physically or mentally incapable of self-support, actually dependent, or enrolled in an accredited educational institution or being educated by other means, including education at home pursuant to Section 4 of Article XIII of the Oklahoma Constitution.  (6) To each parent, if actually dependent, twenty-five percent (25%) of the average weekly wages the deceased was earning subject to the provisions of subparagraphs (c) and (d) of this paragraph.  (7) To the brothers, sisters, grandparents and grandchildren, if actually dependent, twenty-five percent (25%) of the average weekly wages the deceased was earning to each such dependent. If there should be more than one of such dependents, the total income benefits payable for the benefit of such dependents shall be divided to share and share alike subject to the provisions of subparagraphs (c) and (d) of this paragraph.  (8) The income benefits of each beneficiary under divisions (6) and (7) above shall be paid until the beneficiary, if a parent or grandparent, dies, marries or ceases to be actually dependent, or, if a brother, sister or grandchild, dies, marries or reaches the age of eighteen (18), is over the age of eighteen (18) and ceases to be physically or mentally incapable of self-support or ceases to be actually dependent.  (9) A person ceases to be actually dependent when the person’s income from all sources exclusive of workers’ compensation income benefits is such that, if it had existed at the time the original determination of actual dependency was made, it would not have supported a finding of dependency. If the present annual income of an actually dependent person including workers’ compensation income benefits at any time exceeds the total annual support received by the person from the deceased employee, the workers’ compensation benefits shall be reduced so that the total annual income is no greater than such amount of annual support received from the deceased employee. In all cases, a person found to be actually dependent shall be presumed to be no longer actually dependent three (3) years after the time as of which the person was found to be actually dependent. This presumption may be overcome by proof of continued actual dependency as defined in this paragraph and paragraph (1) of Section 3.1 of this title.  (b) Change in dependents. Upon the cessation of income benefits under this section to or for the benefit of any person, the income benefits payable to the remaining persons who continue to be entitled to income benefits for the unexpired part of the period during which their income benefits are payable shall be that which such persons would have received if they had been the only persons entitled to income benefits at the time of the decedent’s death.  (c) Maximum income benefits for death. For the purposes of this section, the average weekly wage of the employee shall be taken as not more than the average weekly wage of the state. If the average weekly wages of the employee are equal to or greater than the average weekly wage of the state, then the aggregate weekly income benefits payable to all beneficiaries under this section shall not exceed the average weekly wage of the state. If the average weekly wages of the employee are less than the average weekly wage of the state, the aggregate weekly income benefits payable to all beneficiaries under this section shall not exceed one hundred percent (100%) of the average weekly wages of the employee.  (d) Maximum total payment. The maximum weekly income benefits payable for all beneficiaries in case of death shall not exceed one hundred percent (100%) of the average weekly wages the deceased was earning, subject to the maximum limits in subparagraph (c) of this paragraph. The maximum aggregate limitation shall not apply in case of payment of two (2) years’ income benefits to the surviving spouse upon remarriage, as provided under division (3) of subparagraph (a) of this paragraph, to prevent the immediate recalculation and payments of benefits to the remaining beneficiaries as provided under subparagraph (b) of this paragraph. The weekly income benefits as recalculated to the remaining beneficiaries shall not exceed the weekly benefit that was or would have been payable for total permanent disability to the deceased. The classes of beneficiaries specified in divisions (1), (2) and (4) of subparagraph (a) of this paragraph shall have priority over all other beneficiaries in the apportionment of income benefits. If the provisions of this subparagraph should prevent payments to other beneficiaries of the income benefits to the full extent otherwise provided for by this section, the gross remaining amount of income benefits payable to such other beneficiaries shall be apportioned by class, proportionate to the interest of each class in the remaining amount. Parents shall be considered to be in one class and those specified in division (7) of subparagraph (a) of this paragraph in a separate class.  9. Where some pecuniary loss may be shown by heirs-at-law of the deceased, as defined by the descent and distribution statutes of Oklahoma, who are otherwise not entitled to receive benefits under other provisions of this section, such heirs-at-law shall receive compensation for their pecuniary loss not to exceed an aggregate of Five Thousand Dollars ($5,000.00).  10. For deaths occurring before November 1, 2005, in the event that no benefits under other provisions of this section are paid to the dependents or the heirs-at-law of the deceased, an amount not to exceed Five Thousand Dollars ($5,000.00) shall be paid for funeral expenses. For deaths occurring on or after November 1, 2005, in the event that no benefits under other provisions of this section are paid to the dependents or the heirs-at-law of the deceased, an amount not to exceed Eight Thousand Dollars ($8,000.00) shall be paid for funeral expenses.  11. (a) For deaths occurring before January 1, 1995, if there is a surviving spouse and surviving children entitled to receive death benefits herein, such survivors shall be entitled to an immediate lump-sum payment of Ten Thousand Dollars ($10,000.00) to the spouse and Two Thousand Five Hundred Dollars ($2,500.00) to each surviving child not to exceed two children. For deaths occurring after December 31, 1994, if there is a surviving spouse and surviving children entitled to receive death benefits herein, such survivors shall be entitled to an immediate lump-sum payment of Twenty Thousand Dollars ($20,000.00) to the spouse and Five Thousand Dollars ($5,000.00) to each surviving child not to exceed two children. For deaths occurring on or after November 1, 2005, if there is a surviving spouse and surviving children entitled to receive death benefits herein, such survivors shall be entitled to an immediate lump-sum payment of One Hundred Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) to the spouse and Twenty-five Thousand Dollars ($25,000.00) to each surviving child not to exceed two children. In addition, the survivors shall be entitled to receive funeral benefits in an amount not to exceed Ten Thousand Dollars ($10,000.00).  (b) For deaths occurring before November 1, 2005, if there is no surviving spouse but there are surviving children entitled to receive death benefits herein, such surviving children shall be entitled to a lump-sum payment of Ten Thousand Dollars ($10,000.00) to be divided among all the children to share and share alike. For deaths occurring on or after November 1, 2005, if there is no surviving spouse but there are surviving children entitled to receive death benefits herein, each surviving child shall be entitled to a lump-sum payment of Twenty-five Thousand Dollars ($25,000.00), provided the total amount of lump-sum payments shall not exceed One Hundred Fifty Thousand Dollars ($150,000.00), to be divided among all the children to share and share alike. The survivors shall also be entitled to receive funeral benefits in an amount not to exceed Ten Thousand Dollars ($10,000.00).  (c) Any claim under this paragraph shall be substantiated by the filing of a properly executed and authenticated proof of loss, which form shall be prescribed by the Administrator, and payment of such sum shall be made within fifteen (15) days after adjudication of entitlement by the Court. Such sum shall not be subject to any award of attorney fees in uncontested cases, except the Court shall appoint a guardian ad litem to represent known and unknown minor children and said guardian ad litem shall be paid a reasonable fee for the services.  Provided, that all judgments rendered awarding lump-sum death benefits, except lump-sum attorney fee awards, may, at the discretion of the Court, provide that said benefits be paid in trust to an interest-bearing account in a federally insured banking institution in the county wherein the judgment was rendered. The banking institution may make appropriate charges to the beneficiary for costs of trust management. These charges shall be fixed by agreement of such institution and the judge rendering the judgment. The judgment awarding lump-sum death benefits shall contain instructions for regularly scheduled disbursements to be fixed by the Court which may be modified by the Court upon a proper showing of change of circumstance. The banking institution shall issue a numbered receipt to the person paying the benefits into trust and deliver a copy of the receipt to the Administrator. Each banking institution receiving trust funds for deposit shall receive a schedule of disbursements and shall monthly pay said disbursements to the beneficiary as ordered by the Court. An annual accounting of all such trust funds received and deposited shall be rendered by each banking institution to the Court granting the judgment.  12. No payments on any permanent impairment order shall start until payments on any pre-existing permanent impairment orders have been completed.  13. (a) Any employee convicted of a misdemeanor or felony and sentenced to a term of incarceration of at least ninety (90) days in this state or in any other jurisdiction shall have all benefits for temporary total disability awarded by the Workers’ Compensation Court forfeited by order of the Court on motion of the employer or the employer’s insurer after confirmation of the employee’s incarceration. The Court also may order the forfeiture of such benefits on its own motion upon receipt of notice from the Director of the Department of Corrections that the person awarded the benefits is incarcerated as an inmate in a facility operated by or under contract with the Department. The provisions of this subparagraph shall not apply to any benefits awarded to an inmate for compensable injuries sustained by the inmate while in the employ of a private for-profit employer or while employed in private prison industries, involving a for-profit employer, which deal in interstate commerce or which sell products or services to the federal government.  (b) Any employee convicted of a misdemeanor or felony and sentenced to a term of incarceration of at least ninety (90) days in this state shall have all benefits for permanent total disability or temporary partial disability awarded by the Workers’ Compensation Court and paid during the period of incarceration deposited to the credit of an account established pursuant to Section 549 of Title 57 of the Oklahoma Statutes for distribution in full to the Department of Corrections for costs of incarceration. The State Board of Corrections shall have the power to collect workers’ compensation benefits on behalf of the prisoner as provided in this subparagraph and to distribute the benefits as provided by law.  Added by Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 6. Amended by Laws 1919, c. 14, p. 18, •• 8, 9; Laws 1923, c. 61, p. 123, • 6; Laws 1941, p. 478, • 3, emerg. eff. May 14, 1941; Laws 1945, p. 415, • 1, emerg. eff. May 5, 1945; Laws 1949, p. 651, • 1, emerg. eff. June 2, 1949; Laws 1951, p. 268, • 4, emerg. eff. May 29, 1951; Laws 1953, p. 430, • 1, emerg. eff. June 8, 1953; Laws 1953, p. 429, • 9, emerg. eff. June 6, 1953; Laws 1955, p. 489, • 1, emerg. eff. May 2, 1955; Laws 1955, p. 490, • 1, emerg. eff. June 7, 1955; Laws 1957, p. 573, • 1, emerg. eff. May 3, 1957; Laws 1957, p. 573, • 1, emerg. eff. June 4, 1957; Laws 1963, c. 93, • 1, emerg. eff. May 27, 1963; Laws 1965, c. 131, • 1, emerg. eff. May 24, 1965; Laws 1965, c. 200, • 1, emerg. eff. June 14, 1965; Laws 1968, c. 91, • 1, emerg. eff. April 1, 1968; Laws 1968, c. 145, • 1, emerg. eff. April 9, 1968; Laws 1970, c. 318, • 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1970; Laws 1971, c. 336, • 1, operative Oct. 1, 1971; Laws 1972, c. 219, • 1, emerg. eff. April 7, 1972; Laws 1975, c. 371, • 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1976; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 21, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1985, c. 266, • 3, eff. July 1, 1985; Laws 1986, c. 222, • 14, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1987, c. 223, • 2, operative July 1, 1987; Laws 1990, c. 283, • 10, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Laws 1992, c. 294, • 7, eff. Sept. 1, 1992; Laws 1993, c. 349, • 10, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 28, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 1997, c. 361, • 9, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 1998, c. 374, • 4, eff. Nov. 1, 1998; Laws 1999, c. 1, • 43, emerg. eff. Feb. 24, 1999; Laws 1999, c. 420, • 5, eff. Nov. 1, 1999; Laws 2001, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 3, • 12, emerg. eff. Oct. 23, 2001; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 20, eff. July 1, 2005; Laws 2009, c. 172, • 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2009.    NOTE: Laws 1998, c. 353, • 5 repealed by Laws 1999, c. 1, • 45, emerg. eff. Feb. 24, 1999.    •85-22.1. Temporary disability benefits - Report of change in material fact, amount of income or employment status.  A. Any person receiving temporary disability benefits from an employer or the employer's insurance carrier shall promptly report in writing to the employer or insurance carrier any change in a material fact or the amount of income he is receiving or any change in his employment status, occurring during the period of receipt of such benefits.  B. The Workers' Compensation Court shall include a statement on forms for notices and instructions to employers and employees informing employees that they must promptly comply with the provisions of this section.  Added by Laws 1993, c. 349, • 33, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.    •85-24.1. Employer's record of injuries - Report to Court - Penalty for neglect.  A. Every employer shall keep a record of injuries, which result in the loss of time beyond the shift or which require medical attention away from the work site, fatal or otherwise, received by his employees in the course of their employment.  B. Within ten (10) days or a reasonable time thereafter, after the occurrence of such injury a report thereof shall be made in writing by the employer to the Court and to the employer’s workers’ compensation insurance carrier, if any, upon blanks to be procured from the Court for that purpose. Such reports shall state the name and nature of the business of the employer, the location of the employer’s establishment or place of work, the name, address and occupation of the injured employee, the time, nature, and cause of the injury and such other information as may be required by the Administrator. The report, known as the Employer’s First Notice of Injury, shall be kept confidential and shall not be open to public inspection; provided, such reports shall be made available immediately upon request by the injured employee named in the report, the injured employee’s legal representative, the employer, the employer’s legal representative or any prosecutorial authority.  C. Any employer who refuses or neglects to make a report as required by this section shall be liable for an administrative violation and subject to a fine by the Administrator of not more than One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00).  Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 5, • 2; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 46, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1982, c. 271, • 5, operative July 1, 1982; Laws 1986, c. 222, • 28, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Renumbered from • 102 by Laws 1986, c. 222, • 31, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 1990, c. 283, • 11, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Laws 1992, c. 335, • 32, eff. July 1, 1992; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 21, eff. July 1, 2005.    •8524.2. Notice of injury to employer.  A. Unless an employee or former employee gives oral or written notice to the employer or former employer within thirty (30) days of the date an injury occurs or the employee receives medical attention from a licensed physician during the thirty-day period from the date an injury occurred, the rebuttable presumption shall be that the injury was not work related. Such presumption must be overcome by a preponderance of the evidence. For an occupational disease or cumulative trauma, notice shall be given to the employer within the statutory period for occupational disease set out in Section 43 of this title; provided, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that injury from occupational disease or injury caused by cumulative trauma does not arise out of and in the course of employment unless oral or written notice is given by the employee to the employer within ninety (90) days of the employee's separation from employment. Such presumption must be overcome by a preponderance of the evidence.  B. If the employer has notice of the injury and the injury is not disputed and weekly temporary total disability benefit payments are not commenced within twenty (20) days or if any subsequent installment of temporary total disability benefits is not made within ten (10) days after it becomes due, the insurer of the employer shall pay to the employee a penalty of fifteen percent (15%) of the unpaid or delayed weekly benefits. This penalty may be imposed by the Court for good cause shown on a case-by-case basis.  C. The Administrator, on the basis of information collected, may ask the Court to impose the penalty provided in subsection B of this section.  D. Any penalty imposed pursuant to subsections B or C of this section shall not be reported or used for ratemaking purposes.  Added by Laws 1986, c. 222, • 15, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 1990, c. 283, • 12, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Laws 1993, c. 349, • 11, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 1997, c. 361, • 10, eff. Nov. 1, 1997.    •85-24.3. Election to make advance payments of temporary total disability benefits.  A. After notice of an injury, any insured employer may, at its own option, commence payment of temporary total disability benefits to the injured employee. Such payments shall be in the amount provided by the Workers' Compensation Act for temporary total disability benefits and shall not exceed four (4) weeks in duration. Any employer electing to make such advance temporary total disability benefit payments shall immediately notify its insurance carrier in writing of the date of commencement and the amount of such payments. Such notice shall include an authorization signed by the injured employee, or if the injured employee is incapacitated, the person receiving payments, and shall authorize the insurance carrier to reimburse the employer for such payments.  B. No advance payments of temporary total disability benefits under this section shall be made to any person who is excluded from the definition of "employee" as provided by paragraph 4 of Section 3 of Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes, whether or not such person has elected coverage under the employer's policy of insurance.  C. Within thirty (30) days of the last advance payment of temporary total disability benefits, the insurance carrier shall reimburse the employer for all payments so made and shall charge such payments to the employer's loss experience in the same manner as other indemnity payments provided by the Workers' Compensation Act.  D. Payments made under this section shall not constitute admission by the employer or insurance carrier as to liability, compensation rate or any other material fact.  Added by Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 29, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994.    •8525. Medical examinations after injury Effect of refusal Reports of services or examinations.  An employee claiming or entitled to compensation under the Workers' Compensation Act, shall, if ordered by the Court, submit himself for medical examination. The employee shall be entitled to have a physician or physicians of his own selection to be paid by him present to participate in such examination. If an employee refuses to submit himself to examination, his right to prosecute any proceeding under the Workers' Compensation Act shall be suspended, and no compensation shall be payable for the period of such refusal. Provided, however, that in any case where such injured employee is either rendered professional services or examined by a physician retained by his employer, or by his employer's insurance carrier, or both, and a report pertaining thereto is furnished by such physician to either such employer, or insurance carrier, or to an attorney representing either or both of them, a true copy of such reports shall be furnished by such recipient to either the injured employee or to his attorney of record.    Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 9; Laws 1955, p. 493, • 1; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 23, eff. July 1, 1978.   •85-26. Notice of injury - Forms - Claims for compensation - Compromise settlement - Powers and duties of Court - Notice of settlement.  A. The Administrator shall provide printed notice forms to be used by the injured employee. Notice of injury filed by the employee with the Administrator shall be verified subject to the laws of perjury of this state and shall be styled: In re: Claim of the ______ (the name of the employee) and shall include in addition to any other requirements the following information:  1. The name and social security number of the employee;  2. The name of the employer;  3. The judicial district of the county of residence of the employee at the time of the injury;  4. The address of the principal place of business of the employer;  5. The judicial district of the county where the injury occurred; and  6. The judicial district of the county where the injured employee wants the claim docketed.  B. Any time after the expiration of the first three (3) days of disability on the part of the injured employee, a claim for compensation may be presented to the Administrator. If the employer and the injured employee shall reach a final agreement as to the facts with relation to an injury, and the resulting disability for which compensation is claimed under the Workers’ Compensation Act, a memorandum of such agreement, in form as prescribed by the Administrator, signed by both the employer and employee shall be filed by the employer with the Administrator. In cases in which the claimant is not represented by legal counsel, the claimant and the employer may reach a compromise settlement of all issues. The settlement must be approved by the Administrator or a judge of the Court after the filing of an Employer’s First Notice of Injury and may be paid in a lump sum. There shall be no requirement for the filing of an Employee’s First Notice of Accidental Injury and Claim for Compensation to effect such settlement. The Court shall promulgate rules to allow the creation of a file, the making of a record before a reporter of the Workers’ Compensation Court, and the approval of the settlement. This procedure shall be known as a “compromise settlement”. Compensation received by a claimant in a compromise settlement as defined by this subsection or in a settlement based upon a dismissal of a claim with prejudice shall not be considered to be an award of permanent partial disability. In the absence of fraud this agreement shall be deemed binding upon the parties thereto. The Court shall have full power and authority to determine all questions in relation to payment of claims for compensation under the provisions of the Workers’ Compensation Act. The Court shall make, or cause to be made, such investigation as it deems necessary, and upon application of either party shall order a hearing, and as soon as practicable, after a claim for compensation is submitted under this section, or such hearing closed, shall make or deny an award determining such claim for compensation, and file the same in the office of the Administrator, together with the statement of its conclusion of fact and rulings of law. Upon a hearing pursuant to this section either party may present evidence and be represented by counsel. The decision of the Court shall be final as to all questions of fact, and except as provided in Section 3.6 of this title, as to all questions of law.  C. A good faith effort shall be made on the part of any insurance carrier, CompSource Oklahoma, or group self-insured plan to notify an insured employer of the possibility of, and/or terms of, any settlement of a workers’ compensation case pursuant to this section. Written comments or objections to settlements shall be filed with the Workers’ Compensation Court and periodically shared with the management of the applicable insurer. A written notice shall be made to all policyholders of their right to a good faith effort by their insurer to notify them of any proposed settlement, if the policyholder so chooses.  Added by Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 10. Amended by Laws 1919, c. 14, p. 21, • 10; Laws 1923, c. 61, p. 125, • 7; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 24, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1986, c. 222, • 16, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 30, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 22, eff. July 1, 2005.    •8527.1. Cumulative medical testimony Medical examination.  Neither the claimant nor the respondent in hearings before the Court shall be permitted to introduce the testimony of more than two physicians where the evidence of any additional physician would be cumulative testimony; provided, however, that the Court, on its own motion, may order that any claimant appearing before it be examined by other physicians.    Laws 1945, p. 416, • 1; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 26, eff. July 1, 1978.   •8528. Change of condition Review of award by Court.  Upon its own motion or upon the application of any party in interest, on the ground of a change in conditions, the Court may at any time review any award, and, on such review, may make an award ending, diminishing or increasing the compensation previously awarded, but only as to those body parts adjudicated by the previous award or as a result of a consequential injury, subject to the maximum or minimum provided in the Workers' Compensation Act, and shall state its conclusions of fact and rulings of law, and the Administrator shall immediately send to the parties a copy of the award. No such review shall effect such award as regards any money already paid. In a change in condition for the better changing a permanent total disability to a permanent partial disability, the weeks paid on the permanent total disability award shall not be deducted from a subsequent permanent partial disability award; however, permanent partial disability awards together with temporary compensation shall not exceed five hundred (500) weeks.  Added by Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 12. Amended by Laws 1977, c. 234, • 27, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 2001, 1st Ex. Sess., c. 3, • 13, emerg. eff. Oct. 23, 2001.    •85-30. Costs and penalties - Claims for services or supplies - Claims for legal services.  A. 1. If the Workers’ Compensation Court before which any proceedings for compensation or concerning an award of compensation have been brought, under the Workers’ Compensation Act, determines that such proceedings have not been brought on a reasonable ground, or that denial of benefits has not been based on a reasonable ground, the Court shall assess the total cost of the proceedings on the party, who has brought them or the party who has unreasonably denied payment of benefits.  2. In the event a respondent fails to pay travel expenses as required by an order of the Court within twenty-five (25) business days of such order, the Court shall assess a Five Hundred Dollar ($500.00) penalty against the respondent and payable to the claimant.  B. Claims for services or treatment rendered or supplies furnished pursuant to Section 14 of this title shall not be enforceable unless approved by the Court. If approved, such claim shall become a lien upon the compensation awarded, but shall be paid therefrom only in the manner fixed by the Court.  C. A claim for legal services shall be determined by the Court pursuant to the provisions of this subsection.  1. A claim for legal services in contested temporary disability cases shall not exceed ten percent (10%) of the amount of the award for temporary disability. Legal service fees paid in uncontested cases for temporary total disability shall not exceed ten percent (10%) as ordered by the Court.  2. A claim for legal services shall not exceed twenty percent (20%) of the amount of the award for permanent disability or death benefits.  D. Claims for legal services for temporary disability awards shall be paid periodically. Claims for legal fees for permanent total disability awards shall be paid periodically at the rate of twenty percent (20%) of each weekly check to the claimant until the attorney fee is satisfied, based upon a maximum of four hundred (400) weeks of compensation. The right to any such attorney fee shall be vested at the time the award therefor becomes final. Claims for legal services for permanent partial disability awards may be paid in a lump sum the same to be deducted from the end of the award. Claims for legal services for death awards may be paid in a lump sum which shall be deducted from the periodic compensation payments at a rate of ten percent (10%) per payment until the attorney fee is satisfied.  E. In any claim in which the respondent has admitted compensability of an accidental injury within twenty (20) days of the filing of an Employee’s First Notice of Accidental Injury and Claim for Compensation, has not disputed medical treatment, and has made a settlement offer in writing within fifteen (15) days after the claimant reaches maximum medical improvement, the attorney fee shall be limited to thirty-five percent (35%) of the amount of any award or settlement of permanent partial disability which is greater than the amount of the offer. In addition, an attorney fee shall be awarded for other contested benefits obtained on behalf of the claimant at any time during the pendency of the claim and shall be based upon a reasonable hourly rate. In no event shall the total attorney fee be in excess of twenty percent (20%) of the total permanent partial disability award or settlement. All attorney fees shall be deducted from the award or settlement to the claimant.  Added by Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 14. Amended by Laws 1977, c. 234, • 28, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1992, c. 294, • 8, eff. Sept. 1, 1992; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 31, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 1997, c. 361, • 11, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 2001, 1st Ex. Sess., c. 3, • 14, emerg. eff. Oct. 23, 2001; Laws 2005, c. 1, • 23, eff. July 1, 2005.    •8541. Award for permanent partial and permanent total disability Amount Enforcement Lumpsum payment Installments Death of claimant Healing period Security deposits Form of payment Failure to pay.  A. Awards for permanent partial disability under Section 22 of this title shall be made for the total number of weeks of compensation which the Court shall find the claimant will be entitled to receive, less any sums previously paid which the Court may find to be a proper credit thereon. When the award becomes final, the whole sum or any unpaid portion thereof shall operate as a final adjudicated obligation and payment thereof may be enforced by the claimant or in case of his death, by the surviving beneficiary entitled to the proceeds as provided in Section 48 of this title. All awards shall be paid by periodic installments as determined by the Court. Whenever an injured person receives an award for permanent partial disability, permanent total disability or death benefits, the injured employee or claimant, for good cause shown, may have the award commuted to a lumpsum payment by permission of the Court. This authorization for commutation shall not be applicable to attorney fees in permanent total disability cases. The lumpsum payment shall not exceed Four Thousand Dollars ($4,000.00) or twentyfive percent (25%) of the total award, whichever is the larger sum. Attorney fees shall be based upon not more than a fivehundredweek award and, with respect to attorney fees in a permanent total disability case, shall be paid periodically. Such commutation shall be in addition to any commutation to a lumpsum payment for legal services. The balance of the total award shall be paid in periodic installments. In case of the death of a claimant due to causes other than his accidental personal injury or occupational disease at any time before satisfaction or payment of the total award is made, the award shall not abate, but shall be revived in favor of the persons determined by the Court to be entitled thereto. In proceedings to enforce claims for compensation during a period of healing or temporary total disability, the compensation under the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act shall be payable periodically, in accordance with the method of payment of the wages of the employee at the time of his injury, and shall be so provided for in any award made.  B. Awards for permanent total disability shall be made by the Court under Section 22 of this title. The Court shall make a determination that the claimant will be entitled to receive the weekly income benefits provided in this title as long as his permanent total disability continues to exist. When an award for total permanent disability becomes final, the accrued portion thereof shall operate as a final adjudicated obligation and payment thereof may be enforced by the claimant. In proceedings to enforce claims for total permanent disability, the compensation under the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act shall be payable periodically and shall be so provided in any award made thereon. Total permanent disability awards shall not be commuted to a lumpsum payment.  C. All payments shall be made on any award in the manner and form prescribed by the Court not to exceed the weekly rate of compensation specified in Section 22 of this title, and employers and insurance carriers shall, for such purposes, be permitted, or when necessary to protect the interests of the beneficiary, may be required to make deposits with the Administrator to secure the prompt and convenient payment of awards made. Provided that, all weekly or periodic payments shall be made through the use of United States legal tender, negotiable instruments payable on demand or negotiable drafts when each such payment does not exceed One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00). Failure for ten (10) days to pay any final award or any portion thereof, as ordered shall immediately entitle the beneficiary to an order finding the respondent and/or insurance carrier to be in default and all unpaid portions, including future periodic installments unpaid, shall immediately become due and may be immediately enforced as provided by Section 42 of this title.  An award for disability may be made after the death of the injured employee, when death results from causes other than the injury. If an employee dies as a result of a compensable injury or an occupational disease, any unaccrued portions of an award or order shall abate.  Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 15; Laws 1933, c. 29, p. 66, • 2, emerg. eff. May 3, 1933; Laws 1941, p. 480, • 4, emerg. eff. May 14, 1941; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 29, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1981, c. 230, • 2, emerg. eff. June 22, 1981; Laws 1992, c. 294, • 9, eff. Sept. 1, 1992.    •8541.1. Deductions from permanent or partial permanent awards Credit for overpayment.  A. In the event salary or any other remuneration is paid in lieu of temporary total compensation during the period of temporary total disability or for any other period of time, no respondent or insurance carrier shall be allowed to deduct from the amount of the award for permanent or partial permanent disability any amounts paid for temporary total disability, nor shall he be given credit for such additional payments on future temporary total disability, permanent partial disability, disfigurement, or any other compensation provided by the workers' compensation law.  B. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection A of this section, a qualified individual self-insured employer that pays temporary total disability benefits at a higher weekly rate than required by statute, without diminishing the employee's accrued leave on such payments, shall be given credit for such overpayment against any permanent partial disability owed, after payment of attorney fees and taxes. This provision shall not apply where salary continuation was made by the self-insured employer pursuant to an applicable collective bargaining agreement.  Laws 1957, p. 574, • 1, emerg. eff. April 30, 1957; Laws 1992, c. 294, • 10, eff. Sept. 1, 1992.    •85-42. Failure to pay compensation - Judgment and execution - Interest - Revocation or suspension of insurer's license.  A. If payment of compensation or an installment payment of compensation due under the terms of an award, except in the case of an appeal of an award or an award from the Multiple Injury Trust Fund, is not made within ten (10) days after the same is due by the employer or insurance carrier liable therefor, the Court may order a certified copy of the award to be filed in the office of the court clerk of any county, which award whether accumulative or lump sum shall have the same force and be subject to the same law as judgments of the district court. Any compensation awarded and all payments thereof directed to be made by order of the Court, except in the case of an appeal of an award or an award of compensation from the Multiple Injury Trust Fund, shall bear interest at the rate of eighteen percent (18%) per year from the date ordered paid by the Court until the date of satisfaction. On or after November 1, 2001, compensation ordered to be paid from the Multiple Injury Trust Fund shall bear simple interest only at the percentage rate applicable to judgments in civil cases pursuant to Section 727 of Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes from the date of the award. Any award from the Multiple Injury Trust Fund prior to November 4, 1994, shall bear interest at the percentage rate applicable to judgments in civil cases pursuant to Section 727 of Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes. Upon the filing of the certified copy of the Court's award a writ of execution shall issue and process shall be executed and the cost thereof taxed, as in the case of writs of execution, on judgments of courts of record, as provided by Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes; provided, however, the provisions of this section relating to execution and process for the enforcement of awards shall be and are cumulative to other provisions now existing or which may hereafter be adopted relating to liens or enforcement of awards or claims for compensation.  B. If any insurance carrier intentionally, knowingly, or willfully violates any of the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act or any published rules or regulations promulgated thereunder, the Insurance Commissioner, on the request of a judge of the Court or the Administrator, shall suspend or revoke the license or authority of such insurance carrier to do a compensation business in this state.  Added by Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 16. Amended by Laws 1923, c. 61, p. 126, • 9; Laws 1945, p. 415, • 1, emerg. eff. May 5, 1945; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 30, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1983, c. 56, • 4, eff. Nov. 1, 1983; Laws 1990, c. 283, • 13, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 32, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 1998, c. 374, • 5, eff. Nov. 1, 1998; Laws 1999, c. 420, • 6, eff. Nov. 1, 1999; Laws 2001, 1st Ex. Sess., c. 3, • 15, emerg. eff. Oct. 23, 2001.    •85-43. Limitation of actions - Dismissal - Reopening cases - Posting notice of coverage.  A. The right to claim compensation under the Workers’ Compensation Act shall be forever barred unless, within two (2) years after the date of accidental injury or death, a claim for compensation is filed with the Workers’ Compensation Court. Provided however, a claim may be filed within two (2) years of the last medical treatment which was authorized by the employer or the insurance carrier or payment of any compensation or remuneration paid in lieu of compensation. Provided further however, with respect to disease or injury caused by repeated trauma causally connected with employment, a claim may be filed within two (2) years of the date of last trauma or hazardous exposure. Provided, further however, in the case of asbestosis, silicosis or exposure to nuclear radiation causally connected with employment, a claim may be filed within two (2) years of the date of last hazardous exposure or within two (2) years from the date said condition first becomes manifest by a symptom or condition from which one learned in medicine could, with reasonable accuracy, diagnose such specific condition, whichever last occurs. The filing of any form or report by the employer or insurance carrier shall not toll the above limitations. Post-termination injury claims shall be filed within six (6) months of termination of employment, provided that nothing herein shall extend any limitation period set forth in this section.  B. When a claim for compensation has been filed with the Administrator as herein provided, unless the claimant shall in good faith request a hearing and final determination thereon within three (3) years from the date of filing thereof or within three (3) years from the date of last payment of compensation or wages in lieu thereof, same shall be barred as the basis of any claim for compensation under the Workers’ Compensation Act and shall be dismissed by the Court for want of prosecution, which action shall operate as a final adjudication of the right to claim compensation thereunder. If represented by counsel, the claimant may, upon the payment of the Court’s filing fee, dismiss any claim brought by the claimant at any time before final submission of the case to the Court for decision. Any claimant not represented by counsel may, upon the payment of the Court’s filing fee and with an order of the Court, dismiss any claim brought by the claimant at any time before final submission of the case to the Court for decision. Such dismissal shall be without prejudice unless the words “with prejudice” are included in the order. If any claim that is filed within the statutory time permitted by this section is dismissed without prejudice, a new claim may be filed within one (1) year after the entry of the order dismissing the first claim even if the statutory time for filing has expired.  C. The jurisdiction of the Court to reopen any cause upon an application based upon a change in condition for the worse shall extend for three (3) years from the date of the last order, and unless filed within said period of time, shall be forever barred. An order denying an application to reopen a claim shall not extend the period of the time set out herein for reopening the case.  D. Each employer shall post a notice advising employees that they are covered by the Workers’ Compensation Act and that workers’ compensation counselor services are available at the Workers’ Compensation Court. The form of the notice shall be prescribed by the rules of the Court. No other notice to the employee shall be required other than said poster required by this section; provided that nothing in this subsection shall be construed to toll the Statute of Limitations provided above.  Added by Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 17. Amended by Laws 1933, c. 29, p. 68, • 4, emerg. eff. May 3, 1933; Laws 1951, p. 268, • 6, emerg. eff. May 29, 1951; Laws 1953, p. 430, • 2, emerg. eff. June 8, 1953; Laws 1961, p. 639, • 1, emerg. eff. Aug. 7, 1961; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 31, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1985, c. 266, • 4, eff. Nov. 1, 1985; Laws 1986, c. 222, • 17, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1990, c. 283, • 14, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 33, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 1997, c. 361, • 12, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 2001, 1st Ex. Sess., c. 3, • 16, emerg. eff. Oct. 23, 2001; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 24, eff. July 1, 2005.    •85-44. Claims against third persons.  (a) If a worker entitled to compensation under the Workers' Compensation Act is injured or killed by the negligence or wrong of another not in the same employ, such injured worker shall, before any suit or claim under the Workers' Compensation Act, elect whether to take compensation under the Workers' Compensation Act, or to pursue his remedy against such other. Such election shall be evidenced in such manner as the Administrator may by rule or regulation prescribe. If he elects to take compensation under the Workers' Compensation Act, the cause of action against such other shall be assigned to the insurance carrier liable for the payment of such compensation, and if he elects to proceed against such other person or insurance carrier, as the case may be, the employer's insurance carrier shall contribute only the deficiency, if any, between the amount of the recovery against such other person actually collected, and the compensation provided or estimated by the Workers' Compensation Act for such case. The compromise of any such cause of action by the worker at any amount less than the compensation provided for by the Workers' Compensation Act shall be made only with the written approval of the Court. Whenever recovery against such other person is effected without compromise settlement by the employee or his representatives, the employer or insurance company having paid compensation under the Workers' Compensation Act shall be entitled to reimbursement as hereinafter set forth and shall pay from its share of said reimbursement a proportionate share of the expenses, including attorneys fees, incurred in effecting said recovery to be determined by the ratio that the amount of compensation paid by the employer bears to the amount of the recovery effected by the employee. After the expenses and attorneys fees have been paid, the balance of the recovery shall be apportioned between the employer or insurance company having paid the compensation and the employee or his representatives in the same ratio that the amount of compensation paid by the employer bears to the total amount recovered; provided, however, the balance of the recovery may be divided between the employer or insurance company having paid compensation and the employee or his representatives as they may agree.  In the event that recovery is effected by compromise settlement, then in that event the expenses, attorneys fees and the balance of the recovery may be divided between the employer or insurance company having paid compensation and the employee or his representatives as they may agree. Provided, that in the event they are unable to agree, then the same shall be apportioned by the district court having jurisdiction of the employee's action against such other person, in such manner as is just and reasonable.  (b) Notwithstanding subsection (d) of this section, the employer or his insurance carrier shall not have the right of subrogation to recover money paid by the employer or his insurance carrier for death claims or death benefits under the Workers' Compensation Act from third persons, with all common law rights against other than the employer and his employees preserved and to be in those persons who would have had such rights had there been no death claim or death benefits under the Workers' Compensation Act.  (c) The employer or his insurance carrier shall have the right of subrogation to recover money paid by the employer or his insurance carrier for the expenses of the last illness or accident under the Workers' Compensation Act from third persons, with all common law rights against other than the employer and his employees preserved and to be in those persons who would have had such rights had there been no benefits under the Workers' Compensation Act.  (d) An employer shall have a cause of action against a third party whose wrongful or negligent conduct causes the death of an employee entitled to compensation under this title to recover any money paid for death benefits on behalf of the employee. Nothing contained in this section shall allow an employer or insurance carrier for an employer to seek an interest in either the death benefits received by the employee or the employee’s beneficiary or in a life insurance policy procured by the employee.  Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 18. Laws 1951, p. 268, • 7, emerg. eff. May 29, 1951; Laws 1975, c. 371, • 2, eff. Jan. 1, 1976; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 32, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1986, c. 222, • 18, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 25, eff. July 1, 2005.    •85-45. Benefits or savings not considered.  A. No benefits, saving or insurance of the injured employee, independent of the provisions of this act shall be considered in determining the compensation or benefit to be paid under this act.  B. No employee may receive temporary total disability benefits covering the same period of time as unemployment compensation benefits received by the employee as provided by the Oklahoma Employment Security Commission.  Added by Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 19. Amended by Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 34, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994.    •8546. Employee's agreements to pay premiums invalid Penalty.  No agreement by any employee to pay any portion of the premium paid by his employer to the cost of mutual insurance or other insurance, maintained for or carried for the purpose of providing compensation as herein required, shall be valid, and any employer who makes a deduction for such purpose from the wages or salary or any employee entitled to the benefits of this act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.    Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 20.   •8547. Waiver of compensation invalid.  No agreement by an employee to waive his right to compensation under this act shall be valid.    Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 21.   •8547.1. Waiver of full compensation for aggravation of certain occupational diseases.  Where an applicant for employment, though not actually disabled, is found to be affected by silicosis or asbestosis, he may, subject to the approval of the State Industrial Commission, be permitted to waive in writing full compensation for any aggravation of his condition that may result from his continuing in his hazardous occupation. In the event of total disablement as a result of the disease with which the employee was so affected, after such a waiver, compensation shall nevertheless be payable as herein elsewhere provided, but in no case for longer than one hundred (100) weeks or to exceed Two Thousand ($2,000.00) Dollars in the aggregate. A waiver so permitted shall remain effective, for the trade, occupation, process or employment for which executed, notwithstanding a change or changes of employer. The Commission shall make reasonable rules and regulations relative to the form, execution, filing or registration and public inspection of waivers or records thereof.    Laws 1953, p. 429, • 8.   •85-48. Claims nonassignable - Exempt from all processes - Death of claimant, to whom compensation paid.  Claims for compensation or benefits due under the Workers' Compensation Act shall not be assigned, released or commuted except as provided by the Workers' Compensation Act, and shall be exempt from all claims of creditors and from levy, execution or attachment or other remedy for recovery or collection of a debt, which exemption may not be waived. Compensation and benefits shall be paid only to employees; provided, that if an employee dies as a result of his accidental personal injury or occupational disease, any unaccrued portions of an award or order for compensation benefits shall abate. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit any party from the enforcement of any valid lien for child support or valid income assignment for child support.  The term "dependent", as used in this section, means actually dependent in fact upon the deceased employee, and refers only to a person who received more than half of his support from the employee.  1. An award made to a claimant for permanent partial disability under the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act shall, in case of the death of the claimant, due to causes other than injury for which the person has been awarded permanent partial compensation, be payable to and for the benefit of the following persons:  (a) If there is a surviving spouse and no child of the deceased under the age of eighteen (18) years, to the surviving spouse.  (b) If there is a surviving child or children of the deceased under the age of eighteen (18) years, or dependent blind or dependent crippled child or children of any age, but no surviving spouse then for the support of each such child, to share and share alike until the full payment of the award.  (c) If there is a surviving spouse, a surviving child or children of the deceased under the age of eighteen (18) years, or a dependent blind or dependent crippled child or children of any age, onehalf (1/2) shall be payable to the surviving spouse and the other half to the surviving child or children.  (d) If there is no surviving spouse or child under the age of eighteen (18), or dependent blind or dependent crippled child of any age, then to the dependent parents to share and share alike, and if there are no dependent parents, then to the dependent brothers and sisters, to share and share alike.  (e) In the event the claimant is survived by none of the above named, then the award for compensation benefits shall abate.  2. If claimant has been adjudged a permanent totally disabled person prior to death, and such death has resulted from causes other than the person’s accidental personal injury or occupational disease causing such total permanent disability, the award may be revived and made payable to the following persons:  (a) If there is a surviving spouse, to such surviving spouse, fifty percent (50%) of the average weekly income benefit that was or would have been payable for permanent total disability to the deceased for claims arising after the effective date of this act.  (b) If there is a surviving spouse and dependent children under the age of eighteen (18) years or dependent blind or dependent crippled child of any age, the surviving spouse shall receive the amount set forth in subparagraph (a) of this paragraph and in addition the following amounts shall be paid:  (1) To one dependent child, fifteen percent (15%) of the weekly benefits awarded employee, but in no event more than a maximum of Fifteen Dollars ($15.00) per week.  (2) To two or more dependent children, twentyfive percent (25%) of the weekly benefits awarded employee, but in no event more than a maximum of Twentyfive Dollars ($25.00) per week, which shall be divided among the children, to share and share alike.  (c) If there is no surviving spouse, but there is a surviving child under the age of eighteen (18) years, or a dependent blind or dependent crippled child of any age, the child shall receive twentyfive percent (25%) of the weekly benefits awarded the decedent, but in no event more than a maximum of Twentyfive Dollars ($25.00) per week.  (d) If there is no surviving spouse, but there are two or more surviving children under the age of eighteen (18) years, or dependent blind or dependent crippled children of any age, the children shall receive fifty percent (50%) of the weekly benefits awarded the decedent, but in no event more than a maximum of Fifty Dollars ($50.00) per week, which shall be divided among the children to share and share alike.  (e) The income benefits payable to any spouse under this section shall cease when the spouse dies or remarries.  (f) The income benefits payable for the benefit of any child under this section shall cease when the child dies, marries or reaches the age of eighteen (18) years, or when a child over eighteen (18) years of age ceases to be physically or mentally incapable of selfsupport, or if actually dependent ceases to be actually dependent, or if enrolled as a fulltime student in any accredited educational institution, ceases to be so enrolled or reaches the age of twentythree (23) years. A child who originally qualified as a dependent by virtue of being less than eighteen (18) years of age may, upon reaching age eighteen (18) years, continue to qualify if the child satisfies the tests of being physically or mentally incapable of selfsupport, actually dependent or enrolled in an accredited educational institution.  (g) If there is no surviving spouse or children under the age of eighteen (18) years or dependent blind or dependent crippled children of any age, then to the surviving dependent parents of the decedent fifty percent (50%) of the weekly benefits awarded the employee, but in no event more than a maximum of Fifty Dollars ($50.00) per week. If there is only one dependent surviving parent, then the surviving dependent parent shall receive twentyfive percent (25%) of the weekly benefits awarded employee, but in no event more than a maximum of Twentyfive Dollars ($25.00) per week. Payments shall continue during the dependent parent's lifetime and shall abate upon the death of the dependent parent or when the dependent parent is no longer dependent.  (h) If there are no surviving dependent persons as set forth herein, the award for compensation benefits shall abate.  (i) The maximum weekly income benefits payable for all persons in case of the employee's death due to causes other than the accidental personal injury or occupational disease shall not exceed seventyfive percent (75%) of the average weekly wage of the employee, subject to the maximum limits of compensation set forth in Section 22 of this title.  Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 22. Laws 1933, c. 29, p. 66, • 1, emerg. eff. May 3, 1933; Laws 1951, p. 269, • 8, emerg. eff. May 29, 1951; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 33, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1994, c. 356, • 21, eff. Sept. 1, 1994; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 26, eff. July 1, 2005.    •85-48.1. Child support liens - Income or wage assignments - Venue.  A. 1. A lien against workers' compensation benefits is authorized for the purpose of enforcing a judgment for child support. Child support liens filed in accordance with Section 135 of Title 43 of the Oklahoma Statutes are specifically authorized and shall be paid in accordance with such statute without any order of the Worker's Compensation Court.  2. Additionally, all income assignments or wage assignments for child support issued pursuant to Section 1170 of Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes or Section 240 of Title 56 of the Oklahoma Statutes are specifically authorized and shall be paid in accordance with such statutes without any order of the Workers' Compensation Court.  B. Venue for purposes of subsection B of Section 1171.3 of Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes and subsection E of Section 240.2 of Title 56 of the Oklahoma Statutes shall be either the location of the employer's insurance carrier or the employer's place of business within Oklahoma.  Added by Laws 1994, c. 356, • 22, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.    •85-49. Liens of claims and insurance premiums.  The right of compensation granted by this act, and any claim for unpaid compensation insurance premium, shall have the same preference or lien, without limit of amount against the assets of the employer as is now or hereafter may be allowed by law for a claim for unpaid wages for labor.  Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 2, • 23; Laws 1923, c. 61, p. 127, • 10.    •85-61. Ways of securing compensation to employees.  A. An employer shall secure compensation to his employees in one of the following ways:  1. By insuring and keeping insured the payment of such compensation with any stock corporation, mutual association, or other concerns authorized to transact the business of workers' compensation insurance in this state, or by exchanging contracts of indemnity or interinsurance, pursuant to reasonable rules prescribed by the Administrator providing for and securing the payment of the compensation provided for in the Workers' Compensation Act. When an insurer issues a policy to provide workers' compensation benefits pursuant to the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act, the insurer shall file, or cause to be filed, with the Administrator a notice in such form and detail as the Administrator may prescribe by rule. The notice shall contain the name, address, and principal occupation of the employer, the number, effective date, and expiration date of the policy, and such other information as may be required by the Administrator. The notice shall be filed by the insurer within thirty (30) days after the effective date of the policy. Any insurer who fails to file the notice required by this subsection shall be liable for an administrative violation and subject to a fine by the Administrator of not more than One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00);  2. By obtaining and keeping in force guaranty insurance with any company authorized to do guaranty business in this state. Each company that issues such guaranty insurance shall file a copy of the contract with the Administrator within thirty (30) days after the effective date of the contract. Any company that fails to file a copy of the contract as required by this subsection shall be liable for an administrative violation and subject to a fine by the Administrator of not more than One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00);  3. By obtaining and keeping in force a workers' compensation equivalent insurance product approved by the Insurance Commissioner pursuant to Section 65 of this title; or  4. By furnishing satisfactory proof to the Administrator of the employer's financial ability to pay such compensation. The Administrator, pursuant to rules adopted by the Court or the Administrator for an individual selfinsured or a group self-insurance association, shall require an employer that has:  a.  less than one hundred employees or less than One Million Dollars ($1,000,000.00) in net assets to:  (1)  deposit with the Administrator securities, an irrevocable letter of credit or a surety bond payable to the state, in an amount determined by the Administrator which shall be at least an average of the yearly claims for the last three (3) years; or  (2)  provide proof of excess coverage with such terms and conditions as is commensurate with their ability to pay the benefits required by the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act.  b.  one hundred or more employees and One Million Dollars ($1,000,000.00) or more in net assets to:  (1)  secure a surety bond payable to the state, or an irrevocable letter of credit, in an amount determined by the Administrator which shall be at least an average of the yearly claims for the last three (3) years; or  (2)  provide proof of excess coverage with such terms and conditions as is commensurate with their ability to pay the benefits required by the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act.  The Administrator may waive the requirements of this paragraph in an amount which is commensurate with the ability of the individual self-insured or group self-insurance association to pay the benefits required by the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act. Irrevocable letters of credit required by this paragraph shall contain such terms as may be prescribed by the Administrator and shall be issued for the benefit of the Workers' Compensation Court by a financial institution whose deposits are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.  B. An employer, upon application to become a member of a group self-insurance association, shall file with the Administrator of the Workers' Compensation Court a notice, in such form as prescribed by the Administrator of the Court, acknowledging that the employer, by entering into a group self-insurance association, accepts joint and several liability. Such notice shall be submitted to the Workers' Compensation Court with the application for membership.  C. An employer who fails to comply with the provisions of this section shall be subject to the penalty provided for in Section 12 of this title.  D. Any employer that knowingly provides false information to the Administrator for purposes of becoming selfinsured or a group self-insurance association shall be subject to the perjury laws of this state.  E. The provisions of this title shall not be construed to limit or restrict the ability of political subdivisions of this state or employers subject to the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act from joining together to form group self-insurance associations pursuant to law or rules promulgated by the Court or the Administrator.  Added by Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 3, • 1. Amended by Laws 1919, c. 14, p. 22, • 11; Laws 1968, c. 143, • 1, emerg. eff. April 9, 1968; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 34, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1984, c. 258, • 1, operative Jan. 1, 1985; Laws 1986, c. 222, • 19, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1990, c. 283, • 15, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Laws 1992, c. 335, • 33, eff. July 1, 1992; Laws 1993, c. 349, • 12, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 1994, c. 22, • 2, eff. Sept. 1, 1994; Laws 2006, c. 264, • 78, eff. July 1, 2006.    •85-61.1. Administrator of group self-insurance association - Prohibited acts.  No person employed as an administrator of a group self-insurance association shall:  1. Be an attorney-of-record or receive attorney fees, directly or indirectly, for representing the group self-insurance association;  2. Have any financial interest in the company servicing the claims of the group self-insurance association;  3. Be involved as a provider of services to the group self-insurance association; or  4. Be compensated or employed by the claim servicing company of the group self-insurance association.  Added by Laws 1993, c. 349, • 13, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.    •85-61.2. Implementation of a workplace safety plan.  All self-insured employers and group self-insurance association plans shall be required to develop and implement workplace safety plans by January 1, 1996, and shall notify the Administrator of the Workers' Compensation Court, in writing, upon implementation of the plan. All private employers who become self-insured after the effective date of this act and group self-insurance association plans approved by the Administrator of the Workers' Compensation Court after the effective date of this act shall implement a workplace safety plan within six (6) months of becoming self-insured and shall notify the Administrator of the Workers' Compensation Court, in writing, upon implementation of the plan.  Added by Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 14, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994.    •8563. Failure of employer to secure payment Power of Administrator.  Failure on the part of any employer to secure the payment of compensation provided in the Workers' Compensation Act shall have the effect of enabling the Administrator to proceed on behalf of an injured employee of such employer against the employer as provided in Section 12 and Section 61 of this title.    Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 3, • 3; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 35, eff. July 1, 1978.   •8563.1. Penalty for failure to secure workers' compensation insurance Cease and desist orders - Assessment and collection of penalty - Workers' Compensation Enforcement Revolving Fund - Limitation of service charges.  A. In addition to any other penalty prescribed by law, any employer who fails to secure compensation required by Section 61 of this title shall be liable for a civil penalty, to be assessed by the Commissioner of Labor or designee, of not more than Two Hundred Fifty Dollars ($250.00) per employee for a first offense, unless the employer secures workers' compensation insurance within thirty (30) days after receiving notice of the violation. If the employer secures workers' compensation insurance within thirty (30) days after receiving notice of the violation, the employer shall be liable for a civil penalty of not more than Seventy-five Dollars ($75.00) per employee. An employer shall be liable for a civil penalty of not more than One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00) per employee for a second or subsequent offense. Provided, the maximum civil penalty shall not exceed Ten Thousand Dollars ($10,000.00) for all related series of violations. All civil penalties collected shall be deposited in the "Workers' Compensation Enforcement Revolving Fund" created by this section and shall be used to enforce the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act.  B. After an employer is cited for two offenses of failing to obtain workers' compensation insurance and fails to obtain coverage within thirty (30) days of the second citation, the Commissioner of Labor shall issue cease and desist orders, in accordance with the Department of Labor administrative rules and procedures, against an employer until the violating employer shall obtain workers' compensation insurance for its employees. The Commissioner of Labor shall have the authority to require the cessation of activities of an employer whose employees are not covered by workers' compensation insurance until the violating employer shall obtain workers' compensation insurance for its employees; provided that an employer who has made application for workers' compensation coverage with either the State Insurance Fund or a private insurance carrier, and who, through no fault of the employer, has not received notice that such coverage has commenced, shall not be made to cease operations, as provided for in this section, until a determination has been made concerning his application for workers' compensation coverage. Any order to cease and desist issued by the Commissioner may be enforced in district court. The district court may issue the Commissioner an injunction without bond, for the purposes of enforcing this section.  C. The Commissioner of Labor or designee shall assess and collect any civil penalty incurred under subsection A of this section and, in the Commissioner's discretion, may remit, mitigate or negotiate said penalty. In determining the amount of the penalty to be assessed, or the amount agreed upon in any negotiation, consideration shall be given to the appropriateness of such penalty in light of the life of the business of the employer charged, the gravity of the violation, and the extent to which the employer charged has complied with the provisions of Section 61 of this title or has otherwise attempted to remedy the consequences of the said violation. Individual proceedings shall be conducted pursuant to the provisions of Section 63.2 of this title.  D. There is hereby created in the State Treasury a revolving fund for the Department of Labor to be designated the "Workers' Compensation Enforcement Revolving Fund". The fund shall be a continuing fund, not subject to fiscal year limitations, and shall consist of all monies collected by the Department pursuant to the provisions of this section. Expenditures from said fund shall be made upon warrants issued by the State Treasurer against claims filed as prescribed by law with the Director of State Finance for approval and payment.  E. No hospital or health provider shall charge more for a workers' compensation claim than for the same service not involving workers' compensation.  Added by Laws 1986, c. 222, • 20, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 1992, c. 105, • 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1992; Laws 1997, c. 361, • 13, eff. Nov. 1, 1997.    •8563.2. Civil fine Hearing Appeal.  A. For the purpose of determining if a civil fine should be assessed, a summary hearing shall be conducted by a hearing officer designated by the Commissioner of Labor. The hearing officer shall determine from all of the evidence submitted by the Department of Labor and the employer a fair and equitable resolution of the violation, taking into consideration the mitigating circumstances as required by Section 20 of this act. The hearing officer shall assess, upon the examination of the evidentiary record, a penalty commensurate with the violation so adjudged. Provided, the employer may provide additional mitigating circumstances or evidence to the hearing officer within ten (10) days of the assessment and a reevaluation of the penalty shall be conducted. Unless a formal hearing is requested pursuant to the provisions of subsection B of this section, the penalty shall become final within thirty (30) days of assessment. Upon becoming final, the penalty shall be regarded as any other money judgment and may be pursued for collection as prescribed by law for any other such remedy.  B. An employer may appeal the decision of the hearing officer to the Commissioner of Labor by filing, within thirty (30) days of the date of assessment, a written request for a formal hearing. The hearing shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of the Administrative Procedures Act, Sections 301 et seq. of Title 75 of the Oklahoma Statutes. A final order from said hearing may be appealed to the district court in the county in which the business of the employer is located pursuant to the provisions of the Administrative Procedures Act. Subject to approval of the Attorney General, the Commissioner may engage in any proceeding of appeal in district court.    Added by Laws 1986, c. 222, • 21, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.   •8563.3. Criminal penalties for violating Section 61 of this title.  A. Any employer who willfully fails to provide compensation required by Section 61 of Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes shall be charged with a misdemeanor and subject to a fine of not more than One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00) or imprisonment in the county jail for not more than six (6) months, or both such fine and imprisonment.  B. Evidence of two prior penalties assessed by the Department of Labor pursuant to Sections 20 and 21 of this act in any given threeyear period shall constitute a prima facie case of a willful violation.    Added by Laws 1986, c. 222, • 22, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.   •8563.4. Rules and regulations for implementing Sections 63.1 and 63.2 of this title.  The Commissioner of Labor shall have the authority to promulgate rules and regulations to implement the provisions of Sections 20 and 21 of this act.    Added by Laws 1986, c. 222, • 23, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.   •85-64. Policies of insurance - Requirements in general.  A. Every policy of insurance covering the liability of the employer for compensation issued by a stock company or by a mutual association or other concern authorized to transact workers' compensation insurance in this state shall contain a provision setting forth the right of the Administrator to enforce in the name of the state, for the benefit of the person entitled to the compensation insured by the policy either by filing a separate application or by making the insurance carrier a party to the original application, the liability of the insurance carrier in whole or in part for the payment of such compensation; provided, however, that payment in whole or in part of the compensation by either the employer or the insurance carrier shall, to the extent thereof, be a bar to the recovery against the other of the amount so paid.  B. Every such policy shall contain a provision that, as between the employee and the insurance carrier, the notice to or knowledge of the occurrence of the injury on the part of the employer shall be deemed notice or knowledge, as the case may be on the part of the insurance carrier, that jurisdiction of the employer shall, for the purpose incorporated in this title, be jurisdiction of the insurance carrier, and that the insurance carrier shall in all things be bound by and subject to the orders, findings, decisions or awards rendered against the employer for the payment of compensation under the provisions incorporated in this title.  C. Every such policy shall contain a provision to the effect that the insolvency or bankruptcy of the employer shall not relieve the insurance carrier from the payment of compensation for injuries sustained by an employee during the life of such policy.  D. 1. Every such policy issued to cover a risk in this state shall include provisions giving the insured employer the option of choosing a deductible amount for medical benefits in amounts ranging from Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) to Two Thousand Five Hundred Dollars ($2,500.00) in increments of Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00). The policy issued may also include separate provisions giving the insured employer the option of choosing a deductible amount for indemnity benefits in amounts ranging from Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) to Two Thousand Five Hundred Dollars ($2,500.00) in increments of Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00). The insured employer, if choosing to exercise the option, shall choose only one deductible amount.  2. If an insured employer exercises the option and chooses a medical benefits deductible or indemnity benefits deductible, the insured employer shall be liable for the amount of the deductible or deductibles for the medical or indemnity benefits paid for each claim of work injury suffered by an injured employee.  3. The Insurance Commissioner, in exercising the authority to approve the form of the policy to be issued, shall not approve any policy form that permits, directly or indirectly, any part of the deductible to be charged to or passed on to the injured worker or insurer.  4. The insurer shall pay the entire cost of medical bills directly to the provider of the services and then seek reimbursement from the insured employer for the deductible amount. The insurer shall pay the entire cost of the indemnity benefits as if no deductible were in place and then seek reimbursement from the insured employer for the deductible amount.  5. If the insured employer does not reimburse the deductible amount directly to the insurer within sixty (60) days of a written demand therefor, the insurer shall pay the compensable medical claim or indemnity benefit and may seek to recover the full amount of such claim from the insured employer.  6. Claim amounts up to Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) annually which are paid under the medical benefits deductible or indemnity benefits deductible pursuant to this subsection shall be excluded from the calculation of the insured employer's experience modifier.  7. The provisions of this subsection shall be fully disclosed to the prospective purchaser in writing.  E. Every such policy issued to a sole proprietor, partnership, limited liability company, corporation, or other business entity must disclose to the potential purchaser in writing the option to elect to include the sole proprietors, any or all of the partnership members, any or all of the limited liability company members, or any or all stockholder-employees as employees for the purpose of workers' compensation insurance coverage by endorsing the policy in accordance with Section 3 of this title.  F. Every contract or agreement of an employer the purpose of which is to indemnify the employer from loss or damage on account of the injury of an employee by accidental means, or on account of the negligence of such employer or the employer's officer, agent or servant shall be absolutely void unless it shall also cover liability for the payment of the compensation provided for in this title.  G. No contract of insurance issued by a stock company or mutual association or other concern against the liability arising under this title shall be canceled within the time limited in such contract for its expiration until at least ten (10) days after notice of intention to cancel such contract, on a date specified in such notice, shall be filed in the office of the Administrator and also served on the employer. Such notice shall be served on the employer by delivering it to the employer or by sending it by mail, by registered letter, addressed to the employer at the employer's lastknown place of residence; provided, that if the employer be a partnership, then such notice may be so given to any one of the partners, and if the employer be a corporation, then the notice may be given to any agent or officer of the corporation upon whom legal process may be served. Provided, however, if a contract of insurance has been terminated by an employer insured thereunder who has obtained other compensation insurance, as evidenced by filing in compliance with Section 61 of this title, and no intervening rights of any employee are involved, omission of a predecessor insurer to file notice of time of termination of liability shall not constitute basis for imposition of liability against such predecessor insurer.  Added by Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 3, • 4. Amended by Laws 1923, c. 61, p. 127, • 11; Laws 1974, c. 74, • 1, emerg. eff. April 19, 1974; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 36, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1993, c. 349, • 14, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 1996, c. 363, • 6, eff. Nov. 1, 1996; Laws 1998, c. 353, • 6, eff. Nov. 1, 1998; Laws 2005, c. 129, • 25, eff. Nov. 1, 2005; Laws 2006, c. 264, • 79, eff. July 1, 2006.    •85-65. Workers' compensation equivalent insurance products.  A. Notwithstanding any provision of the Oklahoma Statutes to the contrary, an employer may secure workers' compensation to his employees through an approved workers' compensation equivalent insurance product authorized by this section.  B. All workers' compensation equivalent insurance products shall be subject to the approval of the Insurance Commissioner and shall comply with Articles 9 and 36 of Title 36 of the Oklahoma Statutes and this title. No workers' compensation equivalent insurance product shall be approved unless the following requirements are complied with:  1. The product is issued by an insurance carrier admitted to do business in the state that has a surplus in regard to policyholders of at least Fifty Million Dollars ($50,000,000.00);  2. The benefits provided for injured employees under the product at least equal the benefits required by this title;  3. Contributions from employees are prohibited as provided in Section 46 of this title;  4. The contract contains all provisions required of a standard policy of workers' compensation insurance issued in this state, including a workers' compensation benefits policy and an employer liability policy, neither of which policies may be canceled independently of the other. All coverage parts and policy contracts must comply with Title 36 of the Oklahoma Statutes and this title;  5. The company providing a workers' compensation equivalent insurance product is required to file statistical data with a designated statistical agency pursuant to Section 934 of Title 36 of the Oklahoma Statutes;  6. The product complies with such other standards consistent with this section as may be prescribed by rules promulgated by the Insurance Commissioner;  7. The product is a separate policy of insurance from and administered separately from any other insurance offered by the employer and is separate from any employee benefit plan or policy of the employer which employee benefit plan or policy is governed by the provisions of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act, 29 U.S.C., Section 1001 et seq;  8. The employer certifies in writing to the Workers' Compensation Court that the policy is obtained solely to comply with the workers' compensation laws of Oklahoma; and  9. The product is covered by a guaranty fund which provides payment to the claimant in the full amount of a covered claim for benefits under a workers' compensation insurance coverage.  C. It is the intent of the Legislature that any workers' compensation equivalent insurance product which is approved by the Insurance Commissioner pursuant to this section shall preserve an employer's immunity from civil action in district court resulting from an injury which is compensable under this title.  D. On the annual effective date of the approved workers' compensation equivalent insurance product, the insurer shall submit to the Insurance Commissioner a current Oklahoma Rate Exhibit (Form A-2) and a current Oklahoma/Countrywide 5-Year Experience and Expense Exhibit.  E. The Insurance Commissioner shall promulgate such rules as may be necessary to implement the provisions of this section.  Added by Laws 1994, c. 22, • 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1994. Amended by Laws 2006, c. 264, • 80, eff. July 1, 2006.    •8565.2. Estoppel of employer and insurance carrier.  Every employer and every insurance carrier who schedules any employee as a person employed by the employer for the purpose of paying or collecting insurance premiums on a Workers' compensation insurance policy or who pays, receives or collects any premiums upon any insurance policy covering the liability of such employer under the Workers' compensation law by reason of or upon the basis of the employment of any such employee shall be estopped to deny that such employee was employed by the employer in a hazardous employment subject to and covered by the Workers' compensation law if such person receives an accidental personal injury arising out of and in the course of his employment, during the period for which such premium was so received, regardless of the type of business in which the employer was engaged or the type of employment in which the employee was engaged at the time of such injury.    Laws 1947, p. 626, • 2.   •8565.3. Insurance contract presumed for benefit of those considered in determining premium.  Every contract of insurance issued by an insurance carrier for the purpose of insuring an employer against liability under the Workers' Compensation Act shall be conclusively presumed to be a contract for the benefit of each and every person upon whom insurance premiums are paid, collected, or whose employment is considered or used in determination of the amount of premium collected upon such policy for the payment of benefits as provided by the Workers' Compensation Act regardless of the type of business in which the employer of such person is engaged or the type of work being performed by the employee at the time of any injury received by such employee arising out of and in the course of his employment, which contract may be enforced by such employee as the beneficiary thereof.    Laws 1947, p. 627, • 3; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 37, eff. July 1, 1978.   •8566.1. Individual SelfInsured Guaranty Fund Board Individual SelfInsured Guaranty Fund.  A. There is hereby created the "Individual SelfInsured Guaranty Fund Board". The Board shall have supervision over the administration and operation of the Individual SelfInsured Guaranty Fund.  B. The Board shall consist of not less than three (3) nor more than nine (9) members. Each member shall be from an employer who has been approved by the Workers' Compensation Court as an own risk carrier or selfinsured risk. The Board shall be appointed by the Administrator.  The initial members of the Board shall be appointed to terms of office as follows:  1. One member shall be appointed for one (1) year;  2. One member shall be appointed for two (2) years; and  3. One member shall be appointed for three (3) years.  If more than three members are appointed, the fourth member shall be appointed for four (4) years and each of the others appointed shall be for terms of office in the order of their appointment of one, two, three or four years with the ninth member also serving four (4) years. Thereafter, each person appointed shall serve for four (4) years.  C. The State Treasurer shall establish the Individual SelfInsured Guaranty Fund in the State Treasury.  D. The monies paid into the Fund, together with the interest thereon, shall constitute the Individual SelfInsured's Guaranty Fund.  E. Until the Individual SelfInsured Guaranty Fund contains One Million Dollars ($1,000,000.00), the Oklahoma Tax Commission shall assess and collect from the employers carrying their own risk a tax at the rate of one percent (1%) of the total compensation for permanent partial disability awards paid out during each quarter of the calendar year by the employers. The Oklahoma Tax Commission shall forward to the State Treasurer the proceeds of the tax for deposit in the Fund. When the amount in the Fund falls below Seven Hundred Fifty Thousand Dollars ($750,000.00), the tax made pursuant to this section shall be assessed until the Fund contains One Million Dollars ($1,000,000.00). The State Treasurer shall place monies in the Fund in interestbearing accounts.  F. 1. If an employer, who is currently approved by the Workers' Compensation Court as a selfinsured or own risk carrier, is unable to make payment of an award and judgment is rendered against such employer and execution is levied and returned unsatisfied in whole or in part, payments for such liabilities shall be made from the Individual SelfInsured Guaranty Fund.  The Administrator shall proceed to recover such payments from the employer, or the employer's receiver or trustee in bankruptcy, and may commence an action or proceeding or file a claim therefor.  The Attorney General shall appear on behalf of the Administrator in any such action or proceeding. All monies recovered in such action shall be paid into the Fund.  2. Each employer approved as an individual selfinsurer or own risk carrier shall pay into the Fund a sum equal to that assessed against such employer as provided for in subsection E of this section. When the award becomes final, the sum shall be payable regardless of whether or not the award made to the claimant is paid. 3. In making and entering awards for compensation for permanent partial disability, the Court shall determine and fix the amounts that shall be paid to the Tax Commission pursuant to the provisions of subsection E of this section. The amount so determined and fixed shall have the same force and effect as an award of the Court for compensation and all provisions relating to the collection of awards of the Court shall apply to such judgments. 4. It shall be the duty of the Oklahoma Tax Commission to collect the payments provided for in this section. The Oklahoma Tax Commission is hereby authorized to bring an action for the recovery of any delinquent or unpaid payments required in this section. The Oklahoma Tax Commission may also enforce payments by proceeding in accordance with the provisions of Section 42 of Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes.  The Oklahoma Tax Commission shall on or before the first day of April of each year find and determine the amount of money held as of March 1 of that year by the State Treasurer for the benefit of the Individual SelfInsured Guaranty Fund and shall on or before the first day of October of each year find and determine the amount of money held as of September 1 of that year by the State Treasurer for the benefit of the Individual SelfInsured Guaranty Fund. Promptly after making each such determination, the Oklahoma Tax Commission shall advise the Administrator in writing of its findings.  5. Eighty percent (80%) of all sums held by the State Treasurer to the credit of the Individual SelfInsured Guaranty Fund by order of the Administrator, with the approval of the Individual SelfInsured Guaranty Fund Board, may be invested in or loaned on the pledge of any of the securities in which a state bank may invest the moneys deposited therein by the State Treasurer; or may be deposited in state or national banks or trust companies upon insured time deposit bearing interest at a rate no less than currently being paid upon insured savings accounts in said institutions. "Insured" as used in this section shall mean insurance as provided by an agency of the federal government. All such securities or evidence of indebtedness shall be placed in the hands of the State Treasurer, who shall be the custodian thereof, who shall collect the principal and interest when due, and pay the same into said Fund. The State Treasurer shall pay by vouchers drawn on the Individual SelfInsured Guaranty Fund for the making of such investments, when signed by the Administrator and approved by the Individual SelfInsured Guaranty Board, upon delivery of such securities or evidence of indebtedness to him. The Administrator, upon approval of the individual SelfInsured Guaranty Board, may sell any of such securities, the proceeds thereof to be paid over to the State Treasurer for deposit in the Fund.  6. The refund provisions of Sections 227 through 229 of Title 68 of the Oklahoma Statutes shall be applicable to any payment of assessments made to the Fund when the Fund has over One Million Dollars ($1,000,000.00) in it. Refunds shall be paid from the Fund. 7. The Oklahoma Tax Commission shall pay, monthly, to the State Treasurer to the credit of the Individual SelfInsured Guaranty Fund all moneys collected under the provisions of this section. The State Treasurer shall pay out of the Individual SelfInsured Guaranty Fund only upon the order and direction of a court of this state acting under the provisions thereof.  8. Where an award has been made by the Court or a payment in lieu thereof for compensable injury for a permanent partial disability, the employer shall pay to the Tax Commission such sum as is due of which ninetyeight percent (98%) of said sum shall be paid into the Fund and the remaining two percent (2%) thereof shall be paid to the Oklahoma Tax Commission not later than the fifteenth of the month following the close of the calendar quarter in which the award was made.  G. The Board may retain an insurance carrier or approved service organization to process, investigate and pay valid claims. The charge for such service shall be paid from the Fund.  H. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any state entity or any political subdivision of the state.  I. No claim or award shall be allowed against the Fund unless such claim or award is made within (1) one year of the time provided in paragraph 1 of subsection F of this section.    Added by Laws 1986, c. 222, • 24, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.   •8566.2. Group SelfInsurance Association Guaranty Fund Board Group SelfInsurance Association Guaranty Fund.  A. There is hereby created the "Group SelfInsurance Association Guaranty Fund Board". The Board shall have supervision over the administration and operation of the Group SelfInsurance Association Guaranty Fund.  B. The Board shall consist of not less than three (3) nor more than nine (9) members. Each member shall be an administrator of a Group SelfInsurance Association which has been approved by the Workers' Compensation Court as an own risk carrier or selfinsured risk. The Board shall be appointed by the Administrator. The initial members of the Board shall be appointed to terms of office as follows:  1. One member shall be appointed for one (1) year;  2. One member shall be appointed for two (2) years; and  3. One member shall be appointed for three (3) years.  If more than three members are appointed, the fourth member shall be appointed for four (4) years and each of the others appointed shall be for terms of office in the order of their appointment of one, two, three or four years with the ninth member also serving four (4) years. Thereafter, each person appointed shall serve for four (4) years.  C. The State Treasurer shall establish the Group SelfInsurance Association Guaranty Fund in the State Treasury.  D. The monies paid into the Fund, together with the interest thereon, shall constitute the Group SelfInsurance Association Guaranty Fund.  E. Until the Group SelfInsurance Association Guaranty Fund contains One Million Dollars ($1,000,000.00), the Oklahoma Tax Commission shall assess and collect from each group selfinsurance association carrying their own risk, a tax at the rate of one percent (1%) of the total compensation for permanent partial disability awards paid out during each quarter of the calendar year by each group selfinsurance association. The Oklahoma Tax Commission shall forward to the State Treasurer the proceeds of the tax for deposit in the Fund. When the amount in the Fund falls below Seven Hundred Fifty Thousand Dollars ($750,000.00), the tax made pursuant to this section shall be assessed until the Fund contains One Million Dollars ($1,000,000.00). The State Treasurer shall place monies in the Fund in interestbearing accounts.  F. 1. If a group selfinsurance association, that is currently approved by the Workers' Compensation Court as a selfinsured or own risk carrier, is unable to make payment of an award and judgment is rendered against such group selfinsurance association and execution is levied and returned unsatisfied in whole or in part, payments for such liabilities shall be made from the Group SelfInsurance Association Guaranty Fund.  The Administrator shall proceed to recover such payments from the group selfinsurance association, or the group selfinsurance association's receiver or trustee in bankruptcy, and may commence an action or proceeding or file a claim therefor.  The Attorney General shall appear on behalf of the Administrator in any such action or proceeding. All monies recovered in such action shall be paid into the Fund.  2. Each group selfinsurance association approved as a selfinsurer or own risk carrier shall pay into the Fund a sum equal to that assessed against such group selfinsurance association as provided for in subsection E of this section. When the award becomes final, the sum shall be payable regardless of whether or not the award made to the claimant is paid.  3. In making and entering awards for compensation for permanent partial disability, the Court shall determine and fix the amounts that shall be paid to the Tax Commission pursuant to the provisions of subsection E of this section. The amount so determined and fixed shall have the same force and effect as an award of the Court for compensation and all provisions relating to the collection of awards of the Court shall apply to such judgments. 4. It shall be the duty of the Oklahoma Tax Commission to collect the payments provided for in this section. The Oklahoma Tax Commission is hereby authorized to bring an action for the recovery of any delinquent or unpaid payments required in this section. The Oklahoma Tax Commission may also enforce payments by proceeding in accordance with the provisions of Section 42 of Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes.  The Oklahoma Tax Commission shall on or before the first day of April of each year find and determine the amount of money held as of March 1 of that year by the State Treasurer for the benefit of the Group SelfInsurance Association Guaranty Fund and shall on or before the first day of October of each year find and determine the amount of money held as of September 1 of that year by the State Treasurer for the benefit of the Group SelfInsurance Association Guaranty Fund. Promptly after making each such determination, the Oklahoma Tax Commission shall advise the Administrator in writing of its findings.  5. Eighty percent (80%) of all sums held by the State Treasurer to the credit of the Group SelfInsurance Association Guaranty Fund by order of the Administrator, with the approval of the Group SelfInsurance Association Guaranty Fund Board, may be invested in or loaned on the pledge of any of the securities in which a state bank may invest the moneys deposited therein by the State Treasurer; or may be deposited in state or national banks or trust companies upon insured time deposit bearing interest at a rate no less than currently being paid upon insured savings accounts in said institutions. "Insured" as used in this section shall mean insurance as provided by an agency of the federal government. All such securities or evidence of indebtedness shall be placed in the hands of the State Treasurer, who shall be the custodian thereof, who shall collect the principal and interest when due, and pay the same into said Fund. The State Treasurer shall pay by vouchers drawn on the Group SelfInsurance Association Guaranty Fund for the making of such investments, when signed by the Administrator and approved by the Group SelfInsurance Association Guaranty Board, upon delivery or evidence of indebtedness to him. The Administrator, upon approval of the Group SelfInsurance Association Guaranty Board, may sell any of such securities, the proceeds thereof to be paid over to the State Treasurer for deposit in the Fund.  6. The refund provisions of Sections 227 through 229 of Title 68 of the Oklahoma Statutes shall be applicable to any payment of assessments made to the Fund when the Fund has over One Million Dollars ($1,000,000.00) in it. Refunds shall be paid from the Fund. 7. The Oklahoma Tax Commission shall pay, monthly, to the State Treasurer to the credit of the Group SelfInsurance Association Guaranty Fund all moneys collected under the provisions of this section. The State Treasurer shall pay out of the Group SelfInsurance Association Guaranty Fund only upon the order and direction of a court of this state acting under the provisions thereof.  8. Where an award has been made by the Court or a payment in lieu thereof for compensable injury for a permanent partial disability, the employer shall pay to the Tax Commission such sum as is due of which ninetyeight percent (98%) of said sum shall be paid into the Fund and the remaining two percent (2%) thereof shall be paid to the Oklahoma Tax Commission not later than the fifteenth of the month following the close of the calendar quarter in which the award was made.  G. The Board may retain an insurance carrier or approved service organization to process, investigate and pay valid claims. The charge for such service shall be paid from the Fund.  H. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any group selfinsurance association consisting of state entities or of any political subdivisions of the state.  I. No claim or award shall be allowed against said Fund unless such claim or award is made within one (1) year of the time provided in paragraph 1 of subsection F of this section.    Added by Laws 1986, c. 222, • 25, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.   •8567.1. Audit of payroll and return of unearned premium.  If any insurance company shall cancel any policy of Workers' compensation insurance issued by it upon risks within this state, the premium or consideration therefor, or any part thereof having been actually paid, it shall, within one hundred eighty (180) days after the effective date of said cancellation, make an audit of the payroll of such risk to determine the portion of said premium or consideration which has been earned and the portion thereof which has not been earned, respectively, and furnish a copy of said audit to the policyholder and return, within a reasonable time after the effective date of such cancellation, the unearned portion of the premium or consideration actually paid, said company retaining only the pro rata part thereof.    Laws 1949, p. 651, • 1.   •8569.5. Presiding judge Powers and duties.  The Presiding Judge shall preside at all hearings before the Court en banc and at all conferences at which appeals and other matters are considered; make all procedural rulings for the court except those to be made in the course of hearings before a single judge; assign or direct the assignment of cases to the several judges for hearing at places he shall designate; direct and supervise the work of all employees of the Court; handle, oversee and be responsible for all administrative affairs of the Court, including but not limited to those of personnel, budgetary and financial management; and bear such other responsibilities and duties as may be necessary to operate the Court in an efficient manner. For the period during which he is disqualified, disabled or absent, the Presiding Judge may designate another judge to act as Presiding Judge in his stead.    Laws 1978, c. 249, • 4, emerg. eff. April 29, 1978.   •8580. Enforcements of orders Contempt.  A. Failure to attend in obedience to a subpoena issued by the Workers’ Compensation Court may be punishable as contempt of the Court. The Court may compel obedience to the subpoena by attachment proceedings as for contempt pursuant to Sections 393 and 396 of Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes. Punishment for failure to attend in obedience to a subpoena, except in case of a demand and failure to pay witness fees as provided in Section 81 of this title, shall be limited to a fine not to exceed One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00) which the Court may order the witness to pay. The fine imposed by the Court shall be paid into the Administrator of Workers’ Compensation Revolving Fund created pursuant to Section 95 of this title.  B. In case of disobedience of any person to comply with the order of the Workers’ Compensation Court, the judge of the district court of the county in which the person resides, or of the county in which such hearing is being conducted, on application of a judge of the Workers’ Compensation Court, shall compel obedience by attachment proceedings as for contempt, pursuant to Sections 393 and 396 of Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes.  Added by Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 4, • 10. Amended by Laws 2001, 1st Ex. Sess., c. 3, • 17, emerg. eff. Oct. 23, 2001.    •8581. Witness fees.  Each witness who appears in obedience to a subpoena before the Court to obtain the required information, shall receive for his attendance the fee and mileage provided for witnesses in civil cases.    Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 4, • 11; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 38, eff. July 1, 1978.   •85-84. Jurisdiction continuing - Determination as to final settlement.  A. The power and jurisdiction of the Court over each case shall be continuing and it may, from time to time, make such modifications or changes with respect to former findings or orders relating thereto if, in its opinion, it may be justified, including the right to require physical examinations as provided for in Section 25 of this title, and subject to the same penalties for refusal; provided, that upon petition filed by the employer or insurance carrier, and the injured employee, or other person entitled to compensation under the Workers' Compensation Act, the Court shall have jurisdiction to consider the proposition of whether or not a final settlement may be had between the parties presenting such petition. The Court is authorized and empowered to have a full hearing on the petition, and to take testimony of physicians and others relating to the permanency or probable permanency of the injury, and to take such other testimony relevant to the subject matter of such petition as the Court may require. The Court shall have authority to consider such petition and to dismiss the same without a hearing if in its judgment the same shall not be set for a hearing; the expenses of such hearing or investigation, including necessary medical examinations, shall be paid by the employer or insurance carrier, and such expenses may be included in the final award. If the Court decides it is for the best interest of both parties to said petition that a final award be made, a decision shall be rendered accordingly and the Court may make an award that shall be final as to the rights of all parties to said petition and thereafter the Court shall have no jurisdiction over any claim for the injury or any results arising from same. If the Court shall decide the case should not be finally settled at the time of the hearing, the petition shall be dismissed without prejudice to either party, and the Court shall have the same jurisdiction over the matter as if said petition had not been filed. The same rights of appeal shall exist from the decision rendered under such petition as if provided for appeals in other cases before the Court; provided there shall be no appeal allowed from an order of the Court dismissing such petition as provided in this section.  B. A good faith effort shall be made on the part of any insurance carrier, the State Insurance Fund, or group self-insured plan to notify an insured employer of the possibility of, and/or terms of, any settlement of a workers' compensation case pursuant to this section. Written comments or objections to settlements shall be filed with the Workers' Compensation Court and periodically shared with the management of the applicable insurer. A written notice shall be made to all policyholders of their right to a good faith effort by their insurer to notify them of any proposed settlement, if the policyholder so chooses.  Added by Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 4, • 14. Amended by Laws 1923, c. 61, p. 128, • 13; Laws 1951, p. 269, • 9; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 39, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 35, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994.    •8585. Annual report of awards.  Annually, on or before the first day of July, commencing with July, 1987, the Administrator shall prepare and submit a report for the prior calendar year to the Governor, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives and each member of the Legislature, which shall include a statement of the number of awards made and the causes of the accidents leading to the injuries for which the awards were made, total work load data of the Court, a detailed report of the work load of each judge of the Court, a detailed statement of the expenses of the office of the Administrator of Workers' Compensation and the Court, together with any other matter which the Administrator deems proper to report to the Governor, including any recommendations he may desire to make.    Amended by Laws 1986, c. 222, • 26, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.   •85-92. Prohibition on representing both insurance carrier and claimant.  It shall be unlawful and a misdemeanor for any person acting as an attorney, adjustor, or representative in any capacity for a respondent or insurance carrier in any workers' compensation case before the Court to thereafter represent the claimant in any such case in any action or proceeding for compensation of such claimant against or from the Multiple Injury Trust Fund.  Added by Laws 1961, p. 639, • 1. Amended by Laws 1977, c. 234, • 41, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1999, c. 420, • 7, eff. Nov. 1, 1999.    •85-93. Collection and deposit of fees.  A. The following fee shall be collected by the Administrator and taxed as costs to be paid by the party against whom any award becomes final:  A fee of Seventy-five Dollars ($75.00) per case to be deposited as follows:  1. Forty Dollars ($40.00) to the credit of the Administrator of Workers' Compensation Revolving Fund created by Section 95 of this title;  2. Ten Dollars ($10.00) to the credit of the Office of the Attorney General's Workers' Compensation Fraud Unit Revolving Fund created by Section 19.2 of Title 74 of the Oklahoma Statutes; and  3. Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00) to the credit of the Administrator of Workers' Compensation Revolving Fund, created by Section 95 of this title, for purposes of implementing the provisions of this act, including strengthening and providing additional funding for the Attorney General's Workers' Compensation Fraud Unit, providing counseling services pursuant to the workers' compensation counselor program and safety in the workplace.  B. A fee of Seventy-five Dollars ($75.00) per action to reopen any case pursuant to Section 28 of this title shall be collected by the Administrator and taxed as costs to be paid by the party that reopens the case. The fee collected pursuant to this subsection shall be deposited to the credit of the Administrator of Workers' Compensation Revolving Fund, created by Section 95 of this title, for purposes of implementing the provisions of this act, including strengthening and providing additional funding for the Attorney General's Workers' Compensation Fraud Unit, providing counseling services pursuant to the workers' compensation counselor program and safety in the workplace.  Added by Laws 1965, c. 333, • 1, emerg. eff. June 28, 1965. Amended by Laws 1967, c. 195, • 1, emerg. eff. May 1, 1965; Laws 1970, c. 12, • 1, emerg. eff. Feb. 12, 1970; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 42, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1987, c. 203, • 153, operative July 1, 1987; Laws 1991, c. 220, • 29, eff. July 1, 1991; Laws 1992, c. 335, • 34, eff. July 1, 1992; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 36, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 1997, c. 262, • 2, emerg. eff. May 27, 1997.    •85-93.1. Repealed by Laws 1991, c. 220, • 33, eff. July 1, 1991.  •85-93.2. Payment of certain annual application fees.  A. All group self-insureds allowed pursuant to the provisions of subsection A of Section 149.1 of Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes shall pay an annual application fee of Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) to the Administrator.  B. All individual own-risk or self-insured risk employers shall pay an annual application fee of Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) to the Administrator.  C. All court approved servicing companies shall pay an annual application fee of Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) to the Administrator.  D. All fees collected pursuant to the provisions of this section shall be deposited to the credit of the Administrator of the Workers' Compensation Revolving Fund created by Section 95 of Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes.  Added by Laws 1991, c. 220, • 30, eff. July 1, 1991.    •85-95. Copies of documents and papers - Fees - Revolving Fund.  Persons requesting and receiving copies of papers and documents on file with the Administrator shall pay a fee to the Administrator of One Dollar ($1.00) for the first page copied and fifty cents ($0.50) for each subsequent page copied by the Administrator. A fee shall be charged for each copy of any document furnished by the Administrator in an amount sufficient to cover the actual costs incurred in printing and producing the document. All fees so collected shall be deposited in the State Treasury in a revolving fund to be designated the "Administrator of Workers' Compensation Revolving Fund". The fund created herein shall be a continuing fund not subject to fiscal year limitations. Monies accruing to the credit of the fund may be expended in the manner prescribed by law in defraying necessary expenses in carrying out the provisions of this act and without legislative appropriation. Expenditures from the fund shall be made upon warrants issued by the State Treasurer against claims as prescribed by law with the Director of State Finance for approval and payment.  Added by Laws 1968, c. 64, • 1, emerg. eff. March 22, 1968. Amended by Laws 1969, c. 86, • 1, emerg. eff. March 24, 1969; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 44, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1986, c. 222, • 27, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1987, c. 5, • 5, emerg. eff. March 11, 1987; Laws 1994, c. 340, • 3, eff. July 1, 1994.    •85101. Penalties and fines - Payment into Workers' Compensation Revolving Fund.  All penalties and fines imposed by the Workers' Compensation Act, upon collection, shall be deposited to the credit of the Administrator of the Workers' Compensation Revolving Fund.  Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 5, • 1; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 45, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1990, c. 283, • 16, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Laws 1992, c. 335, • 35, eff. July 1, 1992.    •85102. Employer's record of injuries Report to Administrator Penalty for neglect.  Every employer shall keep a record of injuries, which result in the loss of time beyond the shift or which require medical attention away from the work site, fatal or otherwise, received by his employees in the course of their employment. Within ten (10) days or a reasonable time thereafter, after the occurrence of an accident resulting in personal injury a report thereof shall be made in writing by the employer to the Court upon blanks to be procured from the Court for that purpose. Such reports shall state the name and nature of the business of the employer, the location of his establishment or place of work, the name, address and occupation of the injured employee, the time, nature, and cause of the injury and such other information as may be required by the Administrator. Any employer who refuses or neglects to make a report as required by this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of not more than Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00).    •85103. Securing information.  Every employer shall furnish the Administrator, upon request, any information required by him to carry out the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act.    Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 5, • 3; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 47, eff. July 1, 1978.   •85104. Employer's records and books Subject to inspection Selfincriminating evidence.  All books, records and payrolls of the employers showing or reflecting in any way upon the amount of wage expenditures of such employers shall always be open for inspection by the Administrator or any other authorized auditors, accountants, or inspector for the purpose of ascertaining the correctness of the wage expenditure and number of men employed and such other information as may be necessary for the purposes and uses of the Administrator in the administration of the Workers' Compensation Act. No person shall be excused from testifying or from producing any books or papers or documents in any investigation or inquiry, by or upon any hearing before the Court, when ordered to do so by the Court, upon the ground that the testimony or payroll or other competent evidence required of him may tend to incriminate him or subject him to penalty or forfeiture; but no person shall be prosecuted, punished or subjected to any penalty or forfeiture for or on account of any act, transaction, matter or thing concerning which he shall under oath, have, by order of the Court, testified to or produced documentary evidence of; provided however, that no person so testifying shall be exempt from prosecution or punishment for any perjury committed by him in his testimony.    Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 5, • 4; Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 5, • 4. Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 5, • 4; Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 5, • 4.   •85106. Limitations of time Exceptions.  No limitation of time provided in this act shall run as against any person who is mentally incompetent or a minor dependent so long as he has no committee, guardian or next friend.    Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 5, • 7. 0  •85107. Commissioner of Labor to assist.  The Commissioner of Labor shall render to the Administrator any proper aid and assistance by the Department of Labor as in his judgment does not interfere with the proper conduct of such Department.    Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 5, • 8; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 49, eff. July 1, 1978.   •85-109. Applicability to cases of death.  This act shall not affect any action pending or cause of action pending or cause of action existing or which has accrued to the dependents or other legal representatives of an injured employee in case death, before the effective date of this act, results from the injury. The provisions of this act, however, shall be applicable to all cases of death which occur after the effective date of this act as a result of any injury.  Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 5, • 10. Amended by Laws 1919, c. 14, p. 23, • 12; Laws 1951, p. 270, • 10, emerg. eff. May 29, 1951.    •85-110. Employer's inquiry into employee's previous injury claims.  A. Except as otherwise provided by state or federal law and subject to the provisions of this section, an employer may inquire about previous workers' compensation claims paid to an employee while the employee was employed by a previous employer. If the employee fails to answer truthfully about any previous permanent partial disability awards made pursuant to workers' compensation claims, the employee shall be subject to discharge by the employer.  B. 1. All requests made to the Workers’ Compensation Court for information on prior workers’ compensation claims involving a worker, including written inquiries about prior claims and requests to access a worker’s compensation claim file, must be in writing, on a form prescribed by the Administrator, and accompanied by a fee of One Dollar ($1.00) per search request, not to exceed One Dollar ($1.00) per claims record of a particular worker. The fee shall be deposited to the credit of the Administrator of Workers’ Compensation Revolving Fund created by Section 95 of this title. The form shall require identification of the person requesting the information, and the person for whom a search is being made if different from the requester. The form must contain an affidavit signed by the requester under penalty of perjury that the information sought is not requested for a purpose in violation of state or federal law. The form must be used by all repositories of archived Workers’ Compensation Court claim files. All request forms shall be maintained by the Administrator as a public record, together with a record of a worker’s written authorization permitting a search indexed by the worker’s social security number as required by Section 3113 of Title 74 of the Oklahoma Statutes. The request forms and authorizations shall be indexed alphabetically by the last name of the worker.  2. This subsection shall not apply:  a.  to requests for claims information made by a public officer or by a public employee in the performance of his or her duties on behalf of a governmental entity or as may be allowed by law,  b.  to requests for claims information made by an insurer, self-insured employer, third-party claims administrator, or a legal representative thereof, when necessary to process or defend a worker’s compensation claim,  c.  when a worker or the worker’s representative requests review of the worker’s claims information,  d.  when the disclosure is made for educational or research purposes and in such a manner that the disclosed information cannot be used to identify any worker who is the subject of a claim,  e.  to requests for claims information made by a health care or rehabilitation provider or the provider’s legal representative when necessary to process payment of health care or rehabilitation services rendered to a worker, and  f.  to requests for claim information made by an employer or personnel service company (including but not limited to an individual or entity) where the worker executes a written authorization permitting the search and designating the employer or personnel service company as the worker’s representative for that purpose; however, nothing in this subparagraph shall relieve the employer or personnel service company from complying with the requirements of utilizing the form set forth in paragraph 1 of this subsection.  Added by Laws 1986, c. 222, • 29, eff. Nov. 1, 1986. Amended by Laws 2000, c. 248, • 8, emerg. eff. May 26, 2000; Laws 2001, c. 332, • 6, eff. July 1, 2001; Laws 2002, c. 338, • 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2002.    •85-112. Advisory Council on Workers' Compensation - Members - Appointment - Terms - Vacancies - Officers - Expenses - Meetings - Voting - Duties.  A. There is hereby created an Advisory Council on Workers' Compensation.  B. The voting membership of the Advisory Council shall consist of nine (9) members. The Administrator and Presiding Judge of the Court shall be ex officio non-voting members.  1. The Governor shall appoint three (3) members representing employers in this state, one of whom shall be from a list of nominees provided by the predominant statewide broad-based business organization;  2. The Speaker of the House of Representatives shall appoint three (3) members representing employees in this state, one of whom shall be from a list of nominees provided by the most representative labor organization in the state; and  3. The President Pro Tempore of the Senate shall appoint three (3) members who are attorneys representing the legal profession in this state, one of whom shall be an attorney who practices primarily in the area of defense of workers' compensation claims.  C. 1. The term of office for initial appointees shall be as follows:  a.  the term of office for three positions, one each appointed by the Governor, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall expire on March 1, 1992,  b.  the term of office for three positions, one each appointed by the Governor, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall expire on March 1, 1993, and  c.  the term of office for three positions, one each appointed by the Governor, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall expire on March 1, 1994;  2. Thereafter, successors in office shall be appointed for a three-year term. Members shall be eligible to succeed themselves in office; and  3. Any person appointed to fill a vacancy shall be appointed for the unexpired portion of the term.  D. The chairman and the vice-chairman of the Advisory Council, one of whom shall be an employee representative and one of whom shall be an employer representative, shall be elected by the Council from among its voting members.  E. Members shall receive their traveling and other necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties as provided in the State Travel Reimbursement Act, Section 500.1 et seq. of Title 74 of the Oklahoma Statutes.  F. Meetings of the Advisory Council shall be quarterly or as called by the chair or upon petition by a majority of the voting members. The presence of five (5) voting members constitutes a quorum. No action shall be taken by the Advisory Council without the affirmative vote of at least five (5) members.  G. The Administrator of the Court shall provide office supplies and personnel of the Workers' Compensation Court to carry out any of the duties that have been entrusted to the Council.  H. The Advisory Council shall analyze and review the workers' compensation system, the reports of the Administrator of the Workers' Compensation Court, and trends in the field of workers' compensation. The Council may recommend improvements and proper responses to developing trends. The Council shall report its findings annually to the Governor, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives.  I. In addition to other duties required by this section, the Advisory Council shall consult with the Workers' Compensation Court regarding oversight of independent medical examiners as provided in Section 17 of this title.  Added by Laws 1990, c. 283, • 17, eff. Sept. 1, 1990. Amended by Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 37, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994.    •85-113. Repealed by Laws 1997, c. 46, • 13, emerg. eff. April 7, 1997.  •85-122. Actions for injuries or death in defined employments abrogated - Exceptions.  The right of action to recover damages for personal injuries or death arising and occurring in employment as herein defined, except the right of action reserved to an injured employee or his dependents or other legal representatives in Sections 12 and 44 of this title is hereby abrogated and all jurisdiction of the courts of this state over such causes, except as to the cause reserved to such injured employees or their dependents or other legal representatives in Sections 12 and 44 of this title is hereby abolished.  Laws 1915, c. 246, art. 6, • 2. Amended by Laws 1919, c. 14, p. 24, • 14; Laws 1951, p. 270, • 12; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 50, eff. July 1, 1978.    •85-131. Creation of CompSource Oklahoma - Purpose - Character and contents – Use - Name.  There is hereby created and established a fund to be known as “CompSource Oklahoma”, to be administered by a President and Chief Executive Officer, without liability on the part of the state beyond the amount of said fund, for the purpose of insuring employers against liability for compensation under Sections 131 through 151 of this title, and for assuring for the persons entitled thereto compensation provided by the workers' compensation law, and for the further purpose of insuring persons, firms and corporations against loss, expense or liability by reason of bodily injury, death by accident, occupational disability, or occupational disease suffered by employees, for which the insured may be liable or have assumed liability. Said fund may further provide insurance for employers against liability incurred as the result of injuries sustained by employees engaged in employment subject to the Longshoremen's and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act, 33 U.S.C., Section 901 et seq., or employees engaged in employment subject to Title IV of the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969 as amended by the Black Lung Benefits Act of 1972, as enacted or as may be amended by the Congress of the United States.  (a) CompSource Oklahoma shall be a revolving fund and shall consist of all premiums received and paid into said fund for insurance issued, all property and securities acquired by and through the use of monies belonging to the fund and all interest earned upon monies belonging to the fund and deposited or invested as herein provided.  (b) Said fund shall be applicable to the payment of losses sustained on account of insurance and to the payment of expenses in the manner provided in Sections 131 through 151 of this title.  (c) Said fund shall be fairly competitive with other insurance carriers and it is the intent of the Legislature that said fund shall become neither more nor less than self-supporting.  (d) CompSource Oklahoma shall report to the Insurance Commissioner no later than the last day of February of each year the amount of premium taxes and fees for which it would be liable if it were operating as a private carrier.  (e) The official name of the fund which is known as “The State Insurance Fund” shall be designated in all future references as “CompSource Oklahoma”. Any references in the Oklahoma Statutes to The State Insurance Fund shall be deemed references to CompSource Oklahoma.  Added by Laws 1933, c. 28, p. 58, • 1 (• 1). Amended by Laws 1937, p. 487, • 3, emerg. eff. May 14, 1937; Laws 1972, c. 193, • 1, emerg. eff. April 7, 1972; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 39, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 1995, c. 326, • 3, emerg. eff. June 8, 1995; Laws 2001, c. 378, • 1, eff. July 1, 2001; Laws 2002, c. 50, • 6, eff. Nov. 1, 2002.    •85-131a. Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma - Members - Meetings - Powers and duties - Gratuities prohibited - Name.  A. There is hereby created a Board to be known as the "Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma", which Board shall have supervision over the administration and operation of CompSource Oklahoma, and shall be composed of nine (9) members as follows:  1. The Director of State Finance or a designee;  2. The Lieutenant Governor or a designee;  3. The State Auditor and Inspector or a designee;  4. The Director of Central Purchasing of the Department of Central Services;  5. One member appointed by the Governor;  6. Two members appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, one of whom shall be representative of employers; and  7. Two members appointed by the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, one of whom shall be representative of employees.  The appointed members of the Board shall serve at the pleasure of the appointing authority.  B. The members of the Board shall elect annually from their number a Chair and a Secretary. The Secretary shall keep true and complete records of all proceedings of the Board. The Board shall meet quarterly, and at all other times when a meeting is called by the Chair, and at such meetings the Board may consider the condition of CompSource Oklahoma and quarterly shall make a detailed examination into the condition of its reserves and investments and at each meeting may examine all other matters relating to the administration of such fund. The time and place of the regular meetings and the manner in which special meetings may be called shall be set forth in the bylaws of the said Fund. Except as otherwise provided in this act or in the bylaws, all actions shall be taken by the affirmative vote of a majority of the Board members present at a meeting, except that no investment policy and no amendment of bylaws shall be valid unless authorized or ratified by the affirmative vote of at least four Board members.  C. Appointed members of the Board shall be reimbursed for expenses as provided in the State Travel Reimbursement Act. Said reimbursement, not to exceed thirty (30) days in any calendar year, shall be paid only when the Board is transacting official business. Any reimbursement in excess of thirty (30) days shall be approved by a majority of the Board. The Board shall have access to all records and books of account and shall have power to require the presence or appearance of any officer or employee of CompSource Oklahoma. All information obtained by the members of the Board shall be confidential unless disclosed by order of the Board.  D. No person or organization in a position to influence official action of members of the Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma, the President and Chief Executive Officer, and the employees of CompSource Oklahoma shall furnish presents, gratuities, transportation, lodging, educational seminars, conferences, meetings, or similar functions to the Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma, the President and Chief Executive Officer, and the employees of CompSource Oklahoma other than as provided by law and the rules of the Ethics Commission.  E. The official name of the Board of Managers which is known as the “Board of Managers of the State Insurance Fund” shall be designated in all future references as the “Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma”. Any references in the Oklahoma Statutes to the Board of Managers of the State Insurance Fund shall be deemed references to the Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma.  Added by Laws 1937, p. 487, • 1, emerg. eff. May 14, 1937. Amended by Laws 1939, p. 584, • 1, emerg. eff. May 12, 1939; Laws 1979, c. 241, • 16, operative July 1, 1979; Laws 1980, c. 322, • 35, eff. Jan. 1, 1981; Laws 1986, c. 207, • 87, operative July 1, 1986; Laws 1986, c. 254, • 1, operative July 1, 1986; Laws 1987, c. 223, • 3, operative July 1, 1987; Laws 1989, c. 291, • 6, eff. July 1, 1989; Laws 1990, c. 283, • 18, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Laws 1996, c. 363, • 7, eff. Nov. 1, 1996; Laws 2001, c. 378, • 2, eff. July 1, 2001; Laws 2002, c. 50, • 7, eff. Nov. 1, 2002.    •85131b. President and Chief Executive Officer of CompSource Oklahoma - References.  A. The Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma shall appoint a President and Chief Executive Officer, who shall be executive manager of CompSource Oklahoma.  B. All references in the Oklahoma Statutes to the State Insurance Fund Commissioner or the Commissioner of the State Insurance Fund shall be deemed references to the CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer.  Added by Laws 1937, p. 487, • 2. Amended by Laws 2001, c. 378, • 3, eff. July 1, 2001; Laws 2002, c. 50, • 8, eff. Nov. 1, 2002.    •85-131c. Task Force on Privatization of CompSource Oklahoma.  A. In order to create a stable, predictable, competitive workers’ compensation market place in the State of Oklahoma for the benefit of Oklahoma employers and employees, it is the intent of the Legislature that CompSource Oklahoma be converted into a private insurance company no later than December 31, 2010.  B. In order to accomplish the conversion of CompSource Oklahoma to a private insurance company, there is hereby created until December 31, 2011, the Task Force on Privatization of CompSource Oklahoma. The task force will examine the issues as they relate to privatizing CompSource Oklahoma. The resulting private entity shall operate in the same manner as any domestic insurer in the state and shall be subject to the same laws, taxes, guaranty fund assessments and other regulatory requirements.  C. The task force shall consist of nine (9) members as follows:  1. The Insurance Commissioner;  2. Four members appointed by the President Pro Tempore of the Senate as follows:  a.  one actuary expert,  b.  one member who represents CompSource Oklahoma,  c.  one member of the Senate, and  d.  one member from a statewide organization that is an advocacy association for business and industry; and  3. Four members appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives as follows:  a.  one member who represents the private insurance industry and is among the top ten writers of workers’ compensation premiums in this state,  b.  one member of the House of Representatives,  c.  one member of the Board of Directors of the Oklahoma Property and Casualty Insurance Guaranty Association, and  d.  one member from an independent insurance agents association.  D. 1. Members shall serve at the pleasure of their appointing authorities. A vacancy on the task force shall be filled by the original appointing authority.  2. Appointments to the task force shall be made by July 1, 2009.  3. A majority of the members of the task force shall constitute a quorum. A majority of the members present at a meeting may act for the task force.  4. The President Pro Tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall each designate a cochair from among the members of the task force.  5. The cochairs of the task force shall convene the first meeting of the task force on or before July 15, 2009, at which time a schedule of the meetings shall be determined.  E. The task force may use the services of the staffs of the Senate and the House of Representatives and may, as necessary, seek the advice and services of experts in the field of insurance.  F. CompSource Oklahoma shall cooperate with the task force in fulfilling its duties and responsibilities including, but not limited to, providing any information, records or reports requested by the task force.  G. Members of the task force shall receive no compensation for their service, but shall receive travel reimbursement as follows:  1. Legislative members of the task force shall be reimbursed for necessary travel expenses incurred in the performance of their duties in accordance with the provisions of Section 456 of Title 74 of the Oklahoma Statutes; and  2. Nonlegislative members of the task force shall be reimbursed by their appointing authorities or respective agencies for necessary travel expenses incurred in the performance of their duties in accordance with the State Travel Reimbursement Act.  H. Consistent with the intent of the Legislature that CompSource Oklahoma be privatized no later than December 31, 2010, the task force shall identify the steps necessary and develop a plan to convert CompSource Oklahoma into a private insurance company. Such plan shall include, but not be limited to, the following areas:  1. Establishment of a residual market mechanism that will protect the interests of all Oklahoma employers and employees, including a plan for rate stabilization to ensure the guaranteed availability of workers’ compensation insurance;  2. Review of the current financial condition of CompSource Oklahoma;  3. Loss portfolio transfer;  4. Request for proposal process;  5. Consideration of the impact of privatization and the most appropriate way to accommodate current CompSource Oklahoma employees;  6. Studying current statutes regarding the responsibilities of CompSource Oklahoma;  7. Identification of all necessary statutory changes including, but not limited to, securing funding for volunteer firefighters workers’ compensation premiums; and  8. Any other issues identified by the task force as necessary to accomplish the privatization of CompSource Oklahoma.  I. The task force shall publish and submit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, and the Governor its findings and recommendations by December 1, 2009, including recommendations for any resulting legislation.  Added by Laws 2009, c. 263, • 1, emerg. eff. May 22, 2009.    •85132. Powers and jurisdiction of CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer.  The CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer is hereby vested with full power, authority and jurisdiction over CompSource Oklahoma. He or she shall perform any duties which are necessary or convenient in the exercise of any power, authority, or jurisdiction over the fund in the administration thereof, or in connection with the insurance business to be carried on by him or her under the provisions of Sections 131 through 151 of this title as fully and completely as a governing body of a private insurance carrier might or could do including the acquisition, operation and maintenance of an electronic data processing facility.  The Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma shall have full power and authority to fix and determine the rates to be charged by CompSource Oklahoma for insurance.  Added by Laws 1933, c. 28, p. 59, • 1 (• 2). Amended by Laws 1937, p. 488, • 4, emerg. eff. May 14, 1937; Laws 1982, c. 271, • 6, operative July 1, 1982; Laws 2002, c. 50, • 9, eff. Nov. 1, 2002.    •85-132a. Workers’ compensation insurance – Volunteer firefighters.  A. 1. Volunteer fire departments organized pursuant to state law may obtain workers’ compensation insurance for volunteer firefighters through the Volunteer Firefighter Group Insurance Pool pursuant to requirements established by CompSource Oklahoma which shall administer the Pool. For the premium set by CompSource Oklahoma, the state shall provide Fifty-five Dollars ($55.00) per firefighter per year. Except as otherwise provided by subsection D of this section, the total amount paid by the state shall not exceed Three Hundred Twenty Thousand Three Hundred Thirty-eight Dollars ($320,338.00) per year or so much thereof as may be necessary to fund the Volunteer Firefighter Group Insurance Pool.  2. CompSource Oklahoma shall collect the premium from state agencies, public trusts and other instrumentalities of the state. Any funds received by CompSource Oklahoma from any state agency, public trust, or other instrumentality for purposes of workers’ compensation insurance pursuant to this section shall be deposited to the credit of the Volunteer Firefighter Group Insurance Pool. CompSource Oklahoma shall collect premiums, pay claims, and provide for excess insurance as needed.  B. CompSource Oklahoma shall report, annually, to the Governor, the Speaker of the Oklahoma House of Representatives, and the President Pro Tempore of the State Senate the number of enrollees in the Volunteer Firefighter Group Insurance Pool, and the amount of any anticipated surplus or deficiency of the Pool; and shall also provide to the Governor, the Speaker of the Oklahoma House of Representatives and the President Pro Tempore of the State Senate sixty (60) days advance notice of any proposed change in rates for the Volunteer Firefighter Group Insurance Pool.  C. The amount of claims paid, claim expenses, underwriting losses, loss ratio, or any other financial aspect of the Volunteer Firefighter Group Insurance Pool shall not be considered when determining or considering bids for the amount of any premiums, rates, or expenses owed by, or any discounts, rebates, dividends, or other financial benefits owed to any other policyholder of CompSource Oklahoma.  D. Except as otherwise provided by law, any increase in the state payment rate for volunteer firefighters under the Volunteer Firefighter Group Insurance Pool shall not exceed five percent (5%) per annum. Any proposed change in rates for the Volunteer Firefighter Group Insurance Pool must be approved by the Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma with notice provided pursuant to subsection B of this section. CompSource Oklahoma shall not increase premiums for the Volunteer Firefighter Group Insurance Pool more than once per annum.  E. For purposes of this section, the term “volunteer fire departments” includes those volunteer fire departments which have authorized voluntary or uncompensated workers rendering services as firefighters and are created by statute pursuant to Section 592 of Title 18 of the Oklahoma Statutes, Sections 29-201 through 29-205 of Title 11 of the Oklahoma Statutes, and those defined by Section 351 of Title 19 of the Oklahoma Statutes.  Added by Laws 2001, c. 367, • 1, emerg. eff. June 4, 2001. Amended by Laws 2004, c. 403, • 1, emerg. eff. June 3, 2004; Laws 2004, c. 403, • 1, emerg. eff. June 3, 2004.    •85-133. Management and conduct of business and affairs of fund.  The CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer shall have full power and authority to manage and conduct all business and affairs relating to CompSource Oklahoma, all of which business and affairs shall be conducted under the name of CompSource Oklahoma, and in that name and without any other name or title, the CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer may:  (1) Sue and be sued in all the courts of the state, in all actions arising out of any act, deed, matter or things made, omitted, entered into, done or suffered in connection with CompSource Oklahoma, and administer, manage, or conduct all the business and affairs relating thereto.  (2) Make and enter into contracts of insurance as herein provided, and such other contracts or obligations relating to CompSource Oklahoma, as are authorized or permitted under the provisions of this title, including contracting with or appointing agents or brokers; provided the agents or brokers do not contract with or have an appointment solely with CompSource Oklahoma.  (3) Invest and reinvest the monies belonging to CompSource Oklahoma as hereinafter provided.  (4) Conduct all business and affairs, relating to CompSource Oklahoma, whether herein specifically designated or in addition thereto.  (5) The CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer may delegate to any officer of CompSource Oklahoma, under such rules and regulations, and subject to such conditions as he or she may from time to time prescribe, any of the powers, functions or duties conferred or imposed on the CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer under the provisions of this act in connection with CompSource Oklahoma, the administration, management and conduct of the business or affairs relating thereto, and the officer or officers to whom such delegation is made may exercise the power and functions and perform the duties delegated with the same force and effect as the CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer, but subject to his or her approval.  (6) The Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma shall not, nor shall the CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer or any officer or employee of CompSource Oklahoma be personally liable in his or her private capacity for or on account of any act performed or contract or other obligation entered into or undertaken in an official capacity in good faith and without intent to defraud, in connection with the administration, management or conduct of CompSource Oklahoma, its business or other affairs relating thereto.  Added by Laws 1933, c. 28, p. 59, • 1 (• 3), emerg. eff. July 1, 1933. Amended by Laws 1937, p. 488, • 5, emerg. eff. May 14, 1937; Laws 2002, c. 50, • 10, eff. Nov. 1, 2002; Laws 2006, c. 316, • 2, eff. July 1, 2006.    •85-134. Power and authority of President and Chief Executive Officer in conducting business and affairs of CompSource Oklahoma.  A. In conducting the business and affairs of CompSource Oklahoma, the CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer, or other officer to whom such power and authority may be delegated by the CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer, as provided by Section 133 of this title, shall have full power and authority:  1. To enter into contracts of insurance, insuring employers against liability for compensation, and insuring to employees and other persons entitled thereto compensation as provided by the Workers' Compensation Act, Section 1 et seq. of this title;  2. To decline to insure any risk in which the minimum requirements of the law with regard to construction, equipment and operation are not observed, or which is beyond the safe carrying of CompSource Oklahoma, but shall not have power or authority, except as otherwise provided in this act to refuse to insure any compensation risk tendered with the premium therefor;  3. To enter into contracts of insurance insuring persons, firms and corporations against loss, expense or liability by reason of bodily injury, death by accident, occupational disability, or occupational disease suffered by employees for which the insured may be liable or have assumed liability, including, but not limited to, contracts of insurance or reinsurance for the purpose of insuring employers operating in this state and their employees who may work outside this state;  4. To purchase reinsurance for any risk or any portion of any risk of CompSource Oklahoma. The purchase of reinsurance may be made through intermediaries, exclusive of the provisions of The Oklahoma Central Purchasing Act;  5. To inspect and audit, cause to be inspected and audited, or require production of the records of employers insured with or applying for insurance with CompSource Oklahoma against liability for compensation;  6. To contract with physicians, surgeons and hospitals for medical and surgical treatment and the care and nursing of injured persons entitled to benefits from said fund;  7. To meet the reasonable expenses of conducting the business of CompSource Oklahoma;  8. To produce a reasonable surplus to cover catastrophe hazard; and  9. To administer a program in compliance with Section 924.3 of Title 36 of the Oklahoma Statutes, whereby employers may appeal rating classification decisions which are disputed. CompSource Oklahoma shall notify employers of the availability of the program.  B. CompSource Oklahoma must be funded through actuarially sound rates and premiums charged to its policyholders.  C. CompSource Oklahoma shall establish and use rates and rating plans to assure that it is self-funding while those rates are in effect.  D. No later than September 1 of each year, CompSource Oklahoma shall obtain an independent actuarial certification of the results of its operations for prior years.  E. Any premium or assessments collected by CompSource Oklahoma in excess of the amount necessary to fund its projected ultimate incurred losses and expenses and not paid to policyholders insured under CompSource Oklahoma in conjunction with dividend programs shall be retained by CompSource Oklahoma.  F. CompSource Oklahoma losses are the sole and exclusive responsibility of CompSource Oklahoma, and payment for such losses must be funded in accordance with this section and must not come, directly or indirectly, from insurers or any guaranty association for such insurers, except for reinsurance purchased by CompSource Oklahoma.  Added by Laws 1933, c. 28, p. 60, • 1 (• 4), eff. July 1, 1933. Amended by Laws 1937, p. 489, • 6, emerg. eff. May 14, 1937; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 40, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 1996, c. 363, • 8, eff. Nov. 1, 1996; Laws 2002, c. 145, • 1, eff. July 1, 2002; Laws 2003, c. 3, • 107, emerg. eff. March 19, 2003; Laws 2008, c. 77, • 1.  NOTE: Laws 2002, c. 50, • 11 repealed by Laws 2003, c. 3, • 108, emerg. eff. March 19, 2003.    •85-135. Deposits and transfers - Warrants.  A. All receipts of money, with the exception of investment income, shall be deposited in the CompSource Oklahoma fund in the State Treasury. The CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer, subject to the direction of the Board of Managers, shall have the responsibility for the management of the CompSource Oklahoma fund, and may transfer monies used for investment purposes from the CompSource Oklahoma fund in the State Treasury to the custodian bank or trust company of CompSource Oklahoma.  B. 1. All benefits payable pursuant to the provisions of the bylaws of CompSource Oklahoma, and refunds of premiums and overpayments, shall be paid from CompSource Oklahoma upon warrants or vouchers signed by two persons designated by the CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer.  2. Every check, draft, warrant, or other instrument drawn for the payment of temporary total disability benefits by CompSource Oklahoma shall contain on its face in a contrasting color of ink the following:  WARNING: It is a felony to knowingly receive money under false pretenses by accepting temporary total disability benefits while working at the same or a similar job. If you are employed or receiving wages, you should consult CompSource Oklahoma or if you are represented by an attorney you should consult your attorney BEFORE presenting this instrument to any other person for payment.  3. The CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer may transfer monies from the custodian bank or trust company of CompSource Oklahoma to the CompSource Oklahoma fund in the State Treasury for the purposes specified in this subsection.  Added by Laws 1933, c. 28, p. 61, • 1 (• 5). Amended by Laws 1937, p. 489, • 7, emerg. eff. May 14, 1937; Laws 1983, c. 235, • 3, operative July 1, 1983; Laws 1989, c. 291, • 7, eff. July 1, 1989; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 41, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 2002, c. 50, • 12, eff. Nov. 1, 2002.    •85135.1. Petty cash fund.  There is hereby created a petty cash fund within CompSource Oklahoma. Said petty cash fund shall be in such amounts as are determined to be necessary by the Director of State Finance and the CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer. Petty cash funds may be expended for the payment of emergency purchases and bills. The said funds may be reimbursed by the Director of State Finance upon the filing of a claim with the proper receipts showing the disbursements therefrom, reimbursement to be made from the revolving fund. The Director of State Finance shall prescribe all forms, systems and procedures for administering the petty cash fund.  Added by Laws 1982, c. 271, • 8, operative July 1, 1982. Amended by Laws 2002, c. 50, • 13, eff. Nov. 1, 2002.    •85-136. Appointment of assistants, accountants, adjusters, etc. - Compensation and salaries - Chief attorney.  A. The CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer shall appoint, with the approval of the Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma, such assistants, accountants, claim adjusters, and other employees as may be necessary to conduct the business and carry out the provisions of Section 131 et seq. of this title, or to perform the duties imposed upon him by this act; provided, that in no event shall the salaries of such employees, together with all other expenses of said fund, exceed twenty percent (20%) of the earned premiums.  B. The chief attorney for the Board shall receive a salary equal to that paid to a judge of the Workers' Compensation Court.  Added by Laws 1933, c. 28, p. 61, • 1, (• 6). Amended by Laws 1937, p. 490, • 8, emerg. eff. May 14, 1937; Laws 1985, c. 306, • 5, emerg. eff. July 24, 1985; Laws 2002, c. 50, • 14, eff. Nov. 1, 2002.    •85-137. Percentage of premiums for surplus fund - Transfer to other funds - Reserves.  A. 1. Ten percent (10%) of the premiums collected from all persons, firms or corporations insured in CompSource Oklahoma, shall be set aside by the CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer for the creation of surplus, until the surplus shall amount to the sum of Two Hundred Fifty Thousand Dollars ($250,000.00), and thereafter five percent (5%) of such premiums shall be set aside until such time as in the judgment of the State Insurance Board such surplus shall be sufficiently large to cover the catastrophe hazard, and all other unanticipated losses.  2. If the ratio of net premium-to-surplus exceeds 1:2 on July 1 of any year, the Board of Managers shall, within sixty (60) days, declare a dividend of sufficient size to reduce the ratio of net premium-to-surplus to no more than 1:2. The dividend may be declared in the form of cash, cash equivalents, negotiable instruments, or credits against past, present, or future premiums on or before October 15 next following declaration of the dividend and shall be payable to policyholders having policies in force when the dividend is declared.  B. The Board of Managers is hereby vested with authority, in its discretion, to transfer funds from such surplus to other funds of CompSource Oklahoma when deemed necessary or advisable; provided, that in no event shall such surplus be reduced to a sum less than One Hundred Fifty Thousand Dollars ($150,000.00).  C. Reserves shall be established and maintained adequate to meet anticipated losses and to carry all claims and policies to maturity, which reserves shall be computed in accordance with rules adopted by the Board of Managers.  Added by Laws 1933, c. 28, p. 61, • 1 (• 7). Amended by Laws 1937, p. 490, • 9, emerg. eff. May 14, 1937; Laws 1939, p. 585, • 2; Laws 2000, c. 248, • 4, eff. Sept. 1, 2000; Laws 2002, c. 50, • 15, eff. Nov. 1, 2002.    •85-138. Investment of monies - Liability of Board members - Investment committee - Investment managers - Selection of custodian - Investment plan - Financial report.  A. The Board of Managers shall discharge their duties with respect to CompSource Oklahoma solely in the interest of CompSource Oklahoma and:  1. For the exclusive purpose of:  a.  providing benefit to CompSource Oklahoma, and  b.  defraying reasonable expenses of administering CompSource Oklahoma;   2. With the care, skill, prudence, and diligence under the circumstances then prevailing that a prudent person acting in a like capacity and familiar with such matters would use in the conduct of an enterprise of a like character and with like aims;  3. By diversifying the investments of CompSource Oklahoma so as to minimize the risk of large losses, unless under the circumstances it is clearly prudent not to do so; and  4. In accordance with the laws, documents and instruments governing CompSource Oklahoma.  B. The monies of CompSource Oklahoma shall be invested only in assets eligible for the investment of funds of a domestic property and casualty insurance company as provided for in the Oklahoma Insurance Code, Title 36 of the Oklahoma Statutes. The term admitted assets shall mean the amount of the monies of CompSource Oklahoma and the provisions relating to limitation of investments as a percentage of surplus as regards policyholders shall be inapplicable with respect to investment of the monies of CompSource Oklahoma. The monies of CompSource Oklahoma may be invested in certificates of indebtedness or such other enforceable evidences of obligation as may be utilized in the rights-of-way acquisitions by the Oklahoma Department of Transportation. The monies of CompSource Oklahoma may also be invested in bonds secured by first mortgages, pass-through securities and insured participation certificates representing interests in first mortgages or insured mortgage pass-through certificates on one- to four-family residences located within this state. CompSource Oklahoma may enter into agreements with the Multiple Injury Trust Fund to fulfill any payment obligation of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund, including all court orders for material increases and the accrued interest thereon, and all orders for interest on previously paid awards.  C. 1. The CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer, with the approval of the Board of Managers, is authorized to acquire any real estate deemed necessary for the immediate and reasonably anticipated future administrative office space needs of CompSource Oklahoma. The CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer, with the approval of the Board of Managers, may sell, lease, rent or sublet any real estate holdings of CompSource Oklahoma. Any revenues of such transactions shall accrue to the surplus or reserve fund of CompSource Oklahoma.  2. In any lease, rental, sublease or other agreement for the use or occupation of real estate holdings of CompSource Oklahoma, no state agency may enter into an agreement which has a gross effective rental rate which is greater than the gross effective rental rate for which they can continue to occupy the premises which is currently rented at the time the agency proposes to move. For a period of two (2) years after the first use or occupation by the state agency, subsequent agreements, whether new agreements or continuations of a prior agreement, shall not contain a gross effective rental rate which is greater than that of the original agreement.  D. The Board of Managers may procure insurance indemnifying the members of CompSource Oklahoma from personal loss or accountability from liability resulting from a member's action or inaction as a member of the Board of Managers.  E. The Board of Managers may establish an investment committee. The investment committee shall be composed of not more than three (3) members of the Board of Managers appointed by the chairman of the Board of Managers. The committee shall make recommendations to the full Board on all matters related to the choice of custodians and managers of the assets of CompSource Oklahoma, on the establishment of investment and fund management guidelines, and in planning future investment policy. The committee shall have no authority to act on behalf of the Board of Managers or CompSource Oklahoma in any circumstances whatsoever. No recommendation of the committee shall have effect as an action of the Board of Managers nor take effect without the approval of the Board of Managers as provided by law.  F. The Board of Managers shall retain qualified investment managers to provide for the investment of the monies of CompSource Oklahoma. The investment managers shall be chosen by a solicitation of proposals on a competitive bid basis pursuant to standards set by the Board of Managers. Subject to the overall investment guidelines set by the Board of Managers, the investment managers shall have full discretion in the management of those monies of CompSource Oklahoma allocated to the investment managers. The Board of Managers shall manage those monies not specifically allocated to the investment managers. The monies of CompSource Oklahoma allocated to the investment managers shall be actively managed by the investment managers, which may include selling investments and realizing losses if such action is considered advantageous to longer term return maximization. Because of the total return objective, no distinction shall be made for management and performance evaluation purposes between realized and unrealized capital gains and losses.  G. Funds and revenues for investment by the investment managers or the Board of Managers shall be placed with a custodian selected by the Board of Managers. The custodian shall be a bank or trust company offering master custodial services. The custodian shall be chosen by a solicitation of proposals on a competitive bid basis pursuant to standards set by the Board of Managers. In compliance with the investment policy guidelines of the Board of Managers, the custodian bank or trust company shall be contractually responsible for ensuring that all monies of CompSource Oklahoma are invested in income-producing investment vehicles at all times. If a custodian bank or trust company has not received direction from the investment managers of CompSource Oklahoma as to the investment of the monies of the State Insurance Fund in specific investment vehicles, the custodian bank or trust company shall be contractually responsible to the Board of Managers for investing the monies in appropriately collateralized short-term interest-bearing investment vehicles.  H. Prior to August 1 of each year, the Board of Managers shall develop and approve a written investment plan for CompSource Oklahoma.  I. The CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer shall compile a quarterly financial report of all the funds of CompSource Oklahoma. The report shall be compiled and filed pursuant to uniform reporting standards prescribed by the State Insurance Commissioner for domestic property and casualty insurance companies. The report shall include several relevant measures of investment value, including acquisition cost and current fair market value with appropriate summaries of total holdings and returns. The report shall contain combined and individual rate of returns of the investment managers by category of investment, over periods of time. The report shall contain a list of all investments made by CompSource Oklahoma and a list of any commissions, fees or payments made for services regarding such investments for that reporting period. The report shall be distributed to the Governor, the Legislative Service Bureau and the Cash Management and Investment Oversight Commission.  J. CompSource Oklahoma, on behalf of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund, may enter into an agreement with any reinsurer licensed to sell reinsurance by the State Insurance Commissioner selected pursuant to a competitive process administered by the Director of Central Purchasing in the Department of Central Services.  Added by Laws 1933, c. 28, p. 61, • 1 (• 8). Amended by Laws 1937, p. 490, • 10, emerg. eff. May 14, 1937; Laws 1955, p. 495, • 1, emerg. eff. April 25, 1955; Laws 1965, c. 428, • 1, emerg. eff. July 8, 1965; Laws 1989, c. 291, • 8, eff. July 1, 1989; Laws 1992, c. 60, • 1, eff. July 1, 1992; Laws 1993, c. 349, • 36, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 1995, c. 26, • 2, eff. Nov. 1, 1995; Laws 2000, c. 248, • 9, emerg. eff. May 26, 2000; Laws 2002, c. 50, • 16, eff. Nov. 1, 2002.    •85-138.1. Repealed by Laws 1993, c. 349, • 41, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.  •85138.2. Fiduciary's powers and duties.  A. A fiduciary with respect to the State Insurance Fund shall not cause the State Insurance Fund to engage in a transaction if the fiduciary knows or should know that such transaction constitutes a direct or indirect:  1. sale or exchange, or leasing of any property from the State Insurance Fund to a party in interest for less than adequate consideration or from a party in interest to the State Insurance Fund for more than adequate consideration;  2. lending of money or other extension of credit from the State Insurance Fund to a party in interest without the receipt of adequate security and a reasonable rate of interest, or from a party in interest to the State Insurance Fund with provision of excessive security or an unreasonably high rate of interest;  3. furnishing of goods, services or facilities from the State Insurance Fund to a party in interest for less than adequate consideration, or from a party in interest to the State Insurance Fund for more than adequate consideration; or  4. transfer to, or use by or for the benefit of, a party in interest of any assets of the State Insurance Fund for less than adequate consideration.  B. A fiduciary with respect to the State Insurance Fund shall not:  1. deal with the assets of the State Insurance Fund in the fiduciary's own interest or for the fiduciary's own account;  2. in the fiduciary's individual or any other capacity act in any transaction involving the State Insurance Fund on behalf of a party whose interests are adverse to the interests of the State Insurance Fund or the interests of its participants or beneficiaries; or  3. receive any consideration for the fiduciary's own personal account from any party dealing with the State Insurance Fund in connection with a transaction involving the assets of the State Insurance Fund.  C. A fiduciary with respect to the State Insurance Fund may:  1. invest all or part of the assets of the State Insurance Fund in deposits which bear a reasonable interest rate in a bank or similar financial institution supervised by the United States or a state, if such bank or other institution is a fiduciary of such plan; or  2. provide any ancillary service by a bank or similar financial institution supervised by the United States or a state, if such bank or other institution is a fiduciary of such plan.  D. A person or a financial institution is a fiduciary with respect to the State Insurance Fund to the extent that the person or the financial institution:  1. exercises any discretionary authority or discretionary control respecting management of the State Insurance Fund or exercises any authority or control respecting management or disposition of the assets of the State Insurance Fund;  2. renders investment advice for a fee or other compensation, direct or indirect, with respect to any monies or other property of the State Insurance Fund, or has any authority or responsibility to do so; or  3. has any discretionary authority or discretionary responsibility in the administration of the State Insurance Fund.    •85-139. Expenses of administration - Budget - Limitation on amount - Audit of accounts and records - Annual financial statement - Audit of CompSource Oklahoma.  The entire expenses of administering "CompSource Oklahoma" shall be paid out of such fund upon warrants issued by the State Treasurer against claims filed as prescribed by law with the Director of State Finance for approval and payment. On or before the first day of June of each year, or as soon thereafter as possible, there shall be submitted to the Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma, for approval, an estimated budget of expenses for the succeeding fiscal year. The CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer may not expend from the funds belonging to CompSource Oklahoma for purposes of administering any sum in excess of the amount specified in such budget for any item of expense therein set forth unless such expenditure is authorized by the Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma. In no event shall the entire expenses of administration of CompSource Oklahoma, as authorized for the entire year, exceed twenty percent (20%) of the earned premiums of the year. The Board of Managers may use present value discounting at a rate of four percent (4%) for computing reserves. The Board of Managers shall cause to be made and completed within ninety (90) days after the end of each calendar year, an audit of the books of account and financial records of the fund for such calendar year, such audit to be made by an independent certified public accountant, a licensed public accountant, a firm of certified public accountants, or an accounting firm or individual holding a permit to practice accounting in this state. The audit shall be filed with the Director of State Finance in accordance with the requirements set forth for financial statement audits in Section 212A of Title 74 of the Oklahoma Statutes.  CompSource Oklahoma shall submit to the State Insurance Commissioner an annual financial statement in the same manner as a domestic insurance carrier. The Insurance Commissioner may audit CompSource Oklahoma in the same manner as a domestic insurance company if an audit does not conflict with any specific provision contained herein. The CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer shall provide a copy of the annual financial statement to the Governor and CompSource Oklahoma Board of Managers.  Added by Laws 1933, c. 28, p. 62, • 1 (• 9). Amended by Laws 1937, p. 490, • 11, emerg. eff. May 14, 1937; Laws 1987, c. 231, • 2, eff. July 1, 1987; Laws 1989, c. 291, • 10, eff. July 1, 1989; Laws 1992, c. 60, • 2, eff. July 1, 1992; Laws 1996, c. 363, • 9, eff. Nov. 1, 1996; Laws 1997, c. 2, • 24, emerg. eff. Feb. 26, 1997; Laws 2002, c. 50, • 17, eff. Nov. 1, 2002.    NOTE: Laws 1996, c. 290, • 21 repealed by Laws 1997, c. 2, • 26, emerg. eff. Feb. 26, 1997.    •85141. Accounts of monies, expenses, losses, etc.  The CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer shall keep an account of the money paid in premiums by each classification of persons, firms, or corporations insured by CompSource Oklahoma, and the expense of administering CompSource Oklahoma and the disbursements on account of loss, expense or liability by reason of bodily injury, death by accident, occupational disability, or occupational disease suffered by employees, for which persons injured, CompSource Oklahoma were liable or had assumed liability, including the setting up of reserves adequate to meet unanticipated and unexpected losses and to carry the claims to maturity; and, also, an account of the money received from such individual insured; and of the amount disbursed from "CompSource Oklahoma", for expenses, and on account of injuries, death by accident, sickness or disease, and disability of persons to whom such insured was liable or had assumed liability, including the reserves set up.  Added by Laws 1933, c. 28, p. 63, • 1 (• 11). Amended by Laws 1937, p. 491, • 12, emerg. eff. May 14, 1937; Laws 2002, c. 50, • 18, eff. Nov. 1, 2002.    •85-142. Premiums - Payments - Adjusted premiums.  Premiums for any policy period shall be paid into CompSource Oklahoma and adjusted according to the contract of insurance. If such adjusted premium is more than the premium paid at the beginning of the period, the employer shall pay the difference immediately upon notification of the amount of premium due. If such adjusted premium is less than the premium paid at the beginning of the period, the employer shall at the employer’s option receive either refund of the difference or a credit of the amount thereof on the employer’s account with CompSource Oklahoma.  Added by Laws 1933, c. 28, p. 63, • 1 (• 12), eff. July 1, 1933. Amended by Laws 2002, c. 145, • 2, eff. July 1, 2002.    •85-142A. Premium credit program.  The State Insurance Fund, in cooperation with the Department of Labor, shall develop and implement an insurance premium credit program for the insureds of the State Insurance Fund which is consistent with the provisions of Section 1 of this act.  Added by Laws 1988, c. 317, • 2, eff. Nov. 1, 1988.    •85144. Default in payment by employer Insurance canceled.  If any persons, firm or corporation insured by said State Insurance Fund shall default in the payment required to be made by him to the State Insurance Fund, after due notice his insurance in "The State Insurance Fund" may be canceled and the amount due from him shall be collected by a civil action against him in the name of "The State Insurance Fund", and the same when collected shall be paid into "The State Insurance Fund", and such insured's compliance with the provisions of this article requiring payments to be made to the "State Insurance Fund" shall date from the time of the payment of such money so collected as aforesaid to "The State Treasurer" for credit of "The State Insurance Fund".    Laws 1933, c. 28, p. 63, • 1 (• 14); Laws 1937, p. 491, • 13.   •85145. Record of employees and wages Inspection Failure to keep or falsifying.  Every person, firm, or corporation who has insured in "The State Insurance Fund" shall keep a true and accurate record of the number of employees and the wages paid and shall furnish upon demand a sworn statement of the same. The record shall be open to inspection at any time, and as often as may be necessary to verify the number of employees and the amount of the payroll. Any person, firm, or corporation who shall willfully fail to keep the required records or who shall willfully falsify any such record, shall be guilty of a felony.  Added by Laws 1933, c. 28, p. 64, • 1 (• 15), eff. July 1, 1933. Amended by Laws 1937, p. 491, • 14, emerg. eff. May 14, 1937; Laws 1996, c. 363, • 10, eff. Nov. 1, 1996.    •85-146. Misrepresentation a felony.  Any person who willfully misrepresents any fact in order to obtain insurance in "The State Insurance Fund" at less than the proper rate for such insurance, or in order to obtain payment out of such fund shall be guilty of a felony.  Added by Laws 1933, c. 28, p. 64, • 1 (• 16), eff. July 1, 1933. Amended by Laws 1996, c. 363, • 11, eff. Nov. 1, 1996.    •85147. Information not open to public inspection Disclosure as misdemeanor Listings of insureds to Commissioner of Labor.  A. Information acquired by the CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer or the officers or employees of CompSource Oklahoma, from persons, firms or corporations insured by CompSource Oklahoma, or from employees of such persons, firms or corporations pursuant to this article shall not be open to public inspection, and any officer or employee of the State of Oklahoma, who without authority of the Commissioner, or pursuant to the rules prescribed by the CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer, or as otherwise required by law, shall disclose the same, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.  B. For the purpose of implementing Section 142a of this title, the CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer shall provide to the Commissioner of Labor annually, upon request, a listing of the insureds of CompSource Oklahoma with the name, address and nature of business or occupation of the insured.  Added by Laws 1933, c. 28, p. 64, • 1 (• 17). Amended by Laws 1937, p. 491, • 15, emerg. eff. May 14, 1937; Laws 1988, c. 317, • 5, eff. Nov. 1, 1988; Laws 2002, c. 50, • 19, eff. Nov. 1, 2002.    •85148. Contract of insurance Payment of premiums.  Every person, firm or corporation insuring in "CompSource Oklahoma" shall receive from CompSource Oklahoma a contract or policy of insurance to be approved by the State Insurance Board.  Except as otherwise provided in this act all premiums shall be paid by every person, firm, or corporation who elects to insure with "CompSource Oklahoma" to the CompSource Oklahoma President and Chief Executive Officer semiannually, or at such times as may be prescribed by general rule or regulation applicable to all insurers alike by the Insurance Commissioner. Receipts shall be given for such payment and the money shall be paid over to the credit of CompSource Oklahoma.  Added by Laws 1933, c. 28, p. 64, • 1 (• 18). Amended by Laws 1937, p. 492, • 16, emerg. eff. May 14, 1937; Laws 2002, c. 50, • 20, eff. Nov. 1, 2002.    •85-149.1. Group self-insurers.  A. The Workers' Compensation Court shall adopt rules permitting two or more employers not otherwise subject to the provisions of Section 2b of this title to pool together liabilities under this act for the purpose of qualifying as a group self-insurer and each such employer shall be classified as a self-insurer.  B. The Court shall approve the distribution of all undistributed policyholders' surplus of a Workers' Compensation Self-Insurance Program if the Program complies with the following criteria:  1. Has been in business for at least five (5) years;  2. Has its financial statements audited by a public accounting firm which audits at least one corporate client which has assets in excess of One Billion Dollars ($1,000,000,000.00) and on which the accounting firm has issued an unqualified opinion as to the fair presentation of the financial position of the Program showing adequate solvency and reserves; and  3. Is in compliance with the provisions of this title and all other regulations as required by the Court.  C. A group self-insurer created pursuant to this section either prior to or after the effective date of this act shall not be subject to the provisions of the Oklahoma Securities Act.  Added by Laws 1981, c. 256, • 3, emerg. eff. June 25, 1981. Amended by Laws 1990, c. 264, • 123, operative July 1, 1990; Laws 1990, c. 260, • 58, operative July 1, 1990; Laws 1996, c. 363, • 12, eff. Nov. 1, 1996.    •85149.2. Selfinsurance associations Pooling of liabilities.  The Workers' Compensation Court shall adopt rules permitting two or more group selfinsurance associations to pool their liabilities under this act for the purpose of providing such group selfinsurance associations specific and aggregate excess insurance.    Added by Laws 1986, c. 222, • 30, eff. Nov. 1, 1986.   •85151. Partial invalidity.  If any section of the provision of this act be decided by the Courts to be unconstitutional or invalid, the same shall not affect the validity of this act as a whole, or any part thereof other than the part so decided to be unconstitutional or invalid.    Laws 1933, c. 28, p. 65, • 1 (• 21).   •85-154. CompSource Oklahoma insurance revenue report - Annual market equalization assessment payment.  A. CompSource Oklahoma shall, annually, on or before the first day of March, report under oath of the President and Chief Executive Officer of CompSource Oklahoma to the State Treasurer, the total amount of direct written premiums and membership, application, policy and registration fees charged by CompSource Oklahoma during the preceding calendar year for insurance covering one or more of the following:  1. Insuring employers against liability for compensation under Sections 131 through 151 of Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes;  2. Assuring for the persons entitled thereto compensation provided by the workers’ compensation law;  3. Insuring persons, firms and corporations against loss, expense or liability by reason of bodily injury, death by accident, occupational disability, or occupational disease suffered by employees, for which the insured may be liable or have assumed liability; and  4. Insuring employers against liability incurred as the result of injuries sustained by employees engaged in employment subject to the Longshoremen’s and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act, 33 U.S.C., Section 901 et seq., or employees engaged in employment subject to Title IV of the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969 as amended by the Black Lung Benefits Act of 1972, as enacted or as may be amended by the Congress of the United States.  B. CompSource Oklahoma, at the time the report required by subsection A of this section is filed, shall pay to the State Treasury to the credit of the General Revenue Fund, an annual market equalization assessment on all of the direct written premiums after all returned premiums are deducted, on all membership, application, policy and registration fees, and installment and finance fees or charges collected by CompSource Oklahoma, relating to written, continued and serviced insurance for purposes listed in paragraphs 1 through 4 of subsection A of this section; provided, no deduction shall be made from premiums for dividends paid to policyholders. The rate of assessment shall be two and twenty-five-one-hundredths percent (2.25%). If CompSource Oklahoma fails to remit the assessments in a timely manner, it shall remain liable therefor together with interest thereon at an annual rate equal to the average United States Treasury Bill rate of the preceding calendar year as certified by the State Treasurer on the first regular business day in January of each year, plus four (4) percentage points.  Added by Laws 2009, c. 426, • 21, eff. Jan. 1, 2010.    •85-171. Physically impaired person defined.  For the purpose of Sections 171 through 176 of this title, the term "physically impaired person" means a person who as a result of accident, disease, birth, military action, or any other cause, has suffered the loss of the sight of one eye, the loss by amputation of the whole or a part of a member of his body, or the loss of the use or partial loss of the use of a member such as is obvious and apparent from observation or examination by an ordinary layman, that is, a person who is not skilled in the medical profession, or any previous adjudications of disability adjudged and determined by the Workers' Compensation Court or any disability resulting from separately adjudicated injuries and adjudicated occupational diseases even though arising at the same time.  Laws 1943, p. 258, • 1, emerg. eff. April 12, 1943; Laws 1971, c. 283, • 1, emerg. eff. June 17, 1971; Laws 1975, c. 371, • 3, eff. Jan. 1, 1976; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 52, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1986, c. 249, • 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1993, c. 349, • 15, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 27, eff. July 1, 2005.    •85-172. Compensation for additional disability - Liability of employer - Payment from Multiple Injury Trust Fund.  A. 1. For actions filed before November 1, 1999, except as otherwise provided in this section, an employee, who is a “physically impaired person” and who receives an accidental personal injury compensable under the Workers’ Compensation Act which results in additional permanent disability so that the degree of disability caused by the combination of both disabilities is materially greater than that which would have resulted from the subsequent injury alone, shall receive compensation on the basis of such combined disabilities from the Multiple Injury Trust Fund. Only disability due to an injury to the body as a whole shall be combinable with a prior body disability, except that disability to a major member may be combined with disability to the body as a whole.  2.  a.  For actions filed before November 1, 1999, if such combined disabilities constitute partial permanent disability as defined in Section 3 of this title, then the employee shall receive full compensation as now provided by law for the disability resulting directly and specifically from the subsequent injury, and in addition thereto the employee shall receive full compensation for the combined disability as above defined, after deducting therefrom the percent of that disability that constituted the employee a “physically impaired person”, as defined herein, all of which shall be computed upon the schedule and pursuant to the provisions of the Workers’ Compensation Act. After payments by the employer or the insurance carrier of the employer, if any, have ceased, the remainder of such compensation shall immediately be paid out of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund provided for in Section 173 of this title, in periodic installments. The employer or the insurance carrier of the employer shall be liable only for the degree of percent of disability which would have resulted from the latter injury if there had been no preexisting impairment.  b.  For actions filed on or after November 1, 1999, but before June 1, 2000, if the combined disabilities constitute partial permanent disability as defined in Section 3 of this title, then the employee shall receive full compensation as now provided by law for the disability resulting directly and specifically from the subsequent injury. The employee shall not receive any additional compensation for the combined disability as above defined, after deducting therefrom the percent of disability that constituted the employee a “physically impaired person”.  B. 1. For actions in which the subsequent injury occurred before June 1, 2000, if such combined disabilities constitute permanent total disability, as defined in Section 3 of this title, then the employee shall receive full compensation as provided by law for the disability resulting directly and specifically from the subsequent injury. In addition, the employee shall receive full compensation for the combined disability, as above defined, all of which shall be computed upon the schedule and provisions of the Workers’ Compensation Act. The employer shall be liable only for the degree of percent of disability which would have resulted from the subsequent injury if there had been no preexisting impairment. After all permanent partial disability payments by the employer or the insurance carrier of the employer have ceased, the remainder of the compensation shall be paid out of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund provided for in Section 173 of this title, in periodic installments. In permanent total disability cases the same may be paid in periodic payments, as set forth in Section 22 of this title, or may be commuted to a lump-sum payment, by agreement of the claimant and the Multiple Injury Trust Fund. The compensation rate for permanent total awards from the Multiple Injury Trust Fund shall be the compensation rate for permanent partial disability paid by the employer in the last combinable compensable injury. Permanent total awards from the Multiple Injury Trust Fund shall be payable for a period of five (5) years or until the employee reaches sixty-five (65) years of age, whichever period is the longer. Multiple Injury Trust Fund awards shall accrue from the file date of the court order finding the claimant to be permanently and totally disabled.  2. For actions in which the subsequent injury occurred on or after June 1, 2000, but before November 1, 2005, if such combined disabilities constitute permanent total disability, as defined in Section 3 of this title, then the claimant shall receive full compensation as now provided by law for the disability resulting directly and specifically from the subsequent injury. In addition, the claimant shall receive full compensation for permanent total disability if the combination of injuries renders the employee permanently and totally disabled, as above defined, all of which shall be computed upon the schedule and provisions of the Workers’ Compensation Act. The employer shall be liable for the degree of percent of disability which would have resulted from the subsequent injury if there had been no preexisting impairment and for permanent total disability if the combination of such injuries renders the employee permanently and totally disabled. Payment for the permanent total disability resulting from the combination of injuries which renders the employee permanently and totally disabled may be paid in periodic installments or may be commuted to a lump-sum payment upon agreement of the claimant and the employer or insurance carrier for the employer. The compensation rate for permanent total disability awards resulting from a combination of injuries shall be the compensation rate for permanent partial disability paid by the employer in the last combinable compensable injury. Permanent total disability awards resulting from a combination of injuries shall be payable for a period of fifteen (15) years or until the claimant reaches sixty-five (65) years of age, whichever period is the longer. Such awards shall be paid from the date the court order finding the claimant to be permanently and totally disabled is filed.  3. For actions in which the subsequent injury occurred on or after November 1, 2005, if such combined disabilities constitute permanent total disability, as defined in Section 3 of this title, then the employee shall receive full compensation as provided by law for the disability resulting directly and specifically from the subsequent injury. In addition, the employee shall receive full compensation for permanent total disability if the combination of injuries renders the employee permanently and totally disabled, as above defined, all of which shall be computed upon the schedule and provisions of the Workers’ Compensation Act. The employer shall be liable only for the degree of percent of disability which would have resulted from the subsequent injury if there had been no preexisting impairment. In permanent total disability cases the remainder of the compensation shall be paid out of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund and may be paid in periodic payments, as set forth in Section 22 of this title. The compensation rate for permanent total disability awards from the Multiple Injury Trust Fund shall be the compensation rate for permanent partial disability paid by the employer in the last combinable compensable injury. Permanent total disability awards from the Multiple Injury Trust Fund shall be payable for a period of fifteen (15) years or until the employee reaches sixty-five (65) years of age, whichever period is the longer. Permanent total disability awards from the Multiple Injury Trust Fund shall accrue from the file date of the court order finding the claimant to be permanently and totally disabled.  C. For all actions filed prior to November 1, 1999, before a physically impaired person can proceed against the Multiple Injury Trust Fund, the preexisting permanent partial disability and the permanent partial disability from the last injury must exceed a total amount equal to forty percent (40%) to the body.  D. Awards under this section shall abate upon the death, from any cause, of the employee.  E. Reopening any prior injury claim other than the last employer injury claim shall not give a claimant the right to additional Multiple Injury Trust Fund benefits or additional benefits from any employer or an insurance carrier for any employer, for a material increase in disability resulting from the combination of injuries.  F. Awards that are not claimed within two (2) years of the date on which the award first becomes available shall be returned to the party who is responsible for payment of the award, less any attorney fees, as specified in the original court order awarding benefits for a material increase in disability resulting from a combination of injuries. Payment for attorney fees shall be made separately from payment to a claimant. If the claimant is subsequently found and claims the award, such award and interest as required by Section 42 of this title shall be paid to the claimant by the party who is responsible for payment of the award, within sixty (60) days of the claim.  G. The Multiple Injury Trust Fund shall have authority to compromise a claim for less than the indicated amount of permanent total disability. However, any order entered after the effective date of this act awarding less than permanent total disability shall be paid only in periodic installments beginning on the date of the award. Any compromise settlement after a permanent total order entered after the effective date of this act shall be paid only in periodic installments.  H. An attorney for a claimant against the Multiple Injury Trust Fund shall be entitled to a fee equal to twenty percent (20%) of permanent disability benefits awarded. For awards entered after the effective date of this act, the attorney’s fee shall be paid in periodic installments by the attorney receiving every fifth check. All benefits awarded to the attorney shall be vested. In the event a claimant, covered under this subsection, dies as a result of his or her injury before the award has been fully paid, payments shall continue to the surviving spouse for five years or upon remarriage, whichever occurs first. In no event shall payments to the surviving spouse extend beyond the period of benefits awarded to the claimant.  Added by Laws 1943, p. 258, • 2, emerg. eff. April 12, 1943. Amended by Laws 1945, p. 418, • 1, emerg. eff. April 28, 1945; Laws 1953, p. 432, • 1, emerg. eff. June 8, 1953; Laws 1961, p. 640, • 1, emerg. eff. Aug. 8, 1961; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 53, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1986, c. 249, • 2, eff. Nov. 1, 1986; Laws 1992, c. 294, • 11, eff. Sept. 1, 1992; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 42, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 1999, c. 420, • 8, eff. Nov. 1, 1999; Laws 2000, c. 248, • 12, emerg. eff. May 26, 2000; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 28, eff. July 1, 2005.    •85-173. Multiple Injury Trust Fund - Sources - Payments to Fund - Administrative penalties - Investments - Refunds - Payments to and by Treasurer - Rule-making.  There is hereby created, for the purposes herein declared, a Multiple Injury Trust Fund, formerly known as the Special Indemnity Fund, to be derived from the following sources:  A. 1. a.  As soon as practicable after January 1 of each year, the Workers’ Compensation Court Administrator shall establish an assessment rate applicable to each mutual or interinsurance association, stock company, CompSource Oklahoma, or other insurance carrier writing workers’ compensation insurance in this state, each employer carrying its own risk, and each group self-insurance association, for amounts for purposes of computing the assessment authorized by this section necessary to pay the annual obligations of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund determined on or before December 31 of each year by the Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma to be outstanding for the next calendar year, and to pay the allocations provided for in subsection I of this section. The rate shall be equal for all parties required to pay the assessment.  b.  The Oklahoma Tax Commission shall assess and collect from any uninsured employer a temporary assessment at the rate of five percent (5%) of the total compensation for permanent total disability awards, permanent partial disability awards, and death benefits paid out during each quarter of the calendar year by the employers.  2. The assessments shall be paid to the Tax Commission. Insurance carriers, self-insurers, group self-insurance associations and CompSource Oklahoma shall pay the assessment in four equal installments not later than the fifteenth day of the month following the close of each quarter of the calendar year of the assessment. Assessments shall be determined based upon gross direct written premiums, normal premiums or actual paid losses of the paying party, as applicable, during the calendar quarter for which the assessment is due. Uninsured employers shall pay the assessment not later than the fifteenth day of the month following the close of each quarter of the calendar year of the assessment. For purposes of this section, “uninsured employer” means an employer required by law to carry workers’ compensation insurance but who has failed or neglected to do so. Only one-third (1/3) of assessments against insurance carriers and CompSource Oklahoma may be charged to policyholders and shall not be considered in determining whether any rate is excessive. The remaining two-thirds (2/3) of assessments against insurance carriers and CompSource Oklahoma may not be included in any rate, premium, charge, fee, assessment or other amount to be collected from a policyholder. Insurance carriers and CompSource Oklahoma shall not separately state the amount of the assessment on any invoice or billing assessment.  3.  a.  The assessment authorized in this section shall be determined using a rate equal to the proportion that the sum of the outstanding obligations of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund as determined pursuant to paragraph 1 of this subsection and the allocations provided for in subsection I of this section bear to the combined gross direct written premiums of all such insurers; all actual paid losses of all individual self-insureds; and the normal premium of all group self-insurance associations, for the year period from January 1 to December 31 preceding the assessment.  b.  No employer or insurer shall be liable for payment of the January 15, 2002, assessment. Payments made pursuant to the January 15, 2002, assessment shall be credited to any assessment obligation of the payor pursuant to this section. Any payment made pursuant to the January 15, 2002, assessment by a payor having no assessment obligation pursuant to this section during the 2002 calendar year shall be refunded in its entirety to the payor upon application by the payor in the same time and manner as provided for the payment of rebates in Section 6101 of Title 68 of the Oklahoma Statutes.  c.  For purposes of this subsection:  (1)  “actual paid losses” means all medical and indemnity payments, including temporary disability, permanent disability, and death benefits, and excluding loss adjustment expenses and reserves, and  (2)  “normal premium” means a standard premium less any discounts.  4. By April 15 of each year, the Insurance Commissioner, Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma and each individual and group self-insured shall provide the Administrator with such information as the Administrator may determine is necessary to effectuate the purposes of this section.  5. Each mutual or interinsurance association, stock company, CompSource Oklahoma, or other insurance carrier writing workers’ compensation insurance in this state, and each employer carrying its own risk, including each group self-insurance association, shall be notified by the Administrator in writing of the rate for the assessment on or before May 1 of each year in which a rate is determined. The rate determined by the Administrator shall be in effect for four calendar quarters beginning July 1 following determination by the Administrator.  6.  a.  No mutual or interinsurance association, stock company, CompSource Oklahoma, or other insurance carrier writing workers’ compensation insurance in this state, may be assessed in any year an amount greater than six percent (6%) of the gross direct written premiums of that insurer.  b.  No employer carrying its own risk may be assessed in any year an amount greater than six percent (6%) of the total actual paid losses of that individual self-insured.  c.  No group self-insurance association may be assessed in any year an amount greater than six percent (6%) of the normal premium of that group self-insurance association.  d.  If the maximum assessment does not provide in any one year an amount sufficient to make all necessary payments for obligations of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund and for the allocations provided for in subsection I of this section, the unpaid portion shall be paid as soon thereafter as funds become available.  B. The Multiple Injury Trust Fund is hereby authorized to receive and expend monies appropriated by the Legislature.  C. It shall be the duty of the Tax Commission to collect the payments provided for herein. The Tax Commission is hereby authorized to bring an action for the recovery of any delinquent or unpaid payments required in this section. The Tax Commission may also enforce payments by proceeding in accordance with the provisions of Section 42 of this title.  D. Any mutual or interinsurance association, stock company, or other insurance company, which is subject to regulation by the Insurance Commissioner, or CompSource Oklahoma, failing to make payments required herein promptly and correctly, and failing to report payment of the same to the Insurance Commission within ten (10) days of payment shall be subject to administrative penalties as allowed by law, including but not limited to, a fine in the amount of Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) or an amount equal to one percent (1%) of the unpaid amount, whichever is greater, to be paid to the Insurance Commissioner.  E. Any employer carrying its own risk, or group self-insurance association failing to make payments required herein promptly and correctly, and failing to report payment of the same to the Administrator within ten (10) days of payment shall be subject to administrative penalties as allowed by law, including but not limited to a fine in the amount of Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) or an amount equal to one percent (1%) of the unpaid amount, whichever is greater, to be paid to the Administrator.  F. On or before the first day of April of each year, the State Treasurer shall advise the Court Administrator, the Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma and the Tax Commission of the amount of money held as of March 1 of that year by the State Treasurer to the credit of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund. On or before the first day of November of each year, the State Treasurer shall advise the Court Administrator, the Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma and the Tax Commission of the amount of money held as of October 1 of that year by the State Treasurer to the credit of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund.  G. Eighty percent (80%) of all sums held by the State Treasurer to the credit of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund may by order of the President and Chief Executive Officer of CompSource Oklahoma, with the approval of the Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma, be invested in or loaned on the pledge of any of the securities in which a state bank may invest the monies deposited therein by the State Treasurer; or may be deposited in state or national banks or trust companies upon insured time deposit bearing interest at a rate no less than currently being paid upon insured savings accounts in said institutions. “Insured” as used in this section shall mean insurance as provided by an agency of the federal government. All such securities or evidence of indebtedness shall be placed in the hands of the State Treasurer, who shall be the custodian thereof, who shall collect the principal and interest when due, and pay the same into the Multiple Injury Trust Fund. The State Treasurer shall pay by vouchers drawn on the Multiple Injury Trust Fund for the making of such investments, when signed by the President and Chief Executive Officer of CompSource Oklahoma and approved by the Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma, upon delivery of such securities or evidence of indebtedness to the State Treasurer. The President and Chief Executive Officer of CompSource Oklahoma may, upon like approval of the Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma, sell any of such securities, the proceeds thereof to be paid over to the State Treasurer for the Multiple Injury Trust Fund.  H. The refund provisions of Sections 227 through 229 of Title 68 of the Oklahoma Statutes shall be applicable to any payments made to the Multiple Injury Trust Fund. Refunds shall be paid from and out of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund.  I. Beginning January 1, 2002, the Tax Commission shall pay, monthly, to the State Treasurer to the credit of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund all monies collected pursuant to the provisions of this section, less the annual sum of Two Million Five Hundred Fifty Thousand Dollars ($2,550,000.00), of which One Million Two Hundred Seventy-five Thousand Dollars ($1,275,000.00) shall be payable by the Oklahoma Tax Commission to the State Treasurer in equal monthly installments to the credit of the Department of Labor, Six Hundred Thirty-seven Thousand Five Hundred Dollars ($637,500.00) shall be payable in equal monthly installments to the credit of the Office of the Attorney General, and Six Hundred Thirty-seven Thousand Five Hundred Dollars ($637,500.00) shall be payable in equal monthly installments to the credit of the Oklahoma Department of Career and Technology Education. Monies received by the Department of Labor under this section shall be used for safety consultation and the regulation of the safety of public employees through the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. Monies received by the Office of the Attorney General shall be deposited to the credit of the Attorney General’s Workers’ Compensation Fraud Unit Revolving Fund created pursuant to Section 19.2 of Title 74 of the Oklahoma Statutes. Monies received by the Oklahoma Department of Career and Technology Education shall supplement other funding to the Department for purposes of implementing the provisions of subsection B of Section 414 of Title 40 of the Oklahoma Statutes. The State Treasurer shall pay out of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund only upon the order and direction of the Court of this state acting under the provisions hereof.  J. The Administrator of the Workers’ Compensation Court shall promulgate rules as the Administrator deems necessary to effectuate the provisions of this section and Section 174 of this title.  K. The Insurance Commissioner shall promulgate rules relating to insurers as defined in Title 36 of the Oklahoma Statutes, as the Insurance Commissioner deems necessary to effectuate the provisions of this section.  Added by Laws 1943, p. 259, • 3, emerg. eff. April 12, 1943. Amended by Laws 1953, p. 431, • 1, emerg. eff. June 8, 1953; Laws 1955, p. 496, • 1, emerg. eff. April 21, 1955; Laws 1961, p. 641, • 2, emerg. eff. Aug. 8, 1961; Laws 1967, c. 101, • 1, emerg. eff. April 24, 1967; Laws 1972, c. 73, • 1, emerg. eff. March 28, 1972; Laws 1973, c. 235, • 5, emerg. eff. May 24, 1973; Laws 1977, c. 234, • 54, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1985, c. 266, • 5, eff. July 1, 1985; Laws 1988, c. 119, • 14, emerg. eff. April 7, 1988; Laws 1992, c. 294, • 12, eff. Sept. 1, 1992; Laws 1993, c. 349, • 16, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 1999, c. 420, • 9, eff. Nov. 1, 1999; Laws 2000, c. 248, • 10, emerg. eff. May 26, 2000; Laws 2001, c. 33, • 182, eff. July 1, 2001; Laws 2001, 1st Ex. Sess., c. 3, • 18, emerg. eff. Oct. 23, 2001; Laws 2002, c. 31, • 4, emerg. eff. April 10, 2002; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 29, eff. July 1, 2005.    •85-173.1. Payment of dividends, rebates, or other distributions - How credited.  Any dividend, rebate, or other distribution, payable by the State Insurance Fund or any other workers’ compensation insurance carrier, to a state agency policyholder shall be paid to the State Treasurer, and shall be credited as follows:  1. In the event of failure of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund to meet all lawful obligations, the monies shall be credited to the Multiple Injury Trust Fund and shall be used by the Multiple Injury Trust Fund to meet all lawful obligations of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund; and  2. Otherwise, all future dividends made by the State Insurance Fund or any workers’ compensation insurance carrier, on behalf of state agencies, shall be deposited to the credit of the General Revenue Fund of the State Treasury.  Added by Laws 2000, c. 248, • 5, emerg. eff. May 26, 2000.    •85-173.2. Medical Cost Reduction Committee - Duty to reduce current medical costs.  A. On or before September 1, 2000, the Workers’ Compensation Court Administrator shall reduce the current medical costs so as to result in a net savings system-wide of not less than four and six-tenths percent (4.6%) in accordance with recommendations of the Medical Cost Reduction Committee.  B. The Medical Cost Reduction Committee shall be composed of the following:  1. A representative designated by the Oklahoma Osteopathic Association;   2. A representative designated by the Oklahoma Medical Association;   3. Two (2) representatives designated by the Oklahoma Hospital Association, one of whom shall represent metropolitan hospitals and one of whom shall represent rural hospitals;  4. A representative designated by the Oklahoma State Chiropractic Association;  5. A representative designated by the Oklahoma Podiatric Medical Association;  6. A representative designated by the Oklahoma Pharmacists Association;  7. A representative designated by the Independent Medical Providers’ Action Coalition; and  8. The Chair of the Physicians’ Advisory Committee, or a designee.  C. The Medical Cost Reduction Committee shall meet no later than June 15, 2000, at a time and place agreed upon by all parties, and select a chairperson. Thereafter, all meetings shall be called by the chairperson. Each member of the Medical Cost Reduction Committee shall provide his or her own staff to assist in the work of the Committee. Members of the Committee shall not be entitled to receive any reimbursement for any expenses of any kind, incurred in the work of the Committee. If the Committee fails to submit recommendations to the Administrator by August 15, 2000, the Administrator shall reduce the current medical costs as required by this section.  Added by Laws 2000, c. 248, • 1, emerg. eff. May 26, 2000.    •85-173.3. Agreements between Multiple Injury Trust Fund and State Insurance Fund and reinsurers.  A. The Multiple Injury Trust Fund may enter into any agreement with the State Insurance Fund for the purpose of fulfilling all of its payment obligations, including all court orders for material increase and the accrued interest thereon, and all orders for interest on previously paid awards, upon terms acceptable to the Multiple Injury Trust Fund and the State Insurance Fund.  B. The Multiple Injury Trust Fund may enter into an agreement with any reinsurer licensed to sell reinsurance by the State Insurance Commissioner pursuant to a competitive process administered by the Director of Central Purchasing in the Department of Central Services.  Added by Laws 2000, c. 248, • 11, emerg. eff. May 26, 2000.    •85-174. Political and municipal subdivisions - Payments - Appropriation.  Until such time as the Board of Managers of CompSource Oklahoma, pursuant to an independent actuarial audit, has certified that there are sufficient funds to satisfy all outstanding obligations of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund, including all court orders for material increases and the accrued interest thereon, and all orders for interest on previously paid awards, every political or municipal subdivision of the state, covered by the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act, including counties, cities, and towns, shall provide sufficient funds in its annual estimate of the needs based on the total compensation paid out or benefits or payments in lieu thereof by such political or municipal subdivision during the prior fiscal year, to pay the amount due under the Workers' Compensation Act for the use and purpose of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund and the allocations provided for in subsection H of Section 173 of this title, an amount equal to the assessment applicable to the political or municipal subdivision of the state as provided in Section 173 of this title. It shall be the duty of the excise board of each county to approve an appropriation in an amount necessary to pay such sum.  Added by Laws 1943, p. 260, • 4, eff. April 12, 1943. Amended by Laws 1977, c. 234, • 56, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1985, c. 266, • 6, eff. July 1, 1985; Laws 1996, c. 363, • 13, emerg. eff. June 14, 1996; Laws 1999, c. 420, • 10, eff. Nov. 1, 1999; Laws 2000, c. 248, • 13, emerg. eff. May 26, 2000; Laws 2001, 1st Ex. Sess., c. 3, • 19, emerg. eff. Oct. 23, 2001.    •85-175. Administration and protection of fund - Notice of proceedings - Standing - Review of rewards - Administration expenses.  A. CompSource Oklahoma shall be charged with the administration and protection of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund and shall be notified by the Administrator of all proceedings which may affect such fund.  B. CompSource Oklahoma shall have standing and the authority to appear in any case before the Workers’ Compensation Court in which the Court is considering an award from the Multiple Injury Trust Fund.  C. Any party interested shall have a right to bring a proceeding in the Supreme Court of the State of Oklahoma to review an award of the Court affecting such Multiple Injury Trust Fund, in the same manner as is now provided by law with reference to other awards by the Court.  D. The State Treasurer shall allocate to CompSource Oklahoma out of the Multiple Injury Trust Fund, sufficient funds for administration expenses thereof in amounts to be fixed and approved by the Administrator for the Multiple Injury Trust Fund, unless rejected by the Governor and Attorney General.  Added by Laws 1943, p. 260, • 5, eff. April 12, 1943. Amended by Laws 1977, c. 234, • 57, eff. July 1, 1978; Laws 1999, c. 420, • 11, eff. Nov. 1, 1999; Laws 2002, c. 145, • 3, eff. July 1, 2002; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 30, eff. July 1, 2005.    •85176. Partial invalidity.  Should any section or part of this Act be held to be invalid, it shall not affect the remainder of said Act.    Laws 1943, p. 260, • 6.   •85-177. Worker's Compensation Administration Fund.  A. 1. There is hereby established with the State Treasurer a Workers' Compensation Administration Fund to be used for the costs of administering the Workers' Compensation Act and for other purposes pursuant to legislative appropriation.  2. No money on deposit with the State Treasurer to the credit of the Workers' Compensation Administration Fund shall be expended except pursuant to legislative appropriation.  B. For the purpose of providing funds for the Workers' Compensation Administration Fund until July 1, 1997, and for the General Revenue Fund beginning July 1, 1997, each mutual or interinsurance association, stock company, the State Insurance Fund or other insurance carrier writing workers' compensation insurance in this state or providing a workers' compensation equivalent insurance product as provided in Section 65 of this title shall pay to the Oklahoma Tax Commission a tax at a rate of one percent (1%) of all gross direct premiums written during each quarter of the calendar year for workers' compensation insurance on risks located in this state after deducting from such gross direct premiums, return premiums, unabsorbed portions of any deposit premiums, policy dividends, safety refunds, savings and other similar returns paid or credited to policyholders. Such payments to the Tax Commission shall be made not later than the fifteenth day of the month following the close of each quarter of the calendar year in which such gross direct premium is collected or collectible. Contributions made by insurance carriers and the State Insurance Fund, under the provisions of this section, shall be considered for the purpose of computing workers' compensation rates.  C. When an employer is authorized to become a self-insurer, the Administrator as directed by the Court shall so notify the Oklahoma Tax Commission, giving the effective date of such authorization. The Oklahoma Tax Commission shall then assess and collect from the employers carrying their own risk a tax at the rate of two percent (2%) of the total compensation for permanent total disability awards, permanent partial disability awards and death benefits paid out during each quarter of the calendar year by the employers. Such tax shall be payable by the employers and collected by the Oklahoma Tax Commission according to the provisions of this section regarding payment and collection of the tax created in subsections B, D, E and F of this section.  D. It shall be the duty of the Oklahoma Tax Commission to collect the payments provided for herein. The Oklahoma Tax Commission is hereby authorized to bring an action for the recovery of any delinquent or unpaid payments required in this section. The Oklahoma Tax Commission may also enforce payments by proceeding in accordance with the provisions of Section 42 of this title.  E. Until July 1, 1997, the Oklahoma Tax Commission shall pay monthly to the State Treasurer to the credit of the Workers' Compensation Administration Fund all monies collected under the provisions of this section. Beginning July 1, 1997, the Oklahoma Tax Commission shall pay monthly to the State Treasurer to the credit of the General Revenue Fund all monies collected under the provisions of this section.  F. The refund provisions of Sections 227 through 229 of Title 68 of the Oklahoma Statutes shall be applicable to any payments made pursuant to this section.  G. After fiscal year 1997 appropriations have been satisfied, any monies remaining in the Workers' Compensation Administration Fund shall be transferred to the General Revenue Fund.  Added by Laws 1977, c. 234, • 55, eff. July 1, 1978. Amended by Laws 1981, c. 256, • 2, emerg. eff. June 25, 1981; Laws 1982, c. 271, • 7, operative July 1, 1982; Laws 1984, c. 258, • 2, operative June 1, 1984; Laws 1993, c. 245, • 23, eff. July 1, 1993; Laws 1994, c. 22, • 3, eff. Sept. 1, 1994; Laws 1997, c. 418, • 124, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 1998, c. 5, • 28, emerg. eff. March 4, 1998.    NOTE: Laws 1997, c. 262, • 3 repealed by Laws 1998, c. 5, • 29, emerg. eff. March 4, 1998.    •85178. Verification of matters filed with Administrator.  Any form, claim, answer or report to be filed by any person with the Administrator under the Workers' Compensation Act shall contain or be verified by a written declaration that such form, claim, answer or report is true and made under the penalty of perjury.    Laws 1977, c. 234, • 58, eff. July 1, 1978.   •85179. Prosecution of violations of certain sections.  Prosecution of violations of the provisions of Sections 61 and 102 of Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes shall be the duty of the district attorney in the district wherein the notices, contracts and reports referred to are to be filed.    Laws 1977, c. 234, • 59, eff. July 1, 1978.   •85180. No additional waivers.  No additional waivers, as set forth in Section 47.1 of Title 85 of the Oklahoma Statutes, shall be permitted after the effective date of the Workers' Compensation Act.    Laws 1977, c. 234, • 60, eff. July 1, 1978.   •85-182. Repealed by Laws 2001, c. 277, • 10, eff. July 1, 2001.  •85-201. Overcharges - Review of medical practices - Notice and hearing.  A. A health care provider who knowingly charges more for treatment under workers' compensation than that normally charged for similar treatment to a payor outside the workers' compensation system, except for mandated or negotiated charges, shall be subject to penalties prescribed in this section.  B. The Administrator shall adopt rules to establish a system of review of medical practices of health care providers through the workers' compensation system to evaluate on an aggregate basis the quantity and quality of treatment, charges and evaluations of permanent impairment by such providers. The Administrator may refer charges of abusive practices by health care providers under the workers' compensation system to the Physician Advisory Committee for review and recommendation. The findings and recommendation of the Committee shall be only advisory to the Administrator and shall not be binding or conclusive upon him. If the Administrator determines that a health care provider has, on an aggregate basis, established a pattern of over or under treating, failing to adhere to the AMA Guides or modifications thereto when evaluating permanent impairment, or overcharging, the Administrator shall impose administrative penalties for abusive practices and may waive payment for medical services or evaluations of permanent impairment of the health care provider rendered under the Workers' Compensation Act, Section 1 et seq. of this title, for not to exceed five (5) years. A pattern of abusive practices shall include, but not be limited to, a pattern of referral to a medical facility for treatment found to be in excess of treatment guidelines adopted by the Administrator under Section 201.1 of this title. Physicians providing treatment under the Workers' Compensation Act shall disclose to the Administrator of the Workers' Compensation Court, on a form prescribed by the Administrator, any ownership or interest in any health care facility that is not the physician's primary place of business. Such disclosure shall include, but not be limited to, any employee leasing arrangement between the physician and any health care facility that is not the physician's primary place of business.  C. If the Administrator determines that there is a reasonable likelihood that a violation has occurred, the Administrator shall notify the health care provider, by certified mail, return receipt requested, delivery restricted. This notice shall contain the following:  1. The substance of the alleged violation;  2. The amount of any fees, fines, penalties and costs which may be imposed if the provider is found guilty or fails to respond; and  3. The date that a response must be made or a hearing requested.  D. The provider shall file a response to the allegations or request a hearing within twenty (20) days after receipt of the notice required by subsection C of this section.  E. Upon receipt of the response or request for hearing, the Administrator shall set a date, time and place for hearing which shall be not less than ten (10) nor more than thirty (30) days after receipt of the request for hearing. The Administrator shall notify all interested parties of the hearing by first-class mail. This notice shall include the following:  1. The date, time and place for such hearing;  2. A brief description of the procedures to be followed; and  3. A statement that the health care provider may appear, may be represented by counsel, and may present witnesses and testimony.  F. The Administrator shall, within thirty (30) days after completion of the proceedings, make written findings of fact and conclusions of law which shall be sent to the health care provider by first-class mail together with a notice which shall contain the following:  1. A statement that a health care provider aggrieved by the decision of the Administrator shall have ten (10) days after the decision is filed within which to request a hearing before a judge of the Workers' Compensation Court to determine the propriety of the Administrator's decision; and that the order of the judge shall be subject to the same appellate procedure set forth in Section 3.6 of this title for all other orders of the Court; and  2. Directions for remitting the penalty, if any.  Added by Laws 1990, c. 283, • 19, eff. Sept. 1, 1990. Amended by Laws 1992, c. 294, • 13, eff. Sept. 1, 1992; Laws 1993, c. 349, • 17, eff. Sept. 1, 1993; Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 44, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 1997, c. 361, • 14, eff. Nov. 1, 1997.    •85-201.1. Physician Advisory Committee.  A. 1. There is hereby created a Physician Advisory Committee comprised of nine (9) members to be appointed as follows:  a.  the Governor shall appoint three members, one of whom shall be licensed in this state as a doctor of medicine and surgery, one of whom shall be engaged in the practice of family medicine in a rural community of the state, and one of whom shall be an osteopathic physician,  b.  the President Pro Tempore of the Senate shall appoint three members, one of whom shall be licensed in this state as a doctor of medicine and surgery, one of whom shall be licensed in this state either as a doctor of medicine or a doctor of osteopathy and shall be engaged in the practice of occupational medicine, and one of whom shall be licensed in this state as a podiatric physician,  c.  the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall appoint three members, one of whom shall be licensed in this state as an osteopathic physician, one of whom shall be licensed in this state either as a doctor of medicine or a doctor of osteopathy, and one of whom shall be licensed in this state as a chiropractic physician.  2.  a.  To fill the positions for which the term of office expires on January 1, 1996, the Governor shall appoint a resident of the Fifth Congressional District, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate shall appoint a resident of the First Congressional District and the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall appoint a resident of the Second Congressional District.  b.  To fill the positions for which the term of office expires on January 1, 1997, the Governor shall appoint a resident of the Sixth Congressional District, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate shall appoint a resident of the Third Congressional District and the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall appoint a resident of the Fourth Congressional District.  c.  To fill the positions for which the term of office expires on January 1, 1998, the Governor, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall appoint residents of the state at large.  d.  Thereafter, appointments shall be made from the Congressional District numbered the same as the district from which the original appointment was made pursuant to this paragraph, if a Congressional District so numbered exists. When congressional districts are redrawn, each member appointed prior to July 1 of the year in which such modification becomes effective shall complete the current term of office and appointments made after July 1 of the year in which such modification becomes effective shall be based on the redrawn districts. Appointments that were to be made from a numbered Congressional District which no longer exists shall be appointed from the state at large.  e.  Effective July 1, 2005, all members of the Physicians Advisory Committee shall be subject to reappointment regardless of their appointment date, with any new appointee to serve out the remainder of the unexpired term of the committee member so replaced.  B. The Committee shall:  1. Assist and advise the Administrator of the Workers' Compensation Court regarding utilization review as it relates to the medical practice and treatment of work-related injuries. Such utilization review shall include a review of reasonable and necessary treatment; abusive practices; needless treatments, testing, or procedures; or a pattern of billing in excess of or in violation of the Schedule of Medical Fees. The Physician Advisory Committee shall review and make findings and recommendations to the Administrator of the Workers' Compensation Court with respect to charges of inappropriate or unnecessary treatment or procedures, abusive practices, or excessive billing disclosed through utilization review;  2. Assist the Administrator of the Workers' Compensation Court in reviewing medical practices of health care providers, including evaluations of permanent impairment provided by health care providers, as provided for in Section 201 of this title. The Committee shall review and make findings and recommendations to the Administrator with respect to charges of abusive practices by health care providers providing medical services or evaluations of permanent impairment through the workers' compensation system;  3. After public hearing, review and make recommendations for acceptable deviations from the American Medical Association's "Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment" using appropriate and scientifically valid data. Those recommendations may be adopted, in part or in whole, by the Administrator to be used as provided for in paragraph 11 of Section 3 and Section 22 of this title;  4. After public hearing, review and make recommendations for an alternative method or system to evaluate permanent impairment that shall be used in place of or in combination with the American Medical Association's "Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment". Appropriate and scientific data shall be considered. The alternative method or system to evaluate permanent impairment may be adopted, in part or in whole, by the Administrator to be used as provided for in paragraph 11 of Section 3 and Section 22 of this title. Revisions, deviations and alternatives to the American Medical Association's "Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment" shall become effective as provided in paragraph 11 of Section 3 and Section 22 of this title;  5. After public hearing, adopt treatment guidelines and protocols for treatment of injuries, including, but not limited to, injuries to the hand, wrist, back, knee, neck and shoulder and utilization controls for all treatments, including, but not limited to, x-ray and imaging technology for diagnostic purposes, for adoption by the Administrator. Treatment guidelines and protocols shall be based upon nationally accepted practice standards and shall indicate when surgery is indicated and the appropriate surgical procedure for the condition. Among the standards that must be considered are the Occupational Medicine Practice Guidelines promulgated by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Compliance with treatment guidelines shall be mandatory and an employer or insurer for an employer shall not be required to pay for treatment which is not in compliance with the guidelines, unless prior authorization is received. If an employer or insurer for an employer refuses to give such prior authorization, the employee may request the case be reviewed by an independent medical examiner pursuant to the provisions of subsection B of Section 17 of this title. Provided, however, if the employer and employee are unable to agree on the appointment of an independent medical examiner for prior authorization purposes, the Court shall randomly select an independent medical examiner within seven (7) days of receipt of a written request by the employee. The independent medical examiner shall review the medical records of the employee, examine the employee, or both, as necessary to render an opinion as to whether prior authorization should be given. If prior authorization is granted, the employer shall pay the costs of the independent medical examiner subject to limits established by the Administrator. If prior authorization is denied, the employee shall pay the costs of the independent medical examiner subject to the limits established by the Administrator;  6. After public hearing, adopt guidelines for the prescription and dispensing of any controlled substance included in Schedule II of the Uniform Controlled Dangerous Substances Act;  7. Review utilization on cases or of providers when requested by any employer, injured employee or insurer. The Committee may issue a public or private censure to any provider for utilization which is excessive or inadequate, or recommend the Court order treatment within the treatment guidelines;  8. Provide general recommendations to the judges of the Workers' Compensation Court on the issues of injury causation and apportionment;  9. Conduct educational seminars for the judges of the Workers' Compensation Court, employers, employees, and other interested parties;  10. Assist the judges of the Workers' Compensation Court in accessing medical information from scientific literature; and  11. Report its progress annually to the Governor, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives.  C. The term of office for initial appointees shall expire March 1, 1994. Thereafter, successors in office shall serve as follows:  1. The term of office for three positions, one each appointed by the Governor, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, shall expire on January 1, 1996;  2. The term of office for three positions, one each appointed by the Governor, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, shall expire on January 1, 1997;  3. The term of office for three positions, one each appointed by the Governor, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, shall expire on January 1, 1998;  4. Thereafter, successors in office shall be appointed for a three-year term. Members shall be eligible to succeed themselves in office; and  5. Any person appointed to fill a vacancy shall be appointed for the unexpired portion of the term.  D. Members of the Physician Advisory Committee shall receive no compensation for serving on the Committee but shall be reimbursed by the Workers' Compensation Court for their necessary travel expenses incurred in the performance of their duties in accordance with the State Travel Reimbursement Act.  E. Meetings of the Physician Advisory Committee shall be called by the Administrator but held at least quarterly. The presence of a simple majority of the members constitutes a quorum. No action shall be taken by the Physician Advisory Committee without the affirmative vote of at least a simple majority of the members.  F. The Administrator shall provide office supplies and personnel of the Workers' Compensation Court to assist the Committee in the performance of its duties.  G. Upon written request, the State Insurance Commissioner, CompSource Oklahoma, and every approved self-insured employer in Oklahoma shall provide the Committee with data necessary to the performance of its duties.  H. Any health care provider acting in good faith and within the scope of the provider's duties as a member of the Physician Advisory Committee shall be immune from civil liability for making any report or other information available to the judges of the Workers' Compensation Court or to the Administrator of the Workers' Compensation Court or for assisting in the origination, investigation, or preparation of the report or other information so provided.  Added by Laws 1993, c. 349, • 18, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. Amended by Laws 1994, 2nd Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 45, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 1996, c. 363, • 14, eff. Nov. 1, 1996; Laws 1997, c. 361, • 15, eff. Nov. 1, 1997; Laws 2002, c. 375, • 25, eff. Nov. 5, 2002; Laws 2003, c. 229, • 9, emerg. eff. May 20, 2003; Laws 2005, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 1, • 31, eff. July 1, 2005.    •85-201.2. Strain and sprain injuries - Legislative findings - Recommendations of Physician Advisory Committee.  The Legislature hereby recognizes that strain and sprain injuries present difficulties in determining whether some such injuries constitute permanent impairment. The Legislature further recognizes that the Physician Advisory Committee, because it is composed of medical professionals, is the appropriate body to examine this problem and develop potential solutions. Therefore, the Legislature directs the Physician Advisory Committee to develop recommendations for evaluating permanent impairment for sprain or strain injuries should the Committee find that the current evaluation process is unfair or in need of change. The recommendations, if any, of the Physician Advisory Committee shall be submitted to the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the Governor no later than February 1, 1998.  Added by Laws 1997, c. 361, • 16, eff. Nov. 1, 1997.    •85-203. Disputes between two or more carriers or employers.  A. Whenever two or more carriers disagree as to which carrier shall be liable for the continuing health care expenses of an employee, the Court may order one of the carriers to start paying for health care costs immediately. The decision of the Court to choose one carrier over another to pay for the medical treatment of an employee shall not be appealable until the Court's final order as to the disability of the employee.  B. The Court shall promulgate rules for expedited hearings in cases involving carrier disputes over the need for immediate medical care.  C. The carrier in the final order who is liable on the risk for the injury shall immediately reimburse the other carrier for medical monies expended upon proper proof of payment.  D. In the event that two or more insurance carriers or employers disagree as to which entity is liable for the payment of temporary disability benefits, the Court shall determine which carrier or employer is liable and order reimbursements as determined appropriate.  E. In the event temporary benefits are overpaid by any carrier or employer, the Court shall award a credit against any subsequent order for permanent disability in favor of the carrier or employer, subject to Section 41.1 of this title.  F. The Court shall have authority to require an employer and an insurance carrier to reimburse other employers and insurance carriers for benefits paid pursuant to the Workers' Compensation Act in appropriate cases.  Added by Laws 1990, c. 283, • 20, eff. Sept. 1, 1990. Amended by Laws 1997, c. 361, • 17, eff. Nov. 1, 1997.    •85-211. Permission to examine or inspect records - Subpoenas and other process - Evidentiary privileges.  A. Every employer and every employee subject to the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act, Section 1 et seq. of this title, upon filing a notice of injury, accidental injury, death, occupational disease, or claim for benefits from the Multiple Injury Trust Fund, shall give written permission for the Administrator of the Workers' Compensation Court or a designee, the Insurance Commissioner or a designee, the Attorney General or a designee or a district attorney or a designee to examine all records relating to the notice, any matter contained in the notice, and any matter relating to the notice.  B. Written permission given pursuant to this section shall constitute authorization for access to medical records pursuant to Section 19 of Title 76 of the Oklahoma Statutes.  C. In carrying out the responsibilities given to the Workers' Compensation Fraud Unit, the Attorney General or designee may use subpoenas or other process in aid of investigations and prosecutions and may take possession of records subject to examination pursuant to this section by subpoena. The Attorney General shall supply copies of the records obtained which are necessary to the continuation of normal business operations by the person maintaining the records or may require the person maintaining the records to provide copies as they are kept in the usual course of business.  D. Subpoenas ad testificandum or duces tecum requested by the Attorney General or designee pursuant to subsection C of this section shall be issued by the district court in the county of the residence of the person to whom the subpoena is directed, in the county where the records are located or in the county where a person is to produce records or appear and be sworn. Subpoenas issued pursuant to this section may be served by the Attorney General, any peace officer or any competent person over eighteen (18) years of age, and may require attendance or production at any place in this state. Service may be made by mail and may be accomplished by mailing a copy thereof by certified mail with return receipt requested and delivery restricted to the person named in the subpoena. Proof of service shall be made upon affidavit, and if made by mail, a copy of the return receipt shall be attached. A refusal to obey such subpoena, or willful failure to appear, be sworn, testify or produce records at the place and time specified shall constitute contempt and shall be enforced by the district court of the county where issued.  E. Nothing in this section shall be construed to waive, limit or impair any evidentiary privilege recognized by law.  F. The Workers' Compensation Court shall include a statement on forms for notices and instructions to employers and employees that the permission required by this section must be given at the time of filing a notice specified in subsection A of this section.  G. As used in this section, “records” include, but are not limited to, anything for which a request to produce may be served pursuant to Section 3234 of Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes.  Added by Laws 1993, c. 349, • 34, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. Amended by Laws 1994, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 1, • 46, emerg. eff. Nov. 4, 1994; Laws 1999, c. 420, • 12, eff. Nov. 1, 1999.     
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