2006 New Mexico Statutes - Section 32A-4-2 — Definitions.

32A-4-2. Definitions.

As used in the Abuse and Neglect Act [ 32A-4-1 NMSA 1978]:   

A.     "abandonment" includes instances when the parent, without justifiable cause:   

(1)     left the child without provision for the child's identification for a period of fourteen days; or   

(2)     left the child with others, including the other parent or an agency, without provision for support and without communication for a period of:   

(a)     three months if the child was under six years of age at the commencement of the three-month period; or   

(b)     six months if the child was over six years of age at the commencement of the six-month period;   

B.     "abused child" means a child:   

(1)     who has suffered or who is at risk of suffering serious harm because of the action or inaction of the child's parent, guardian or custodian;   

(2)     who has suffered physical abuse, emotional abuse or psychological abuse inflicted or caused by the child's parent, guardian or custodian;   

(3)     who has suffered sexual abuse or sexual exploitation inflicted by the child's parent, guardian or custodian;   

(4)     whose parent, guardian or custodian has knowingly, intentionally or negligently placed the child in a situation that may endanger the child's life or health; or   

(5)     whose parent, guardian or custodian has knowingly or intentionally tortured, cruelly confined or cruelly punished the child;   

C.     "aggravated circumstances" include those circumstances in which the parent, guardian or custodian has:   

(1)     attempted, conspired to cause or caused great bodily harm to the child or great bodily harm or death to the child's sibling;   

(2)     attempted, conspired to cause or caused great bodily harm or death to another parent, guardian or custodian of the child;   

(3)     attempted, conspired to subject or has subjected the child to torture, chronic abuse or sexual abuse; or   

(4)     had his parental rights over a sibling of the child terminated involuntarily;   

D.     "great bodily harm" means an injury to a person that creates a high probability of death, that causes serious disfigurement or that results in permanent or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any member or organ of the body;   

E.     "neglected child" means a child:   

(1)     who has been abandoned by the child's parent, guardian or custodian;   

(2)     who is without proper parental care and control or subsistence, education, medical or other care or control necessary for the child's well-being because of the faults or habits of the child's parent, guardian or custodian or the failure or refusal of the parent, guardian or custodian, when able to do so, to provide them;   

(3)     who has been physically or sexually abused, when the child's parent, guardian or custodian knew or should have known of the abuse and failed to take reasonable steps to protect the child from further harm;   

(4)     whose parent, guardian or custodian is unable to discharge his responsibilities to and for the child because of incarceration, hospitalization or physical or mental disorder or incapacity; or   

(5)     who has been placed for care or adoption in violation of the law; provided that nothing in the Children's Code [ 32A-1-1 NMSA 1978] shall be construed to imply that a child who is being provided with treatment by spiritual means alone through prayer, in accordance with the tenets and practices of a recognized church or religious denomination, by a duly accredited practitioner thereof is for that reason alone a neglected child within the meaning of the Children's Code; and further provided that no child shall be denied the protection afforded to all children under the Children's Code;   

F.     "physical abuse" includes but is not limited to any case in which the child exhibits evidence of skin bruising, bleeding, malnutrition, failure to thrive, burns, fracture of any bone, subdural hematoma, soft tissue swelling or death and:   

(1)     there is not a justifiable explanation for the condition or death;   

(2)     the explanation given for the condition is at variance with the degree or nature of the condition;   

(3)     the explanation given for the death is at variance with the nature of the death; or   

(4)     circumstances indicate that the condition or death may not be the product of an accidental occurrence;   

G.     "sexual abuse" includes but is not limited to criminal sexual contact, incest or criminal sexual penetration, as those acts are defined by state law; and   

H.     "sexual exploitation" includes but is not limited to:   

(1)     allowing, permitting or encouraging a child to engage in prostitution;   

(2)     allowing, permitting, encouraging or engaging a child in obscene or pornographic photographing; or   

(3)     filming or depicting a child for obscene or pornographic commercial purposes, as those acts are defined by state law.   
Disclaimer: These codes may not be the most recent version. New Mexico may have more current or accurate information. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. Please check official sources.