2006 New Mexico Statutes - Section 30-6-1 — Abandonment or abuse of a child.

30-6-1. Abandonment or abuse of a child.

A.     As used in this section:

(1)     "child" means a person who is less than eighteen years of age;

(2)     "neglect" means that a child is without proper parental care and control of subsistence, education, medical or other care or control necessary for his well-being because of the faults or habits of his parents, guardian or custodian or their neglect or refusal, when able to do so, to provide them; and

(3)     "negligently" refers to criminal negligence and means that a person knew or should have known of the danger involved and acted with a reckless disregard for the safety or health of the child.

B.     Abandonment of a child consists of the parent, guardian or custodian of a child intentionally leaving or abandoning the child under circumstances whereby the child may or does suffer neglect.  Whoever commits abandonment of a child is guilty of a misdemeanor, unless the abandonment results in the child's death or great bodily harm, in which case he is guilty of a second degree felony.

C.     A parent, guardian or custodian who leaves an infant less than ninety days old in compliance with the Safe Haven for Infants Act shall not be prosecuted for abandonment of a child.

D.     Abuse of a child consists of a person knowingly, intentionally or negligently, and without justifiable cause, causing or permitting a child to be:

(1)     placed in a situation that may endanger the child's life or health;

(2)     tortured, cruelly confined or cruelly punished; or

(3)     exposed to the inclemency of the weather.

E.     Whoever commits abuse of a child that does not result in the child's death or great bodily harm is, for a first offense, guilty of a third degree felony and for second and subsequent offenses is guilty of a second degree felony.  If the abuse results in great bodily harm to the child, he is guilty of a first degree felony.

F.     Whoever commits negligent abuse of a child that results in the death of the child is guilty of a first degree felony.

G.     Whoever commits intentional abuse of a child twelve to eighteen years of age that results in the death of the child is guilty of a first degree felony.

H.     Whoever commits intentional abuse of a child less than twelve years of age that results in the death of the child is guilty of a first degree felony resulting in the death of a child.

I.     Evidence that demonstrates that a child has been knowingly, intentionally or negligently allowed to enter or remain in a motor vehicle, building or any other premises that contains chemicals and equipment used or intended for use in the manufacture of a controlled substance shall be deemed prima facie evidence of abuse of the child.

J.     A person who leaves an infant less than ninety days old at a hospital may be prosecuted for abuse of the infant for actions of the person occurring before the infant was left at the hospital.
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